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Half-Yearly Returns to the Local Superintendent.
[10 The Consolidated Act for Protestant and Coloured Separate Schools also provides that: 12. The trustees of each [Protestant or Coloured] separate school shall on or before the thirtieth day of June and the thirty-first day of December of each year, transmit to the local superintendent of schools a correct return of the names of all Protestant or coloured persons (as the case may be), who have sent children to, or subscribed as aforesaid for the support of such separate school during the then last preceding six months, and the names of the children sent, and the amounts subscribed by them respectively, together with the average attendance of pupils in such separate school during such period.]
Local Superintendents to Report to Clerk and Trustees.
[104 The same Act also provides that: 13. The local superintendent shall, upon the receipt of such return, forthwith make a return to the clerk of the municipality, and to the trustees of the common school section or municipality in which such separate school is established, stating the names of all the persons who, being Protestants or coloured persons (as the case may be), contribute or send children to such separate school.]
Observing Regulations-Giving Information to the Chief Superintendent, and County Auditors.
(11) To act in accordance with the regulations and instructions provided for his guidance; to give any information in his power (when desired) to the Chief Superintendent of Education respecting any common school matter within his jurisdiction; to furnish the county auditors, when required, with the trustees' orders as the authority for his cheques upon the county or sub-treasurer for school moneys.
Hand over Papers on retiring from Office.
And on retiring from office, to deliver [over to his successor] copies of his official correspondence, and all school papers* in his custody, to the order of the county council.
Transmit Annual Report to the Chief Superintendent.
(12) To prepare and transmit to the Chief Superintendent of Education, on or before the first day of March, an annual report,† in the form provided by the said Chief Superintendent, and which shall
(a) The whole number of schools and school sections, or parts of sections in each township within his jurisdiction;
(6) The number of pupils taught in each school over the age of five and under the age of sixteen; the number between the ages of sixteen and twenty-one years; the whole number of children residing in each
*This includes the local superintendent's copy of the school manual, and of the Chief Superintendent's annual report, and all other school documents and papers which have come into his hands as local superintendent.
For means to enable local superintendents to perform this duty at the time specified, see the twenty-eighth section of this Act, page 43
section, or part of a section, over the age of five and under the sixteen years;
(c) The length of time a school has been kept by a qualified teacher in each of such sections or parts of sections; the branches taught; the number of pupils in each branch, the books used; and the average attendance of pupils, both male and female, in each half year;
(d) The amount of moneys received and collected in each section or part of a section-distinguishing the amount apportioned by the Chief Superintendent of Education, the amount received from county assessment, the amount raised by trustees, and the amount from any other and what sources; also how such moneys have been expended, or whether any part remains unexpended, and from what causes; and the annual salary of teachers, male and female, with and without board;
(e) The number of school visits made by himself and others during the year; the number of school lectures delivered; the whole number of school houses, their sizes, description, furniture and appendages, the number rented, the number erected during the year, of what description, and by what means;
(f) The number of qualified teachers; their standing, sex, and religious persuasion; the number, so far as he can ascertain, of private schools, the number of pupils and subjects taught therein; the number of libraries, their extent, and how established and supported; also, any other information which he may possess respecting the educational state, wants and advantages in each township of his charge, and any suggestions which he thinks proper to make with a view to the improvement of schools and diffusion of useful knowledge.
How Union Sections shall be Paid.
92. The local superintendents of adjoining townships, shall determine the sums to be paid from the common school fund of each township in support of the schools of union school sections consisting of portions of such townships; and shall also determine the manner in which such sums shall be paid: but in the event of one person being local superintendent of the townships concerned, he shall act in behalf of such townships.*
Warden to decide in case of Dispute.
93. In the event of the local superintendents of townships thus concerned not being able to agree as to the sum to be paid to each such township, the matter shall be referred to the Warden of the county før final decision.
* See the fifth section of the School Act of 1860, page 59.
PART VII.-DUTIES OF THE COUNTY BOARDS OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.
County Boards of Public Instruction constituted.
94. Where there is only one county grammar school in a county, the board of trustees for such school and the local superintendent or superintendents of schools in the county, shall constitute a Board of Public Instruction for the county.
Circuit Board may be constituted.
95. Where there is more than one grammar school in a county, the county council shall* [have authority to] divide the county into as many circuits as there are county grammar schools, and for each such circuit the trustees of the county grammar school therein, and the local superintendent or superintendents of schools therein, shall be a board of public instruction for the circuit.†
Three Members to form a Quorum of Board.
96. At any lawful meeting of the Board of Public Instruction, three members, including a local superintendent of schools, shall constitute a quorum, for examining and giving certificates of qualification to common school teachers, and five members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of any other business.‡
County Council to defray Expenses.
97. The county council shall§ provide for the incidental expenses connected with the meeting and proceedings of each board of public instruction.
Duties of Boards of Public Instruction-Remuneration.] 98. It shall be the duty of each county and circuit board of public instruction—and each such board is hereby empowered :
*The School Law Amendment Act of 1860 authorizes this alteration as follows: 24. * * * in the second line of the ninety-fifth section of the said Upper Canada [Consolidated] Common School Act, the phrase "The County Council shall divide” shall read, "The County Council shall have authority to divide," &c.
A circuit board thus constituted, is a distinct and independent body from the county board, and is in no way subject to it. Certificates granted by the county or circuit board are valid only within the jurisdiction of the board which grants them, and are of no force or value beyond it, and within the boundaries of another county or circuit board.
Although the law constitutes three members of the board a quorum for the examination of teachers, and five for other purposes, care should be taken to give due notice to all the members of the board. No meeting is lawful where this notice has been omitted.
on page 50.
The word "shall" is here imperative. See note
(1) To meet [half-yearly], and to determine the time and places of its own meetings, and the order of its proceedings, and the manner of recording them.
[1 The School Law Amendment Act of 1860 further enacts that: 16. Each county or circuit board of public instruction shall meet half-yearly, and each of its members shall be entitled to the same recompense for his time and expenses as are members of the county corporation for their attendance at county council meetings; and the incidental expenses attending the meeting of such county or circuit board, shall include the recompense to its members, the stationery, room, fuel, light, printing of notices, examination papers, and certificates, and such remuneration to the secretary of such board as the board may deem just and expedient.]
Promote the Establishment of Libraries, &c.
(2) To adopt all lawful means in their power, as they may judge expedient, to advance the interests and usefulness of common schools, to promote the establishment of school libraries, and to diffuse useful knowledge in the county or circuit.
Select Text-Books for the use of Schools.
(3) To select (if deemed expedient) from a list of text-books recommended or authorized by the council of public instruction, such books as they may think best adapted for use in the common schools of the county or circuit, and to ascertain and recommend the best facilities for procuring such books.*
To examine Teachers, and give Certificates.
(4) To examine and give certificates of qualification to teachers of common schools, arranging such teachers into three classes, according to their attainments and abilities, as prescribed in a programme of examination and instructions provided for that purpose,† and any such
*See list of authorized text-books, on page 40.
The following is the Programme for the Examination and Classification of Teachers of Common Schools, by the County Boards. (Prescribed by the Council of Public Instruction for Upper Canada.) N.B.-Candidates are not eligible to be admitted to examination until they shall have furnished the examiners with satisfactory evidence of their strictly temperate habits and good moral character.
(1) Minimum Qualifications of Third Class Teachers. Candidates for certificates are required :
1. To be able to read intelligibly and correctly any passage from any common rea ling book.
2. To be able to spell correctly the words of an ordinary sentence dictated by the examiners.
3. To be able to write a plain hand.
4. To be able to work readily questions in the simple and compound rules of arithmetic, and in reduction and proportion, and to be familiar with the principles on which these rules depend.
5. To know the elements of English grammar, and to be able to parse any easy sentence in prose.
6. In regard to teachers in French and German settlements, a knowledge of the
certificate may be general, as regards the county, or limited as to time or place, at the pleasure of the majority of the members of the board of public instruction present at such examination.
French or German grammar may be substituted for a knowledge of the English grammar, and the certificates to the teachers expressly limited accordingly.
7. To be acquainted with the relative positions of the principal countries in the world, with the principal cities, physical features, boundaries of continents, &c. 8. To have some knowledge of school organization and the classification of pupils.
(2) Minimum Qualifications of Second Class Teachers.
Candidates for certificates as second class teachers, in addition to what is required of candidates for third class certificates, are required :
1. To be able to read with ease, intelligence, and expression, and to be familiar with the principles of reading and pronunciation.
2. To write a bold free hand, and to be acquainted with the rules of teaching writing.
3. To know fractions, vulgar and decimal, involution, evolution, and commercial and mental arithmetic, and to be familiar with the principles on which the rules depend.
4. To be acquainted with the elements of book-keeping.
5. To know the common rules of orthography, and to be able to parse any sentence in prose or poetry which may be submitted; to write grammatically, with correct spelling and punctuation, the substance of any passages which may be read, or any topics which may be suggested.
6. To be familiar with the elements of mathematical and physical geography, and the particular geography of Canada.
7. To be familiar with the outlines of general history.
Minimum Qualifications of First Class Teachers.
Candidates for certificates as first class teachers, in addition to what is required of candidates for third and second class certificates, are required;
1. To be familiar with the remaining rules of common arithmetic.
2. To be acquainted with the rules for the mensuration of superficies and solids. 3. To be familiar with the simple rules of algebra, and to be able to solve problems in simple and quadratic equations. (Colenso's.)
4. To know the first four books of (Pott's) Euclid.
5. To be familiar with the outlines of Canadian and English history.
6. To have some acquaintance with the elements of vegetable and animal phy siology and natural philosophy, as far as taught in the fifth book of national readers.
7. To understand the proper organization and management of schools, and the improved method of teaching.
8. To be acquainted with the principal Greek and Latin roots in the English language, with the prefixes and affixes; to be able to describe and exemplify the principal changes of construction.
Female candidates for first class certificates need not be examined in the subjects mentioned in the second, third, and fourth paragraphs under this head
Originally adopted the third day of October, 1850, and revised by the Council on the seventeenth day of December, 1858.
2. General Form of Certificate of Qualification. For Common School Teachers in Upper Canada, to be granted by County or Circuit Boards of Public Instruction, in accordance with the foregoing Programme of Examination.
This is to Certify that faith, having applied to the Board of Public Instruction for the [County, School Circuit,