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I ECCLESIASTES, or the PREACHER.
CHAP. I.

pleasure : and behold, this also is vanity. Taking of Jerusalem. WHE words of the Preacher, the son of 2 I said of laughter, It is mad : and of

mirth, What doeth it? 2 Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher, 3 I sought in my heart to give myself vanity of vanities; all is vanity. unto wine, yet acquainting my heart with

3 What profit hath a man of all his la- wisdom ; and to lay hold on tolly, till I bour which he taketh under the sun? might see what was that good for the sons

4 One generation passeth away, and of men, which they should do under the another generation cometb: but the earth heaven all the days of their life. abideth for ever.

4 I made me great works; 1 builded me 5 The sun also ariseth, and the sun houses ; 1 planted me vineyards : goeth down, and hasteth to his place where 5 I made me gardens and orchards, and he arose.

I planted trees in them of all kind of fruits: 6 The wind goeth toward the south, 6 I made me pools of water, to water and turneth about unto the north ; it whirl- therewith the wood that bringeth forth eth about continually, and the wind re- trees: turneth again according to his circuits. I got me servants and maidens, and

7 All the rivers run into the sea; yet the had servants born in my house ; also I had sea is not full: unto the place from whence great possessions of greatand small cattie the rivers come, thither they return again. above all that were in Jerusalem before

8 All things are full of labour man me; cannot utter it: the eye is not satisfied wiin 8 ! gathered me also silver and gold, seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing. and the peculiar treasure of kings, and of

9 The thing that hath been, it is that the provinces : Igat me men-singers and which shall be ; and that which is done is women-singers, and the delights of the that which shall be done : and there is no sons of men, as musical instruments, and new thing under the sun.

that of all sorts. 10 Is there any thing whereof it may

be 9 So I was great, and increased more said, See, this is new? it hath been already than all that were before me in Jerusalem : of old time, which was before us. also my wisdom remained with me.

11 There is no remembrance of former 10 And whatsoever mine eyes desired things ; neither shall there be any re- I kept not from them, I withheld not my, membrance of things that are to come with heart from any joy; for my heart rejoiced those that shall come after.

in all my labour: and this was my portion 12 TI the Preacher was king over Israel of all my labour. in Jerusalem.

11 Then I looked on all the works that 13 And I gave my heart to seek and my hands had wrought, and on the labour search out by wisdom concerning all things that I had laboured to do: and behold, all that are done under heaven: this sore was vanity and vexation of spirit, and travail hath God given to the sons of man there was no profit under the sun. to be exercised therewith.

12 And I turned myself to behold wis14 I have seen all the works that are dom, and madness, and folly : for what! done under the sun; and behold, all is can the man do that cometh after the king? vanity and vexation of spirit.

even that which hath been already done. 15 That which is crooked cannot be 13 Then I saw that wisdom excelleth made straight : and that which is wanting folly, as far as light excelleth darkness. cannot be numbered.

14 The wise man's eyes are in his 16 I communed with mine own beart, head; but the fool walketh in darkness : şaying, Lo, I am come to great estate, and and I'myself perceived also that one event have gotten more wisdom than all they happeneth to them all. that bave been before me in Jerusalem : 15 Then said I in my heart, As it hapyea, my heart had great experience of wis- peneth to the fool, so it happeneth even dom and knowledge.

to me; and why was I then more wise ? 17 And I gave my heart to know wis- Then I said in my heart, that this also is dom, and to know madness and folly: I!vanity: perceived that this also is vexationof spirit. 16 For there is no remembrance of the

18 For in much wisdom is much grief: wise more than of the fool for ever; seeand be that increaseth knowledge in- ing that which now is in the days to come creaseth sorrow.

shall all be forgotten. And how dieth the CHAP. II.

wise man? as the fool. SAID in my , Go to now, I will

17 Therefore I hated life ; because the

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The vanity of human labour. ECCLESIASTES. Of vanity, oppression, &c. grievous unto me: for all is vanity and in his time : also he hath set the world in vexation of spirit.

their heart, so that no man can find out the 18 1 Yea, I hated all my labour which work that God maketh from the beginning I had taken under the sun : because I to the end. should leave it unto the man that shall be 12 I know that there is no good in them, after me.

but for a man to rejoice, and to do good in 19 And who knoweth whether he shall bis life. be a wise man or a fool? yet shall be have 13 And also that every man should eat rule over all my labour wherein I have and drink, and enjoy the good of all his laboured, and wherein I have shewed my- labour; it is the gift of God. self wise under the sun. This is also vanity. 14 1 know that, whatsoever God doeth,

20 Therefore I went about to cause my it shall be for ever: nothing can be put to heart to despair of all the labour which I it, nor any thing taken from it: and God took under the sun.

doeth it, that men should fear before him. 21 For there is a man whose labour is 15 That which hath been is now; and in wisdom, and in knowledge, and in that which is to be hath already been; and equity; yet to a man that hath not labour- God requireth that which is past. ed therein shall he leave it for his portion. 16 | And moreover I saw under the sun This also is vanity and a great evil. the place of judgment, that wickedness

22 For what hath man of all his labour, was there ; and the place of righteousness, and of the vexation of his heart, wherein that iniquity was there. be hath laboured under the sun ?

17 I said in my heart, God shall judge 23 For all his days are sorrows, and his the righteous and the wicked: for there is travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest a time there for every purpose and for in the nigbt.' This is also vanity.

every work. 24 T There is nothing better for a man 18 I said in my heart concerning the than that he should eat and drink, and that estate of the sons of men, that God might he should make his soul enjoy good in his manifest them, and that they might see Jabour. This also I saw, that it was from that they themselves are beasts. the hand of God.

19 For that which befalleth the sons of 25 For who can eat, or who else can men befalleth beasts ; even one thing bebasten hereunto more than I?

falleth them : as the one dieth, so dieth 26 For God giveth to a man that is good the other; yea, they have all one breath; in his sight, wisdom, and knowledge, and so that a man hath no pre-eminence above joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to a heast: for all is vanity. gather and to heap up, that he may give to 20 All go unto one place; all are of the him that is good before God. This also is dust, and all turn to dust again. vanity and vexation of spirit.

21 Who knoweth the spirit of man that CHAP. lll.

goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast По

a time to every purpose under 22 there is heaven:

nothing better, than that a man should re2 A time to be born, and a time to die; joice in his own works; for that is bis pora time to plant, and a time to pluck up tion: for who shall bring him to see wbat that which is planted ;

shall be after bim ! 3 A time to kill, and a time to heal; a

CHAP. IV. time to break down, and a time to build up; VO

oppressions that are done under the a time to mourn, and a time to dance ; sun: and behold the tears of such as were

5 A time to cast away stones, and a oppressed, and they had no comforter ; time to gather stones together; a time and on the side of their oppressors there to embrace, and a time to refrain from was power; but they had no comforter. embracing;

2 Wherefore I praised the dead wbich 6 A time to get, and a time to lose ; a are already dead more than the living time to krep, and a time to cast away ; which are yet alive.

7 A time to rend, and a time to sew; a 3 Yea, better is he than both they, which time to keep silence, and a time to speak; hath not yet been, who hath not seen the

8 A time to love, and a time to hate ; a evil work that is done under the sun. time of war, and a time of peace.

4 | Again, I considered all travail, and 9 What profit bath he that worketh in every right work, that for this a man is that wherein he laboureth?

envied of his neighbour. This is also 10 I have seen the travail, which God vanity and vexation of spirit. hath given to the sons of men to be exer- 5 The fool foldeth his bands together, cised in it.

and eateth his own flesh. 11 He bath made every thing beautiful! 6 Better is a handiul with quietness,

To every thing the redisposee ander and hate for the downward to the earth?

A time to weep, and a time to laug Sopp returned, and considered all the

Vanities in divine service. CHAP. V, VI.

The vanity of rclues. than both the hands full with travail and poor, and violent perverting of judgment vexation of spirit.

land justice in a province, marvel not at 7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity the matter: for he that is higher than the under the sun.

highest regardeth ; and there be higher 8 There is one alone, and there is not a than they. second; yea, he hath neither child nor 9 5 Moreover, the profit of the earth is brother : yet is there no end of all his la- for all: the king himself is served by the bour; neither is his eye satisfied with tield. riches: neither saith he, For whom do I 10 He that loveth silver shall not be satis. labour, and bereave my soul of good ? fied with silver; nor he that loveth abunThis is also vanity, yea, it is a sore travail. dance with increase: this is also vanity.

9 Two are better than one; because 11 When goods increase, they are inthey have a good reward for their labour. creased that eat them: and what good is

io For if they fall, the one will lift up there to the owners thereof, saving the behis fellow : but wo to him that is alone holding of them with their eyes? when he falleth ; for he hath not another to 12 The sleep of a labouring man is help him up.

sweet, whether he eat little or much: but 11 Again, if two lie together, then they the abundance of the rich will not suffer have heat; but how can one be warm him to sleep. alone ?

13 There is a sore evil which I have seen 12 And if one prevail against him, two under the sun, namely, riches kept for tre shall withstand him; and a threefold cord owners thereof to their burt. is not quickly broken.

14 But those riches perish by evil tra13 T Better is a poor and a wise child, vail: and he begetteth a son, and there is than an old and foolish king, who will no nothing in his hand. more be admonished.

15 As he came forth of his mother's 14 For out of prison he cometh to reign; womb, naked shall he return to go as he whereas also he that is born in bis kingdom came, and shall take nothing of bis labour, becometh poor.

which he may carry away in his hand. 15 I considered all the living which 16 And this also is a sore evil, that in walk under the sun, with the second child all points as he came, so shall he go: and that shall stand up in his stead.

what profit hath he that hath laboured for 16 There is no end of all the people, the wind: eten of all that have been before them: 17 All his days also he eateth in darkthey also that come after shall not rejoice ness, and he hath much sorrow and wrath in him. Surely this also is vanity and with his sickness. vexation of spirit.

18 T Behold that which I have seen : it. CHAP. V.

is good and comely for one to eat and to EEP thy foot when thou goest to the drink, and to enjoy the good of all his lato hear, than to give the sacrifice of fools: days of his life, which God giveth him : for they consider not that they do evil. for it is his portion.

2 Be not rash with thy mouth, and let 19 Every man also to whom God bath not thy heart be hasty to utter any ihing given riches and wealth, and hath given before God: for God is in heaven, and him power to eat thereof, and to take his thou upon earth : therefore let thy words portion, and to rejoice in his labour; this be few.

is the gift of God. 3 For a dream cometh through the mul-20 For he shall not much remember the titude of business; and a fool's voice is days of his life; because God answereth known by multitude of words.

him in the joy of his heart. 4 When thou vowest a vow unto God,

CHAP. VI. defer not to pay it; for he hath no pleasure T HERE is an evil which I have seen

5 Better is it that thou shouldest not among men: vow, than that thou shouldest vow and 2 A man to whom God hath given riches,

wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth 6 Suffer not thy mouth to cause thy flesh nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, to sin; neither say thou before the angel, yet God giveth him not power to eat therethat it was an error: wherefore should of, but a stranger eateth it: this is vanity,' God be angry at thy voice, and destroy and it is an evil disease. the work of thy hands?

31 If a man beget a hundred children, 7 For in the multitude of dreams and and live many years, so that the days of his many words there are also divers vanities: years be many, and his soul be not billed but fear thou God.

with good, and alsothat he have no burial; 1 8 T If thou seest the oppression of the say, that an untimely birth is better than lie.

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Remedies against vanity ECCLESIASTES. Difficulty of getting wisdom

4 For he cometh in with vanity, and de- ledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them parteth in darkness, and his name shall be that have it. covered with darkness.

13 Consider the work of God: for who 5 Moreover he hath not seen the sun, can make that straight, which he hath made nor known any thing: this hath more rest crooked? than the other.

14 In the day of prosperity be joyful, 69 Yea, though he live a thousand years but in the day of adversity consider: God twice told, yet hath he seen no good: do also hath set the one over against the other, not all go to one place?

to the end that man should find nothing 7 All the labour of man is for his mouth, after him. and yet the appetite is not filled.

15 All things have I seen in the days of 8 For what hath the wise more than the my vanity: there is a just man that perishfool? what hath the poor, that knoweth to eth in his righteousness, and there is a walk before the living?

wicked man that prolongeth his life in his 9 | Better is the sight of the eyes than wickedness. the wandering of the desire : this is also 16 Be not righteous over much; neither vanity and vexation of spirit.

make thyself over wise: why shouldest 10 Thathich hath been is named al- thou destroy thyself? ready, and it is known that it is man: 17 Be not over much wicked, neither neither may he contend with him that is be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die mightier than he.

before thy time? 11 | Seeing there be many things that 18 It is good that thou shouldest take increase vanity, what is man the better? hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw

12 For who knoweth what is good for not thy hand: for he that feareth God man in this life, all the days of his vain shall come forth of them all. life which he spendeth as a shadow? for 19 Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more who can tell a man what shall be after him than ten mighty men which are in the city. under the sun?

20 For there is not a just man upotr CHAP. VII.

earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not. A Ginimemameds better than precious

21 Also take no heed unto all words and the day of death than that are spoken ; lest thou hear thy serthe day of one's birth.

rant curse thee : 2 T It is better to go to the house of 22 For oftentimes also thine own heart mourning, than to go to the house of feast. knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast ing: for that is the end of all men ; and cursed others. the living will lay it to his heart.

23 | All this have I proved by wisdom: 3 Sorrow is beiter than laughter: for by I said, I will be wise; but it was far from me. the sadness of the countenance the heart 24 "That which is far off, and exceeding is made better.

deep, who can find it out? 4 The heart of the wise is in the house 25 I applied my heart to know, and of mourning; but the heart of fools is in to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the the house of mirth.

reason of things, and to know the wicked5 It is better to hear the rebuke of the ness of folly, even of foolishness and madwise, than for a man to hear the song of ness: fools:

26 And I find more bitter than death 6 For as the crackling of thorns under a the woman whose heart is snares and nets, pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this and her hands as bands: whoso pleaseth also is vanity.

God shall escape from her; but the sinner 7 | Surely oppression maketh a wise shall be taken by her. man mad; and a gift destroyeth the 27 Behold, this have I found, saith the heart.

Preacher, counting one by one, to find out 8 Better is the end of a thing than the the account ; beginning thereof: and the patient in 28 Which yet my soul seeketh, but I spirit is better than the proud in spirit. find not: one man among a thousand have

9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: I found; but a woman among all those for anger resteth in the bosom of fools. have I not found.

10 Say not thou, What is the cause that 29 Lo, this only have I found, that God the former days were better than these? hath made man upright; but they bare for thou dost not inquire wisely concern- sought out many inventions. ing this.

CHAP. VIII. 9 ance: and by it there is profit to them tha: WHO is as the wise man? and who

knoweth the interpretation of a see the sun.

thing? a man's wisdom maketh his face to 12 For wisdom is a defence, and money shine, and the boldness of his face shall be is a defence : Vui the excellency of know-changed.

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God's works unsearchable. CHAP. IX. Wisdom better than strengih.

2 I counsel thee to keep the king's com- think to know it, yet shall he not be able mandment, and that in regard of the oath to find it. of God.

CHAP. IX.

TOR stand not in an evil thing; for he doeth even to declare all this, that the rightwhatsoever pleaseth him.

eous, and the wise, and their works, are 4 Where the word of a king is, there is in the hand of God: no man knoweth power : and who may say unto him, What either love or hatred by all that is before doest thou?

them. 5 Whoso keepeth the commandment 2 All things come alike to all : there is shall feel no evil thing: and a wise man's one event to the righteous and to the wickheart discerneth both time and judgment. ed; to the good, and to the clean, and to

6 q Because to every purpose there is the unclean ; to him that sacrificeth, and time and judgment, therefore the misery to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, of man is great upon him.

so is the sinner; and be that sweareth, as 7 For he knoweth not that which shall he that feareth an oath. be : for who can tell him when it shall be? 3 This is an evil among all things that

8 There is no man that hath power over are done under the sun, that there is one the spirit to retain the spirit: neither hath event unto all: yea, also the heart of the ke power in the day of death: and there is sons of men is full of evil, and madness no discharge in that war; neither shall is in their heart while they live, and after wickedness deliver those thataregiven to it. that they go to the dead.

9 All this have I seen, and applied my 4 9 or to him that is joined to all the heart unto every work that is done under living there is hope: for a living dog is the sun : there is a time wherein one man better than a dead lion. ruleth over another to his own hurt. 5 For the living know that they shall

10 And so I saw the wicked buried who die : but the dead know not anything, had come and gone from the place of the neither have they any more a reward; for holy, and they were forgotten in the city the memory of them is forgotten. where they had so done: this is also vanity. 6 Also their love, and their hatred, and

11 Because sentence against an evil their envy, is now perished; neither have work is not executed speedily, therefore they any more a portion for ever in any the heart of the sons of men is fully set in thing that is done under the sun. them to do evil.

7 9 Go thy way, eat thy bread with joy, 12 Though a sinner do evil a hun- and drink thy wine with a merry heart; dred times, and his days be prolonged, for God now accepteth thy works. yet surely I know that it shall be well with 8 Let thy garments be always white; ihem that fear God, which fear before him: and let thy head lack no ointment.

13 But it shall not be well with the 9 Live joyfully with the wife whom thou wicked, neither shall be prolong his days, lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which are as a shadow; because he fear- which he hath given thee under the sun, eth not before God.

all the days of thy vanity: for that is thy 14 There is a vanity which is done up- portion in this life, and in thy labour which on the earth; that there be just men, unto thou takest under the sun. whom it happeneth according to the work 10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, of the wicked: again, there be wicked do it with thy might; for there is no work, mnen, to whom it happeneth according to nor device, nor knowledge, nor wisdom, the work of the righteous : I said that this in the grave, whither thou goest. also is vanity.

11 ) returned, and saw under the sun, 15 Then I commended mirth, because that the race is not to the swift, nor the a man bath no better thing under the sun, battle to the strong, neither yet þread to than to eat, and to drink, and to be merry: the wise, nor yet riches to men of underfor that shall abide with him of his labour standing, nor yet favour to men of skill; but the days of his life, which God giveth him time and chance happeneth to them all. under the sun.

12 For man also knoweth not his time: 16 [ When I applied my heart to as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, know wisdom, and to see the business that and as the birds that are caught in the snare; is done upon the earth : (for also there is so are the sons of men snared in an evil thai neither day nor night seeth sleep with time, when it falleth suddenly upon them his eyes :)

13 1 This wisdom have I seen also un17 Then I beheld all the work of God, der the sun, and it seemed great unto me: that a man cannot find out the work that 14 There was a little city, and few men is done under the sun : because though a within it; and there came a great king man labour to seek it out, yet he shall not against it, and besieged it, and built great find it; yea further; though a wise man bulwarks against it :

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