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A.D. 1878. is so dangerous, by reason of its being filled with hot liquid or is given by molten metal or otherwise, as to be likely to be a cause of bodily inspector.

injury to any child or young person employed in the factory or workshop, he shall serve on the occupier of the factory or workshop a notice requiring him to fence such vat pan or other structure. 5

The provisions of this Act with respect to the fencing of machinery which an inspector considers not to be securely fenced and to be dangerous shall apply in like manner as if they were re-enacted in this section, with the substitution of the vat pan or other structure, for machinery, and with the addition of workshop, 10 and if the occupier of a factory or workshop fails constantly to maintain the fencing required under this section in an efficient state, while such vat pan or other structure is so filled or otherwise dangerous as aforesaid, the factory or workshop shall be deemed not to be kept in conformity with this Act.

15 Fixing of 8. Where an inspector observes in a factory, that any grindgrindstones stone, worked by steam water or other mechanical power is in replacing of itself so faulty, or is fixed in so faulty a manner as to be likely faulty grind- to cause bodily injury to the grinder using the same, he shall stone when notice is serve on the occupier of the factory a notice requiring him to 20 given by replace such faulty grindstone, or to properly fix the grindstone inspector. See 30 & 31 fixed in the faulty manner.

The provisions of this Act with respect to the fencing of machinery which an inspector considers not to be securely fenced and to be dangerous shall apply in like manner as if they were re-enacted 25 in this section with the necessary modifications.

Where the occupier of a factory fails to keep the grindstone mentioned in the notice or award in such a state and fixed in such manner as not to be dangerous, the factory shall be deemed not to be kept in conformity with this Act.

30 Restriction 9. A child shall not be allowed to clean any part of the machior cleaning, nery in a factory while the same is in motion. of

A young person or woman shall not be allowed to clean such part motion or of the machinery in a factory as is mill-gearing while the same is working between parts in motion for the purpose of propelling any part of the manufac- 35 of self-acting turing machinery. machinery

A child, young person, or woman shall not be allowed to work c. 15. ss. 20, between the fixed and traversing part of any self-acting machine 32, 64.

while the machine is in motion by the action of steam water or
other mechanical power.

40
A child, young person, or woman allowed to clean or to work
in contravention of this section shall be deemed to be employed
contrary to the provisions of this Act.

Vict. c. 103.

s. 10.

while in

7 & 8 Vict.

young persons

Period of em

persons and women in a

.

C. 44. ss. 3-5.

c. 44, ss. 3–5.

A.D. 1878. (3.) Employment and Meal Hours. 10. A child, young person, or woman shall not be employed in Children, a factory or a workshop except during the period of employment and women to herein-after mentioned.

be employed only during

period of em5 11. With respect to the employment of young persons and women ployment. in a textile factory the following regulations shall be observed :

ployment, (1.) The period of employment, except on Saturday, shall either ime for meals, begin at six o'clock in the morning and end at six o'clock continuous

employment in the evening, or begin at seven o'clock in the morning for young 10

and end at seven o'clock in the evening; and (2.) The period of employment on Saturday shall begin either at 37 & 35 Vict.

six o'clock or at seven o'clock in the morning; and (3.) Where the period of employment on Saturday begins at six 87 & 38 Vict.

o'clock in the morning, that period— 15

(a.) If not less than one hour is allowed for meals, shall

end at one o'clock in the afternoon as regards
employment in any manufacturing process, and
at half-past one o'clock in the afternoon as regards

employment for any purpose whatever; and 20

(6.) If less than one hour is allowed for meals, shall

end at half an hour after noon as regards em-
ployment in any manufacturing process, and at one
o'clock in the afternoon as regards employment

for any purpose whatever; and
25 (4.) Where the period of employment on Saturday begins at seven

o'clock in the morning, that period shall end at half-past
one o'clock in the afternoon as regards any manufacturing
process, and at two o'clock in the afternoon as regards

employment for any purpose whatever; and 30 (5.) There shall be allowed for meals during the said period of 37 & 38 Vict.

employment in the factory-
(a.) on every day except Saturday not less than two

hours, of which one hour at the least, either at

the same time or at different times, shall be before 35

three o'clock in the afternoon; and

(6.) on Saturday not less than half an hour; and (6.) A young person or woman shall not be employed continuously 37 & 38 Vict.

for more than four hours and a half, without an interval

of at least half-an-hour for a meal. 40 12. With respect to the employment of children in a textile Period of

employment factory the following regulations shall be observed

for children, (1.) Children shall not be employed except on the system either morning and

c. 44. ss. 4, 5.

C 44. ss. 4, 5.

either in

afternoon sets, or on alternate

tinuous em

See 37 & 38
Vict. c. 44. s. 6.

a

A.D. 1878.

of employment in morning and afternoon sets, or of

employment on alternate days only; and

(2.) The period of employment for a child in a morning set days and length of con

shall, except on Saturday, begin at the same hour as if ployment in

the child were a young person, and end at one o'clock in the 5 textile factory.

afternoon, or, if the dinner time begins before one o'cloek,

at the beginning of dinner time; and (3.) The period of employment for a child in an afternoon set

shall, except on Saturday, begin at one o'clock in the
afternoon, or at any later hour at which the dinner time 10
terminates, and end at the same hour as if the child were

a young person; and
(4.) The period of employment for any child on Saturday shall

begin and end at the same hour as if the child were
young person; and

15 (5.). A child shall not be employed in two successive periods

of seven days in a morning set, nor in two successive
periods of seven days in an afternoon set, and a child
shall not be employed on two successive Saturdays, nor
on Saturday in any week if on any other day in the same 20
week his period of employment has exceeded five hours

and a half; and
(6.) When a child is employed on the alternate day system the

period of employment for such child and the time allowed
for meals shall be the same, as if the child were a young 25
person, but the child shall not be employed on two succes-
sive days, and shall not be employed on the same day of

the week in two successive weeks; and
(7.) A child shall not on either system be employed continuously

for any longer period than he could be if he were a young 30
person without an interval of at least half-an-hour for a

meal. Period of em- 13. With respect to the employment of young persons and women ployment, time for meals, and in a non-textile factory, and of young persons in a workshop, the tinuous employ- following regulations shall be observed :

35 (1.) The period of employment, except on Saturday, shall (save

as is in this Act specially excepted) either begin at six textile factory and for young

o'clock in the morning and end at six o'clock in the evening, workshop.

or begin at seven o'clock in the morning and end at seven
o'clock in the evening; and

40 (2.) The period of employment on Saturday shall (save as is

in this Act specially excepted) begin at six o'clock in the
morning or at seven o'clock in the morning, and end at
two o'clock in the afternoon; and

ment for young

persons and women in non

persons in

See
13 & 14 Vict.
c. 54. 8. 1.
26 & 27 Vict.
c. 40. s. 3.

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3 & 4 W, 4. c. 103. 8. 6. 7 & 8 Vict.

5

c. 15. ss. 32, 36.

c. 54, s. 3.

10

either in morn

continuous

in non-textile

See 7 & 8 Vict.

31, 36.

(3.) There shall be allowed for meals during the said period of A.D. 1878.

employment in the factory or workshop-
(a.) on every day except Saturday not less than one

hour and a half, of which one hour at the least, c.15. ss. 32, 36.
either at the same time or at different times,

shall be before three o'clock in the afternoon; and

(6.) on Saturday not less than half-an-hour; and (4.) A young person or a woman in a non-textile factory and a 7 & 8 Vict.

young person in a workshop shall not be employed con- 13 & 14 Viet. tinuously for more than five hours without an interval of

at least half-an-hour for a meal. 14. With respect to the employment of children in a non-textile Period of em

ployment for factory and a workshop the following regulations shall be observed : children

(1.) Children shall not be employed except either on the system ing and after15 of employment in morning and afternoon sets, or (in a on alternate

days, and factory or workshop in which not less than two hours are length of allowed for meals on every day except Saturday) on the em

employment system of employment on alternate days only; and

factory and (2.) The period of employment for a child in a morning set on workshops 20

every day, including Saturday, shall begin at six or seven c. 15. 88. 30,
o'clock in the morning and end at one o'clock in the after- 16 & 17 Viet.
noon, or, if the dinner time begins before one o'clock, at 37 & 38 Vict.

the beginning of dinner time; and
(3.) The period of employment for a child in an afternoon set
25

on every day, including Saturday, shall begin at one o'clock
in the afternoon, or at any hour later than half-past twelve
o'clock at which the dinner time terminates, and end on
Saturday at two o'clock in the afternoon, and on any other

day at six or seven o'clock in the evening, according as the
30

period of employment for children in the morning set

began at six or seven o'clock in the morning; and
(4.) A child shall not be employed in two successive periods of

seven days in a morning set, nor in two successive

periods of seven days in an afternoon set, and a child
35.

shall not be employed on Saturday in any week in the
same set in which he has been employed on any other

day of the same week; and
(5.) When a child is employed on the alternate day system-

(a.) The period of employment for such child shall,
40

except on Saturday, either begin at six o'clock
in the morning and end at six o'clock in the
evening, or begin at seven o'clock in the morning

and end at seven o'clock in the evening; and

c. 44. s. 6.

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A.D. 1878.

(6.) The period of employment for such child shall

on Saturday begin at six or seven o'clock in the morning, and end at two o'clock in the after

noon; and (c.) There shall be allowed to such child for meals 5

during the said period of employment not less, on any day except Saturday, than two hours, and on

Saturday than balf an hour; but (d.) The child shall not be employed in any manner on two

successive days, and shall not be employed on the 10

same day of the week in two successive weeks; and (6.) A child shall not on either system be employed continuously

for more than five hours without an interval of at least half

an hour for a meal. Period of 15. With respect to the employment of women in workshops, 15 employment, the following regulations shall be observed : meals, and (1.) In a workshop which is conducted on the system of employing length of

therein children and young persons, or either of them, a continuous employment

woman shall not be employed except during the same period for women in

and subject to the same restrictions as if she were a young 20 workshop

person; and the regulations of this Act with respect to the
employment of young persons in a workshop shall apply
accordingly to the employment of women in that work-

shop; and
(2.) In a workshop which is conducted on the system of not 25

employing therein either children or young persons-
(a.) The period of employment for a woman shall,

except on Saturday, begin at six o'clock in the
morning and end at nine o'clock in the evening,
and shall on Saturday begin at six o'clock in 30
the morning and end at four o'clock in the after-

noon; and

(6.) There shall be allowed to a woman for meals and ab

sence from work during the period of employment
not less except on Saturday than four hours and a 35

half, and on Saturday than two hours and a half.
A workshop shall not be deemed to be conducted on the system
of not employing therein either children or young persons until the
occupier has served on an inspector notice of his intention to
conduct his workshop on that system.

40 Period of

16. Where persons are employed at home, that is to say, in a employment and time for private house, room, or place which, though used as a dwelling, is meals for

by reason of the work carried on there a factory or workshop within children, young per

the meaning of this Act, and in which neither steam, water, nor

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