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5. Caractacus's family returned to

Britain after seven years detention at Rome. (A.D. 58 or 59.)

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6. St. Paul's first imprisonment ex

pired. (A.D. 58 or 59.)


7. Caractacus's Father introduced

Christianity into Britain.


5. British Triads compared with Tacitus in

No. 4.

6. Acts of the Apostles xxviii. 30, compared

with Eusebius, Jerome, &c, No. 1.

7. British Triads.

*** The two following pages are repeated, from a former part of this volume, to illustrate the preceding Epock and Authorities.

year 61.

I. We know from incontestible foreign authority (Tertullian, Origen, &c.) that the Gospel was preached in Britain in the earliest days of Christianity; our oldest native historian (Gildas) says, before the

We likewise know from indisputable authority (Eusebius) that the Gospel was preached in Britain by some of the Apostles. And if by some of the Apostles, we may be sure that the Apostle of the Gentiles must have been one; I say, must, because the conversion of the Gentiles was St, Paul's special commission,–because, before he went to Rome, he had expressed his intention of travelling to the West, (Spain) –because, by travelling to the West, he more completely fulfilled our Saviour's commission, (Acts xxii. 21.

2 Tim, iv. 17.)— because (as will appear in the next paragraph) we have evidence, indirect and direct, that he did go both to Spain and Britain,and because we have no credible testimony that

any other Apostle ever was in Britain, but St. Paul.

II. We know from unquestionable authority (Athanasius, Jerome, &c.) that St. Paul preached in Spain, and in the West; and that

; he went from Ocean to Ocean, and to the i lands that lie in the Ocean ; after his release from his first imprisonment at Rome. We

also know from the best authority (Clemens Romanus) that he went to the utmost bounds of the West. Britain was called the utmost island of the West (Catullus), and the utmost part of the West (Theodoret); and no other country, as far as yet appears, was called the utmost bounds of the West, but Britain, or in conjunction with Britain, and of which Britain was the most remote. St. Paul therefore could not go to the utmost bounds of the West without going to Britain.

Venantius Fortunatus and Sophronius, (who though they lived one in the sixth and the other in the seventh century, yet can be considered only as interpreters of the general sense of antiquity,) assert that St. Paul went to Britain.

III. We know further, that St. Paul was at Rome at the same time with the family of Caractacus; and that they returned to Britain the same year, in which St. Paul was set at liberty. We are also informed by a very ancient British record, that the knowledge of the Gospel was introduced into Britain by the father of Caractacus after seven years detention at Rome, that is, A. D. 58, which is within the period assigned by Gildas to the first introduction of Christianity.


For the Independence and Protestantism of the Ancient

British Church.

1. ST. Peter possessed no supremacy over the rest of the Apostles; therefore the Church of Britain, established by St. Paul, was independent of St. Peter.

2. St. Paul says of himself, " that he had

“ the care of all the Churches” of his own foundation; and therefore the Church of Britain was dependent on him, and not on St. Peter.

3. The Bishoprick of Rome was established jointly by St. Paul and St. Peter, after St. Paul's return from Britain ; and therefore the Church of Britain was prior to, and independent of, the Church of Rome.

4. The Church of Britain was established before the Bishop of Rome had any authority beyond his own Diocese ; and therefore was independent of the Church of Rome.

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