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Address by Senator George

Of Georgia

Mr. GEORGE. Mr. President, I entered the Senate a short time before Senator COPELAND entered this body. We were desk mates on the back row on this side of the aisle. Later, we were desk mates on an intermediate row. Finally, we both came down to the front row, and he remained my desk mate until the end.

Thinking of him today, I cannot but recall his last utterance in this body. Already the pallor of death was upon his face. He had grown weak with the weary work of a session ending in June. He had been on his feet many times to further or to complete legislation in which he had great interest. On the last day that he occupied a seat in this body, when he rose to make for his last time some observations upon a pending measure, I asked him not to speak. He assured me that he would say only a few words. Some one called me away from my seat, and when I returned ROYAL S. COPELAND was going out of this body forever.

I think of him as a man, because I was thrown with him so intimately from the time he entered this body. He was a man with capacity for great friendship. He had a great capacity for kindliness. He was a man of infinite good humor, and of good feeling, and of good will. He was patient, kindly, and gentle. He had those rare qualities which enabled him to impress all of his fellow men with whom he came in close contact with his complete friendship for them.

He was a great church man. He loved his church. Although he possessed that broad catholicity of spirit with which men are rarely endowed, or blessed, he had not the slightest antipathy or animosity toward any race or any creed. Yet he loved his own church, even as he loved the little town of Dexter, in the great Midwestern State of the distinguished Senator who has just spoken here, with a personal, passionate kind of love.

He had an intense interest in all civic, educational, and religious matters, as well as in political questions.

Mr. President, thinking back over the days, I found ROYAL S. COPELAND when he came into this body intensely interested in general welfare legislation, in public health. He was interested in everything which had to do with the poor, and the weak, and the helpless. His sympathy for these was true and genuine.

He was interested much in human welfare legislation. That had been the background of his experience as a physician, as a teacher, as the health commissioner of the great city of New York, in the Empire State of the Nation. He drew upon his experience. But I saw him broaden, almost perceptibly broaden, his interest in the whole field of human legislation and human relationships.

As all of our colleagues will recall, he became perhaps the best-versed and best-informed man on maritime law in this body. He had a great passion to rebuild and to fortify and to strengthen our merchant marine.

We all know with what intense industry Senator COPELAND applied himself to everything which came within his care. We all must recall how, for the 5 long years to which the distinguished senior Senator from New York has already referred, he made his fight for the present Pure Food and Drug Acts.

Mr. President, Senator COPELAND's interest broadened after he entered this body, it constantly broadened. Not only did he leave his impress upon much of the useful legislation which passed this body and the Congress of the United States during the years since he entered upon his public service as Senator, but his own affections broadened. He was a genuine American. He did not pay lip service merely to the American system of government: He understood it; he had an inherited understanding of it which came down from the days when the Pilgrims landed on our shores. Indeed, he traced his ancestry back through those Pilgrims to the sturdy Irish and English of the old country.

Senator COPELAND appreciated the American system of Government, and with that same kindliness and with that same great industry with which he approached all of his public duties, he never failed to register his deepest conviction upon those measures which have more significance than the passing matters which come before this body.

He had courage, and that is the rarest quality of the public official today, not only in this country, but in the world. He had a courage which could not be stilled or hushed by flattery, by threat, by intimidation.

As his desk mate since the day he entered the Senate I unhesitatingly declare, and in the declaration pay to him the highest compliment which can be paid to any statesman, that none of his colleagues had to await the roll call to know where ROYAL S. COPELAND stood upon any matter of great and first importance.

Mr. President, I well remember a notable fight, now ended, in which many of us in the Senate were arrayed upon the one side and many of our colleagues upon the other, an issue upon which honest and well-informed and conscientious and patriotic men differed, and I well remember the conclusion of the fight. A little group of Senators, personal friends of ROYAL COPELAND, met with him, as we had been accustomed to meet through the long weary months when that issue was before the Senate and the country, and we all knew that that evening the fight was over. As the little group dispersed, Senator COPELAND turned to me and said, "It has been worth this fight. We have had our small part in the saving of this country.

Senator COPELAND was a man of great courage, of high courage, and as I watched his broadening interest in legislation, countless laws and bills, from the beginning of his career to the end, I think I can pay to him no higher compliment than I have already paid him in declaring him not only an industrious and useful Senator, whose name is attached to many worth-while laws, but a man of rare courage, who, without dramatics, nevertheless went steadily on to the end.

Those of us who went with him to his last resting place in the countryside of the great Empire State well remember the good minister, who took for his text that verse from Paul's second letter to Timothy:

I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith.

His bereaved friends in this body know that his course is finished, as his friends all over the Nation know and understand. That he fought a good fight all of us here are free to attest. That he kept the faith, faith with the American people, faith with his highest concepts of duty to the American system of government, as a Member of the Congress of the United States, with a seat in the Senate, those of us who knew him well may with great confidence assert.

With that passionate love which he bore for the little town of his birth, and always for the friends and associates of his boyhood, and with that passionate affection in which he held his friends in this body and his friends everywhere, we can say that we loved ROYAL S. COPELAND, and that in his way he was a good and a faithful servant, and that down to the last hour he had the high courage to keep the faith that was within him.

Address by Senator McCarran

Of Nevada

Mr. MCCARRAN. Mr. President, one who comes to this body as a total stranger will as time goes on naturally remember those who first took him by the hand. I came as a total stranger from the far West to the city of Washington and, indeed, to this body. I recall the first Member of the Senate who took me by the hand to lead me along right lines when faith and justice and my country's welfare were involved.

You may break, you may shatter the vase if you will,

But the scent of the roses will hang 'round it still. And so today one who has pased through only his first term in this body brings back the scent of the roses, the memory of the friendship extended by one who had a clever understanding of the affairs of this most exalted group, that the newcomer might go forward and know what it was all about.

But, Mr. President, as time went on and as acquaintance became closer, I learned more intimately to know the depth of a great character; I learned more intimately to rely upon a truth that was the soul's center, upon a faith that was as broad as the country, upon a patriotism that will return with the reverberations of eternity.

I may—I hope with propriety-recall the lines of a great American who said:

Christ gave us proof of immortality. Yet it would hardly seem necessary for one to rise from the dead to convince us that the grave is not the end.

Mr. President, with memories of a patriotism such as that handed down to this body and to America by ROYAL S. COPELAND comes added conviction that the grave is not the end. The glory of his country, everlasting and eternal, unending,

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