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country, the whole of the town, ramparts, fortifications, &c. We were fortunate in having a clear atmosphere, which allowed us to distinguish a number of veffels at full fail, and at fome confiderable diftance. The Albion cliffs we could likewife fee; and I felt myfelf extremely difpofed to fancy that I faw Dover Caftle. So far, however, I am pofitive, that I have seen it clearly from the ramparts. During our spying about us, the ftandard was hoisted in honour of Moreau's victory over the Auftrians, the intelligence of which was just arrived; fo that in our way back to the inn, the inhabitants were greeting each other at every corner of the ftreets, having had their fpirits much depreffed by the checks experienced by the army of the Sambre and Meufe.

Yours fincerely.


Calais, Nov. 7, 1796.

BEFORE EFORE we quit Calais, which we are now about to do, I muft inform you of my having been prefent at Lord Malmefbury's arrival. The day was fo dark and rainy as not to admit the indulgence of a walk on the ramparts; but no fooner was it announced that the Princess Augufta packet from Dover was coming into harbour with his Lordfhip and fuite, than the heavy clouds with which the atmosphere was furcharged feemed to difperfe, and rays of bright light to dart across the horizon. Regardless of the weather, I flew towards the harbour, to be prefent at the difembarkation. I was gratified at observing the cordiality with which the people in general received our ambassador,


who was come to ufe his endeavours to fheath the fword "that makes fuch waste "in brief mortality." I was also amused by the variety of fpeculations and opinions to which this political occurrence gave birth.

The day following his Lordship's arrival, all the ships in the harbour, by order of the French Government, difplayed their colours in compliment to the English it was a mere compliment; yet I read in it returning good-will between two powerful nations, who have fpilt fo much of each other's blood, and viewed it with tears of joy gliftening in my eyes.

That the great majority of the people here wish for peace, is evident beyond a doubt. They exprefs their wishes ftrongly, but they at the fame time have their fears, that either the ambition of the Directory, or the schemes of the English


English Minifter, or both, will fruftrate this negotiation.

Though our progress towards Paris has been obftructed, we have been permitted to make various excurfions to Gravelines, St. Omer's, and Dunkirk; and if in each of thefe places, as well as here, we have feen traces of revolutionary fury, we were confoled by being informed, that this Department, called le Pas de Calais, had fortunately efcaped, for the most -part, if not entirely, the fcenes of horror and blood perpetrated by Le Bon and his associates at Arras, Cambray, &c. -through the judicious choice of the inhabitants, who at the beginning of the -Revolution had taken care to felect fuch -men for their Magiftrates who were likely to obtain the respect of the people.

But, whatever be the praise due to these Magistrates in fome refpects, they appear to have exerted themfelves very little, or

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to very little purpose, for the improvement of morals. The fwearing of children, with which my ears are shocked in every street, is a proof of neglected education. The people to whom I have lamented this circumftance, confess that little care has been taken of the rising generation. I was told, however, that fome priests, whofe return was winked at, were employed in inftructing youths privately in their apartments, and that their lectures were better attended than the écoles centrales* cftablished by Government; the profeffors of which are unequal to the task affigned them.

Thus is the important business of forming the infant mind thrown back again on the Prieft:-a character perhaps, let him be ever so virtuous, not the best fitted for fuperintending the education of a people. To prieftly education I attribute much of the fuperftition and mental

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