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parently by himself in our tongue. But what do so many German His mind does not seem to be the grammars, published within a few clearest in the world, nor is his years—Follen's, Fosdick's, Hemp. arrangement in all respects good. hel's, Noehden's, and we know not We are disposed to object, for the how many others-portend? Το purposes of teaching, to his placing some alarmists they portend every the verb before the noun and pro- thing that is evil; all that is erronoun, a method, which, when ap- neous in religion, unintelligible in plied to Greek, as it is by Kühner, philosophy, and fantastical in works brings the most formidable and ap- of polite literature. Such persons palling forms of grammar before would have us avoid all contact the student at the outset, and tends with a nation of minds so perverted, fairly to frighten him from the study and it raises their pulse to see the of the language.
ugly letters to which, with national ment is not followed by Prof. Sears, fondness, the Germans still adhere, in the grammar before us. But as if these letters expressed the there are many observations in the sounds of a dangerous cabalistic first or etymological part, which philosophy. would be more in their place if in To such persons we would say, the syntax, while the chapter on that the study is among us for good the composition of words, which is or evil, and is rather forwarded inserted in the syntax, scems to be than hindered, by the notes of alarm out of its place, and ought to be that are rung against it. Do they put at the beginning of the etymol. suppose that young men of inquisiogy, (as Becker has done in his tive minds will be deterred by such English-German grammar,) or with denunciations, against a language still more propriety, at the end. and its whole literature; and not
The principal fault we have to rather have their curiosity excited find with this grammar, is, that Dr. to taste the forbidden poison, and Sears was not called soon enough drink it the more eagerly after the into the councils of the booksellers first trial ? Our impression is, that who projected it. If by earlier ad. as long as there is a number of vice he could have made it all of persons in a certain part of our a piece, and carried his improve. country, who are enamored of a ments through with a more sweep- certain sort of German philosophy, ing hand, the work would have and who, without understanding it, gained as much more perhaps by are giving out crude bits of it to his means, as it has now gained the world as specimens of wisdom, over the original work of Noehden. that the cure for these crudities We would suggest, that when this must come irr part from the same edition is exhausted, the learned study. “ Drinking largely must soeditor, (than whom no one in our ber us again.” It must be seen in country is better, if as well, quali- the history of the successive sysfied for the task,) should throw tems of philosophy which have tilted away what remains of Noehden, with each other in that land of specand put new matter in its place; ulation, how little of positive and that he should rearrange the work, permanent result has been gained, and make more clear to the begin- and how little likely the murky folner some of Becker's new terms, lowers of Hegel are to be rememand should call the work, as it ought bered beyond their generation, and to be called, by his own name. We to give the watchword to the next doubt not that it would long con- age. So in theology, the age of tinue in use as the guide for stu. scepticism in that country is in a dents of German.
measure passed; rationalism has become old, and most of its earlier tions long cramped the free enerviews would now be pronounced gies of their minds; their mateexceedingly shallow. The study rial philosophy united with their even of this revolution is most in- faith, or want of it, to degrade the structive, and most cheering for the tone of their moral feeling; and friends of the Scriptures. It shows, perhaps to all this must be added, that whatever difficulties have been an original insusceptibility to the found and discussed in the deep re- higher emotions. But the Germans searches made by the Germans into are the reverse of all this. They the Scriptures, still there remains a incline to the spiritual rather than groundwork of truth which cannot the material. Their imagination be washed away, and to which, one oftener has an undue ascendency, after another of these floating dis- than a feeble sway. In thinking believers returns upon his little and feeling they are as uncontrolplank, and seeks there that resting led, as they are peaceful in acting. place which he could find no where Having an original language, they else.
are capable also of an original liteBut lest it should be thought that rature. They are seldom found to we view the study of German as lose sight of the great distinctions a necessary evil, into which we are of morality, or to write without brought in order to counteract the earnestness of purpose and without bad uses that are made of it, we an important end. When therewill add before closing, one or two fore it is told us, that their greatest positive grounds, why this language writer, Goethe, wrote with no lofty and literature should receive atten- moral purpose in view, and Protion. And in the first place, there teus-like, rather strove to represent is much that is healthy in German things under every beautiful form literature. It expresses the honest, of art, than to express lofty sentisimple, earnest character, the deep ments and to do good; we may put feeling, and the imaginative turn of by his side Schiller, who had an the national mind. There is no equal love of beauty, and whose literature of Europe so akin to our heart beat in unison with freedom own, and none upon which ours has and morality, as well as a host of had so much influence. Every poets of inferior name, the tendency educated boy and girl now must of whose works is at least as good study French. But what is there as that of their English contemin French, with the exception of a poraries. few works that one may count upon
Another reason for the study of his finger's ends, calculated to rouse German is, that it affords helps in the mind to vigorous thought, or to every branch of study, which one kindle a healthy enthusiasm. In cannot do without. This is particpoetry, their drama is but finely ularly the case with all historical wrought declamation ; and their and critical investigations. There songs the breathings of gross vo- is hardly a period of history, which luptuousness. And neither in prose has not been explored with fidelity por in poetry, if we may judge, and impartiality, by some able Gerhave they produced any truly great man writer; hardly a branch of art work, any thing—with the excep- or literature, for whose history we tion of Pascal's works—which the are not indebted to the same indeworld would be much the worse off fatigable nation. In the history of for losing. The affinity of their literature, from the meagre outline language with the Latin, has tended to the critical examination accordto fetter their literature and make ing to the rules of taste, they have it imitative; their despotic institu- done more than all nations put together. It would be safe to say, which the taste of the age of Johnthat more and better criticism on son had nearly thrown out of the Shakspeare has been given to the written style. Here we find a dia. world" by Germans, within forty lect of the same parentage with years, than the English have pro- our own, which has flowed along duced during all the time since through past ages nearly free from Shakspeare lived. In these studies, Latin admixture, and we learn thus they show on the whole, more pa- to value more highly than our fa. tience and less partiality in weigh. thers could, the earliest ingredients ing facts than any others; and when of our own language. We think the principles of art are concerned, no one can study German long show a depth of feeling and a power without gaining a simpler taste, and of judgment, which throw French becoming able to make a better and even English criticism, com. choice of words; to keep to those pletely into the shade.
which have sounded in the ear of We will only add, that the study England since the time of Alfred, of German enables us to understand and to throw aside those, where our own language better, and to they are not necessary, which wanemploy a better taste in the selec. dered across the channel into Saxon tion of words. Here we find those England, and took up their abode short and strong words which are by the title of the sword, on a soil the crown of our own tongue, but which was not their own.
The character of this work is ex. the style so lucid, that the reader pressed in the title. It is an histor- finds nothing to desire, but a work of ical sketch of the various modes of equal ability exhibiting a more full philosophizing, or of the fundamen- development of the systems of phital principles of the different systems losophy that were erected on these of intellectual philosophy, from the various foundations. We were fordays of Des Cartes to the present cibly impressed in reading, with the time, especially among the Ger adaptation of the work to be a textmans. In traversing so wide a field, book in college, introductory to the the author was obliged to confine study of this department of philos. his observations to a brief statement ophy. A second edition, enlarged of the general principles of the seve by sketches of the English and eral systems, or swell his work far Scotch systems of philosophy, would beyond the limits which he had pre. be admirably adapted to this purscribed to himself. The phraseolo pose ; as it would furnish the stugy of the work is so precise, the dent with exactly the kind and distinctions so clear and well defined, amount of knowledge which he must
have if he would read intelligently Sketches of Modern Philosophy, es
the works of any particular philosopecially among the Germans. By JAMES Murdock, D.D. Hartford, published by pher, or listen with advantage to the John C. Wells, 1842, pp. 201, 18mó lectures of his professor. Price, 50 cents.
REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS AFFAIRS.
in the minds of all present, the mem
ory of names embalmed in the hearts A CONVENTION called by minis- of American Christians ; the names ters and laymen of the principal of Harriet L. Winslow, of Sarah evangelical denominations was held Lanman Smith, and of no less than in New York, in May, 1842, to take eighteen others, natives of Norwich, into consideration the practicability who have given their lives for the and duty of evangelizing the present salvation of the heathen. These generation of heathen. A commit- devoted missionaries have associated tee was appointed, consisting of one the very name of their native town from each of the denominations rep with the evangelization of the world ; resented in the convention, whose and no mind, of Christian principles, duty it is to collect and publish in- could be in the midst of the scenes formation which they may consider of their childhood, in the church adapted to warm the zeal of Protest- where they were inspired with the ant Christendom, and stimulate their missionary spirit, in the presence of efforts in this great enterprise. The their kindred who gave them to the committee is also charged with the work, without feeling awed and duty of calling a similar convention melted by a profound and tender in New York, in May, 1843. Res. sympathy. olutions were passed, condemning The presence of an unusually a sectarian spirit, and expressing a large number of foreign missionastrong sense of the duty of a cordial ries, added intensely to the interest union and co-operation among all of the meeting. There were Bingevangelical Protestants in the cause ham, Scudder, and Perkins, whose of Christian missions to the heathen; self-denying labors, from the combut the design of interfering with mencement of their respective misthe present denominational arrange. sions in the Sandwich Islands, in ments for the prosecution of the Ceylon, and among the Nestorians work, was expressly disclaimed. We of Persia, have been indefatigable ; think it suitable to make a distinct and to whom, as much as to any record of this meeting, regarding it others, the Board is indebted, through as a sign of the wide diffusion of a the Divine favor, for the brightest zealous missionary spirit, and per. chapters in the history of its opera. haps as the origin of a series of tions. Nor these alone. Not less successful measures for enkindling, than fifteen others, connected with purifying, and spreading that spirit the various stations of the Board, or through every branch of the true once connected, were present, surchurch.
rounded each by his respective cir
cle of friends, and regarded by all MEETING OF THE AMERICAN BOARD. with peculiar affection. There, too,
was Mar Yohannan, the excellent The anniversary of the American Nestorian bishop, the first and the Board of Commissioners for Foreign fast friend of our missionaries to his Missions, was held in Norwich, Con- country, who had accompanied Mr. necticut, on the 13th, 14th, and 15th Perkins to America, for the purpose days of September. There were of qualifying himself for greater many circumstances which invested usefulness, and in person to thank the occasion with uncommon interest. us for sending the pure Gospel to
The place of meeting awakened, his people.
The interest of the meeting was the crisis had not passed. The farther heightened by the attendance churches had contributed more than of an unprecedented number of one hundred thousand dollars above ministers and other friends of mis. the contributions of the year pre. sions. At the lowest estimate there ceding. But it might prove to be a were not less than six hundred stran. spasmodic effort. It was known, gers present, a majority of them that in some instances at least, clergymen.
donations had been made, which But the grand source of interest would not be repeated; and that an lay in the financial condition and interest in domestic missions was prospects of the Board. The pre- rising in the churches, which would vious anniversary, in 1841, found a direct an unprecedented amount of deficiency in the treasury of more their charities to that channel. In than fifty thousand dollars. The this, all rejoiced ; but it was feared friends of the cause were alarmed. that the cause of foreign missions An unparalleled state of embarrass. might be left to suffer. ment in the business of the country, It was, therefore, with contending was the manifest cause of this defi- feelings of hope and fear, that the ciency ; but the cause was still in Board convened at Norwich. The full operation, with no immediate: problem to be solved was, can the prospect of relief. What could be Board expect to be sustained the done? This question was answer- ensuing year, by an amount of coned by a nearly unanimous pledge tributions equal to that of the year on the part of those who attended just ended. The main objects of the meeting in 1841, to increase the meeting were to ascertain, by a their subscriptions at least twenty free expression of opinion, the views five per cent. on those of the year
of the friends of the cause on this previous, and to use their influence point, and if possible, to awaken in to induce the churches, with which the hearts of that great assembly of they were connected, to adopt the ministers and Christians, a more ar
The reports of the dent and intelligent missionary spirit, monthly receipts of the Board were which, through them, might extend thenceforward anticipated with trem- to all the churches. These objects, bling solicitude, until the certainty it was hoped, were accomplished. of liquidating the debt of the Board The reports from the various parts became apparent.
The churches of the country were, in general, came up nobly to the work ; so that highly encouraging. It appeared at the close of the financial year in that the pastors had labored to pre. August, 1842, it appeared that the vent the impression from prevailing expenditures of the year, including among their people, that the liberalthe debt of the previous year, were ity of the last year was called for three hundred and eighteen thousand by an emergency, and not by the nine hundred and fifty five dollars and constant wants of the cause. And ninety three cents; and the receipts many of the speakers expressed a three hundred and eighteen thousand determination, for themselves and three hundred and ninety six dollars their friends, to equal, if not to surand fifty three cents, leaving the pass, their last annual contributions. Board indebted only to the amount Thus far, however, the monthly reof five hundred and fifty nine dol. ceipts of the Board have not equal
. lars and forty cents. It was in these led the receipts of the correspondcircumstances, so full of joy, and ing months of the previous year. calling for the profoundest gratitude The next annual meeting of the to Divine providence, that the Board Board is appointed to be held in met at Norwich. But it was felt Rochester, N. Y.