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zeal for accomplishment, did not spare himself when his own health was not robust.

In the later years of Senator COPELAND'S life several items of legislation in which we were both closely interested brought us together. I learned how painstaking he really was, what patience he brought to a task, and how willing he was to study details. He was a stubborn fighter and persistent in his advocacy, but he knew how and when to compromise on matters which he did not regard as vital to his main objective. The task of a Senator from New York is, by its nature, a heavy one. Senator COPELAND also bore the burden of the chairmanship of one of the most important Senate committees. The weight of his own duties made him no less willing to champion the issues sponsored by his colleagues.

His knowledge of life and his wide experience gave the touch of humanity to what he said. He had, as he told the Senate, seen young men and women marry, he had watched them establish homes, make gradual improvements on the property, build extensions as children came, and plant the trees and shrubs that would help make the home place the center of a family's life. Such things as these were in the background of his thinking on legislation. He realized the importance of the primary things. Knowing and loving a way of life, he fought for what he thought sustained it.

Senator COPELAND was not a lawyer, but when grave constitutional questions confronted the Congress his knowledge of men and his understanding of American institutions gave him what he needed to know.

Where did he learn these fundamentals? The outlines of his career suggest the answer, but they do not tell the full story. We see him as a patriotic citizen, participating in the public life of his country, serving successively as mayor, as president of the board of education and president of the park commissioners of Ann Arbor, Mich., and later in New York as a member of the city ambulance board and as health commissioner, before being elected to the Senate.

The recital of offices held and responsibilities fulfilled indicates his record as an oficial and as a citizen. It does not explain the man's deep-seated tolerance, nor the broadness of his vision. It does not explain why Senator COPELAND, an active and prominent adherent of one religious faith, stood fast to defend the rights of others to worship in accordance with the dictates of conscience.

He himself told us more. Addressing the Senate, he was able to review incidents of his career and to declare without fear: "Let no man say I am a convert to tolerance."

As he went on there emerged the picture of him as a boy and young man, instructed by his father in respect for the beliefs of others. Then, while a young physician, he observed the attacks being made by an un-American organization on those professing a particular religious belief. It did not matter to him that he was not the object of the attack. He denounced the organization; he sponsored public meetings in opposition to it, for, as he said:

The political activities of that organization and its acts of oppression, discrimination, and social indecency caused indignation in my soul because of the spirit of tolerance given me by my father.

The attitude of mind that he showed then entered into what he was to do later. He brought the same spirit with him to the Senate. It was apparent in his personal dealings with his fellow Senators; it was part of his approach to public questions. Born and taught to respect the ideas and opinions of others, his life as an individual and as a public servant was free of hatred and prejudice. It was this spirit that ran throughout the performance of all his work that gave warmth to the friendship we had for him when he walked among us and gave us cause to revere his memory today and always.

Address by Senator Bilbo

Of Mississippi

Mr. BILBO. Mr. President, I prepared an address which I expected to deliver when the memorial addresses were made in the Senate a few days ago on the life, character, and public service of the late Senator from New York, Hon. ROYAL S. COPELAND, but on account of lack of time on that occasion did not do so. I therefore now ask unanimous consent to have inserted in the Record the remarks prepared by me as a fitting tribute to the memory of the late Senator from New York.

There being no objection, the address was ordered to be printed in the Record, as follows:

Mr. BILBO. Mr. President, the law profession possibly has contributed more men to Government service than any other of the professions. It has fallen to the happy lot of Senator ROYAL SAMUEL COPELAND, more affectionately known as Dr. COPELAND, to furnish incontrovertible proof that the knowledge of jurisprudence is no more essential for high achievement in the affairs of government than a corresponding knowledge of the science of medicine,

Dr. ROYAL COPELAND was the incarnation of a great physician. It was with the eyes of a man skilled in the treatment of the frailties of the human body that he looked upon the physical and economic ills of society. His analysis of the provisions of any proposed measure for congressional consideration was not from the viewpoint of a practiced and experienced attorney, but from the higher vantage ground of a sympathetic and inquiring physician. He diagnosed rather than analyzed by first seeking the cause of the ailment or maladjustment to be treated and then applied the remedy, which he already knew. His powerful intellect represented an apothecary shop, shelyed with all the scientific curative preparations essential for the control and alleviation of political and social agony. Being a physician to the manner born, he was possessed of a versatility of interests. True to his high calling, devotion to all things of human concern was exemplified in the wide range of his tireless activities activities that embraced a scope confined to no less limits than the full compass of all of man's privations and sorrows.

No finer or more appropriate trinity of words for the delineation of character can be applied to this great and good man than to speak of him and to think of him as patriot, physician, and philanthropist. Patriot, in the sense that he loved democracy and democratic institutions; physician, in the sense that he pondered profoundly upon the way of man that led not unto death but to an abundant life and a sustained happiness; philanthropist, in the sense that he gave freely of his time, of his talent, and of his great storehouse of scientific knowledge to the service and betterment of humanity.

Senator COPELAND enacted the role also of a great pacificator. It was almost invariably thrust upon him the peculiar prerogative to adjust difficult and sensitive differences, to heal angry wounds, and apply a soothing ointment to old sores. With an amazing facility he brought about the meeting of many minds with respect to important legislation. The major operation was always trusted to his trained hands by virtue not only of his skill in performing the operation but of his willingness to do the job, and the major responsibilities were always shifted to his strong shoulders because there was no other so eminently capable of carrying the weight of the burden to be borne.

To my mind, Senator COPELAND was a manWho never turned his back but marched breast forward.

Never doubted clouds would break; Never dreamed, though right were worsted, wrong would triumph, Held we fall to rise, are baffled to fight better,

Sleep, to wake.

Many years ago Mr. Joe Mitchell Chapple, while engaged in collecting Favorite Heart Throbs of Famous People, for publication in a volume of that title, called upon Dr. COPELAND to ascertain his favorite heartthrob in relation to poems. The great physician immediately recited these lines:

What are the names of the Fortunate Isles?

Duty and Love and a Broad Content,
These are the Isles of the Watery Miles,

That God let down from the Firmament.
Duty and Love and a baby's smile,

Ah, these, O friends, are the Fortunate Isles. After repeating this poem as his favorite heartthrob, he said:

I memorized those words and carried the newspaper clipping in my pocket until it was worn out, but failed to learn the name of the author. If you can tell me, I will appreciate it very much.

Upon being informed that Joaquin Miller was the author, he expressed his appreciation of the information, and after again quoting the six lines of his favorite poem, he said:

It reflects the sentiment of a lover of children and discloses a new "somewhere" in the widening vision of humans—the broad planes and spheres of duty, the heights and depths of love, all of which is enhaloed in the great objective of one of life's sweetest dreams-a baby's smile.

In this favorite heartthrob of the great physician there is afforded appropriate conclusion to this brief and affectionate tribute to his memory.

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