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ancient animals antiquity appears assigned average banks beginning belongs body bones brain Brünn cave cent changes characters civilization cliff close Combe-Capelle compared crania cranium Cro-Magnon crowns Dartford deposited discovered discovery Dordogne early England Essex estimated Europe Europeans evidence face feet flint floor formation France Galley Hill Gibraltar Glacial head Heidelberg height human implements indicate individual Java Krapina land later layer length less lived lower mandible marked measured modern molar muscles narrow Neanderthal type negroid Neolithic occur One-third natural original outline palate Paleolithic period Pleistocene prehistoric present probably Professor Profile prominent race recent regards remains represent river river-bed seen shape short side skeleton skull specimen stature strata stratum surface teeth terrace Thames Valley thickness third thousand Tilbury to-day traces upper usually wide width woman
Page 59 - And assuredly, there is no mark of degradation about any part of its structure. It is, in fact, a fair average human skull, which might have belonged to a philosopher, or might have contained the thoughtless brains of a savage.
Page 61 - The general prevalance of the latter view, for a time, at the close of the last and at the beginning of the present century, did the world a great service by dealing a death blow to the old "police state" of Frederick the Great and Louis XIV., which blocked the way to all reform and all progress.
Page 68 - ... period when, under Darwin's influence, anthropologists expected to find man becoming more primitive in mind and body as his history was traced into the. past. The discovery at Cro-Magnon showed that the evolution of human types was not an orderly one, for, in size of brain, and in stature, the race which flourished in the south of Europe at the close of the Glacial Period was one of the finest the world has ever seen.
Page 81 - We may allow a period of at least 200,000 years to have elapsed since the modern type of man appeared : the probability is that his antiquity is infinitely greater, for he is fully evolved when we meet him first.
Page 120 - The peculiar characters of the Neanderthal type appear to be under the particular domination of the small pituitary gland at the base of the brain. When this gland becomes enlarged, as it occasionally does in the disease known as acromegaly, the Neanderthal characters are developed in the subjects of the disease in an exaggerated and bizarre form. The functions of the pituitary seem to afford a key to Neanderthal characteristics
Page 23 - Neolithic people have been described recently by Dr. Franz Schwertz. All trace of this race has disappeared in Switzerland, whereas in England, in spite of invasion of Saxon, Jute, Dane and Norman, it still thrives abundantly.
Page 87 - ... chewing movements were impossible so long as the canine teeth projected beyond the level of the other teeth. The retrogression of the canine teeth in the primitive human stock and the evolution from the anthropoid to the early human mechanism of mastication must be sought for in the Pliocene period or even earlier.