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Petra enim Christus multis modis et figuris prædicatus est.
TERTULLIAN Adversus Judæus, p. 100.
Non dictum est Petro, Tu est Petra, sed Tu es Petrus ; Petra autoru erat Christus, quem confessus Simon dictus est Putrus.
AUGUST}N. Retract. L. i. c. 21.
THE first object of the following pages, is to shew that the Christian Church was not founded on St. Peter, but on “the Apostles and Prophets, Jesus Christ being the chief corner-stone,” that is, on the predictions of the Prophets, the testiinony of the Apostles, and the promises of Jesus Christ; --that the first Christian Church was the Church of Jerusalem; and St. James, the first Christian
2 Bishop ;-that St. James, and not St. Peter, presided at the first Christian Council ;-that St. Paul was the first founder of the Church of Rome; that the Church of Rome was established, as a Christian Society during St. Paul's first residence at Rome; and that the first Bishop of Rome was appointed by the joint authority of St. Peter and St. Paul, after St. Paul's return to Rome.
The next object is to shew, that St. Paul preached the Gospel in Britain, and to ascertain, as nearly as possible, the time of the Apostle's Journey to Britain, on the authority of Clemens Romanus, Eusebius, Jerome, Theodoret, and two British records.
St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans was written before the Apostle's first journey to Rome, as im