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Hiftoire des Caufes Premieres, ou Expofition Sommaire des Penfies dit Philofophes fur les Principes des étres.

The History of Firft Caufes, or a fummary View of the Sentiments of Philofophers concerning the Original Principles of Things. By M. I l'Abbe Batteaux, Profeffor of Philofophy, &c. 8vo. Paris, 1769.

This work is intended for the ufe of fuch readers, as being engaged in other ftudies, are defirous of knowing, with little expence of time or pains, the real value of the fpeculations of Pythagoras, Plato, the two Zenos, and Ariftotle, concerning the fyftem of the univerfe.-la this view it is a valuable performance, as it will fave young students a great deal of time; and perfons of profound erudition too, if they will condefcend to look into it, how much foever they may pique themfelves upon an accurate acquaintance with the opinions of the antient philofophers concerning the origin of things, may learn from it, that the time and pains they have employed to gain this acquaintance, might have been employed in much more valuable and useful refearches.

As this ingenious and learned Author has given feveral differtations upon the fame fubject in the Memoirs of the Academy of Inferiptions and Relles Lettres, he has not fcrupled to make a free use of them in the work now before us. He has likewife, in another volume, given the original text, with a French translation of Ocellus Lucanus, Timæus of Locri, and Ariftotle's Letter to Alexander; which being fhort works, and not loaded with commentaries, or long, learned remarks, may, as they all relate to the system of the universe, be of ufe to thofe who want to have a general acquaintance with this part of antient philofophy.


Page 188, lines 13 and 14 from the bottom, the words champions and his should not have been printed in Italicks; and the stricture on them, p. 189, par. 2, line 5, is redundant:-fee this accounted for in the Erratum, p. 240.

P. 273, par. 2, line 2, for parenthefifes, read parentheses.

P. 418, 419, for poffeffio, read poll.




N. B. To find any particular Book, or Pamphlet, fee the
Table of Contents, prefixed to the Volume.


effects of, B

remarkably instanced, 262.

AGUR's Prayer, abfurd paraphrastic in-

verfion of, 154.

Albany, duke of, droll ftory relating to,

ALBINUS, fix of his anatomical tables
reduced by a smaller scale, 148.
ALEXANDER, Mr. ftricture on his ex-

periments relating to antifeptics, 362.
AMERICAN, gives an account of Eng-
land an hundred years hence, 68.
ANACREON, his difregard of money,
427. His fecond ode tranflated, 428.
His third ode, 429.

ANATOMY, picturefque, ufes of, to the
phyfician, 149; to the Painter, 150.
ANEURISM, attended with fome fingu

lar circumstances, 513.
ANTONINUS, A. in what manner he
injured his health by an over-exertion
of the faculties of the mind, 251.
ARISTOTLE, his dramatic rules contra-
verted, 131. Injured his health by
too much study, 251. His letter to Alex-
ander, tranflated into French, 568.
ASTHMA, by what different names di
ftinguished, 12. Different stages of
defcribed, 14. Cure of, 15. Chiefly
incident to children, 16.
ASSAFOETIDA, genuine fort diftinguish-
ed from the adulterated, 17.

TION, in Ruffia, curious account
he, 457.

is, his mausoleum at Rome de-
13. His obelifk, 414.


ENEVOLENCE, advantages of, to a
mind bleffed with that happy tem-
per, 121.

BENLOWES, his prints of the dresses of
Gentlemen and Ladies in the laft cen-
tury, 214.

BERNARD, Governor, becomes unpo-
pular at Bofton through his great zeal
for court-meafures, 398. His Letters
to the miniftry cenfured, 468.
BERTIN, M. his memoir on the circulation
of the blood in the liver of the fœtus,
BIANCHINI, M. his difcoveries in
fearching the ruins of the palace of
the Cæfars, at Rome, 415. His dan-
gerous adventure there, and death, ib.
BILLS of exchange, laws and cuftoms re-
lating to, 314.

BLACKSTONE, Dr. vindicates himself

from the charge of inconfiftency be-
tween his writings and his conduct in
parliament, 77. His prejudice against
Diffenters, 295. Animadverted on by
Dr. Prieftiey, 298. His encomium on
the clergy of the established church,
BLONDEL, M. his Comparaifon de Pin-
dare et d'Horace vamped into English,
and published as an original, 230.
BLOOD, an account of the circulation of,
in the liver of the fœtus, 512.
BOCHART, his Phaleg and Canaan praif-
ed, 536. Strictures on his work,
BOLOGNA, account of the famous Infti-
tute there, 331. Of the noble public
library there, 332.



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ALMUCK Tartars, remarkable revo-
lution among, 434. Some account
of their religion, ib.
CANCAR, a colony of the Chinese, cu-

rious account of, 262.

CAPE of Good Hope, excellent culture
of the land there, by the Dutch, 259.
CASAN, brief view of the face of that
country, 435.

CHAPPE, Abie, leaves Tobolik, 435.
Arrives at Calan, ib. His entertain-
ment there, 436. Arrives at Peterf-
burgh, ib. His operations for taking
the level of the furface of the globe,
ib. His obfervations on the mines of
Siberia, 433. His obfervations and ex-
periments on natural electricity, made
in that country, 419. His obferva-
tions made there on the variation of
the magnetic needle, 440.
CHARLES V. Imp. his birth, 3. For.
tunate events preparative to his vaft
empire, ib. His military genius, 4.
His rivalship with Francis I, 8. His
Friendship with Henry VIII, 10. De-
feats Francis, and takes him prifoner,
85. Enlarges his ambitious views, 87.
Refolves to refiga bie crown, and ends
his days in a monaftery, 91.

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of his extra rdinary character, 92.
CHEMIST, German, remarkable ftory
of, 556.

CHINESE merchant, curious hiftory of
a fettlement made by one, near the
Malaccas, 262.

CHRIST, his curfing the fig-tree, diffi-
culties relating to this event difcufied,
103. His temptation in the wilderness
inveftigated, 107. Difficulties relating
to, Ic8.

CHURCH-AUTHORITY, arguments a-
gain, 368-370.

CHURCHILL, Charles, Letter from to
Wilkes, 377. His enmity towards
Rope, 378 Stricture on, ib.
fence of, by Wilkes, ib. His quarrel
with Hogarth, 382.


COAL-MINE, account of one, in France,

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which has continued burning for a long
time past, 512.

CoLIC, endemical, of Devon, not caused
by a folution of lead in the cyder, 353.
This disease attributed rather to the
roughness and acidity of that liquor,
COLONIES, propofal for ending our dif
putes with, 54. The establishment of
epifcopacy in, recommended, 220. Rea
fons against it, 221.

COMETS, ridiculous fuperftitions con-
cerning, 485.

CONDAMINE, M. de la, his third me
moir concerning inoculation, 516.
CONFESSIONAL, apology for, 165.

CORNEILLE, his dramas compared with
Shakespeare's, 138.

CORTES, in Spain, their bold oppofition
to the power of the crown, in the time
of Charles V.
COVELLE, Robert, his adventure with
Kitty, 94. Has recourfe to Routeau,

COURTS-MARTIAL formed on principles
of equity fimilar to thofe of civil courts,


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'ALEMBERT, M. his encomium on
Marfais's logic, 565.

D'ARCY, Chevalier, his memoir on the
duration of the fenfations excited in us
through the organ of fight, 500.
DEITY, his goodness, rational and pious
eflimate of, 119. Other attributes of,
240. His character as Creator, 243,
As governor, ib.
DERBY-NECK, account of that species of
tumor, 359 Method of cure, 360.
DEVON, Obfervations on the climate
and foil of that country, with respect
to the cyder fruit trees, 364.

DIFFIDENCE, philofophical, facilitates
the progre's of real knowledge, 408.
DISSENTERS, neceffarily friends to civil
liberty, 40.
Advice to their minif-
ters, 42.
DRESS, English, curious account of the
various fashions of, in former times, 211.
DRYDEN, his poetry preferred to Pope's,

DU HAMEL, M. his botanical and me-
teorological obfervations made at De-
nainvilliers, 512.

His treatife on fruit-trees, 564,




ARTH, poffeffed of internal heat,
independent of the fun, 504.
ELIZABETH, Queen, various fashions
of drefs in her reign, 211. Her im-
menfe wardrobe, ib.
ESTABLISHMENTS, ecclefiaftical, argu-
ments against, 368-370.
EXCOMMUNICATION, as practifed in
Roman-catholic countries, confidered
by a member of that church, 523. Ought
not to be attended by civil effects, ib.
EXERCISE, bodily, an excellent remedy
for the gout, 169. Of the mind, bad
effects of too much of it, 251. Of the
body, earnestly recommended to literary
and fedentary perfons, 250-256.
What kinds of, moft fuitable to men
of letters, 257.
EXPULSION of members from the House
of Commons, deemed illegal, and in-
compatible with the conftitution, 397.
The abolition of that power recom-
mended, 464.




ALSTAFF, his character defined,
137. His birth poetically defcrib.
ed, 236.
FARMERS, apology for them, in regard
to the charge of obftinacy, 343.
lowance to be made for the difference
between their ideas and thofe of gentle-
men who turn their thoughts to agri-
culture, 344.

FARTHINGAL, whence derived, 210.
FEVER, miliary, Dr. Johnson's account
of, 144. Method of cure, 146. Apho-
rifms relative to, 173.
FONTENELLE, M. his kind regard for
M. Marivaux, 549.
FOUGEROUX, M. his obfervations made
at Solfatara, 510. On a burning coal-
mine, 512.

FRANCIS I. contefts the imperial diadem
with Charles V, 8. Seeks the friend-
Ship of Henry VIII. of England, 10.
Grand interview between these two
princes, 11. Defeated by Charles, and
taken prifoner, 85. Regains bis 1 ber-
ty, 88. His death, S. His great cha-
racter, go.

FREDERIC, Duke of Saxony, his great
character, 8.

FRENCH, utter flares to forms and cuf-
toms, 451. Equally attached to plea-
fure and bufinefs, 452. Great tol-
lowers of fashion, 453.

FRIENDSHIP, poetical apeftrophe to


GAILLARD, M. his opinion of ex-

communication, 523. Of Tole
ration, 524. Of Luther's conduct in
the reformation, and how far of advan-
tage to the church of Rome, 527-529.
GENEVA, remarks; on the religion and
churches there, 329.

GIRLE, Mr. the first who undertook the
cure of a fractured limb in a flexed po-
fition, 400.
GOMERCINI, Madam, her remarkable
cafe and cure, by the extract of Saturn,

GOODALL, Mr. author of an introduc
tion to the hiftory of Scotland, 301.
GOUT, new theory of the causes of, 168.
Method of cure, 163. Exercife the
chief remedy, ib.

GRAMMONT and Hamilton, ftory of,
3c6. Not a fiction, 488.
GRIFFITH, Mr. and Mrs. joint novel-
writers, 232.



AIR, various modes of dreffing, in
the two laft centur es, 213-215.
HAM, the fon of Noah, remarkable ope-
ration of the curfe denounced againft
him and his family, 270.
the Hon. William, his cu-
rious collection of Etrufcan, Greek, and
Roman antiquities, 567.
HANNIBAL, reality of his diff lving the
rocks on the Alps with vinegar, af-
ferted, 554.

HANSEATIC league, oligin and progress
of, 180. Decline of, 182.
HEAT, proved to be inherent in the

earth, independent of the fun, 503.
HENRY VIII. afcends the throne of Eng-
land with peculiar advantages, g.
Courted by Francis I. and Charles V.
ib. His character, 10. His grand in-
terview with Francis, 12.

HOFKENS de Courcelles, his account of the
ute of Ol. Afpbali in ulcers of the in-
teftines, &c. 228.

HOGARTH, Mr. fory of his contefts
with Wilkes, 380.

Hous, improved methods of rearing and
freding, 70

HOOPING COUGH, method of curing,

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LIBERTY, warm fentiment in favour of,
by a Frenchman, 259.

LITERATURE, ftudy of, too much appli-
cation to, fatal to health, 250-255-
How to remedy, 256.

LocKE, Mr. Search's imaginary inter-
view with him, in the webicular ftate,
LUTHER, fevere ftrictures on his charac
ter and conduct, by a French Roman-
catholic, 525.


ACBETH, tragedy of. See Punc-



MACLAINE, Dr. his account, and de-
fence of, Archbishop Wake's core-
spondence with the doctors of the Sor-
bonne, 163. Answered, 165.
MAD DOG, bite of, cured by fea-falt,

MAIRAN, M. de, his enquiry into the

general cause of heat in fummer, and
cold in winter, 503.

MALACCA, the laws and cuftoms of,
fimilar to thofe of the ancient inhabi-
tants of Europe, 260. Curious parti-
culars of, 261.
MANSFIELD, Countefs, remarkable flo-
ry of, 182.

MARIVAUX, M. his birth and educa-
tion, 543. Writes for the ftage, 544.
His novels, 545. His French Specta
tor, ib. His family connections, 446.
His extraordinary benevolence and lazi-
nes, 547. His death, 549.
MARRIAGES, clandeftine, confidered,
36. Palliated, 37. Not detrimental
to the public, 38.

MARTINELLI, Signior, fatirized, 18.
MATTER, its infinite divifibility contra-
verted, 116.

MEDICINE, of all profeffions, fhould not
be fufpected of leading to impiety, 407.
Incompleat manner of teaching this
fcience in the univerfities, 410.
MEDMENHAM-ABBEY, fome account
of, 374. Levities lately practifed there,
under the name of Eleufinian myfteries,
MICHAELIS, Dr. his fupplement to
Bochart, 537.

MILTON, celebrated by Mr. Gray, as the
friend of freedom, 159.

MIND, its faculties diftinguished, 22. Its
ideas philofophically inveftigated, 24.
Its motives to action confidered, 26.
Patons and habits of, 28. Enquiry

conflitution of the mind, 113.
viftence, 117. The fame

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