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A.D. 1878.

c. 79.

37 & 38 Vict. C. 44.

(6.) The standard of proficiency fixed by the Education Depart

ment in pursuance of any enactment hereby repealed shall be deemed to have been fixed in pursuance of this

Act; and 39 & 40 Vict. (7.) A child exempted by section eight of the Elementary 5

Education Act, 1876, from the provisions of section
twelve of the Factory Act, 1874, by reason of his having
attained the age of eleven years before the first day of
January 1877, shall, on attaining the age of thirteen
years, be deemed to be a young person within the meaning 10

of this Act :
(8.) This repeal shall not affect-

(a.) Anything duly done or suffered under any enact

ment hereby repealed ; or (6.) Any obligation or liability incurred under any 15

enactment hereby repealed; or (c.) Any penalty or punishment incurred in respect of

any offence committed against an enactment

hereby repealed; or (d.) Any legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any 20

such obligation liability, penalty, or punishment as aforesaid, and any such legal proceeding and remedy may be carried on as if this Act had

not passed. CLAUSE F. 106. Where it appears to a Secretary of State that factories 25 Exception for factories

driven by water power are liable to be stopped by drought or flood, driven by he may, by order made under this part of this Act, grant to such water power. factories a special exception permitting the employment of young

persons and women from six o'clock in the morning until seven
o'clock in the afternoon, on such conditions as he may

think
but so as that no person shall be employed more than eleven hours
in any one day nor more than sixty-one hours in any one week, nor
after two o'clock in the afternoon on Saturday, and that as regards
factories liable to be stopped by drought, such special exception
shall only extend to the months of May and October and intervening 35
months in each year, and as regards factories liable to be stopped by
floods, such special exception shall not extend to more than forty-
eight days in any period of twelve months. This overtime shall not
extend in any case beyond the time already lost.

proper, 30

A.D. 1878.

SCH E D U L E S.

FIRST SCHEDULE.

SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR HEALTH.

5

Factories and Workshops in which the Employment of Young

Persons and Children is restricted. 1. In a part of a factory or workshop in which there is carried Young per

on

sons and children

in pro

parts of

the process of silvering of mirrors by the mercurial process; or
the process of making white lead,

cesses tend

ing to de10 a young person or child shall not be employed.

stroy health. 2. In the part of a factory or workshop in which the process Children and of melting or annealing glass is carried on a child or female

female young

young

persons in person shall not be employed.

glass works. See 30 & 31

Vict. c. 103. 3. In a factory or workshop in which there is carried on

Girls under 15 (u.) the making or finishing of bricks or tiles not being orna- 16 in certain mental tiles; or

unsuitable

employ(6.) the making or finishing of salt,

See 34 & 35 a girl under the age of sixteen years shall not be employed.

Vict, c. 104.

s. 7.

ments.

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s. 7.

4. In a part of a factory or workshop in which there is Children

in metal 20 carried on

grinding and (a.) metal grinding, or

lucifer match

making. (6.) the dipping of lucifer matches,

30 & 31 Vict. a child shall not be employed.

c. 103.

and c. 146, 5. In fustian cutting a child under the age of eleven

Child under 25 not be employed.

11 in fustian cutting. 27 & 28 Vict. c. 48. s. 6. : 30 & 31 Victe

c. 146. s. 6.

years shall

s. 6.

A.D. 1878.

SECOND SCHEDULE.

SPECIAL RESTRICTIONS.

Parts of factories or work

women are forbidden to take meals. See

Places forbidden for Meals. The prohibition on a child young person or woman taking a shops in which meal or remaining during the times allowed for meals in certain 5 the special un- parts of factories or workshops applies to the parts of factories and healthiness of workshops following; that is to say, the process children, young

(1.) In the case of glass works, to any part in which the materials persons, and

are mixed; and
(2.) In the case of glass works where flint glass is made, to any 10

part in which the work of grinding cutting or polishing is 27 & 28 Vict.

carried on; and
30 & 31 Vict. (3.) In the case of lucifer match works, to any part in which any

manufacturing process or handicraft (except that of cutting
the wood) is usually carried on; and

15
(4.) In the case of earthenware works, to any part known or used

as dippers house, dippers drying room, or china scouring

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C. 48. s. 6.

c. 103. s. 8.

room.

THIRD SCHEDULE.

SPECIAL EXCEPTIONS.

20

PART ONE.

Employment

and women between a.m. and 8 p.m. in certain trades

customs or exigencies of

Period of Employment. The exception respecting the employment of children young young persons, persons and women between the hours of eight in the morning

and eight in the evening, and on Saturday between the hours of 25

eight in the morning and four in the afternoon or between the in which the hours of seven in the morning and three in the afternoon, applies to

any factory or workshop or part thereof in which any of the following the trade, either manufacturing processes or handicrafts are carried on ; that is to say, any particular (a.; Lithographic printing :

30 require it, (6.) Turkey-red dyeing : Vict. c. 52.

(c.) The making of any article of wearing apparel : sch. 7. (d.) The making of furniture hangings:

(e.) Artificial flower making:
if.) Bon bon and Christmas present making :

35
(9.) Valentine making :
(h.) fancy box making :

locality,

See 33 & 34

meals are allowed to be taken at

(i.) Envelope making :

A.D. 1878. (k.) Almanac making : (1.) Playing card making :

(m.) Machine ruling : 5 (n.) Biscuit making:

(0.) Firewood cutting :
(p.) Job dyeing : or
(q.) Aërated water making; and also to

(r.) Book-binding works : 10 (s.) Letterpress printing works : (t.) A part of a factory or workshop which is a warehouse not 7 & 8 Vict.

used for any manufacturing process or handicraft, and in c. 15. s. 73. which persons are solely employed in polishing, cleaning,

wrapping, or packing up goods. 15

PART Two.

Meal Hours. The cases in which the provisions of this Act as to meal times Cases in which being allowed at the same hour of the day are not to apply are

(1.) The case of children, young persons, and women employed different times 20

in the following factories and workshops :

Blast furnaces,
Iron mills,

special circum-
Paper mills,
Glass works; and

c. 103. sch.

16.; 33 & 3+ 25 Letterpress printing works; and

Vict. c. 62. (2.) The case of male young persons employed in that part of lst sch. 4.

any print works or bleaching and dyeing works in which

the process of dyeing or open air bleaching is carried on. The cases in which and the extent to which the provisions of this cases and 30 Act as to a child young person or woman during the times allowed persons are

for meals being employed or being allowed to remain in a room in meal time to be which a manufacturing process or handicraft is being carried on, are factory

or worknot to apply are,

shop by reason (1.) The case of children young persons and women employed tinuous nature

of the process 35

in the following factories and workshops; that is to say, or of special Iron mills,

30 & 31 Vict. Paper mills,

c. 103. sched.

16; 33 & 34 Glass works (save as otherwise provided by this Act); Vict. c. 62. and

Ist sch. 4. 40

Letterpress printing works; and
(2.) The case of a male young person employed in that part of

any print works or bleaching and dyeing works in which

by reason of the continuous nature of the process or of

stances.
30 & 31 Vict.

extent to which

of the con

circumstances.

A.D. 1878.

the process of dyeing or open air bleaching is carried on,
to this extent, that the said provisions shall not prevent
him, during the times allowed for meals to any other
young person or to any child or woman, from being em-
ployed or being allowed to remain in any room in which 5
any manufacturing process is carried on, and shall not
prevent, during the times allowed for meals to such male
young person, any other young person or any child or
woman from being employed in the factory or allowed to
remain in any room in which any manufacturing process 10
is carried on.

Factories and workshops in

which young

persons and

women may

under certain

liable to be spoiled by weather or of press of work

sons, or of

PART THREE.

Overtime. The exception with respect to the employment of young persons and women for forty-eight days in any twelve months during a 15

period of employment, beginning at six or seven o'clock in the to work for 14 morning and ending at eight or nine o'clock in the evening, or hours a day beginning at nine o'clock in the morning, and ending at ten o'clock restrictions by in the evening, applies to each of the factories and workshops, and material being parts thereof, following; that is to say:

20 (1.) Where the material which is the subject of the manufac

turing process or handicraft is liable to be spoiled by arising at re

weather ; namely, curring sea

(a.) Flax scutch mills; and liability to

(6.) A factory or workshop or part thereof in which is 25

carried on the making or finishing of bricks or

tiles not being ornamental tiles; and
(c.) The part of rope works in which is carried on the

open air process; and
(d.) The part of bleaching and dyeing works in .which 30

is carried on open air bleaching or turkey red

dyeing; and
(e.) A factory or workshop or part thereof in which is

carried on glue making; and
(2.) Where press of work arises at certain recurring seasons of 35

the year; namely,

(f.) Letterpress printing works ;

(g.) Bookbinding works; and
a factory, workshop, or part thereof in which is carried on
the manufacturing process or handicraft of

40
(h.) Lithographic printing; or
(i.) Machine ruling; or

sudden press of orders from unforeseen events.

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