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They are quoted by St. Epiphanius. In these Acts it is related that St. Paul was the son of an idolatrous father and mother, and turned Jew in order to marry the daughter of Gamaliel; and that either being refused or not finding her a virgin, he took part with the disciples of Jesus. This is nothing less than blasphemy against St. Paul.

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The other Apocryphal Books of the First and Second Centuries.


The Book of Enoch, the seventh man after Adam, which mentions the war of the rebellious angels, under their captain Samasia, against the faithful angels led by Michael. The object of the war was, to enjoy the daughters of men, as has been said in the article Angel.+


The Acts of St. Thecla and St. Paul, written by a disciple named John, attached to St. Paul. In this history, Thecla escapes from her prosecutors to go to St. Paul, disguised as a man. She also baptizes a lion; but this adventure was afterwards suppressed. Here, too, we have the portrait of Paul—staturd brevi, calvastrum, cruribus curvis, surosum, superciliis junctis, naso aquilino, plenum gratid Dei.

Although this story was recommended by St. Gregory Nazianzen, St. Ambrose, St. John Chrysostom, &c. it had no reputation among the other doctors of the church.


The preaching of Peter. This writing is also called the Gospel or Revelation of Peter. St. Clement of Alexandria speaks of it with great praise; but it is

* Chap. xxx. par. 16.

There is also another Book of Enoch among the Christians of Ethiopia, which Peiresc, counsellor to the parliament of Provence, had brought over at a great expense. It is by another impostor. Must there be such in Ethiopia also?

easy to perceive that some impostor had taken that apostle's name.


The Acts of Peter, a work equally supposititious.


The Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs. It is doubted whether this book is by a Jew or a Christian of the primitive ages; for it is said in the Testament of Levi, that at the end of the seventh week there shall come priests given to idolatry,-bellatores, avari, scribæ iniqui, impudici, puerorum corruptores et pecorum ; that there shall then be a new priesthood; that the heavens shall be opened; and that the glory of the Most High and the spirit of intelligence and sanctification shall descend upon this new priest;-which seems to foretel Jesus Christ.


The Letter of Abgarus, a pretended King of Edessa, to Jesus Christ, and Jesus Christ's answer to King Abgarus. It is, indeed, believed that, in the time of Tiberius, there was a toparch of Edessa, who had passed from the service of the Persians into that of the Romans; but his epistolary correspondence has been considered by all good critics as a chimera.


The Acts of Pilate. Pilate's Letters to Tiberius on the Death of Jesus Christ. The Life of Procula, Pilate's wife.


The Acts of Peter and Paul, in which is the history of St. Peter's quarrel with Simon the magician. Abdias, Marcellus, and Hegesippus, have all three written this story. St. Peter first disputed with Simon, which should resuscitate one of the emperor Nero's relatives, who was just dead; Simon half restored him, and St. Peter finished the resurrection. Simon next flew up in the air; but Peter brought him down again, and the magician broke his legs. The Emperor

Nero, incensed at the death of his magician, had St. Peter crucified with his head downwards, and St. Paul decapitated, as one of St. Peter's party.


The Acts of Blessed Paul the Apostle and Teacher of the Nations. In this book, St. Paul is made to live at Rome for two years after St. Peter's death. The author says, that when St. Paul's head was cut off, there issued forth milk instead of blood; and that Lucina, a devout woman, had him buried twenty miles from Rome, on the way to Ostia, at her country house.


The Acts of the Blessed Apostle Andrew. The author relates, that St. Andrew went to the city of the Myrmidons, and that he baptized all the citizens. A young man named Sostratus, of the town of Amarea, which is at least better known than that of the Myrmidons, came, and said to the blessed Andrew, "I am so handsome that my mother has conceived a passion for me. I abhorred so execrable a crime, and have fled. My mother, in her fury, accuses me, to the proconsul of the province, of having attempted to violate her. I can make no answer, for I would rather die than accuse my mother." While he was yet speaking, the guards of the proconsul came and seized him. St. Andrew accompanied the son before the judge, and pleaded his cause. The mother, not at all disconcerted, accused St. Andrew himself of having instigated her son to the crime. The proconsul immediately ordered St. Andrew to be thrown into the river; but, the Apostle having prayed to God, there came a great earthquake, and the mother was struck by a thunderbolt.

After several adventures of the same sort, the author has St. Andrew crucified at Patras.


The Acts of St. James the Greater. The author has him condemned to death at Jerusalem by the

pontiff, and, before his crucifixion, he baptizes the registrar.


The Acts of St. John the Evangelist. The author relates that, at Ephesus, of which place St. John was bishop, Drusilla, being converted by him, desired no more of her husband Andronicus's company, but retired into a tomb. A young man named Callimachus, in love with her, repeatedly pressed her, even in her tomb, to consent to the gratification of his passion. Drusilla, being urged both by her husband and her lover, wished for death, and obtained it. Callimachus, when informed of her loss, was still more furious with love; he bribed one of Andronicus's domestics, who had the keys of the tomb; he ran to it, stripped his mistress of her shroud; and exclaimed, "What thou wouldst not grant me living, thou shalt grant me dead.” A serpent instantly issued from the tomb; the young man fainted; the serpent killed him, as also the domestic who was his accomplice, and coiled itself round his body. St. John arrives with the husband, and, to their astonishment, they find Callimachus alive. St. John orders the serpent to depart, and the serpent obeys. He asks the young man how he has been resuscitated. Callimachus answered, that an angel had appeared to him, saying, "It was necessary that thou shouldst die, in order to revive a Christian." He immediately asked to be baptized, and begged that John would resuscitate Drusilla. The Apostle having instantly worked this miracle, Callimachus and Drusilla prayed that he would also be so good as to resuscitate the domestic. The latter, who was an obstinate pagan, being restored to life, declared that he would rather die than be a Christian, and, accordingly, he incontinently died again; on which St. John said, │ that a bad tree always bears bad fruit.

Aristodemus, high-priest of Ephesus, though struck by such a prodigy, would not be converted; he said to St. John-" Allow me to poison you; and, if you do not die, I will be converted." The Apostle accepted the proposal; but he chose that Aristodemus should

first poison two Ephesians condemned to death. Aristodemus immediately presented to them the poison, and they instantly expired. St. John took the same poison, which did him no harm. He resuscitated the two dead men, and the high-priest was converted.

St. John having attained the age of 97 years, Jesus Christ appeared to him, and said "It is time for thee to come to my table, and feast with thy brethren;" and soon after the Apostle slept in peace.


The History of the Blessed James the Less, and the brothers Simon and Jude. These apostles went into Persia, and performed things as incredible as those related of St. Andrew.


The Acts of St. Matthew, Apostle and Evangelist. St. Matthew goes into Ethiopia, to the great town of Nadaver, where he restores to life the son of Queen Candace, and founds Christian churches,


The Acts of the Blessed Bartholomew in India. Bartholomew went first to the temple of Astaroth. This goddess delivered oracles, and cured all diseases. Bartholomew silenced her, and made sick all those whom she had cured. King Polimius disputed with him; the devil declared, before the king, that he was conquered; and St. Bartholomew consecrated King Polimius bishop of the Indies.


The Acts of the Blessed Thomas, Apostle of India. St. Thomas entered India by another road, and worked more miracles than St. Bartholomew. He at last suffered martyrdom, and appeared to Xiphoro and Susani.


The Acts of the Blessed Philip. He went to preach

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