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ing affirms he saw a book made of the inward bark, written about a thousand years since. Such another was brought to the Count of St. Amant, Governor of Arras, 1662, for which there were given 8,000 ducats by the Emperor. Other papyraceous trees are mentioned by travellers, especially in Hispaniola, Java, &c. whose inward bark not only exceeds our largest paper for breadth and length, and may be written on both sides, but is comparable to our best vellum. Bellonius says, that the Grecians made bottles of Tilia, which they finely rosined within side. It makes pumps for ships, and lattices for windows. Shoemakers use dressers of the plank to cut leather on, as not so hard as to turn the edge of their knives." - EVELYN:

The Lime Tree is of the Class Polyandria Monogynia, there being in every flower numerous Stamina and one Pistil. The flowers begin to open in May, and are in fall blow in July. They are great favourites with the bees.

“ It was customary with the ancients to crown themselves with garlands of roses and other flowers, during their convivial entertainments, and these were artfully bound together with strips of the inner rind of the Lime Tree."-HUNTER.

On fait des cordes avec l'écorce des jeunes Tilleuls; ces cordes ont la propriété de se conserver plusieurs années dans l'eau sans se pourrir, et de fermer exactment les joints qu'elles remplissent. On fait aussi avec cette écorce de grosses toiles. Dans le temps de la Ligue, chaque parti, maitre d’un yillage, plantoit un Tilleul dans la place principale: si l'on étoit chassé du village, le parti vainqueur abattoit le Tilleul de l'ennemi, et en replantoit un autre.”—GENLIS.

ON THE ATTRIBUTES OF GOD.

ON THE RIGHTEOUSNESS OF GOD. The righteousness of God is displayed in the perfect equity of his moral government; and although amidst the manifold changes and fluctuating uncertainties of this sublunary:scene, the nature of that government be very imperfectly apprehended; although circumstances of prosperity and adversity, riches and poverty, exemptions from calamity and deep afflictions, may often appear to take place fortuitously, so that, as the wise man expresses it, none can judge of the love for ha

VOL. VII,

L

tred of the God of providence by the aspect of external circumstances, because “all things happen alike to all," and "one event befalls both the righteous and the wicked," (Eccles. ix. 1, 2;) yet that word (to which the Christian does well to take heed as to a light that shineth in a dark place,) the Scripture of truth does expressly declare, that however “clouds and darkness may be round about him, righteousness and judgment are the establishment of his throne, (Psalm xcvii. 2;) it declares that a day of retribution and of recompense iş assuredly approaching, when he will judge the world in righteousness, and when every one shall receive according “to the things done in the body, whether they be good or whether they be bad:"-it says, “ he that pursueth evil, pursueth to his own death.” While it speaks the words of comfort and encouragement to those who follow after righteousness, it exhorts the meek of the earth, those who have wrought his judgment, still to "seek right, eousness, to seek meekness,” saying, “it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the Lord's anger," (Zeph, ii. 8;) and pronouncing a blessing on such as hunger and thirst after righteousness, assures them,

they shall be filled.” “ The Lord is righteous in all his ways,” and the same resplendent attribute which, issuing forth in flames of wrath to guard the requisitions of his holy law, sets in array all the terrors of the Lord against the transgressors of that law, sheds ineffable glory over the gospel of his grace, and becomes the security and defence of his believing people-around them it is a "wall of fire,” and “the glory in the midst” of them. If with his adversaries he does in righteousness “judge and make war,” (Rev. xix. 11,) so is he with his ser. vants to sįrengthen in help and uphold them with the right band of his righteousness. Thus saith the Lord, “ let not the wise man glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty man glory in his might, let not the rich man glory in his riches; but let him that glorifieth, glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me,

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that I am the Lord which exercise loving-kinduess, judgment, and righteousness in the earth; for in these things do I delight, saith the Lord,” (Jer. ix. 23, 24.) Is God anrighteous who taketh vengeance? “God forbid," said the apostle, “for in that case, how should God judge the world?” Neither is God unrighteous in making known the riches of his glory in the vessels of his mercy which he had afore prepared unto glory, for "he is just while he is the justifier of those who believe in Jesus. “A Just God and yet a SAVIOUR,” is the peculiar and glorious distinction of that blessed and Holy One, who says, “Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth.” In him is all righteonsness and strength, and in him, and him alone shall his true Israel " be justified and shall glory, (Is. xlv. 25;) therefore it is the glorious gospel of God's blessed Son, the ministration of that Spirit who giveth life, is called “ the ministration of righteousness," for most eminently is the righteousness of God illustrated in the way by which he hath chosen to extend his merèy unto man. The total destruction of a world of guilty creatures would not have so magnified the law and rendered it honourable, nor have so perfectly and fully unveiled the glory of his righteousness as the exhibition of the great Lawgiver himself stooping down to become the law fulfiller; the Judge taking the place of the criminalHe who denounced the curse, the awful consequences entailed on disobedience, leaving the throne of his glory (“Wonder O heavens, and be astonished 0 earth,”) taking upon him the nature that hath sinned, that he might himself undergo the sentence he had pronounced upon the guilty, and thus making reconciliation for iniquity, bring in everlasting righteousness and deliver those who were appointed to die; for God sent his Son into the world not to condemn the world, but that the world through him might be saved.

When the question is put in the words of the admiring prophet, “Who is this that cometh from Edom, with

dyed garments from Bozra? that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength?” the voice that answers is from him who is one with the Father, for he and he alone can reply, “I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save.” He has wrought out and brought in everlasting righteousness, a righteousness without blemish and without spot. By his passive obedience unto death, having made reconciliation for the sins of the people, and satisfied the claims of God's broken law, he has redeemed them from its curse by his active obedience to that law, his perfect and voluntary fulfilment of all its moral and ceremonial requisitions; he has merited the reward promised to the righteous, and secured to those whose surety he became, the right and title to the heavenly inheritance; “and without controversy, great is the mystery of Godliness. God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory," (1 Tim. ii. 16;) for he who died for our sins, he who was delivered for our offences, rose again for our justification, and therefore it is written, “ If we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness, for we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous.” (1 John i. 9.) Great indeed is the mystery whereby those who by nature are children of wrath, even as others, who have also by actual transgression become obnoxious to the just displeasure of the righteous Governor of the universe, being justified by faith, washed in the inost precious blood of Christ, and adorned with the glorious covering of his meritorious obedience, may take up the triumphant language of the prophet, and sing, “I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, my soul shall be joyful in my God, for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness,” (Isaiah lxi. 10,) and with the apostle, “ Who shall lay any

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thing to the charge of God's elect," in life, in death, or in the day of judgment? Who shall condemn those whom God justifies and for whom Christ died, and dying, deprived death of its sting; changing the dark portals of the grave into the gates of glory, the welcome entrance to everlasting bliss; behold the Judge is their Redeemer, the Lord who pleadeth the cause of his people, and who of God is made unto them “wisdom, righteousness, sanctification, and redemption.”

By the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.” They are so, however, not only as having his obedience put to their account, and thus bearing the name of the Righteous One--they also partake of his nature: with the non-imputation of iniquity is connected “a spirit without guile,” (Psalm xxxii. 1, 2.) They have not only the righteousness of Christ imputed to them, but they are also created anew in righteousness; they are the workmanship of God created in Christ Jesus unto good works, wbich God hath before prepared for them to walk in. Wheresoever Christ bestows a title for heaven, he also imparts a meetness for it, and they for whom in all its binding ordinances he fulfilled the law, have that law written in their hearts by his Spirit, and evidepoed in their lives and conversation. They are called "trees of righteousness, the planting of the Lord, that HR may be glorified”-a figure which, while it implies

' life, designates the character of that life, as well as the author and giver of it, and the end for which it is bestowed; the glorifying of him whose sceptre, whose kingdom, whose judgments, statutes, word, works, and ways, are righteousness. It is asked, “Who shall ascend into the hill of the

" Lord, and who shall stand in his holy place?" One there is, and only one of all:who ever trod this earth, who can lay claim to it as his right. He it is who, looking up to the God of heaven could make the affirma ation, I do always those things which please bina..??

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