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more elevated manners and refined seems to have been to him. He amusements of the Gothamites them- could not go from New Haven to selves.

New York, without " exhausting the From Philadelphia, Mr. Dickens stock of bottled beer” on board the proceeded to Baltimore and Wash. boat, and we believe that he even ington. In the former city his stay found a bar on board the little was brief. He simply enumerates steamer between Springfield and its various public buildings in a sin. Hartford. The habits of Mr. Dickgle sentence, and then occupies four ens, in this respect, as our readers or five paragraphs in delineating have already seen, need no incon“two curious cases” which were siderable reformation. brought under his observation in the The appearance of Washington, State Penitentiary. In this city, as it strikes the eye of a Londoner, be found the only hotel which af- is facetiously described ; though on forded him perfect comfort and sat- the whole, he seems to have been isfaction, though there were many in something of an ill humor while approximations to his beau ideal in visiting the Federal city. other places. “ The most comfort

“ It is sometimes called the city of able of all the hotels of which I Magnificent Distances, but it might with had any experience in the United

greater propriety be termed the city of States, and they were not a few, is Magnificent Intentions ; for it is only on Barnum's, in that city; where the taking a bird's-eye view of it from the English traveler will find curtains top of the Capitol, that one can at all

comprehend the vast designs of its pro. to his bed (mark this !] for the first, jector, an aspiring Frenchiman. Spaciou and probably the last time, in Amer. avenues, that begin in nothing, and lead ica ; and where he will be likely

no where ; streeis, mile-long, that only

want houses, roads, and inhabitants; to have enough water for washing public buildings that need but a public to himself, which is not at all a com- be complete; and ornaments of great mon case.” On reading this sen

thoroughfares, which only lack great tence we were strongly impressed ing features. One might fancy the sea

thoroughfares to ornameni, are its leadwith the idea, that Mr. Dickens was son over, and most of the houses gone a physiological phenomenon, exhib- out of town for ever with their masters.

To the admirers of cities it is a Barme. iting in his own person the remark

cide feast; a pleasant field for the imagiable properties of the opposite mag nation to rove in ; a monument raised to netic poles; for, while externally a deceased project, with not even a legihe manifested a very powerful at

ble inscription to record its departed greattraction for water, internally he manifested a no less decided repul- Our traveler was not very favorsion towards it; and we afterwards ably impressed with the appearance find it a ground of complaint against of the House of Representatives, iwo or three hotels, that they had though he gives the Senate much nothing but water for the English credit for its dignity and decorum. travelerto drink !

His criticisms on these two bodies, On his journey to Washington, though not a little exaggerated, are Mr. Dickens was particularly dis- in the main so pungent, and have gusted with the exuberant use of so much truth in them, that we tobacco which he witnessed on all cannot refrain from expressing the occasions. We heartily join him wish, that they might be read and in his “counterblast” against the pondered, not only by the members Stygian weed ; yet we apprehend, of Congress, but by all who have that his practice of frequenting the any thing to do with sending them bar was no less disgusting to some there. Our author of course vis. of his fellow travelers, than the use ited the President, and was well of tobacco on the part of others pleased with the republican simpli




city of the various domestic ar- mode of traveling, or of American rangements at the White House. society as exhibited in his fellow He satirizes the bustle and parade travelers. Having left Harrisburg of a presentation to her Majesty, on Friday evening, he reached by contrasting with it the easy and Pittsburg on Monday evening by unceremonious introduction to the dint of traveling on the Sabbath, and chief magistrate of the United States. remained there three days, but he He bears' his testimony likewise, has hardly a word to say about the to the “decorum and propriety of place. There is nothing worthy of behavior which prevailed” at the remark in his account of the jour. President's levee, even among ney by steamboat, from Pittsburg the miscellaneous crowd in the to Cincinnati, except the dissatisfachall,” thus showing, that there is tion which he expresses, because a tendency in republican institu- at dinner there was nothing to tions to engender the feeling of self-drink upon the table, but great jugs respect.

full of cold water," whilst at the From Washington, Mr. Dickens same time he complains of the scan. proceeded to Richmond, where his tiness of the “ washing apparatus," stay was short, and concerning thus again illustrating the theory of which he has recorded nothing wor. opposite poles. thy of notice. He was particularly With Cincinnati he was particu. pleased, however, with the luxuri. larly pleased. While there he had ous and dissipated style of living the privilege of, seeing a temperwhich he saw, as the reader may ance convention and parade, which judge from the following reminis. he regarded with much interest as

holiday concourse,” though he

felt little sympathy in its peculiar " It was between six and seven o'clock in the evening, when we drove to the

design. hotel; in front of which, and on the top

His description of Louisville, his of the broad flight of steps leading to the next stopping place, comprises little door, two or three citizens were balancing more than an account of its superb themselves on rocking chairs and smok ing cigars. We found it a very large and hotel and of the rooting of swine elegant establishment, and were as well in the streets. Thence he proentertained as travelers need desire to ceeded to St. Louis, where he rebe. The climate being a thirsty one, mained long enough to make the there was never, at any hour of the day, a scarcity of loungers in the spacious bar, discovery, that the city owes much or a cessation of the mixing of cool li to the influence of the Unitarian quors : but they were a merrier people church, " which is represented there here, and had musical instruments play: by a gentleman of great worth and ing to them o'niglits, which it was a treat to hear again."

excellence.” From St. Louis, he

made an excursion to the Looking From Richmond, Mr. Dickens re- Glass prairie, and then retraced his turned to Baltimore, whence he steps to Cincinnati. From Cincinpursued his journey by stage to nati, his course was to Canada, by Harrisburg. There (being moved way of Sandusky and the lakes. perhaps by considerations of econ- A scene described at one of the omy, since the hope of securing towns between Cincinnati and Coan international copy-right law was lumbus, may have been admired by fast vanishing away) he went on some as an illustration of the wri. board a canal-boat for Pittsburg, ter's talent for caricature. We copy in company with numerous emi. a part of the concluding paragraph grants for the west, and of course as another illustration of his love received no very favorable impres- for brandy, and his dislike of any sion, either of the comforts of this internal application of water.

“We dine soon afterwards with the diately to New York ; but having boarders in the house, and have nothing five days of leisure before embarkboth very bad, and the water is worse, I ing for England, he made a short ask for brandy, but it is a temperance ho- excursion to West Point and [New] tel, and spirits are not to be bad for love Lebanon. At New Lebanon, he or money. This preposterous forcing of unpleasant drinks down the reluctant suffered dreadfully by the misera. throats of travelers, is not at all uncom- ble accommodations of the hotel, mon in America, but I never discovered at which he would have slept had that the scruples of such wincing land- sleep been possible. lords induced them to preserve any unu. sually nice balance beiween the quality

On Tuesday, the seventh of June, of their fare, and their scale of charges: Mr. Dickens embarked in the packet on the contrary, I rather suspected them ship George Washington, for his of diminishing the one and exalting the native land. The chapter describe other, by way of recompense for the loss of their profit on the sale of spirituousing the passage home is pleasantly liquors. After all, perhaps, the plainest written, and contains some importcourse for persons of such tender con- ant suggestions respecting the ship. sciences, would be a total abstinence from ping of emigrants. It is followed tavern-keeping."

by a chapter on slavery, embodyFrom Sandusky, Mr. Dickens has. ing some facts, but lamentably defitened by steamboat to Buffalo, and cient in argument and force. The thence to Niagara Falls, where he chapter was written for the English remained two days spending the market, and would probably have time however, on the Canadian side. been different, had the author's He was not probably aware, that scheme for an international copysome of the most magnificent views right been successful. of the falls are presented from the The last chapter of the work American bank of the river. His contains some general remarks on reflections are worth quoting, as a the prominent features of American specimen of his descriptive powers, society, but none of them betray but as the book itself is in the hands an accurate or philosophic mind. of millions of readers, we need only The topics discussed are some of refer to it. If Mr. Dickens had not them important, but they are dis. been educated to the trade of ma- missed with a few hasty, disconking police reports, he might have nected observations. The writer

censures that “universal distrust," Mr. Dickens visited Toronto, which he regards as characteristic Kingston, Montreal, Quebec, and of the American people, condemns St. John's, neither of which places the general character of the news. is described very minutely, but all paper press, laments the prevalence of them more at length, and appa- of the “real” to the exclusion of rently with far more satisfaction, the “ideal," complains of the dethan any American cities of the ficiency of the organ of wit in the same or even greater importance. American cranium, and the want He is more particular in describing of that “ lightness of heart and gaiscenery and location, and has far ety,” which abounds in “merry less fault than usual to find with old England,” discusses “ the preva the modes of conveyance, the pro- alence of various forms of dissent," visions for refreshment and com- and the tendency of republican infost, and the manners of the people. stitutions to engender the feeling of All this is quite natural. In Can- self-respect. The latter point is ada he was on British ground. illustrated by the independent air

From St. John's, our traveler re- of a boot-maker, who came to take entered America by way of Lake his measure as he was enjoying his Champlain, and proceeded imme. “ book and wine-glass,” and with

been a poet.

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this anecdote, followed with a brief and galleries greets the broadest dissertation on cleanliness and health, kind of farce—that Mr. Dickens the " circulation” of “ American owes his chief renown. In that Notes" is suddenly stopped-the work, every character, every scene said notes being found completely and incident, is in perfect harmony

with the whole. Mr. Pickwick and We regret that Mr. Dickens has his associates, Mrs. Leo Hunter and published these volumes, for they the elite of Eatanswill, the Wellers bear the marks of hasty composi- elder and junior, Mrs. Bardwell and tion, evince no genius, add nothing her boy, the scenes of the election to the author's reputation as a wri- and those of the law-suit, are all of ter, and exhibit his moral character a piece; and it is not to be wonderin a most undesirable light.

ed at, that with the aid of Cruik. It remains that, in concluding this shank, (whose “illustrations” are article, we present briefly the judg- a great help to the story,) they have ment which we have formed of Mr. become so well known, and have Dickens as a writer. These Notes furnished so much food for unma. are by no means a favorable speci- licious merriment. men of the talents of the author. The later works of Mr. Dickens They are very carelessly written, are less exclusively humorous ; in and the subject affords but little fact, they deal not unfrequently in scope for the exercise of his pecu- the stern and sad realities of life. liar powers. Nr. Dickens is un- But while they thus indicate another questionably a man of genius. He kind of talent, and show, as is possesses in a rare degree a talent often shown, that the broadest hufor caricature; yet it seems to be mor and the most resistless pathos almost uniformly under the control may be nearly allied, they are defiof good nature, and is seldom ex- cient in respect to unity in the de. ercised for a malicious purpose. sign and harmony in the effect; His mind is continually on the alert and the reader feels that a certain for the ludicrous; and the faculty violence is done to truth and nature. to which he owes his greatest suc

The hero of the tale is commonly cess, is a faculty for making exag- selected from the lower walks of gerated descriptions of laughable life, perhaps is taken from the scenes and odd characters. It may parish workhouse, and in spite of be said of him, as Dryden said of the most untoward circumstances,

rare Ben Jonson,” that “humor notwithstanding the baneful influis his proper sphere."

Such a sen

ences by which he is surrounded, tence, we are aware, would assign without instruction or sympathy, deto him no very lofty niche in the prived of the counsel and example temple of Fame. No man would of judicious parents and friends, think of placing the author of Tris- perhaps even against the vicious extram Shandy as high as the author ample of those who gave him birth, of the Task. Yet in conformity he appears to the world a model of with this estimate of the nature and excellence, adorned with every virrank of our author's genius, we are tue and grace, and wins his way to much inclined to regard the “ Post- respectability and fortune. So rare, humous Papers of the Pickwick however, are such instances of selfClub," as his chef d'æuvre. It is guardianship and promotion in real to the Pickwick Papers—a work of life, in fact so contrary are they to mere fun, for which the epithet our experience, that however deepcomic is quite too dignified—a work ly we may be interested in the story having no aim but to make the pub- of such a character, we cannot at lic laugh, as laughter from the pit the same time resist the impression


that it is altogether unnatural. This der different texts, and in differ. perfect character, so serious, consis. ent covers. tent, and virtuous, this idealized We are by no means insensible representation of all that is admira. to the many tokens which these ble in human nature, is surrounded later works exhibit, of a better and continually by the most grotesque higher kind of genius than that figures conceivable-by mere dig. which wrote the Papers of the Picktortions and caricatures of humani. wick Club. However improbable ty, extravagant in their virtues, or or unnatural may be the struchideous in their deformity-and yet ture of the story and the grouping passes through life without being in of the characters, each character is the least affected by their influence. generally life-like and well sustain. Thus in the “Old Curiosity Shop,” ed. Some characters have a highlittle Nell, whose character is al- ly tragical effect. That of Fagin, most too lovely for earth, was train. for example, would hardly suffer by ed up under the influence of a poor a comparison with Shylock.

Of old man-her grandfather-shatter little Nell we have already intimaed in intellect, addicted to gambling ted an opinion. Perhaps she might and theft, the bosom friend and be ranked with such creations of then the victim of a hideous dwarf, genius as Desdemona. Her devowhose character is even more de- tion to her aged grandfather, when formed than his person. The group- the poor insane old man was driven ing of such figures together, though from his home by the rapacious it may serve to heighten the con. Quilp; her clinging to him in all his trast between them, renders the wanderings, as, haunted by the fear whole picture unnatural, and even that some one was pursuing him, he painful. One character-the cen. hurried from one village to another; ter of the picture-is drawn and her self-denial, to procure for him colored with ideal and even super the means of subsistence; her anxnatural beauty, while every thing iety to keep him from the gaming else upon the canvass is laughably table, when the sight of cards at a or hideously grotesque.

village inn had rekindled his old There is a remarkable similarity passion so fiercely that, to partake among the late productions of Mr. in the game, he even stole from her Dickens, which indicates a lack of little purse the few pence which invention. Oliver Twist, Nicholas she had hoarded to buy him bread; Nickleby, and even little Nell, in the quietness with which she entheir origin, education, adventures, dures privation, hunger, cold, and and varied fortunes, in the class of the neglect of the proud; all these, society to which they belong, the with a thousand other evidences of characters by which they are sur. a soul ennobled and mature, in the rounded, the scenes of vice and most delicate, flower-like frame, entemptation into which they are dear her to the heart, and engrave thrown, in their fortitude under her image there in lines which cantrials, their scrupulous adherence to not be effaced. And when, weary those moral principles which are and worn with her wanderings, she discarded by all around them, and comes to die in that quiet village, in all the essential features of their where she had just found sympathy history, have many striking points and friends, and is buried in that of resemblance. In the two former old church-yard, where she had particularly, Mr. Dickens seems to loved to wander, we cannot refrain have done like those preachers from mingling our tears with those who sometimes give us the same of the village children, who weep sermon on different occasions, un- over the fresh sod that covers her. Vol. I.


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