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evident from the Epistle itself*. The dates of the journey and of the Epistle will of course influence each other. If St. Paul was sent prisoner to Rome A. D. 56, the Epistle could not have been written in the year 57, or any later year. And if the Epistle was written A. D. 57, St. Paul could not have been sent prisoner to Rome in :56. But the choice of a date for the Epistle must be governed by the time of the journey, and not the time of the journey by the 'dates assigned to the Epistle. To the latter, various dates are assigned.
I have exhibited this variety of dates, that the reader may not at once conclude, that St. Paul's first journey to Rome was not A. D. 56, because he finds the date of 57, or 58, or 60, assigned to the Epistle by different writers. These several dates appear to arise from the omission of St. Paul's journey to the West in arranging the chronology of the Apostle's ministry. If St. Paul preached the Gospel in Britain after his release from his first imprisonment at Rome, and if that inprisonment commenced in the ed or 3d of Nero,
* Rom. i. 10, 1,
I hope, in both cases, to prove in the following ges, the Epistle must be dated A. D. 53 or 54, circiter ultimum Claudii, -as in the Historia :clesiastica Magdeburgica, Capellus's Hist. Apost. 76, and Dodwell's Diss. de Rom. Pontif. Success. 114, or A. D. 55, as in Simson's Chronicon.
It may be iuteresting and useful, in the consieration of St. Paul's relation to the Church of ome, to keep in view the state of that Church fore the Apostle's first journey, as far as can be ollected from the Epistle to the Romans.
The Epistle is addressed to “ all that be in lome, beloved of God, called to be Saiats.”
Names of Christian concerts at Rome, to whom St. Paul sends his salutations.
S. Priscilla my helpers in Christ.
Romans, Ch. XVI. Ver. 1. Phebe, our Sister.
Epenetus, my well beloved. .
Stachys, my beloved. .
11. Ierodion, my kinsman.
Narcissus's household. 12. Tryphena 2
who labour in the Lord.
Persis, the beloved.
Hermes, and the brethren, which are with 15. Philologus.
Testimonia de prima Ecclesiæ Romanæ fundatione. 1. Constabit inde manifesto non magno ante obitum Apose tolorum intervallo et fundatam ab Apostolis Ecclesiam Romanam, et præfectum adeo ab eisdem fuisse Linum. DODWELL de Pontificum Romanorum Successione. C. viii. s. 5.
2. Nos contra probavimus eodem anno quo decesserunt Apostoli, et formatam esse Ecclesiam Romanam, et præfectum adeo illi primum Episcopum fuisse Linum. IDEM ibidem.
3. Cum Petrus et Paulus fundarent Ecclesiam, hoc est, Apostolis illis adhuc superstitibus, Linus Romæ Episcopus constitutus est, ut docet Irenæus. Pearson. De annis priorum Romæ Episcoporum, p. 168.
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
I. THE Roman Catholick claims, so far as they are con-
II. 1. St. Paul's preaching of the Gospel in Britain, founded
According to the best accounts we have, there was a Christian Church in Britain even before there was one at Rome. And this is acknowledged by some of the most learned and eminent of their own communion; Baronius and Suarez. See Bishop Bull's Corruptions of the Church of Rome, published by Dr. Hickes, p. 283.
Trapp's Popery truly stated and briefly confuted, p. 51.
By this it appeareth (from Baronius] that the Church of Rome is not our mother Church, but a sister onely, and inat a younger too ; howsoever her flatterers would maké her mther of all Churches. Pagitt's Christianography, Part II. p. 3. 3d Ed. 1640.