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For the arguments and authorities, by which the three positions assumed by the writer, are supported, he must refer to the authors cited by him at the beginning of this note, and to Wetstein's very curious and learned notes.

But, whatever the difficulties attending the Genealogy may be, it is evident that they arise solely from our imperfect knowledge of the laws, usages and idiom of the Jews. This is admirably stated by the author of the critique in the Ecclectic Review on Dr. Barrett's Dissertation.

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"In latter times," he remarks, "the difficulty "has certainly excited much discussion; but it is worthy of remark, that, while the archives of "the Jews remained entire, the accuracy of the "Evangelists was never brought in question. "Hence it follows, either that some corruptions "have, since that time, crept into the text, or "that, the true method of reconciling the seeming "inconsistencies was then better understood. The "silence of the enemies of the gospel, both "Heathen and Jewish, during even the first century, is itself a sufficient proof that neither in"consistency nor corruption could be then alleged against this part of the evangelical history. If

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a charge of this nature could have been sup"ported, it unquestionably would have been. The "Jews and Heathens, who agreed in their hos

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tility to the religion of Christ, were equally

"interested in this subject; and could they have

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"proved, that a single flaw existed in these genealogical tables, they might at once have set aside the pretensions of our Lord and his disciples; for, if the lineal descent of Jesus from David "were not indisputable, he could not possess the "character essential to the Messiah, nor any right "to the Jewish throne. If his title, in this respect, were even questionable, it is impossible "to suppose that the Jews would have withheld "an allegation which must fully vindicate them in

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denying his Messiahship, and in putting him "to death as an impostor. We may confidently assert, therefore, that his regular lineal descent "from David could not be disproved, since it was "not even disputed at a time, when alone, it "could have been done so successfully, and, by "those persons who were so deeply interested in "the event. The sincere believer may consequently be assured, that, whatever difficulties

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appear at present, had formerly no existence, "and are even now of such a nature, as cannot "be allowed to shake the faith of any reasonable 166 man. We would not, however, be understood "to intimate that these difficulties are now insuper"able on the contrary, we are satisfied that these have, for the most part, been satisfactorily explained by the evangelical harmonists.”

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In a subsequent part of his critique the author has the following passage: "Genealogical tables

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66 Every person of learning, however, knows the great difference in this point between St. Mat"thew and St. Luke, who, having each of them

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given us a genealogy of our Lord, has greatly "embarrassed the curious, and did so, early; "but, as in other cases, what was thought an objection against the sacred writer, has turned out "in his favour, so undoubtedly will this, when it "shall be thoroughly cleared up. Time may per

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haps do it; all I would attempt to show here, is, that there has been lately discovered an inscription at Palmyra which has just the same difficulty. He that clears up the Syrian difficulty will, I presume, clear up the sacred. "To which I would add; that it is to be remem"bered that Palmyra was in the neighbourhood of "Judea, and the inscriptions that are found there

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are about the apostolic age. As to the inscrip❝tion I refer to, Mr. Wood, the ingenious editor "of those ruins observed, that it was more dif❝ficult to understand than translate it. This, says

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he, will appear by rendering it literally, which is "easiest done in Latin, thus: Senatus populusque "Alialamenem, Pani filium, Moemi nepotem, Era"nis pronepotem, Mathoi abnepotem, & Eranem patrem ejus, viros pios et patriæ amicos, & omni " modo placentes, patriæ patriisque diis, honoris gratia, Anno 450, Mense Aprili. Our difficulty " is," continues he, "that Eranes is called the "father of Alialamenes, who is himself called

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"the son of Panus, just in the same manner as "St. Matthew tells us that Jacob begat Joseph; "and St. Luke calls Joseph the son of Heli. "There is something without doubt in these affairs

particular to the East, which, however unknown "to us, was common to the Jews and the people "of Palmyra, and will, when properly explained, "be a proof of the authenticity of these genealogies instead of an objection."

NOTE II.

ISAIAH vii. v. 14.-The prediction in this text has been a subject of much discussion.

I. It has been disputed, whether the corresponding word in the Hebrew text should be rendered "the Virgin," or "the young Woman," a translation, which the Hebrew word sometimes justly admits. Bossuet, seems to bring a decisive argument in favour of the former. He observes, that it is the translation of the Septuagint, that this version was read in all the synagogues of Egypt, Asia and Greece; and that it is rendered in the same manner by the Targums of Jonathan and Onkelos. In this sense, therefore, concludes the learned prelate, the Jews themselves understood it, so long as they had no motive for questioning its meaning.

II. It has been disputed, whether the corresponding words in the Hebrew text should be

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