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PRE FACE.

N AS E por present to the Public the Seventh Volume of our HISTORY OF ENGLAND.

It comprises a period of twenty-seven years, from the Accession of George the Fourth, in 1820, to the Irish Famine in 1847, and thus embraces many events of the utmost importance. The changes that are here described were the immediate forerunners of that state of enlightenment and liberal-mindedness which now

prevails. The History, therefore, records the passing away of much that was old and the substitution of much that was new.

The events of these twenty-seven years, though they are of course fresh in the memory of the older men amongst us, yet seem to us to require a clear and precise narrative, even more than those of two or three hundred years ago. The information respecting them, it is true, has been gathered into a fer continuous historical records, but these cannot be easily consulted. It lies scattered also through formidable files of newspapers, musty pamphlets, biographies, and diaries. Further, many of the events are of a character which rendered it impossible to recount them fairly at the time when they took place, or even for many years afterwards. Party prejudice on one side or the other warped the judgment and falsified the records. For instance, what contemporary could have written a fair account of the Diverce of Queen Caroline, or of the Reform Bill? It has been our business to consult every source of information within our reach, and to give a narrative which will, we hope, be found as impartial as every historical ramaire ought to be. In recounting great struggles like that for the Repeal of the Corn Laws, we have tried to realise the position of each of the contending parties, and to give each of them full credit for sincerity and truth. Above all, we have striven, in going over these old battle-fields of class against class, to say not one word that might serve to re-kindle the old animosities, or give new life to scandals that are Dow happily passing into oblivion.

The next Volume we shall commence with an account of the “Year of Revolutions," 1848-particularly recording the Chartist demonstration is: this country. We shall go carefully over the History of Italy during that stormy period of her annals which ended with the fatal day of Novara, to serve as a preface to the detailed narrative we purpose giving of the French Campaign in Lombardy in 1859, and the brilliant achievements of Garibaldi in Naples and Sicily in the following year. The Crimean War will receive full attention at our hands : we shall recount the negotiations that preceded it, and endeavour, as far as the nature of the case per:nits, to relate the events connected with it in the same spirit of dispassionate inquiry after the truth as dictated our researches on the subjects alluded to above.

It is almost needless to say that, while we recount these events at length, we shall leave space for a full narrative of the Indian Mutiny—a struggle without parallel in our annals, whether we regard its horrors or the heroism displayed by the handful of Europeans who were suddenly attacked, and had to hold their vyn against fearful odds, with but little prospect of relief.

ILLUSTRATIONS TO THE SEVENTH VOLUME.

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... 421

PAOZ

PAGE

YRONTISPIECE. — The Duke of Wellington

View of Aye

- . ***

... 187

at Windsor Castle

Earl Grey ...

... 193

George IV. From a Painting by Sir Thomas The Bristol Rotorm Rlots. Sceno in Queen's

Lawrence ... ...

Square on the Night of the 30th October,

The Arrest of the Cato Street Conspirators...

1831 ... ... ...

... ... 198

Lord Eldon ... ... ... ... ... 13 London Bridge ... ... ... ... ... 199

The Trialof Queen Caroline. Mr. Brougham's The Earl of Durham

205

Speech for the Defence ... ..

... 18 The Great Reform Demonstration at Bir

Queen Caroline ... ...

mingham ... ... ... ... ... 211

Great Seal of George IV.

Mr. Stanley (afterwards Earl of Derby) ... 217

Mr. (afterwards Lord) Denman ...

The Irish Anti-Tithe Agitation-The Affray

Queen Caroline repulsed from the door of

at Carrickshock .

Westminster Abbey . . ... 30 Sir Robert Peel ... ... ... ... ... 229

The Regalia of England... ...

Scene on a West Indian Plantation Slaves

Marquis of Anglesey ..

Receiving the News of their Emancipa-

Banquet in Westminster Hall at the Corona-

tion ... ... ... ... ... ... 284

tion of George IV. The Champion's West Indian Scenery-View in the Island of

Challenge ... ... ... ... ..

Cuba ... ... ... **

Carlisle Bridgo and Sackvillo Street, Dablin Mr. Hume ...

Mr. Daniel O'Connell ... ... ... ...

The Burning of the Houses of Parliament ...

Entry of George IV. into Dablin

View of Liverpool

Key to Entry of George IV. into Dublin

Mr. Spring Rice ... ...

Marquis Wellesley ... ... ... ***

Election Riot at Hawick

... 259

Sir Walter Scott presenting the Cross of

Lord Mulgrave (afterwards Marquis of Nor-

Andrew to George IV.

manby)

... ... ... 265

Vlew of Edinburgh

Major Sprague and the Indians ... ... 271

Mr. Huskisson ...

| Mr. Brotherton ... ... ...

William Allen's laterview with the Duke Cottages of the Peasantry in the West

Wellington ...

Ireland ... ... ... **

Verona ... ..

79 View of Arinagh ... ... ... ... ... 283

Mr. Plunket ... ... ... ... ... 85 Louis Philippe, King of the French ... ... 289

Irish Hovel in the Far West

Attempt to Assassinate Louis Philippe by

Mayo Mud Cabin... ... ... ...

Infernal Machine ...

Mr. O'Connell proposing the Formation of View of Nottingham

the Catholic Association ...

The Cotton Plant

Sir James Mackintosh ... ...

Scene on a Cotton Plantation. Gathering

Canning receiving his Appointment as Prime

Cotton ... ... ... ... ... 307

Minister

...

Mr. John Rennie...

... ... 313

The Battle of Navarine ... ...

The Lincolnshire Fens, between Gainsborough

Mr. Sheil ... ... ...

... ... 109

and Lincoln ... ... ... ... ... 31

The Priest of Corofin receiving Mr. Sheil ... 115 Mr. Raikes ... ... ... ... ... 325

Lord Morpeth (afterwards Earl of Carlisie)... 121 Half-crown of William IV., Sovereign of

A Sunday Parade in Tipperary .. ... 126 George IV., Shilling of wWiam IV.,

View of Londonderry ... ... ...

... 127

Crown of George IV. ...

The Marquis of Lansdowne ...

... ... 133

Trainps ... ... ... ... ...

... 331

The Duel between the Duke of Wellington Sir James P. Kay Shuttleworth

and the Earl of Winchelsea ...

Mrs. Fry ... ... ...

Dr. Doyle ("J. K. L.")... ...

145

Church of England Metropolitan Training

Attack of Dom Miguel on his Sister ...

College, Highbury, London

343

William IV. ... ... ...

Archbishop Sumner

349

Great Seal of William IV. ... . ... 162 Rev. Dr. Chalmers

The Column of July, in the Place de la Bas Rev. W. Jay

tille ... .. ...

... ... ... 103 Mr. Faraday

361

Queen Adelaide, Consort of William IV., in Lord Rosse

her Coronation Robes ... ... ... 169 Sir David Brewster

367

Lord John Russell introducing the Reforin Mr. Turner

369

BIU .. .. .. .. .. .. 175 Sir David Wilkie...

372

Lord Brougham and Van: ... ... ... 181 Interior of the llouse of Lords...

373

The Scene between William IV. and Lords Jeremy Bentham... ...

Brougham and Grey ... ... ... 186 Miss Landon ("L E. L.") ...

PAGB

Walking Dresses in 1817 and 1842 ... 884

Evening Dresses in 1817 and 1842

... 384

Her Majesty Queen Victoria ... ... ... 385

Lord Melbourne Instructing the Young Queen 391

Montreal ... ... ... ... ... ... 896

Lord Melbourne ... ... ... ... ... 897

The Coronation of Queen Victoria ... ... 403

Lord Ashley, afterwards Earl of Shaftesbury 409

The Death of Thom, alias Sir William

Courtenay ... ... . ..

Mr. Feargus O'Connor ...

Chartist Riots at Newport

... 427

Mr. (afterwards Sir) Rowland Hill

... 433

Great Seal of Victoria ...

... 438

The General Post-office, London, at Six

o'Clock ... ... . " ***

Lady Flora Hastings......

... 445

The Sheriffs appearing in the Custody of the

Serjeant-at-Arms before the Court of

Queen's Bench ...

H.R.H. Prince Albert ... ...

The Marriage of the Queen

Capture of Ting-hae-Heen

Victoria, Hong Kong ...

The Porcelain Tower at Nankin

Sir W. W. Follett ...

Procession of Seceding Ministers from St.

Andrew's Church, Edinburgh ... ... 487

Adam Smith, LL.D., Author of "The Wealth

of Nations" ... ... ...

Carrying Bread to London on Pack-Horses . 499

Colonel Perronet Thompson, Author of "The

Catechism of the Corn Laws," &c. ... 505

Bread Riot at the Entrance to the House of

Commons, 1815 ... ... ... ... 517

Right Hon. C. P. Villiers, M.P. ... ... 817

Manchester ...

Richard Cobden, ... -

Meeting of the Anti-Corn-Law League

Newall's Buildings, Manchester ...

H.R.H. the Duchess of Kent ...

... 541

Daniel Webster ... ... ... . ..

Sir Robert Sale ...

The Sortie of the Garrisou of Jellalabad

Ebenezer Elliott ... ...

George Wilson, Esq., Chairman of the Anti-

Corn-Law League ... ... ..

John Bright, ... .

Meeting of the Anti-Corn-Law League in

Drury Lane Theatre

Lord George Bentinck ...

Sir James Graham

James Whiteside, 0. C.

601

The State Trial in Dublin

Mr. Roebuck ... ...

One of the “ Scalps," the Residence of the

Clare and Connemara Peasantry during

the Year of Fainine... ... ... ... 618

The Irish Famine: Scene at the Gate of a

WorkbtUse ... ...

.. ... 613

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