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more beneficial to us than the Oftend trade; and that our right to keep those important poffeflions, which were yielded to us in the most folemn and authentic manner, is come, by dint of negotiation, from being indisputable, to be called in questioni. In a word, that to restore the public tranquillity, and to settle our own interests, we must engage in a new war and conclude a new peace: that you have contrived to make it impoilible for us to do one, without fighting against the very principle for which we have fought ever since the revolution, or to attempt the other without lying under the particular circumstance, that our principal allies will be as much in earnest as our enemnies to wrest out of our hands the chief advantages which we obtained by the treaty of Utrecht. At the time when there treaties were made, continue they, your great minister cried aloud and spared not. 'He complained, as much as any man, that the exorbitant power of France was not sufficiently reduced ; and that the barriers of our allies, on the Rhine and in the Netherlands, were left too weak : and is it under his administration that we are to see a pretence given to the French, and an opportunity thrown into their hands, of strengthening their power, and of extending their barriers ? When I tell these objectors that your brother answers for the court of France, they laugh in my face, and reply, “ Well he may, and so might any of those, who were in the French interest, have done at the time when the triple alliance was broken, and France was encouraged by England to fall upon the Dutch.” The ministers, who are answered for, would be as weak as he, who answers for them, if they did not see the advantage in the present juncture, and did not take a secret malicious pleasure in making us, who contributed so much to reduce their power, become the instruments of raising it again. In the case of a war then,

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we have, according to this reasoning, which really, Sir, has an air of truth, nothing so much to fear as the assistance of our chief ally; and in the case of a treaty, not only France, but Holland likewise, must be against us in that important article of Gibraltar and Port-Mahon, and in all particular advantages of commerce, which we have enjoyed, and may find it reasonable to pretend to. The late Duke of Orleans, as dear a friend as he was to ús, infifted strenuously, that we should give up the places before-mentioned; pretended a promise to this effect, and himself obliged in honor to see this promise kept. Every one, who knows any thing of the transactions of those times, knows with how envious an eye the Dutch beheld the separate privileges in trade, and the sole possession of Gibraltar, and of the island of Minorca, which we obtained at the last peace; and what lengths they would have gone to facilitate the negotiations, which at that time they oppofed, if they might have been admitted to a share in these advantages.

The danger of an immediate invasion, and the engagements entered into by the emperor and the king of Spain to insult us with their fleets, and to conquer Great Britain and Ireland for the pretender, have been very industriously propagated by those who are already in your pay, and by me, who stand a candidate for this honor, but am hitherto a volunteer in your service. I am sorry to tell you, , Sir, but Heaven forbid that I should conceal so material a circumstance from your knowledge, we do not succeed. We raise a spirit, but this spirit turns against you. There are more people than ever against the pretender; and zeal for supporting the present establishment never ran higher. But this zeal is not any longer without knowledge: it is directed to its proper object, and there is no possibility of leading it hoodwinked to serve any other pur



poses. Some incredulous wretches there are, who smile when we talk to them of invasions and the pretender, and who content themselves to reply, that the machine is very seasonably introduced, and according to the rules of art. The greater number take fire,

and lay this new distress, which we threaten them with, at your door; for, they say, that we disobliged Spain fome years ago, to tie the emperor the more firmly to us, and that we have since that time disobliged the emperor, by affecting a closer correspondence, and greater union of councils with France than ever was known between the two nations. They send us to that excellent treatise, “ The Barrier Treaty vindicated,” to learn our true and lasting interest in foreign alliances, and there they pretend that we shall find the condemnation of all your measures : they lament the miserable scene, which they apprehend may soon be opened, his majesty's foreign dominions exposed to all the calamities of war, and perhaps in danger of being lost; we ourselves struggling against domestic enemies, and defending our coasts against invasions: these mischiefs brought upon us by a conjunction of the emperor, our ally, old with the king of Spain his rival; a conjunction so unnatural, that nothing but the highest resentment at our behavior to them both could have brought it about : in short, to finish up the picture, Great Britain reduced in this distress to lean solely upon France, and the faith of that court to become our chief security. .

Upon the whole matter, your enemies, Sir, the substance of whose private conversation I have now honestly reported to you, conclude very insolently, that you have filled up the measure of your iniquity and your folly, and that you must sink, or the nation must sink, under the weight of that calamity which you have brought and suffered to be brought

upon her.


As shocking as this account must be to your ears, I promise myself that the sincerity and plainness with which I have given it, will be agreeable to you; and that you will receive into your bosom a man whose affection for your person and zeal for your service, must be above all fufpicion, after giving you intelligence of so high a nature, without

ftipulation for the discovery. í expect to hear from you in eight days from the date hereof; if I do not, you shall hear again from him, who is,


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THINK myself obliged in honor to let the world know, that you have treated all my proposals to write in your service, with a contempt unusual from one in your station ; for I have seen the times when every little paultry prostitute of his pen found countenance and encouragement. These wretches are sure of both, whenever there are any bad measures to be justified, or any bold strokes to be given; and the croaking of these ravens has always, in my imagination, boded some mischief or other to the commonwealth.

For this reason, I took upon me the character of a most infamous libeller, in my first address to you, that I might be able to make a surer judgment of our present condition, and know better what expectations to entertain ; so that I own I am most agreeably disappointed in not receiving any letter or


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