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Papists refuse the cup to the laity in the Eucharist.

Papists believe that Christ is daily offered up by the priest at the Mass.

Papists believe that there is a place called Purgatory, in which the souls of men are purged of sins committed in this life.

The ceremonies of the Church of Rome are many and complex, and sometimes contrary to the scriptural sense of the rite pere formed, as in the Baptismal ceremonies.

and that the mere repetition of the Eucharistic form of consecration has no more power of transubstantiating the elements, than the utterance of the words, “ Lazarus, come forth,” has of raising the dead.

Protestants consider the refusal of the cup to be a mutilation of the Sacrament, and a violation of Christ's most solemn commands.


Protestants believe that Christ offered himself once for all on the Cross; and that the Popish doctrine of the Mass detracts from the sufficiency of Christ's own atonement.

Protestants believe that the blood of Christ alone cleanseth from all sin ; and that Christ died in vain, if the pains of a Purgatory are necessary to our salvation.

The ceremonies of Protestant Churches are few and simple, and conducive only to the decency and order of public worship.

THE difference of the two Churches is very striking in the great difference of the ceremonies, which accompany the offices of religion, especially one of the most important, the sacrament of Baptism. The following account is taken from The Catholic Christian Instructed, by the Roman Catholic Bishop Challoner,

pages 56–60.

After some questions and admonitions “ the priest blows three times upon the face of the person that is to be baptized, saying, Depart out of him, or her, 0 unclean spirit, and give place to the Holy Ghost, the Comforter *

“ After this there follow some prayers

for the person that is to be baptized, to beg God to dispose his soul for the grace of baptism. Then the priest blesses some salt, and puts a grain of it into the mouth of the person that is to be baptized.

" Then the priest proceeds to the solemn prayers and exorcisms, used of old in the Catholic Church in the administration of baptism, to cast out the devil from the soul, under whose power we are born by original sin. “ I exorcise thee,” says he, “ O unclean spirit, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, that thou mayest go out, and depart from this servant of God. For he commands thee, (O thou cursed and condemned wretch,) who with his feet walked

* Those parts only of the ceremony are here noticed, which differ most from the ritual of the Church of England.



and stretched forth his right hand to Peter that was sinking. Therefore, O accursed devil, remember thy sentence, and give honour to the living and true God. Give honour to Jesus Christ, his Son, and to the Holy Ghost, and depart from this servant of God. For our God and Lord Jesus Christ, has vouchsafed to call him to his holy grace, and blessing, and to the font of baptism.” Then he signs the forehead with the sign of the Cross, saying, “ And this sign of the Cross, which we imprint on his forehead, mayst thou, O cursed devil, never dare to violate, through the same Christ our Lord. Amen."

“ All that has been hitherto set down of the prayers and ceremonies of baptism, is usually performed in the porch or entry of the church, to signify that the catechumen, or person that is to be baptized, is not worthy to enter into the church, till the devil first be cast out of his soul. But after these


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