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The Papers read were as follows :
Monday, June 9th. “The Domestic Sanitary Arrangements of the Metropolitan Poor. By John W. TRIPE, M.D., Medical Officer of Health for Hackney. “The Improvement of the Sanitary Arrangements of Metropolitan Houses.” By ERNEST TURNER, F.R.I.B.A. Chairman, T. ORME DUDFIELD, Esq., M.D., President of the Society of Medical Officers of Health, Medical Officer of Health for Kensington.
Tuesday, June roth. “ Domestic Sanitation in Rural Districts." By GEORGE Wilson, M.A., M.D., Medical Officer of Health for the Mid-Warwick District. Sanitary Houses for the Working Classes in Urban Districts." By Percy BOULNOIS, M. Inst. C.E., Borough Engineer, Portsmouth. Chairman, Captain Douglas GALTON, C.B., F.R.S., Chairman of Council, Parkes Museum of Hygiene.
Wednesday, June uth. “ Industrial Diseases." By JOHN SYER Bristowe, M.D., F.R.S., Medical Officer of Health for Camberwell. Chairman, EDWIN CHADWICK, Esq., C.B., Vice-President of the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain (in the absence, through illness, of His Grace the DUKE OF NORTHUMBERLAND, D.C.L., LL.D., Presi. dent of the Institute).
Thursday, June 12th. “ How Infectious Diseases are Spread.” By W. H. CORFIELD, M.A., M.D., Medical Officer of Health for St. George's, Hanover Square. “ Cow's Milk as a Vehicle of Infectious and Epidemic Disease to the Community, with suggestions for the more effectual Prevention of such Outbreaks.” By W. N. THURSFIELD, M.D., Medical Officer of Health, Shropshire Comb. District. Chairman, Dr. AlFRED CARPENTER, J.P., Chairman of Council, Sanitary Institute of Great Britain.
Friday, June 13th. “The Right of the State to enforce Notification of Infectious Diseases, and the best method of doing it.” By ALFRED CARPENTER, M.D., J.P. “The Notification of Infectious Diseases, its Importance and its Difficulties.” By ALFRED Hill, M.D., Medical Officer of Health for Birmingham. Chairman, The Right Hon. Earl FORTEscue, Vice-President of the Parkes Museum of Hygiene.
Saturday, June 14th. “The Disposal of the Dead.” By A. WYNTER BLYTH, M.R.C.S., Medical Officer of Health for St. Marylebone. “ Cremation.” By W. EASSIE, C.E. Chairman, Sir JAMES MCGAREL HOGG, Bart., M.P., K.C.B., Chairman of the Metropolitan Board of Works.
The Conferences were largely attended and the discussions on the several Papers well sustained: the following gentlemen taking part in them :ACLAND, Sir HENRY, K.C.B., M.D., Regius Professor of Medicine,
Oxford. ACLAND, Sir T. DYKE, Bart., M.P. ANDERSON, Dr. A. ARMISTEAD, Dr. W., Medical Officer of Health, Cambridgeshire. ARMSTRONG, Mr. H. E., Medical Officer of Health, Newcastle-on
Tyne. BARTLETT, Dr. H. C., Ph.D., F.C.S. BAILY, Mr. J., Secretary to the Vigilance Committee. BERNAYS, Dr. BLASHILL, Mr. T., F.R.I.B.A. BLYTH, Mr. A. WYNTER, M.R.C.S., Medical Officer of Health, St.
Marylebone. BUCKINGHAM AND CHANDOS, His Grace the Duke of, K.G. BURNS, Mr. J. CLELAND, Chairman of the Glasgow Charity Organiza
tion Society. CAMERON, Dr. CHARLES, M.P. CARPENTER, Dr. A., J.P. CARTER, Dr. W., Medical Officer of Health, West Derby. CHADWICK, Mr. EDWIN, C.B. CORFIELD, Professor W. H., M.A., M.D., Medical Officer of Health,
St. George's, Hanover Square. DE CHAUMONT, Professor F., M.D., F.R.S., Army Medical School,
Netley. DIXON, Dr. JOHN, Medical Officer of Health, Bermondsey. DUDFIELD, Dr. T. ORME, Medical Officer of Health, Kensington. FARQUHARSON, Dr. ROBERT, M.P. FIELD, Mr. ROGERS, B.A., M. Inst. C.E. FLEMING, Professor, Principal Veterinary Surgeon to the Army. FORTESCUE, The Right Hon. Earl. GALTON, Captain DOUGLAS, C.B., F.R.S. GIBBON, Mr. SEPT., Medical Officer of Health, Holborn. GREENHOW, Dr. E. HEADLAM, F.R.S. HARDY, Mr. NELSON, F.R.C.S.Ed., Dulwich. HODGSON, Mr. HOGG, Sir J. McGAREL, K.C.B., M.P., Chairman of the Metropolitan
Board of Works.
MURPHY, Mr. SHIRLEY, M.R.C.S., Medical Officer of Health,
Islington. NANSON, Mr. Tom. NUNN, Mr. PHILIP. OGLE, Dr. William, Superintendent of Statistics, General Register
Office. ORD, Dr. W. MILLER, F.R.C.P. PRIESTLEY, Dr. W. O., F.R.C.P. PRINGLE, Dr. ROBERT, Surgeon-Major, Bengal Army. RAWLINSON, Sir ROBERT, C.B., Chief Inspector, Local Government
Board. ROBINS, Mr. E. C., F.R.I.B.A. SAUNDERS, Dr. SEDGWICK, Medical Officer of Health, Herts and
Middlesex Combined District. SLATER, Mr. JOHN. SMITH, Mr. TAAFFE, Dr. R., Medical Officer of Health, Brighton. THURSFIELD, Dr. W. N., Medical Officer of Health, Shropshire
Combined Sanitary District. VACHER, Dr. FRANCIS, Medical Officer of Health, Birkenhead. WALFORD, Dr. WELLS, Sir SPENCER, Bart., F.R.C.S. West, Dr. CHARLES, F.R.C.P. Wilson, Dr. GEORGE, M.A., Medical Officer of Health, Mid-Warwick. WOODFORDE, Dr. W., Medical Officer of Health, Berks Combined
District. YOUNG, Mr. W., Secretary to Society for Abolition of Compulsory
CONFERENCE ON MONDAY, JUNE 9TH, 1884.
1. “The Domestic Sanitary Arrangements of the Metropolitan Poor."
By John W. TRIPE, M.D., M.R.C.P., Ed., &c. 2. “ The Improvement of the Sanitary Arrangements of Metropolitan
Houses." By ERNEST TURNER, F.R.I.B.A.
T. ORME DUDFIELD, Esq., M.D. Chairman of the Conference Joint Committee; President of the
Society of Medical Officers of Health; Medical Officer of Health for Kensington, &c.
THE CHAIRMAN, in opening the proceedings, stated that the Conference had been organised, at the request of the Executive Council of the Health Exhibition, by the Parkes Museum of Hygiene, the Sanitary Institute of Great Britain, and the Society of Medical Officers of Health. intended, originally, that each society should have a Conference of its own, managed by its own council, but it appearing probable that the subjects to be dealt with by the three societies—which were all working on similar lines—might overlap, it was thought desirable, by the Executive Council, that the societies should amalgamate for the purpose of holding a Conference in common. A Joint-Committee, therefore, had been appointed to make the necessary arrangements, and he ventured to hope that the programme drawn up, and which was in the hands of most of those present, would be found sufficiently interesting, embracing as it did many subjects of considerable importance to sanitarians and to the public generally, whether in town or country. After briefly referring to the subjects of the papers to be read on the six days over which the Conference would be continued, and to the special qualifications of Dr. Tripe and Mr. Ernest Turner to deal with the subject assigned to them, and with which they would deal, the one from the medical and the other from the architectural point of view, the Chairman called upon Dr. Tripe to read
THE DOMESTIC SANITARY ARRANGE
MENTS OF THE METROPOLITAN
By John W. TRIPE, M.D., M.R.C.P., Ed., &c.
WHEN I was requested to read a brief Paper on this wellworn subject in conjunction with Mr. Ernest Turner, the first question which suggested itself to me was, Who are the poor concerning whom I have to address you? The word embraces a very great variety, I may say not only of persons but of classes; not merely the two great classes of the deserving and the undeserving poor, that is to say, (a) those who are poor from the force of circumstances over which they have no control, and (b) those who are poor from indulgence in vice, and even crime, but also a multitude of others who obtain an honest living as
a hawkers, costermongers, necdle-women, matchbox makers, workers in manufactories, and others. I do not, however, propose to mention the domestic arrangements of any particular class, but to take the word "poor" in its broadest