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as we hope it will be, the glory of American citizenship is, and I hope will always continue to be, associated with the name of ROYAL S. COPELAND.

As the red comes from the flower he so loved, so the red memory of America will enshrine his name, because he gave his strength to a cause that has come down in history and will go down in history.

Realizing his own physical weakness, he warned his fellows-yea, he sent the word of warning to the great leader of his party during that Congress which closed not so long ago-when he said, “There are men here who should have caution.” While he was saying that, his one idea of caution: was to remain on the floor of the Senate until the Constitution of the United States, as it had been enshrined in the hearts of millions of his countrymen, was safe. He would remain on the floor of the Senate until the land that he loved was secure. He would remain on the floor of the Sen. ate although he warned his fellows of the dangers that surrounded them. He would remain here as he did remain here, as his memory will remain here, as one of those whose names stand behind American institutions and American tradition to give us courage that we in his memory shall carry on. So I come back to the thought I first expressed:

You may break, you may shatter the vase if you will,
But the scent of the roses will hang 'round it still.

Address by Senator Davis

Of Pennsylvania

Mr. DAVIS. Mr. President, Senator COPELAND had two wellknown personal characteristics—his unruly hair and the inevitable red carnation which he wore in the lapel of his coat. Both of these were tokens of his strong independent nature. Senator COPELAND was a native son of Michigan. He began his public career at the turn of the century as mayor of Ann Arbor. But even before that time he had been active in civic improvement, establishing a splendid reputation for fair play and a keen understanding of human nature.

In 1918 Mayor John F. Hylan appointed Dr. COPELAND health commissioner of New York City, a position which he retained until he was elected to the United States Senate in 1922. He was reelected in 1928 and again in 1934. He maintained an independent position in the Senate throughout, and cooperated with the various administrations insofar as his own personal convictions would permit. He participated in legislative developments covering a wide range of interests, as would be expected from any Senator representing the most populous State in the Union. He was especially active in promoting public-health measures, safety in air and on the sea, relief of white-collared workers, barring the illegal possession of firearms, and the prevention of crime through public-school instruction. At all times he evinced a fraternal interest in the personal health of all his colleagues and repeatedly warned them against neglect of health and overstrain. The last notable instance of this care of his associates was the warning he gave the late Senator Joseph T. Robinson, of Arkansas, while in the heat of debate, just prior to his death. Such was the devotion of Senator COPELAND to duty that he himself was carried away and his days shortened by the indefatigable energy with which he applied himself to his public work. Never was there a man more intent upon discharging his full duty.

On June 27, 1938, I wrote to Dr. W. A. Pearson, dean of the Hahnemann Medical College and Hospital in Philadelphia as follows:

The passing of Senator ROYAL 8. COPELAND should be commemorated in some practical way. Here was a statesman, whom I have long been happy to know as a personal friend and one who carried his vocational role as a physician into the Senate of the United States, thus bringing the services of this noble profession to the constant attention of the American people. Probably no other physician in the annals of American history has enjoyed such national distinction as Dr. COPELAND.

November 7 is his birthday, and I think it itting that the work which Dr. COPELAND has so well begun should be continued through the years. I am, therefore, suggesting that his birthday be accepted in the United States as Health Day. On this day it would seem an occasion would be welcomed by millions of our citizens to express their personal appreciation of their doctors, dentists, and nurses, and indeed to all who have had a part in promoting their health and happiness. Appropriate greetings should keep Uncle Sam's mails busy on that day. Health Day should be observed in our schools and colleges. Moreover this would be an occasion for an annual review of advances made in medical science, together with suitable recognition for those who have achieved extraordinary distinction in the advancement of medical science. In addition, some way may be found whereby scholarships for needy and worthy medical students may be provided. Doubtless with the passing of time new ways to add to the glory and significance of Health Day will be found. I feel confident that the birthday of Dr. COPELAND, if remembered in this way, will prove to be a lasting blessing to the American people.

If this suggestion appeals to you and if you wish to cooperate in bringing it to the attention of the citizens of the Nation, I shall appreciate hearing from you as to the procedure you think best for the practical accomplishment of this purpose.

In reply, Dr. Pearson wrote me expressing his belief that this would be a splendid recognition of Dr. COPELAND's spirit and service, and sending me a copy of a recent article he had written about Dr. COPELAND that was published in the

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Hahnemannian Monthly. I wish to quote brief portions of Dr. Pearson's article:

It is difficult to depict the life of such an active man with accuracy. His versatile mind and conscientious study enabled him to accumulate an amazing amount of reliable information. His interest in the new food and drug legislation was unbounded and his detailed knowledge included technical chemical details, legislative procedures, interests of reputable manufacturers, and he never wavered from the policy of giving adequate protection to the public.

ROYAL SAMUEL COPELAND lived a life filled with hard work of definite constructive value. He helped millions of people with his suggestions on health, medicine, and the fine art of living which were the result of wide experience, ardent study, sympathy for the underdeveloped, and a sincere desire to make the world a better place in which to live.

Dr. COPELAND was actively identified all his life with the principles of political and religious toleration. He was a stalwart defender of good will among all men. He realized the worth of free ideas. The most democratic thing in the world is an idea. To be the cradle of a great thought is the deepest religious experience a man can have. A dominant idea will choose a humble birthplace for itself, often in the mind of some obscure man or some neglected child, and from that idea will grow the force of a mighty movement which will shake the world and rock the thrones of earthly rulers. Before the power of a great idea the forces of present-day dictators must tremble. They will give way before the shining light of truth as the blackness of midnight yields to the approach of the rising sun.

America needs strong men, such as Dr. ROYAL SAMUEL COPELAND, who put God first in their daily life. America needs strong men-many strong men—not just one or a few. America needs strong men who accept as the ideals of their lives the patterns of individual initiative and divine guidance which led our American sires as pioneers from ocean to ocean. No one has yet found a substitute for their strength of character and the stout hearts which they brought

making of America. No sacrifice is too great which will help us conserve our American heritage of courage and faith.

These are the thoughts that come to me when I think of Dr. COPELAND. Words fail me when I try to express how sad we all were in his passing. Dr. COPELAND and I had been scheduled to address a convention of doctors in Philadelphia, and he was unable to attend. His last words to me were, “I cannot go, Jim. I am too tired.” So he had to cancel the engagement. As it turned out, I was also compelled to cancel my engagement, because the Senate was in session that day late into the evening.

At even, ere the sun was set,
The sick, O Lord, around Thee lay;
Oh, in what divers pains they met!
Oh, with what joy they went away!
Once more 'tis eventide, and we,
Oppressed with various ills, draw near;
What I Thy form we cannot see?
We know and feel that Thou art here.
Thy touch has still its ancient power,
No word from Thee can fruitless fall;
Hear, in this solemn evening hour,
And in Thy mercy heal us all.

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