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5. Here, the Council closed. Its decrees were signed by 255 fathers: four of these were legates of the holy See; two, cardinals; three, patriarchs; twenty-five, archbishops; one hundred and sixty-eight, bishops; thirty-nine, deputies of absent prelates; seven, abbots; and seven, generals of religious orders. It was subscribed on separate schedules, by the embassadors of the catholic Sovereigns.
It was earnestly wished by the pope and the roman-catholic states, that the protestant princes and their divines should attend the council; but they insisted on a deliberative voice: this the council uniformly refused. On this point, the negociation between them unfortunately failed; and, in a consistory, held on the 26th of January, 1564, the pope, having taken, in the usual form, the advice of the cardinals, confirmed the proceedings of the council. He died in the following year, and was succeeded by Pius the fifth.
That a considerable proportion of the prelates, by whom the council was attended, were distinguished by learning, virtue, and enlightened zeal for religion, has never been denied. Perhaps no civil or religious meeting ever possessed a greater assemblage of moral, religious, and intellectual endowment.
6. In the different atmospheres of Venice and Rome, the History of the Council of Trent has
cealed Calvinist, (the translation of whose work, with notes, by Dr. Courayer, is more valued than the original), and by cardinal Pallavicini, a Jesuit. The cardinal does not dissemble, that some of the deliberations of the council were attended with intrigues and passion; and that their effects were visible in various incidents: but he contends that there was a unanimity in all points, which related to doctrine, or the reformation of manners: and Dr. Courayer, in the preface to his translation, concedes, "that, in what regarded discipline, several excellent regulations were made, according to the ancient spirit of the church;" and observes, that, " though all the disorders were not reformed by the council, yet, if we set aside prejudice, we may with truth acknowledge, that these were infinitely less, than they were before." The classical purity, and severe simplicity of the style, in which the decrees of the council are expressed, are universally admired; and are greatly superior to the language of any part of Justinian's law.
In what concerns faith or morals, the Decrees of the Council have been received without any restriction, by every roman-catholic kingdom: all its decrees have been received by the Empire, Portugal, the Venetians, and the duke of Savoy without an express limitation. They have been received by the Spaniards, Neapolitans, and Sicilians, with a caution as to such points of discipline, as might be derogatory to their respective
sovereignties. But the council was never published in France. No attempt was made to introduce it into England. Pope Pius the fourth sent the acts of the council to Mary Queen of Scots, with a letter, dated the 13th of June, 1564, urging her to have the decrees of the council published in her dominions; but nothing appears to have been done in consequence of it. See Histoire de la Reception du Concile du Trente, dans les différens Etats Catholiques: Paris, 2 vols. 8vo. 1766.
The acts of the council were deposited in the Vatican, and are said to have been removed from it to the Institut National, at Paris, by the order of Buonaparte. The canons and decrees of the councils, with the title, Canones et Decreta Concilii Tridentini, were published at Rome twice, in the year 1564, in one volume folio, and have since been reprinted in every form. Both the editions of of 1564 are great typographical curiosities; but the first of them is incomparably the greatest.
The Symbol of Pius the Fourth.
A succinct and explicit summary of the doctrine contained in the canons of the council of Trent, is expressed in the creed which was published by Pius the fourth in 1564, in the form of a Bull, and usually bears his name. It is received throughout
catholic, who is admitted into the catholic church, publicly reads and professes his assent to it.
The tenor of it is as follows: “I, N. believe and profess, with a firm faith, all and every one of the things, which are contained in the Symbol of Faith, which is used in the holy Roman church, viz.
"I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth, and of all things visible and invisible; and in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten, not made, consubstantial to the Father, by whom all things were made; who, for us men, and for our salvation, came down from Heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, and was made man, was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate, suffered, and was buried, and rose again the third day according to the Scriptures, and ascended into Heaven, sits at the right hand of the Father, and will come again with glory to judge the living and the dead, of whose Kingdom there will be no end: And in the Holy Ghost the Lord and Life-Giver, who proceeds from the Father and the Son: Who, together with the Father and the Son is adored and glorified, who spoke by the Prophets. And one holy catholic and apostolic church. I confess one baptism for the remission of sins, and I expect the resurrection of the body, and the life of the world to come. Amen.
"I most firmly admit and embrace apostolical and ecclesiastical traditions, and all other constitutions and observances of the same church.
"I also admit the sacred Scriptures according to the sense which the holy Mother Church has held, and does hold, to whom it belongs to judge of the true sense and interpretation of the holy Scriptures; nor will I ever take and interpret them otherwise than according to the unanimous consent of the Fathers.
"I profess also, that there are truly and properly seven sacraments of the new law, instituted by Jesus Christ our Lord, and for the salvation of mankind, though all are not necessary for every one; viz. baptism, confirmation, eucharist, penance, extreme unction, order, and matrimony, and that they confer grace; and of these, baptism, confirmation, and order, cannot be reiterated without sacrilege.
"I also receive and admit the ceremonies of the catholic church, received and approved in the solemn administration of all the above said sacraments.
"I receive and embrace all and every one of the things, which have been defined and declared in the holy council of Trent, concerning original sin and justification.
"I profess likewise, that, in the mass is offered to God a true, proper, and propitiatory sacrifice for