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No. VII. it is among other things directed and enacted, that every lewd woman
who after the then present session of Parliament should have any bastard 50 Geo. III. which might be chargeable
to the parish should be committed to the c. 51.
house of correction, there to be punished and set on work during the term of one whole year; and that if such woman should offend again in like manner, she should be committed to the house of correction, there to remain until she should put in good securities not to offend so again : And whereas the punishment aforesaid, if rigorously inflicted, might be 100
severe and might subject the offender to imprisonment for life: May it So much of re- therefore please your Majesty that it may be enacted; and be it enacted cited Act as re- by the king's most excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent lates to the of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in this present ParCommitment of liament assembled, and by the Authority of the same, That so much of Women for the said recited Act passed in the seventh year of his late Majesty King having Bastard James the First, as relates to the commitment of women to the house of Children re
correction, there to be punished and set on work for having bastard chilpealed.
dren who may be chargeable to the parish, shall be and the same is
hereby repealed. Limitation of
II. And be it further enacted, That from and after the passing of this Punishment.
Act, in cases when a woman shall have a bastard child which may be chargeable to the parish, it shall be lawful for any two justices of the peace before whom such woman shall be brought and they shall or may at their discretion commit such woman to the house of correction for the district or place, and there to be set on work for any time not exceeding
twelve calendar months nor less than six weeks. Justices may
III. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any two mitigate Con- justices of the peace at any petty session for the division wherein the finement and parish to which such bastard child may be chargeable is situate, upon discharge.
their own knowledge or a certificate duly authenticated from the keeper of such house of correction in which such woman shall have been confined for any space not less than six weeks of the good behaviour of such woman during such her confinement and of the reasonable expectation of her reformation, by warrant under their hands and seals to order such woman to be immediately (or at the time to be appointed in such war
rant) discharged and released from further confinement. No Woman to
IV. Provided always and be it further enacted, That nothing in this be committed Act contained shall extend or be construed to extend to authorize any till a certain Period.
justices of the peace to commit any such woman to the house of correction until she shall have been delivered for the space of one calendar month,
Bent. [ No. I. ] 15 George II. c. 33.-An Act to revive several P.
Acts, * * * * and for the more effectual prebenting the cut
ting of Star or Bent. VI. AND whereas upon the north-west coasts of this kingdom 15 George 11.
and especially in the county palatine of Lancuster the sea is c. 33. bounded and the adjacent lands are prevented from being overflowed by
large sand hills which are composed of such loose sand that in dry weather • when any violent strong west winds happen to blow the same is carried away and thrown upon the adjacent lands, not only to the damage thereof but also to the great terror and danger of the inhabitants, who are thereby exposed to the inundation of the sea : And whereas it has been found by experience that the best way to preserve the said hills . from being blown away as aforesaid is to plant them with a certain rush ! or shrub called star or brent, which proves an effectual method for keeping the same firm and solid, and which the owners of the said lands are at great costs and charges in yearly setting and planting for that purpose: And whereas it frequently happens that many idle and disorderly persons residing near the said coasts do unlawfully and maliciously in the night-time as well as by day cut pull up and carry away • the star or bent so planted as aforesaid, and instead of working in an
honest manner for the maintenance and support of their families do • privately sell and dispose of the said star or bent for making of mats • brushes and brooms or besoms, and thereby the said hills are rendered
so loose and open that the same are often blown upon the adjacent • lands, which are covered over therewith in such manner as to destroy • the corn grass and herbage thereof and expose the same to inundations
to the great loss and damage of the owners and occupiers of the said lands: For remedy whereof, be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any person or persons shall at any time or times from and after the twenty-ninth day of September one thousand seven hundred and forty-two by day or night, without the consent of the lord or owner of such star or bent hills, cut pull up or carry away any star or bent which already is or at any time or times hereafter shall be planted or set on the said hills or banks on the north-west coasts of England in order to preserve and to prevent the same from being blown upon
the said adjacent lands, it shall and may be lawful to and for any one or more of his Majesty's justices of the peace of the county riding city town corporate liberty or division where such star or bent shall be cut pulled up or carried away, and such justice or justices is and are hereby empowered upon complaint or information upon oath made of such of fence (which oath such justice or justices is and are hereby authorized to administer) to summon the party or parties so complained of, and in default of appearance thereon to issue out his or their warrant or warrants to apprehend and bring before him or them the person or persons so accused or complained of; and upon proof thereof made, either by confession of the party or parties so accused or upon the oath of one or more credible witness or witnesses, to convict the offender or offenders; and Penalty for every person so offending and being thereof convicted as aforesaid'shall cutting Star or forfeit and pay the sum of twenty shillings; one moiety thereof to the Bent from the
No. I. informer and the other moiety to the lord or owner of such star bent or
sand-hills; the same to be levied by distress and sale of the offender's 15 Geo. II.
goods and chattels by warrant under the bands and seals of such justice c. 33.
or justices together with the charges of such distress and sale, rendering the overplus if any be to the owner or owners thereof; and for want of sufficient distress i he said justice or justices are hereby required to commit the person or persons so convicted as aforesaid to the house of correction,
there to remain and be kept to hard labour for the space of three mouths; Penalty on se- and if any person or persons so convicted shall afterwards be guilty of a cond Offence. second otience and thereof lawfully convicted by such justice or justices,
either by confession of the party or parties or upon the oath of one or more credible witness or witnesses, such person or persons shall be committed to the house of correction for the space of one year, there to be
whipt and kept to hard labour. Penalty on hav- VII. And be it further enacted by the authority aforesaid, That if any ing Star or star or bent shall be found in the custody or possession of any person or Bent in Cus- persons within five miles of any such star bent or sand-hills as aforesaid, tody. such person or persons being convicted thereof before one or more justice
or justices in manner aforesaid, shall be deemed adjudged and taken to be the cutter and puller of such star or bent from such sand-hills, and shall forfeit and pay the sum of twenty shillings; one moiety thereof to the lord or owner of such star bent or sand-hills, the same to be levied in manner aforesaid by distress and sale of the offender's goods and chattels, together with the charges of such distress and sale, rendering the overplus if any to the owner or owners thereof: and for want of sufficient distress such person or persons shall be committed in manner aforesaid to the house of correction, there to remain and be kept to hard labour for the space of
three months. Proviso. VIII. Provided always, That nothing in this Act contained shall extend
or be construed to extend to probibit or restrain any person or persons from the exercise or enjoyment of any ancient prescriptive right to cut star or bent upon the sea coasts in the county of Cumberland,
[ No. I. ] 1 & 2 Geo. IV. c. 50.-An Act to alter and
amend an Act made in the Fifty-ninth Year of the Reign of his late Majesty King George the Third, intituled An Act to regulate the Making and Sale of Bread out of the City of London and the Liberties thereof, and beyond the Weekly Bills of Mortality and Ten Miles of the Royal Exchange, where no Assize is set ; and for establishing other Provisions and Regulations relative
thereto.- [8th June 1821.] WHEREAS an Act was passed in the fifty-ninth year of the reign of 1 & 2 Geo. IV.
his late Majesty King George the Third, intituled An Act to repeal C. 50. certain Acts now in force for regulating the Making and Sale of Bread out 59 Geo. 3. c. 36. of the City of London and the Liberties thereof, and beyond the Weekly Bills of Mortulity and T'en Miles of the Royal Exchange, where no Assize is set; and for establishing other Provisions and Regulations relative thereto : And whereas it is deemed expedient that the said recited Act, so far as the same relates to the weighi of bread and to the punishment of bakers or sellers of bread who shall sell the same deficient in its duc weight, should be repealed, and that more effectual provisions should be established for punishing persons who shall adulterate mcal four or bread: But as such beneficial purposes cannot be effected without the aid and authority of Parliament, may it therefore please your Majesty that it may be enacted ; and be it enacted by the King's most excellent
Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal and Commons in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, That ihe said recited Act, so far as the same relates to the weight of bread and to the punishment of bakers or sellers of bread Certain Parts of who shall sell the same deficient in its due weight, be and the same is recited Act rehereby repealed.
pealed. II. And be it further enacted, That it shall be lawful for any person Directing with or persons whomsoever out of the city of London and the liberties thereof what Materials and beyond the weekly bills of mortality and ter miles of the Royal Ex- Bread may be change to make bake sell and expose for sale any bread made of four or made and sold. meal of wheat barley rye vats buckwheat Indian corn peas beans rice and every other kind of grain whatsoever and potatoes or any of them, and with any common salt pure water eggs milk yeast barm leven and potatoe yeast, and mixed in such proportions as the makers or sellers of bread shall think fit; any law usage or custom to the contrary in anywise notwithstanding.
III. And be it further enacted, That although no assize of bread shall Assize Bread be set in pursuance of an Act passed in the fifty-third year of the reign and Priced of his late Majesty, intituled An Act to alter and amend two Acts of the Bread not to be Thirty-first Year of King George the Second, and the Thirteenth Year of made at the his late Majesty, so far as relates to the Price and Assize of Bread to be sold same Time in out of the City of London and the Liberties thereof, and beyond the Weekly the same Places Bills of Mortality and Ten Miles of the Royal Exchange; no loaf or loaves of bread called or deemed assize loaf or loaves in the tables of
No. I. the assize and price of bread annexed to the said last-mentioned Act and 1 & 2
referred to, and the weight of which raries according to the variation in
the price of grain, shall be made for sale sold or carried out for sale or be Geo. IV.
offered or exposed to or for sale or be allowed to be sold, where any loaf or c. 50.
loaves of the bread called or deemed priced loaf or loaves in the tables of the assize and price of bread in and by the said Act of the fifty-third year of the reign of his late Majesty enacted and referred to, and the price of which varies according to the variation in the price of grain, shall at the same time be made for sale or be allowed to be sold ; (that is to say), no assize loaves of the price of three pence and priced loaves called quartern loaves ; nor assize loaves of the price of six pence and priced loaves called quartern loaves ; nor assize loaves of the price of twelve pence and priced loaves called half-peck loaves; nor assize loaves of the price of eighteen pence and priced loaves called peck loaves, shall at the same time be made for sale sold or carried out for sale or be offered or exposed to or for sale, or allowed to be sold by any baker or other seller of bread in his her or their shop dwelling house or premises, that unwary persons may not be imposed upon and injured by buying assize loaves referred to in
the said tables as or for priced loaves so referred to in the said tables, Penalty. or by buying such priced loaves as or for such assize loaves; and every
person who shall offend therein, and be convicted of any such offence in manner herein-after mentioned, shall for every such offence forfeit and pay a sum not exceeding forty shillings nor less than ten shillings, as the magistrate or magistrates justice or justices before whom any such offender or offenders shall be convicted shall from time to time adjudge
and determine. Bakers not to
IV. And be it further enacted, That no person or persons making or use Alum, &c. who shall make bread for sale out of the city of London and the liberties in making of thereof, and beyond the weekly bills of mortality and ten miles of the Bread for Sale. Royal Exchange, nor any journeyman or other servant of any such per
son or persons as last mentioned, shall at any time or times in the making of bread for sale put any alum or preparation or mixture in which alum shall be an ingredient or any other preparation or mixture in lieu of alum into the dough of such bread, or in anywise use or cause to be used any alum or any other unwholesome mixture ingredient or thing whatsoever in the making of such bread, or on any account or under any colour or pretence whatsoever, upon pain that every such person whether master or journeyman or other person, who shall knowingly offend in the premises and shall be convicted of any such offence, either by his her or their own confession, or upon the oath (or, being of the
people called Quakers, affirmation) of one or more witness or witnesses, Penalty shall on every such conviction forfeit and pay any sum of money not ex
ceeding twenty pounds nor less than five pounds, or in default of pay, ment thereof shall by warrant under the hand and seal or hands and seals of the magistrate or magistrates justice or justices before whom such offender shall be convicted, be committed to the house of correction or some prison of the city county borough or place where the offence shall have been committed or the offender or offenders shall be apprehended, there to remain for any time not exceeding twelve nor less than three calendar months from the time of such commitment, unless such penalty shall be sooner paid as any such magistrate or magistrates justice or justices shall think fit to order and direct; and it shall be lawful for the magistrate or magistrates justice or justices before whom any such offender shall be convicted, to cause the offender's name place of abode and offence to be published in some newspaper which shall be printed published or circulated in or near the county division riding or district where the offence shall be committed, and to defray the expence of publishing the same out of the money to be forfeited as last mentioned, if
any shall be paid or recovered. Adulterating V. And be it further enacted, That no person shall knowingly put into Corn, Meal, or corn meal or flour which shall be ground dressed bolted or manufactured Flour, &c. for sale out of the said city of London and the liberties thereof, and