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To see that authorized books are used, and appoint Librarian.

(15) To see that all the pupils in the schools are duly supplied with a uniform series of authorized text-books,* and to appoint a Librarian and take charge of the school library or libraries when established.

To see that regulations are observed-to publish Report.

(16) To see that all the schools under their charge are conducted according to the authorized regulations; and, at the close of each year, to prepare and publish, in one or more of the public papers, or otherwise, for the information of the inhabitants of the City, Town or Village, an annual report of their proceedings, and of the progress and state of the schools under their charge, and of the receipts and expenditure of all school moneys.

To prepare Annual Report for Chief Superintendent.

(17) To prepare and transmit annually, before the fifteenth of January, to the Chief Superintendent of Education, in the form by him provided for that purpose, a report, signed by a majority of the Trustees, containing all the information required in the reports of Common School Trustees, and any additional items of information which may be required.

May exercise same Powers as Rural Trustees.

(18) To exercise as far as they judge expedient, in regard to their City, Town or Village, all the powers vested in the trustees of each school section in regard to such school section. [See pages 21-43.]


80. No [male or female] teacher shall be deemed a qualified teacher who does not at the time of his [or her] engaging with the trustees, and applying for payment from the school fund, hold a certificate of qualification, as in this Act provided.‡

* See provisions of the law in regard to unauthorized text-books on page 40, and also in the one hundred and twenty-eighth section of this Act.

Remarks on the duties of school teachers are appended.

The Certificates granted under the Upper Canada Consolidated Common School Act are: 1st. Provincial Certificates of two classes only, granted by the Chief Superintendent, to teachers who attend the Normal School; 2nd. County Certificates, of three classes, granted by the County Boards of Public Instruction; 3rd. Temporary Certificates granted by Local Superintendents, until the next meeting of the County Board. See the tenth clause of the ninety-first section of the Consolidate Commor School Act, on page 89.

Teacher not to hold certain Offices.

81. No teacher shall hold the office of school trustee or of local superintendent.

Duties of Common School Teachers.*

82. It shall be the duty of every teacher of a common school :To Teach according to Law and Regulations.

(1) To teach diligently and faithfully all the branches required to be taught in the school,† according to the terms of his engagement with the trustees, and according to the provisions of this Act.

*The twenty fifth clause of the seventh section of the Upper Canada Consolidated Jurors' Act, 22 Vic. chap. 31, exempts Masters and Teachers of Grammar and Common Schools, actually engaged in teaching, from service as Jurors; and the seventy-fourth section of the Upper Canada Consolidated Municipal Institutions Act, 22 Vic. chap. 54, exempts them from being elected or appointed Councillors, or to any other corporate office."

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The following table includes all the branches required to be taught in the school. (The authorized list of text-books will be fouud on page 40):


As observed in the Upper Canada Model School, Toronto.

(Adopted by the Council of Public Instruction, on the 31st of December, 1858.) (1) Table defining the course to be completed in the first, or lowest division. Enunciation.-To be able to enunciate clearly and distinctly the elementary Bounds of the English language.

Spelling and Definition. To be able to spell any word in the First and Second Book of Lessons, and to give the meaning in familiar terms.

Reading. To be able to read fluently and well any passage contained in the First and Second Books of Lessons, and to know the substance of such lessons.

Writing-To be able to form, correct and legibly, all the letters of the alphabet, and to combine them into simple words.

Arithmetic.-To be able to read and write any combination of not more than FIVE Arabic numerals, and the Roman numerals to the sign for 500; to know the multiplication table, and tables of money, weights, length, and time; to be familiarly acquainted with simple addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division by factors.

Grammar.-To be able to point out the nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, and adverbs, in any common reading lesson; to know the number, gender, and person of the nouns and pronouns.

Geography.-To know the and other parts of British America.

Natural History: Object Lessons.-To have a familiar acquaintance with the the habits, uses, instincts, &c., of the most important animals of each class. Other object lessons may be used.

Needlework (for girls.)—Under the direction of the female teacher.

(2) Table defining the course of study to be completed in the Second Division.

Reading. To be able to read fluently and well any passage contained in the Sequel to the Second Book, or in the Third Book of Lessons, and to know the substance of such reading lessons.

map of the World, map of America, map of Canada,

Spelling and Definition.-To be able to spell and define any word contained in the Sequel to the Second Book and in the Third Book of Lessons.

To keep the Register of the School.

(2) To keep the daily, weekly, and monthly or quarterly registers of the school.*

Writing. To be able to write legibly and correctly.

Arithmetic.-To be able to read and write legibly any combination of not more than TEN Arabic numerals to the left, and six to the right, of the decimal point, and the Roman numerals to the sign for 1000; to be acquainted with the principles of Arabic and Roman notation; to be thoroughly acquainted with the arithmelical tables, and to be familiar and practically acquainted with the simple and compound rules, reduction, greatest common measure, least common multiple, vulgar fractions, and simple proportion, including, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of decimals and decimal currency.

Grammar.—To be thoroughly acquainted with the grammatical forms, and to be able to analyse and parse any easy sentences; and, as an exercise in slate composition, to be able to write short descriptions of any natural objects.

Geography —In addition to former limit table, to know the political and physical geography of Europe, Asia, Africa, America, and Oceanica; the different countries in each, with their capitals; and to know the position and chief cities of the states of the American Union bordering on British America, from the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean.

History. To have a general knowledge of the History of the World, as given in the Fifth Book.

Human Physiology.-As contained in the Fifth Book.
Needlework (for girls.)—Under the direction of the female teacher.

(3) Table defining the course of study to be completed in the Third Division. Reading-Fourth and Fifth Books, in same manner as other books are used in lower division.

Derivation.-Reading Books and Spelling Book superseded.
Writing-Text, and a bold running hand.

Arithmetic.-Second Book of Arithmetic (National Series.)

Grammar.-Analysis and parsing of compound sentences in prose and verse; changes in construction, &c.; composition. Geography-Mathematical, physical, and political, with map sketching on the


Algebra.-Colenso's, Part I.

Euclid.-First six books.

Mensuration.-Of surfaces and solids.

Drawing.-Linear and Map.
English Literature.-Spalding.


Human Physiology.-To possess a familiar acquaintance with the anatomy of the bones and skin; a general knowledge of the structure and uses of the muscles and organs of digestion; and to be familiar with the general principles upon

*As the first clause of the ninety-first section of the Consolidated School Act, page 84, contemplates the distribution of the school money to the several sections, according to the average attendance of pupils at school, and not according to school population, the teacher who fails to keep a full and accurate account of the atten dance of pupils at his school, lessens the resources of the whole school section. Nor is any teacher entitled to his salary who neglects to keep a full and accurate school register. On the other hand, according to the one hundred and thirty-eighth section of this Act, any teacher who shall keep a false school register, or make a false school return, will render himself liable to a fine of twenty dollars. See also clause five and a haf of the eighty second section of this Act, on page 79.

NOTE.-School Registers are supplied gratuitously, from the Department, to Common School Trustees in Townships by the County Clerks-through the Local Superintendents. Applications should therefore be made direct to the Local Superintendents for them, and not to the Department,

To maintain proper Order and Discipline.

(3) To maintain proper order and discipline in his school according to the authorized forms and regulations.*

To keep a Visitors' Book.

(4) To keep a visitors' book (which the trustees shall provide) and enter therein the visits made to his school, and to present such book to each visitor, and request him to make therein any remarks suggested by his visit.†

To give access to the Register and Visitors' Book.

(5) At all times, when desired by them, to give the trustees and visitors access to the registers and visitors' book appertaining to the school, and upon his leaving the school to deliver up the same to the order of the trustees.

which the healthy action and development of these various organs depend; circulation, respiration, nervous systems, senses, &c.

History.-General, English, and Canadian.

Singing.-Hullah's vocal music.

Natural Philosophy.-In the Fifth Book of Lessons.

Needlework (for girls.)—Under the direction of the female teacher.


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Science of things familiar.
Elements of Geology.

ditto Zoology.
ditto Botany.
Domestic Economy.

NOTE. The list of text-books prescribed for use in the common schools will be found on page 40.

*These forms and regulations are appended. In regard to lighting the fires and cleaning the school-house, see note to clause four of the twenty-seventh section of the Consolidated School Act, on page 28.

+ Representation as to the character of a teacher by a rate-payer, with a view to obtain redress, is a privileged communication.

The Court of Queen's Bench has decided that a representation by the assessed inhabitants of a school section as to the character of a teacher, made with a view of obtaining redress, is a privileged communication, which it is of importance to the public to protect; and such a statement would not be the less privileged if made by mistake to the wrong quarter. Where the libel complained of is clearly a privileged communication, the inference of malice cannot be raised upon the face of the libel itself, as in other cases it might be, but the plaintiff must give extrinsic evidence of actual express malice, he must also prove the statement to be false as well as malicious; and the defendant may still make out a good defence by showing that he had good ground to believe the statement true, and acted honestly under that persuasion. Quare by the Court, whether a communication of this nature made by an inhabitant of any other part of the Province, would not be privileged.-McIntyre v. McBean et al. 13 Q. B. R. 534.

(i) Extra subjects, to be taken up at the discretion of the school authorities,-no two, however, during the same school term.

[(5) The Common School Law Amendment Act of 1860, enacts that: 1. Any teacher wilfully refusing, on the demand of the majority of the trustees of the school corporation employing him, to deliver up any school register or school house key,* or other school property in his possession, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall not be deemed a qualified teacher until restitution be made; and shall also forfeit any claim which he may have against the said trustees.]

To hold Public Quarterly Examinations.

(6) To have at the end of each quarter a public examination of his school, of which he shall give due notice to the trustees of the school, to any school visitors who reside in or adjacent to such school section, and through the pupils to their parents and guardians.†

To furnish Information to the Chief or Local Superintendent.

(7) To furnish to the chief or local superintendent of schools when desired, any information which it may be in his power to give respecting any thing connected with the operations of his school, or in anywise affecting its interests or character.

Protection of Teachers in regard to Salary.‡

83. Any teacher shall be entitled to be paid at the same rate men

*As to the control of the teacher over the school-house, see decision No. 5 of the Court of Queen's Bench, on page 30.

+ It will be seen by this clause of the Act, in connection with the first part of the eighty-second section, that "it shall (k) be the duty of every teacher of a school: (6) To have at the end of each quarter a public examination of his school." Teachers cannot, therefore, lawfully omit this part of their duty.

Form of Teacher's Circular Notice of the Quarterly Examination of his School. School House of Section No.




SIR, AS required by law the quarterly examination of my school will be held -day, thewhen the pupils of the school will be publicly examined in the several subjects which they have been taught during the quarter now closing. The exercises will commence at 9 o'clock, a.m., and you are respectfully requested to attend them.

I am, Sir, your obedient servant,

A. B., Teacher.

To C. D., School Trustee, or Visitor.

REMARKS.-A copy of the above notice ought to be sent to each of the Trustees, and to as many visitors of the school as possible. [For list of visitors see section one hundred of the Consolidated School Act, page 96.] The teacher should address a circular notice to those of them who reside within three miles of his school. He is also required to give notice, through his pupils, to their parents and guardians and to the neighbourhood, of the examination.

For holidays and vacations, see "General Regulations" of, and "Remarks on the Duties of Teachers," appended.

The Assessment Law does not exempt a school teacher either from the payment of a tax upon his salary (if over $200 per annum), or from the performance of two days of statute labour, if his salary be under $200.


(k) Shall" here is imperative. See note on page 50.

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