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THE AMERICAN EDUCATION SOCIETY. conviction, that the reason for its
establishment remains in undiminA special meeting of this society ished force, and that the system can was held in Park street church, be so modified as to secure the end Boston, October 19th, 20th, and in view, and command the fullest 21st. The directors were induced confidence of the Christian public. to call the meeting by the finan. We cannot but hope that the able cial embarrassments of the society, committee, to whom this important which, in the opinion of some, were subject is thus referred, will embody owing, not so much to the commer- the three following rules in their plan: cial distress of the country, as to a 1. The aid of this society shall want of confidence, extensively pre. be extended only to members of col. vailing, both in the necessity of such lege. This rule would oblige the an institution and in the wisdom student in the first and last stages of of its management. The directors his education, in the academy and thought it not best to make a new theological seminary, to look to othappeal to the Christian public for er sources of assistance. In his funds, without first submitting the theological course he should be aid. fundamental principle of gratuitous ed to the extent of his necessities, aid to young men preparing for the by the permanent funds of the in. ministry, and all the specific regula. stitution of which he is a member. tions of the society, to the reconsid. In other words, our theological sem. eration of the members.
inaries should be endowed with the After a long and able discussion, means of furnishing to every indi. it was unanimously decided by the gent student his board, lodging, and meeting, that the principle on which fuel, without charge. And these the American Education Society is privileges should be granted to eve. founded, is correct, viz. “That indi. ry member, on his own declaration gent young men, of piety and suitable of indigence, or inability to pay for intellectual promise, ought to receive them. We have no doubt our the. pecuniary assistance in obtaining an ological seminaries, each in its own education for the ministry.” The sphere of influence, would not apquestion, whether any general or. peal in vain to the Christian public ganization ought to exist for this for this object. Benevolent men of purpose was also discussed at length, affluence would be raised up to and unanimously decided in the af- found scholarships, by immediate firmative. A committee, afterwards donations, and by legacies, until all appointed on the principle of gratu. our seminaries would be adequate. itous aid, and the expediency of a ly endowed. In the course of study general organization, reported to the preparatory to college, some aid same effect. A committee on the might be rendered by well endowpresent organization of the society, ed academies, by churches, and by next reported in favor of a revision benevolent individuals.
But hapof the standing rules of the society; pily, a young man of doubtful and after discussion, a resolution promise, would not be likely to obwas passed to the effect, that the tain encouragement from any of constitution and regulations of the these sources. None but young society need revision, and referring men of sound judgment, of studithe whole subject, as it had been be- ous habits, of quick perceptions, of fore the meeting, to a special com- Christian gravity, would awaken mittee, to consider and report at the sufficient interest. If any persons next meeting of the society. In a of dull parts, or of equivocal charbrief statement of the results of this acter, were brought forward, it meeting, the society expresses its would only be by the aid of their
family friends. This rule would to the college committees in sums therefore guard the entrance to the varying with the number of students ministry, through the Education in each entitled to patronage. The Society, against unsuitable persons. responsibility of bestowing the patThis it would the more surely ef- ronage would rest on the several fect, because a much safer judg. college committees; and upon them ment can be formed of the capaci- would come both the honor of suc. ties and main characteristics of a cess and the disgrace of disappointyoung man, after he has entered ment. The effect on the students college, than at an earlier period of would also be happy. Greater athis education. On the other hand, tention would be paid to a thorough the rule might possibly prevent preparation for entering college. some from preparing for the minis. And as the aid of the society would try, who would have adorned the partake very much of the nature of sacred profession. Not many such a reward for literary and scientific instances, however, would be likely attainments, it would be so far dito occur. The class of young men vested of an eleemosynary characfrom which we wish to draw our ter, and constitute a motive, like ministers, will find sufficient en- those of active life, for the greatest couragement for their enterprising intellectual exertion. minds, in the prospect of aid in col. 3. The aid of this society shall lege ; and they will press through a be a free gift. The great body of course of preparatory study, by our ministers are unable to save their own unaided efforts, if aid can. from their small salaries the means not be had from others.
of refunding the expenditures of a 2. The aid of this society shall nine years' course of study. But be conferred on all young men of if they were relieved from the ne. piety in our colleges, who sustain a cessity of paying their college bills, specified rank or standing as schol. they might generally be able to ars, on a declaration by them of liquidate any debts that they may their need of such assistance, and of be obliged to contract, while pretheir intention to be ministers of paring for college, or in a theologi. the Gospel. A certain rank in the cal seminary. class should be fixed upon as the lowest grade of scholarship, for THE AMERICAN TRACT SOCIETY. which the aid of the society should be granted. Whoever fell below A special meeting of this society this point, would be obliged either was held in the Broadway Tabernato leave college, or to go on by the cle, New York, on the 25th day of aid of his friends, until he could October. It was called by the extake the necessary rank. The dis. ecutive committee, for the purpose tribution of the quarterly appropriaof laying before the society the urtions should be entrusted, we think, gent wants of the cause, and of obto a committee in each college, taining a full expression of views where there are students entitled to respecting the various operations aid ; and be distributed by them ac- and plans of the committee. They cording to their best judgment, either wished particularly to ascertain in equal sums, or in proportion to whether they should be sustained the necessities of the several ap. by the churches, in making such plicants, or in a compound ratio of appropriations to the missionary their wants and their merits. The boards as would enable them to society would then be a mere finan. place at least one Christian tract in cial agent, whose sole business it is the hands of every accessible indito collect funds and pay them over vidual of the present generation of
THE STATE OF THE CHURCHES.
heathen; in extending liberal aid to to be done to plant churches, with the system of colporteur operations an educated ministry, in all the in Europe ; and giving at least one new states of our country. This small volume of the society's public conviction has yet failed to do its cations to every accessible family proper work, by opening the hearts in the United States, particularly at of Christians to contribute the nethe West, who are either unable or cessary funds, while it has directed unwilling to pay for it? These, the attention of a greater number with many other topics of minor of ministers to that field, than the interest, came before the meeting, society has had means to send out. and were discussed with great abil. We look with confidence for speedy ity and effect. From the printed and decisive expressions of unpreaccount of the proceedings, and cedented liberality to this cause. reports of speeches, we judge that the result of the meeting cannot fail to realize the most sanguine expectations of the committee. The The past year is not distinguished application of the colporteur sys- by any striking degree of prosperity tem to this country will be viewed in our churches.
Some colleges, with universal approbation by evan- and some other institutions of learn. gelical Christians. There can be ing ; some cities and some villages, no better method of carrying the few compared with the whole numGospel to the Catholic and other ber over the wide face of our coundestitute population of the West. try, have been the happy scenes of No wiser appropriation of funds can a deep and sanctifying religious inbe made, than to send at once a terest and influence.
Some new hundred pious lay men into the west- churches have been gathered; some ern states, to sell and give away as that had gone to decay, have been they are able, the publications of resuscitated ; many new houses of the society, and to embrace every worship have been erected; old opportunity of prayer and religious. houses have been repaired; numer. conversation with the families which ous destitute churches have received they visit.
pastors ; fewer ministers have been dismissed than in some former years; and the ministry has in general been well and cheerfully supported by
the people. Union, peace, and The conductors of this noble in- fraternal confidence, have at no pestitution have been, and still are, riod of our history, prevailed to a pressed far beyond their means, by greater extent among the ministers the growing conviction of the Chris- and churches of New England. tian public, that fourfold more ought
An event which promises well man Catholic bishop, relating to the for the cause of religious liberty, oc- appointment of a successor to the curred in New Orleans within the lately deceased Abbe Monie, curè last half year. A controversy arose
of the cathedral. The bishop apbetween the wardens of the cathe. pointed a successor, and the wardens dral church St. Louis, and the Ro. declared the appointment null and void. And they even questioned Catholic priests, the education of the legality of the title of the bishop, the poor, and the endowment of contending that the authority to ap- charitable institutions in the colopoint to that office, rests not with nies. We do not think it necessary the pope but the sovereignty of the to describe, more minutely, this country. At a subsequent election Quixotic scheme; but it deserves of wardens, the strength of parties notice as an exponent of Catholic was tested, and the opponents of the zeal, striving to take advantage of bishop triumphed by a majority of the “swarmings” of Irish popula. five hundred votes out of one thou- tion to plant the papal heresy in this sand four hundred. Why cannot land ; and to beguile, into a support they advance another step, to the of its measures, every gullible class, discovery that the appointment of by holding out to each some delureligious teachers rests, not with any sive bait suited to its taste. This civil power, but with the churches zeal never tires. And the materials, that are to be served by them? out of which it is now hoping to
weave new chaplets for the pope, A project for planting Irish Cath. are not to be despised. An annual olic colonies in the western states, emigration to our shores of hundreds has been proposed by an English of thousands of ignorant Catholics, Catholic gentleman. His plan is set will put both religion and liberty in forth in a pamphlet published last serious peril among us. The Gossummer, in London and Dublin. pel is our sole defense. It is only He proposes to form a General Em. by a prompt supply of our whole igration Society, or a sort of stock country with Christian books and company, having in view the re- teachers, that we can maintain the moval from Ireland of the surplus ascendency. Catholic population, in a way to promote the pecuniary interests of the Case of the Rev. Mr. McQueen.stockholders, to advance the Catho. The Presbyterian church in the lic religion in the United States, to United States, represented in the open a new market for British man. annual General Assembly, has ufactures, and to afford an asylum been deeply agitated by the susto the younger sons of the English pension from the Christian ministry nobility and gentry, and other gen- of the Rev. Mr. McQueen, by the tlemen who are unable to live at presbytery of Fayetteville, N. C., home in a style becoming their rank. for the alledged crime of marrying The society or company is to pur- a sister of his deceased wife, conchase, of the United States, portions trary to the last sentence of the 4th of prairie land, to erect thereon section of the 24th chapter of the suitable dwellings for the emigrants, Confession of Faith, which is as to pay their passage to this country, follows: “ The man may not marand in return, the emigrants are to ry any of his wife's kindred nearer pledge themselves to labor for the in blood than he may of his own; society, not less than three years, at nor the woman of her husband's reduced wages, under the direction kindred nearer in blood than of her of their priests. This plan, it is own.” The abstract question of supposed, will yield a large profit the lawfulness of such marriages upon the investment, eight per cent. was brought before the General Asof which is to be paid to the stock. sembly at its last annual meeting, holders, and the surplus is to be add. and decided agreeably to the Coned to the capital, for the continued fession of Faith ; thus affirming the export of pauperism from the pa. propriety of the sentence pronounrent stațe, and for the support of ced in the case of Mr. McQueen.
But this decision is not well receiv- scinded from her communion a body ed by the whole church. The sy. of Christian ministers and churches nod of New Jersey, one of the equal to herself in numbers and ablest ecclesiastical bodies in the piety, for no better reason, to say country, at a meeting in Elizabeth- the least, than that they were charg. town, N. J., on the 18th of October, ed with being unwilling to subscribe decided by a vote of fifty-seven to the Confession of Faith, except for twenty-six, to request the General substance of doctrine; we see this Assembly to send down to the prese church divided on the question, byteries an overture for the erasure whether an article of her Confes. from the Confession of Faith, of sion of Faith is agreeable to Scripthe sentence just quoted.
ture. Some presuming this article We have here, in the first place, to be in harmony with the Bible, the spectacle of one grand division are committed to the desperate of the Presbyterian church in this measure of excommunicating from country, declaring in the face of the the church all Christians, and de. Christian world, that the marriages posing from the ministry all clergyalluded to are incestuous, a notion men who are married to sisters of so generally exploded in practice their deceased wives; while others and intelligent conviction, that this perceiving the article to be unscripformal affirmation of it has not the tural, have come out boldly in de. weight of a feather, against the rep- fense of Christian truth. Hereafter utation and Christian standing of they must profess to receive the any man. And in the second place, Confession of Faith only for subwe see this church which lately ex- stance of doctrine.
from the War and Navy Depart
ments in particular, are able papers, The last and short session of the scholarlike and statesmanlike-far twenty seventh Congress is already superior to the message of the Prespassing away.
The annual mes. ident. sage from the President, and the
Several subjects of much intrinsic or accompanying reports from the
factitious interest to the country are likely heads of departments are before to be discussed, and some of them to be the public. The report from the acted upon, during the present session., Secretary of the Treasury, which is
One is already disposed of. Mr. Adams,
as the great champion of free thought and made directly to Congress, instead free uiterance, began his labors for the of passing through the hands of the session, by moving to repeal the famous President, has not been received at twenty first rule of the House of Reprethe date at which we are writing sentatives. The motion was defeated by
a small majority; so that for this session, Our limits will not allow us now to as for several years past, all memorials reenter on any extended comments on lating, in any way, to slavery, are to be these documents. It may be re
denied a hearing: marked generally, that in all the de- repealed before these remarks shall have
The Bankrupt law is in danger of being partments there appears to have issued from the press. By the constitubeen, under the present administra- tion of the United States, it is one of the tion, some reformation of abuses, duties of Congress to provide a uniform and a laudable reduction of unne
system of bankruptcy. "No state can, un
der any circumstances, release a bankrupt cessary expenditures. The reports from his obligations.' Twice, since the