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Oxford Editions of the Dramatists

The Works of Thomas Kyd. Edited, with facsimile letters

and title-pages, by F. S. Boas. 8vo. $5.00. The Works of John Lyly. Edited by R. W. Bond. In three

volumes 8vo, with collotype and facsimile title-pages. $12.75. The Plays and Poems of Robert Greene. Edited, with

facsimile title-pages, etc., by J. CHURTON Collins. 2 vols. 8vo. $5.75.

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The Mediaeval Stage, from classical times through folk-play and

minstrelsy to Elizabethan drama. By E. K. CHAMBERS. 8vo. $7.75. York Plays. Edited by L. Toulmin SMITH. 8vo. $6.75. The Pilgrimage to Parnassus, etc. : comedies performed in St.

John's College, Cambridge, A.D. 1597–1601. Ed. W. D. MACRAY.

Med. 8vo. $2.25. Miracle Plays, Moralities and Interludes, being specimens

of the pre-Elizabethan drama. Edited by A. W. POLLARD.

Cr. 8vo. $1.90. Early English Tragedies. Edited, with introduction and notes, by

J. W. CUNLIFFE, Cr. 8vo. $2.50. Plays from the Italian: Supposes, The Buggbears, Misogonus. Edited by R. W. BOND. Cr. 8vo.

$2.50. Ancient Classical Drama. By R. G. MOULTON. Cr. 8vo. $2.25.

Ed. 5.

By R. G. MOULTON.

Shakespeare as a Dramatic Artist.

Third edition. Cr. 8vo. $1.90.

pinchbeck. An alloy of copper and zinc used in cheap jewelry. I could do such deeds.” A misquotation probably of Lear's “I will do such things.” (II, iv, 283.)

P. 382. King's Mead-fields. An extensive meadow to the west of the city. (Adams.)

sharps and snaps. Swords and pistols used in duelling.
P. 384. What Hamlet says:

“ Hyperion rls, the front of Jove himself,
An eye like Mars, to threaten and command;
A station like the herald Mercury
New-lighted on a heaven-kissing hill.”

(III, iv, 56-59.) P. 385. Bedlam. A corruption of St. Mary of Bethlehem, the famous London hospital for the insane.

Youth's the season, etc. See Gay's Beggar's Opera, II, iv.
P. 386. still. Always.

P. 387. Spring Gardens. A pleasure resort on the east bank and on the other side of the river from the city. P. 388. not unsought be won. Milton's Paradise Lost, viii, 502-503 :

“Her virtue, and the conscience of her worth,

That would be wooed, and not unsought be won.” P. 390. Smithfield bargain. A sharp or roguish bargain; also, a marriage of interest in which money is the chief consideration. (N. E. D.) Smithfield was formerly a cattle market.

Scotch parson. Eloping couples could more easily be married in Scotland than in England.

P. 391. fire-office. Really a fire-insurance office, “but here, of course, misused by David in a way worthy of Mrs. Malaprop.” (Nettleton.)

putrefactions. For petrifactions, which were found abundantly in Derby'shire.

sword ... Bath. See note on III, iv, p. 381. P. 393. Abbey. The abbey church of Bath. P. 396. cit. Citizen.

THE SCHOOL FOR SCANDAL

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Our text follows Sheridan's manuscript of The School for Scandal, as printed in the editions of Rae and Nettleton. (See Bibliography.)

P. 397. vapors. Low spirits.
quantum sufficit. As much as suffices.
sal volatile. An aromatic solution taken for faintness.
poz. Slang for “positive.”
dash and star. Used instead of names in scandalous news items.
P. 398. Dramatis Persona. The part of “Miss Verjuice

was, in later versions, merged in that of Snake.” Spunge” became at once “Trip."

Lappet. This part of the Maid is withdrawn in later versions. demirep. A woman of suspected reputation. a Tête-à-Tête ... Magazine. The Tête-à-Tête column in The Town and Country Magazine, or Useful Repository of Knowledge, Instruction, and Entertainment, was devoted to accounts of scandals in fashionable society. (See She Stoops to Conquer, II, i, p. 335.)

P. 399. execution. Seizure of goods in default of payment.
P. 401. Petrarch's...Sacharissa. Laura was the object of Petrarch's (1304-

1374) love verses, and Sacharissa (Lady Dorothy Sidney) of Waller's (1605-1687).

P. 402. Tunbridge. Tunbridge Wells, a pleasure resort about thirty-five miles southeast of London.

Old Jewry. A London street in the heart of the City, so named from the Synagogue which stood here prior to the persecution of the Jews in 1291. (Baedeker.)

Tontine. A tontine is an annuity shared by subscribers to a loan, the shares increasing as the subscribers die till the last survivor gets all. In 1773 the great increase of the Irish national debt led to the establishment of the Tontine Annuities and Stamp Duties by which immediate needs were met.

doubt. Rather think, suspect.
P. 404. the Pantheon. A concert hall in Oxford Street.
Fête Champêtre. An open-air fête or festival.

tambour. A circular frame on which silk or the like is stretched to be embroidered.

Pope Joan. A card-game which survives to-day in a modified form as New Market.

fly cap. A kind of head-dress resembling an overgrown butterfly with outstretched wings.

Vis-à-vis. A kind of carriage in which persons sit facing each other. P. 405. rid on hurdles. Condemned criminals rode on carts to their place of execution.

clippers of reputation. The allusion is to those who clipped the edges of coins.

High park. Hyde Park.

macaronies. Dandies. The quatrain was taken from some earlier verses, which are given in Fraser Rae's Life, I, 330-331.

Phæbus. As the god of poetry.

P. 406. the Ring. A fashionable drive round an enclosed space in Hyde Park about 350 yards in length.

P. 407. Spa. See note on The Rivals, II, I, p. 370.
Law Merchant. Mercantile law.
P. 408. Cicisbeo. A gallant in attendance upon a married lady.
P. 409. jet. The real point, the gist.

A tear...charity.” Quoted from 2 Henry IV, IV, iv, 81-82. The original has

open as day.' P. 410. Crutched Friars. A street near the Tower of London, named after the convent of the Crossed or Crouched Friars.

P. 411. annuity bill. A bill was passed in May, 1777, “providing that all contracts with minors for annuities shall be void, and that those procuring them and solicitors charging more than ten shillings per cent. shall be subject to fine or imprisonment.” (Matthews.)

P. 413. Bags. A small silken pouch to contain the back hair of the wig. (N. E. D.)

throws off faster. Nobody discards faster from his wardrobe. (Nettleton.)

mortgage ... post-obit. Legal terms that Charles's servant would be familiar with.

point. Point-lace. hazard. A game of chance with dice. P. 415. bough-pots. Pots for holding flowers or boughs. P. 416. race-cups and corporation-bowls. Cups won at races and bowls given by the Corporation of the city.

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P. 417. What do you bid? Part of the fun of this auction scene lies in the fact that the auction is a farce, since there is only one bidder, who with only one exception accepts the price set on the pictures.

kweller. A famous portrait painter (1646-1723) of royal and noble perNonos.

tam olarak The cushion on which the Lord Chancellor sits in the House of Lords; here applied to the law generally.

1' 110. Draw that screen, etc. When Lady Teazle later hides behind the 10 cent, she will, of course, expose herself to the “maiden lady of so curious a tempat."

11. Sir Peter, etc. Charles's speech is not so heartless as it seems at nud sighe, for he believes that everyone present has been guilty of dissimulathen wlule he has been acting innocently. The situation is penetrated with a pery grim humor on the verge of tragedy, just as Lady Teazle has been on the verge of her own moral destruction.

1' 1 G 1100*s, pogodas. A rupee is equal to two shillings, a pagoda to abolil ini Orndarnain. The more usual form is “amadavat," an Indian song bird

in color with white spots. (.V. E. P.) Tandhom ville dersi Indian fire crachers" tastefully got up with colored Map Ceries on Series: 11, 100)

1. th Nom sreond".1 term in fencing for 'a thrust, parry, or other itement dommerd toward the leit.'" (Vettleton.)

"The mentem was a triennial ceremony of the boys at Eton, abend im It consisted of a procession to a mound (ad montem) near the hath no where they enacted money from those present and y all these The sum collected, sometimes nearly £1.000, went to

mer her, and served to pay his expenses at the uniTRENT Hitchens

p" the line Shop vintern stevie. Cf. the metern practice of giving pat vertats be answered by addressing to the care of the *** Sirlier reipas kini from IV. ii.

Liman pretor of the Haymarket 1,24

Medicina in Buckingham's 1.1.1

era iashicas in the Su as a the Epcogue

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

CHIEF WORKS OF GENERAL REFERENCE

The single volume most useful to the student of the whole period is G. H. Nettleton's English Drama of the Restoration and Eighteenth Century (1642-1780), 1914, with its careful criticism and concise bibliography. The third volume of A. W. Ward's History of English Dramatic Literature to the death of Queen Anne, 1899, particularly chapter IX, will assist the study of the earlier part of the time. The Cambridge History of English Literature, vol. VIII (1912), chapters V, VI, VII, vol. IX (1913), chapter II, and vol. X (1914), chapters II, IV, and IX, discusses nearly all our authors. The stage history of the epoch receives elaborate treatment in Genest's monumental work in ten volumes, Some Account of the English Stage from the Restoration in 1660 to 1830, 1832. Other works of general value are Ashley H. Thorndike's Tragedy, 1908, chapters VIII and IX, and John Palmer's The Comedy of Manners (1664-1720), 1913. Every reader of Restoration Comedy should know Leigh Hunt's Dramatic Works of Wycherley, Congreve, Vanbrugh and Farquhar (1849), a complete edition of the plays, containing memoirs of the dramatists and the famous essays of Lamb and Hazlitt, and should read Macaulay's equally famous review of this edition.

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DRYDEN

The standard edition of the plays is the Scott-Saintsbury, in eight volumes, 1882. Saintsbury has a selection of plays in the Mermaid Series in two volumes containing among others “The Conquest of Granada” and “ All for Love." Professor George R. Noyes has edited with notes Selected Dramas of John Dryden with The Rehearsal, 1910, which includes both our plays. The most important treatises on the heroic play are Holzhausen's

Dryden's Heroisches Drama " in Englische Studien, vols. XIII, XV, XVI, 1889-1892; L. N. Chase's The English Heroic Play, 1903; C. G. Child's 'The Rise of the Heroic Play” in Modern Language Notes, 1904; J. W. Tupper's “The Relation of the Heroic Play to the Romances of Beaumont and Fletcher" in the Publications of the M. L. A. of America, 1905; Herbert W. Hill's “ La Calprenede's Romances and the Restoration Drama,” University of Nevada Studies, vol. II, no. 3, 1910. “All for Love” has been included by Furness in his Variorum edition of Shakspere's “ Antony and Cleopatra,” 1907, pp. 409-472, and has been edited (with “The Spanish Friar") by William Strunk, Jr., in the Belles Lettres Series, 1911, with notes and bibliography. Valuable comment upon this play is found in

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