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37 & 38 Vict. C. 44.
(6.) The standard of proficiency fixed by the Education Depart
ment in pursuance of any enactment hereby repealed shall be deemed to have been fixed in pursuance of this
Act; and 39 & 40 Vict. (7.) A child exempted by section eight of the Elementary 5
Education Act, 1876, from the provisions of section
of this Act :
(a.) Anything duly done or suffered under any enact
ment hereby repealed ; or (6.) Any obligation or liability incurred under any 15
enactment hereby repealed; or (c.) Any penalty or punishment incurred in respect of
any offence committed against an enactment
hereby repealed; or (d.) Any legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any 20
such obligation liability, penalty, or punishment as aforesaid, and any such legal proceeding and remedy may be carried on as if this Act had
not passed. CLAUSE F. 106. Where it appears to a Secretary of State that factories 25 Exception for factories
driven by water power are liable to be stopped by drought or flood, driven by he may, by order made under this part of this Act, grant to such water power. factories a special exception permitting the employment of young
persons and women from six o'clock in the morning until seven
SCH E D U L E S.
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR HEALTH.
Factories and Workshops in which the Employment of Young
Persons and Children is restricted. 1. In a part of a factory or workshop in which there is carried Young per
sons and children
the process of silvering of mirrors by the mercurial process; or
ing to de10 a young person or child shall not be employed.
stroy health. 2. In the part of a factory or workshop in which the process Children and of melting or annealing glass is carried on a child or female
persons in person shall not be employed.
glass works. See 30 & 31
Vict. c. 103. 3. In a factory or workshop in which there is carried on
Girls under 15 (u.) the making or finishing of bricks or tiles not being orna- 16 in certain mental tiles; or
employ(6.) the making or finishing of salt,
See 34 & 35 a girl under the age of sixteen years shall not be employed.
Vict, c. 104.
4. In a part of a factory or workshop in which there is Children
in metal 20 carried on
grinding and (a.) metal grinding, or
making. (6.) the dipping of lucifer matches,
30 & 31 Vict. a child shall not be employed.
and c. 146, 5. In fustian cutting a child under the age of eleven
Child under 25 not be employed.
11 in fustian cutting. 27 & 28 Vict. c. 48. s. 6. : 30 & 31 Victe
c. 146. s. 6.
Parts of factories or work
women are forbidden to take meals. See
Places forbidden for Meals. The prohibition on a child young person or woman taking a shops in which meal or remaining during the times allowed for meals in certain 5 the special un- parts of factories or workshops applies to the parts of factories and healthiness of workshops following; that is to say, the process children, young
(1.) In the case of glass works, to any part in which the materials persons, and
are mixed; and
part in which the work of grinding cutting or polishing is 27 & 28 Vict.
carried on; and
manufacturing process or handicraft (except that of cutting
as dippers house, dippers drying room, or china scouring
C. 48. s. 6.
c. 103. s. 8.
and women between a.m. and 8 p.m. in certain trades
customs or exigencies of
Period of Employment. The exception respecting the employment of children young young persons, persons and women between the hours of eight in the morning
and eight in the evening, and on Saturday between the hours of 25
eight in the morning and four in the afternoon or between the in which the hours of seven in the morning and three in the afternoon, applies to
any factory or workshop or part thereof in which any of the following the trade, either manufacturing processes or handicrafts are carried on ; that is to say, any particular (a.; Lithographic printing :
30 require it, (6.) Turkey-red dyeing : Vict. c. 52.
(c.) The making of any article of wearing apparel : sch. 7. (d.) The making of furniture hangings:
(e.) Artificial flower making:
See 33 & 34
meals are allowed to be taken at
(i.) Envelope making :
A.D. 1878. (k.) Almanac making : (1.) Playing card making :
(m.) Machine ruling : 5 (n.) Biscuit making:
(0.) Firewood cutting :
(r.) Book-binding works : 10 (s.) Letterpress printing works : (t.) A part of a factory or workshop which is a warehouse not 7 & 8 Vict.
used for any manufacturing process or handicraft, and in c. 15. s. 73. which persons are solely employed in polishing, cleaning,
wrapping, or packing up goods. 15
Meal Hours. The cases in which the provisions of this Act as to meal times Cases in which being allowed at the same hour of the day are not to apply are
(1.) The case of children, young persons, and women employed different times 20
in the following factories and workshops :
c. 103. sch.
16.; 33 & 3+ 25 Letterpress printing works; and
Vict. c. 62. (2.) The case of male young persons employed in that part of lst sch. 4.
any print works or bleaching and dyeing works in which
the process of dyeing or open air bleaching is carried on. The cases in which and the extent to which the provisions of this cases and 30 Act as to a child young person or woman during the times allowed persons are
for meals being employed or being allowed to remain in a room in meal time to be which a manufacturing process or handicraft is being carried on, are factory
or worknot to apply are,
shop by reason (1.) The case of children young persons and women employed tinuous nature
of the process 35
in the following factories and workshops; that is to say, or of special Iron mills,
30 & 31 Vict. Paper mills,
c. 103. sched.
16; 33 & 34 Glass works (save as otherwise provided by this Act); Vict. c. 62. and
Ist sch. 4. 40
Letterpress printing works; and
any print works or bleaching and dyeing works in which
by reason of the continuous nature of the process or of
extent to which
of the con
the process of dyeing or open air bleaching is carried on,
Factories and workshops in
liable to be spoiled by weather or of press of work
sons, or of
Overtime. The exception with respect to the employment of young persons and women for forty-eight days in any twelve months during a 15
period of employment, beginning at six or seven o'clock in the to work for 14 morning and ending at eight or nine o'clock in the evening, or hours a day beginning at nine o'clock in the morning, and ending at ten o'clock restrictions by in the evening, applies to each of the factories and workshops, and material being parts thereof, following; that is to say:
20 (1.) Where the material which is the subject of the manufac
turing process or handicraft is liable to be spoiled by arising at re
weather ; namely, curring sea
(a.) Flax scutch mills; and liability to
(6.) A factory or workshop or part thereof in which is 25
carried on the making or finishing of bricks or
tiles not being ornamental tiles; and
open air process; and
is carried on open air bleaching or turkey red
carried on glue making; and
the year; namely,
(f.) Letterpress printing works ;
(g.) Bookbinding works; and
sudden press of orders from unforeseen events.