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52

Legal Education.-Proposed Saturday Half-holiday.

are desirable, and no one earnest lawyer would wish, I am sure, that the careful student should not receive them; but, alas! it is always far easier to destroy than to create, and we run the risk not unfrequently in attempts at improvements of making the evil we seek to remedy ten times worse than before.

Bedford Row, May 11, 1856.

L.

PROPOSED SATURDAY HALF-
HOLIDAY.

REFERRING to the Rule of all the Common

Law Courts inserted in our last Number, directing that notices of legal proceedings should be served before two o'clock on Saturdays, and that services after that hour should be deemed to be served on the following Monday, -we have now to add that the Council of the Incorporated Law Society are applying to the Equity Judges to make a similar order in their Courts; and we trust that next Term there will be an entire uniformity in this regulation.

How half-holidays may be granted in connexion with banking, and certain other establishments.

Lawyers' offices.

Deputation to Lord Campbell.
Benefits of a weekly half-holiday.
Persons must have recreation, the only ques-
tions are, of what kind? and when?

Protracted labour a prolific source of Sabbath desecration, &c.

A Christian duty to do all that is possible to abolish the system.

Saturday the best day for the half-holiday. The bearing of the Saturday half-holiday upon the practice of Sunday trading.

Sunday trading, as at present carried on in the metropolis, not only sinful, but a grievous oppression upon tradesmen and their assistants. Parliamentary evidence on Sunday trading. Country postmen-a simple plan by which to lighten their Sunday labour.

Earlier payment of wages question.
Half-holiday better on a uniform day.
A general rule only, however, is here con-
tended for.

The principle of half-holidays may be recognised even in the retail trade.

Likely to develop itself into practice, also, in some instances, in that branch of business. A comparison of the relative advantages of

Public holidays said by some persons to give an impetus to trade.

These Rules and Orders will enable the solicitors to relieve their clerks as well as themselves, except on urgent occasions. The prac-occasional holidays, and weekly half-holidays. titioners in general have yet to determine whether they will altogether close their offices at two o'clock; and the public at large have yet to follow the example. On this subject we may again refer to the pamphlet of Mr. Lilwall, the Honorary Secretary of "The Early Closing Association," noticed at p. 14, ante.

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Desirableness of three or four such in the course of the year.

Special claims of the half-holiday movement at the present time.

The strong claims of the movement upon all parties on those who supported, not less than on those who opposed Sir Joshua Walmsley's motion.

Uses to which the half-holiday has already been applied in London, Edinburgh, and Man

chester.

The inutility of protracted labour.

Testimony bearing upon this point, of Dr. Southwood Smith, Mr. Robert Baker, Mr. Leonard Horner, Inspector of Factories, Messrs. Bianconi, Price's Candle Company, and certain other employers.

Public places of recreation.

Paucity of places of public recreation of an intellectual character.

The rules of our national institutions should be adopted to the circumstances of the people. Certain changes in this particular suggested. Objections thereto glanced at.

The Crystal Palace-proposal to reduce the charge of admission on Saturdays to 1s.-this question considered at some length.

Desirableness of establishing a cheap class of concerts.

Out-door recreations.

The importance of gymnastics, &c., as a means of healthful recreation.

Site of Smithfield: how to appropriate it.
Hyde Park and the condition of the river.
The Guildhall Meeting."

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LEGAL LONDON.

To whom Articled, Assigned, &c.

Rowland Nevitt Bennett

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Frederic Vallings

George Marten

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MR. HENRY MAYHEW, in his new work called "The Great World of London" (part 2), has given a graphic account of the Lawyers in London,—of the various classes which compose the general body, and the localities in which they congregate. He has also illustrated his work by two maps, the 1st comprising districts inhabited by Lawyers ;" and the 2nd the Superior Courts of Law, the County Courts, Sessions Houses, Police Courts, and Prisons throughout the Metropolis.

These maps strikingly show, as we have before submitted to our readers, that this celebrated "Law District" is in the very centre of our vast metropolis, and consequently that here the New Law Courts and Offices should be erected, as well for the convenience of the Public as the Profession, and for facilitating and expediting legal business and saving expense.

Messrs. Dyott

Augustus Warren; Bray and Warren

Robert Curling; Henry Diggory Warter

Jas. Boodle; Thomas Whitty Chandler; G. Ridge
George Bentinck Lefroy

William Wilmot; Gabriel Goldney

Francis Harding Gell

George Capes; Joseph John Wright

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with grubby mansions—as big and cheerlesslooking as barracks-every one of them being destitute of doors, and having a string of names painted in stripes upon the door posts, that reminds one of the lists displayed at an estateagents' office, and there is generally a chapellike edifice called the hall, that is devoted to feeding rather than praying, and where the lawyerlings 'qualify for the Bar by eating so many dinners; and become at length-gastro"the Inns of Court and nomically-learned in the law. Then how peculiar are the tidy legal gardens attached to grass-plots looking as sleek and bright as so the principal Inns, with their close-shaven much green plush, and the clean-swept gravel walks thronged with children, and nursemaids, and law-students. How odd, too, are the desolate-looking legal alleys or courts adjoining these Inns, with nothing but a pump or a canebearing street-keeper to be seen in the midst of them, and occasionally at one corner, beside barber's shop, with its seedy display of powdered a crypt-like passage, a stray dark and dingy horsehair wigs of the same dirty-white hue as London snow. Who, moreover, has not noted the windows of the legal fruiterers and law stationers hereabouts, stuck over with small announcements of clerkships wanted, each penned in the well-known formidable straight-up-anddown three-and-fourpenny hand, and beginning-with a This Endenture "-like flourish "A reference to the annexed maps will show of German text-"The Writer hereof,” &c. that Legal London is composed not only of Who, too, while threading his way through lawyers' residences and chambers, but of Inns the monastic-like byways of such places, has of Court and Law Courts-Civil as well as Cri- not been startled to find himself suddenly light minal, Superior as well as Petty and upon a small enclosure, comprising a tree or County Courts, and Police Courts, and Prisons; two, and a little circular pool, hardly bigger and that whilst the Criminal, the County, and than a lawyer's inkstand, with a so-called Police Courts, as well as the Prisons, are dotted, fountain in the centre, squirting up the water at intervals, all over the Metropolis, the Su- in one long thick thread, as if it were the nozzle perior Law Courts are focussed at Westminster of a fire-engine. and Guildhall; the Inns of Court being grouped "But such are the features only of the more round Chancery Lane, and the legal residences, important Inns of Court, as Lincoln's and or rather chambers' (for lawyers, like mer- Gray's, and the Temple; but, in addition to chants, now-a-days live mostly away from their these, there exists a large series of legal blind place of business), concentrated into a dense alleys, or yards, which are entitled Inns of mass about the same classic spot, but thinning Chancery," and among which may be classed gradually off towards Guildhall and West- the lugubrious localities of Lyon's Inn and minster, as if they were the connecting links Barnard's ditto, and Clement's and Clifford's, between the legal Courts and the legal Inns. and Sergeants', and Staple, and the like. In The Inns of Court are themselves sufficiently peculiar to give a strong distinctive mark to the locality in which they exist; for here are seen broad open squares like huge court-yards, paved and treeless, and flanked

The following are some of Mr. Mayhew's descriptions of the "local habitations" of the Profession and the peculiarities by which they are surrounded:

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Legal London.-Selections from Correspondence.

55

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with green chenille. In another you find the | The brokers deal only in legal furniture-the statue of a kneeling negro, holding a platter-publishers only in 'FEARNE ON REMAINDERS' like sun-dial over his head, and seeming, while and 'IMPEY'S PRACTICE,' and such like dry doomed to tell the time, to be continually in- legal books—and the stationers in skins of quiring of the surrounding gentlemen in black, parchment and forms of wills, and law-lists and whether he is not a man and a brother?' In almanacs, and other legal appliances. Then another you observe crowds of lawyers' clerks, the dining-rooms and larders,' so plentiful in with their hands full of red-tape-tied papers, this quarter, are adapted to the taste and pockets assembled outside the doors of new clubhouse- of lawyers' clerks; and there are fruiterers, like buildings. Moreover, to nearly every one and oyster-rooms, and 'café restaurant' bakers, of these legal nooks and corners the entrance and Cocks,' and 'RAINBOWS,' for barrisis through some archway or iron gate that has ters and attorneys to lunch at; and 'sponginga high bar standing in the middle, so as to ob-houses,' barred like small lunatic asylums, struct the passage of any porter's load into the chancery sanctuary; and there is generally a little porter's lodge, not unlike a French conciergerie, adjoining the gate, about which loiter liveried street-keepers to awe off little boys, who would otherwise be sure to dedicate the tranquil spots to the more innocent pursuit of marbles or leap-frog.

"The various classes of Law Courts too have, one and all, some picturesque characteristics about them. For example, is not the atmosphere of Westminster Hall essentially distinct from that of the Old Bailey? During term time the Hall at Westminster (which is not unlike an empty railway terminus, with the exception that the rib-like rafters are of carved oak rather than iron) is thronged with suitors and witnesses waiting for their cases to be heard, and pacing the Hall pavement the while, in rows of three or four, and with barristers here and there walking up and down in close communion with attorneys; and there are sprucely-dressed strangers from the country, either bobbing in and out of the various Courts, or else standing still, with their necks bent back and their mouths open, as they stare at the wooden angels at the corners of the oaken timbers overhead.

and with an exercising yard at the back like a bird-cage; and patent-offices; and publichouses, frequented by bailiffs' followers and managing clerks; and quiet-looking taverns, which serve occasionally as courts of commissions de lunatico.'

"Then stretching in all directions from the legal capital, with its adjacent attorney byways of Cook's Court, and Quality Court, and Boswell Court, and Southampton Buildings, we have what may be termed the legal suburbs, such as Bedford Row, with its annexed James and John Streets, and the doleful Red Lion and Bloomsbury Squares, and Southampton Street, Holborn. In the opposite direction, we find the equally legal Essex Street and Lancaster Place, and Somerset Place, and Adam Street (Adelphi) and Buckingham Street, and Whitehall Place, and Parliament Street, and Great George Street, all connecting, by a series of legal links, Chancery Lane to Westminster. Again, along Holborn we have the out-of-theway legal nooks of Bartlett's Buildings and Ely Place. Whilst, in the neighbourhood of the City Courts of Guildhall, there are the like legal localities of King Street, Cheapside, and Bucklersbury, and Basinghall Street, and Old Jewry Chambers, and Coleman Street, and Tokenhouse Yard, and Copthall Buildings, and Crosby Chambers, and New Broad Street, with even a portion of the legal Metropolis stretching across the water to Wellington Street in the Borough."

SELECTIONS FROM CORRE-
SPONDENCE.

IN GERMANY.

"The Courts here are, as it were, a series of ante-chambers ranged along one side of the spacious Hall; and as you enter some of them, you have to bob your head beneath a heavy red cloth curtain. The Judge or Judges, are seated on a long, soft-looking, crimson-covered bench, and costumed in wigs that fall on either side their face, like enormous spaniel's ears, and with periwigged barristers piled up in rows before them, as if they were so many medieval medical students attending the lectures at MARRIAGE TO DECEASED WIFE'S SISTER some antiquated hospital. Then there is the legal fruit-stall, in one of the neighbouring passages, for the distribution of apples, oranges, biscuits, ginger-beer' - and sand wiches to the famished attendants at Court; and the quiet, old-fashioned hotels, for the accommodation of witnesses from the country, ranged along the opposite side of Palace Yard." After noticing the Central Criminal Court and its purlieus, the Insolvent Debtors' Court, and the Police Courts, Mr. Mayhew thus proceeds :

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"Of this Legal London, Chancery Lane may be considered the capital; and here, as we have before said, everything smacks of the law.

An eminent English gentleman, resident near this city, being bereft of his wife some years ago, became desirous of marrying her sister; but this being illegal in England, he sought to evade the consequences which might result to the offspring of the marriage if solemnized in this country (through their illegitimacy) by taking with her a trip to Germany, where they were accordingly married. and will his children be entitled, in the event Is such a marriage legally recognised here, of his intestacy, to inherit as legitimate? and, if so, seeing that in Germany persons sustaining towards each other the relationship of uncle and niece may be united in lawful wed

56

Trinity Term Examination.-Parliamentary Proceedings relating to the Law.

lock, is there anything to stand in the way of an Englishman taking his niece to Germany, and, having there changed his relationship as I have mentioned, returning thence to this country to enjoy immunity from the penalties which our English laws would impose upon such an union if celebrated in this country?

A CONSTANT READER.

Manchester, April 29, 1856.

AD QUOD DAMNUM.

Under the new Rules of Hilary Term, 1853, it is provided that every person who shall have given Notices of Examination and Admission, and "who shall not have attended to be examined, or not have passed the Examination, or not have been admitted, may within ONE WEEK after the end of the Term for which such Notices were given, renew the Notices for Examination or Admission for the then next ensuing Term, and so from time to time as he shall think proper;" but shall not be admitted until

I shall feel obliged if any of your readers the last day of the Term, unless otherwise orcan inform me whether a writ of ad quod dam-dered. This Rule has been made in order to num lies to stop up an almost useless private avoid the practice of giving double Notices. footpath in the country, which is a great nuisance to the gentlemens' houses in the vicinitytogether with the costs of such a proceedingany other information, together with the costs of the process, would be very acceptable? May 1, 1856. A SOLICITOR.

TRINITY TERM EXAMINATION.

THE Examiners appointed for the Examination of persons applying to be aditted Attorneys, have appointed Tuesday, the 3rd June, at the Hall of the Incorporated Law Society, in Chancery Lane, to take the examination, which will commence at 10 o'clock precisely. The Articles of Clerkship and Assignment, if any, with answers to the questions as to due service, according to the regulations approved by the Judges, must be left on or before Wednesday, the 28th inst., at the Law Society's office.

Where the articles have not expired, but will expire during the Term, the Candidate may be examined conditionally; but the articles must be left within the first seven days of Term, and answers up to that time. If part of the Term has been served with a Barrister, Special Pleader, or London Agent, answers to the questions must be obtained from them, as to the time served with each respectively.

A Paper of Questions will be delivered to each Candidate, containing questions to be answered in writing, classed under the several heads of-1. Preliminary. 2. Common and Statute Law, and Practice of the Courts. 3. Conveyancing. 4. Equity, and Practice of the Courts. 5. Bankruptcy, and Practice of the Courts. 6. Criminal Law, and Proceedings before Justices of the Peace.

PARLIAMENTARY PROCEEDINGS

RELATING TO THE LAW.

House of Lords.

Joint-Stock Companies' Winding-up Act Amendment.-Lord Brougham. Passed. Marriage Law Amendment. - Earl of St. Germans. Negatived.

Clergy Offences.-Bishop of Exeter. For 2nd reading.

Drainage Act Amendment.-For 2nd reading, May 19.

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Divorce and Matrimonial Causes. Lord Chancellor. For 2nd reading, May 20. Mercantile Law Amendment.-Lord Chancellor. In Select Committee.

Mercantile Law Amendment (Scotland).— In Select Committee.

Lord

County Courts Act Amendment. Chancellor. In Committee, May 23. Charitable Uses. For 2nd reading, May 20. Judicial Statistics.-Lord Brougham. For 2nd reading.

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Joint-Stock Companies.-Mr. Lowe. committed, with amendments, May 19. Shipping Tolls, &c., Abolition. Mr. Lowe. In Select Committee.

Judgments, Execution, &c.-Mr. Craufurd. For 2nd reading, May 22.

Amendment of Procedure and Evidence.Sir F. Kelly. For 2nd reading, May 19.

Court of Probate of Wills and Grants of

Each Candidate is required to answer all Administration.-Solicitor-General. For 2nd the Preliminary Questions (No. 1); and also

to answer in three of the other heads of inquiry, viz. :-Common Law, Conveyancing, and Equity.

The Examiners will continue the practice of proposing questions in Bankruptcy and in Criminal Law and Proceedings before Justices of the Peace, in order that Candidates who may have given their attention to these subjects, may have the advantage of answering such questions and having the correctness of their answers in those departments taken into consideration in summing up the merit of their General Examination.

reading, May 19.

Testamentary and Matrimonial Jurisdiction.
-Sir F. Kelly. For 2nd reading, May 19.
Ecclesiastical Courts.-Mr. Collier. For 2nd
reading, June 11.

In Committee, May 20.
Sleeping Statutes' Repeal.-Mr. Locke King.

In Committee, May 19.
Oath of Abjuration. Mr. Milner Gibson.

Poor Removal.-Mr. Bouverie. For 2nd reading, May 19.

Church Rates Abolition.-Sir W. Clay. In Committee, May 19.

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