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INDEX.

Abel, Sir F., his plan of purifying water, 510-513
Accidents in mines, great number of, 353
Accrington, notification of infectious diseases at, 236
Aeration, a desideratum of drinking water, 462, 469
Air, as an insecting medium, 145, 146
Alcohol, high death rates due to, 125
Algæ, confervoid, great numbers of, in river water, 491
Alluvium, how far permeable, 369
Alyn river, case of alleged abstraction of water from, 397, 398
Ambulance, War Office definition of, 316 ; need of proper, in towns, 325; for

infectious cases, 325; ambulance carriages of the Metropolitan Asylums
Board, 326 ; the American, 327 ; at Liverpool, 327, 328 ; ambulance
material not so valuable as trained men, 327 ; future of ambulance work,
331 ; a permanent museum of ambulance material needed, 332 ; value of
ambulances in small-pox, 334; systems of Boston, New York and
Philadelphia, 347; ambulance instruction, value of to policemen, firemen,
shipbuilders, sailors, soldiers, mothers, railway porters, miners, 320, 321 ;
individual examples of, 329, 330; ambulances save limbs, 350 ;
ambulance school needed in every village, 348 ; evils of want of them,

350-352 ; save money of employers, 353
Ambulance volunteers in Kent, Yorkshire, at Leicester, Leamington, &c., 329
Ambulance wharves, 339
America, ambulance system in, 347 ; provision for accidents on railroads in,

347
Animals met with in fresh water, the chief, 488 ; proportion of near Thames

sewage outtalls, 489
Anthrax fever, 119, 120, 135; communicated by flies, 153
Antwerp waterworks, 509-511, 517
Aqueduct at Paris, 533
Architects, often deficient in sanitary knowledge, 35, 40, 44
“ Ashford litter," the, 328, 329

BACTERIA, function of, 263; brought up by worms, 309
Bagshot beds, as source of water supply, 368, 406
Ballard v. Tomlinson, case cited, 373
Bath rooms, waste pipes of, improperly fixed, 59
Bath water, &c., proper disposal of, 40
Battle-fields, cremation on, 294, 295
Basements objectionable, 71, 72

Birmingham, notification of infectious disease at, 222 ; fire brigade at, 553
Bischof, Professor, his method of purifying water, 509-512, 517
Blackburn, notification of infectious disease at, 237
Bolton, Sir F., extract from his report, 417
Bond, Dr., on the ‘The Home of the Agricultural Labourer,' quoted, 58
Bond, Dr. Francis, his view as to notification of infectious disease, 208
Boulder-clay in relation to water supply, 368, 369
“ Bournes,” what, 440
Boston (U.S.A.), compulsory notification of disease at, 253
Bovine tuberculosis, discussion of, 179, 189, 196
Bradford, notification of infectious disease at, 224
Brick-earth, in relation to water supply, 367, 368
Brighton, water supply of, 442
British Association, Underground Water Committee of, 381
Brooks, Shirley, a founder of the Cremation Society, 287
Browne, Sir T., on cremation, 302
Brussels, compulsory notification of disease at, 254
Building new houses, importance of regulating, 31
Burial, a rational process of, 270; Mr. Seymour Haden's plan, 274 ; deep sea

burial, 275, fire-burial, 275-311. (See also Interment, Dead.)
Burial grounds not unhealthy, 309
Butter, as a source of infection, 172, 173
Bye-laws, Model, of the Local Government Board, 31

Calves, throat disease of, 159, 182
Cameron, Dr., his speech in Parliament on cremation, 286
Carbon, proportion of in water, 498, 499, 500
Centralisation needed, 88, 89
Chadwick, Mr. E., (C.B.), his report on Interment in Towns, 268
Chalk, area of as source of Water Supply, 364-373, 439, 597 ; parts with

water slowly, 383; extent of areas from the Medway to the Meon, 385;
result of a survey of the chalk in Sussex, 387; contamination of water
from the chalk, 396 ; borings in chalk supplemented by driving adits,

441
Charcoal as filtering and purifying agent, 595, 596
Chaumont de, Professor, opinion on cremation, 287
Chicken-pox conveyed by clothes, 148; by letters, 149 ; mistaken for small-

pox, 187

Cholera traced to polluted water, 151
Cinerary urns, 291
Cisterns, importance of position of 29, 30; defects of, 416, 417 ; dangers of

456-458, 460, 514, 516
Cleansing of houses, how enforced, 10; powers as to in rural districts, 55
Clergy, the, their opinion on cremation, 299
Clothes as infecting medium, 148; to cattle, 198
Closets, defects of, 62-64
Commissioners of Sewers, their committee on cremation, 286, 299
“Contagious Diseases (Animals) Act,” authorities administering, 165
Contagious disease, notice of, how enforced, u
Cooking, should be done by gas, 36

Cottage hospitals, value of, 317, 353
Coralline crag, as source of water supply, 368
Cornbrash, marks sites of villages, 375
Corpses, infection from, how conveyed, 266
Cremation not illegal, 283; not now considered impious, 276–7; decision of

Mr. Justice Stephen, 277, 280 ; pussible concealment of crime by, 277,
301; to be performed after coroner's certificate, 278; cost of, 286, 289,
291; speeches in Parliament on, 286; cremation versus inhumation,
divisions on, 281; objections to cremation disappearing, 281 ; speeches in
favour of, in Germany and Italy, 282; improper cremations, 295;
cremation should be compulsory after death from infectious disease, 308 ;

report of committee of the Commissioners of Sewers, 286, 299
Cremation Society of England, the, 283, 285, 286; when founded, 287 ;

founders of, 287
Cremation Societies of France, Spain, Portugal, Holland, Sweden, America,

291
Crematorium at Woking, 283, 285, 286, 290 : at Gotha, 291, 293 ; at Milan,

at Rome, 291 ; of Mr. Le Mon, 297 ; temporary crematory in
Dorsetshire, 293; design of Sir W. Siemens for a crematory, 292 ;

ancient Roman crematories, 293 ; various patterns of crematories, 292
Crime, possible conccalment of, by cremation, 277, 289, 298, 301
Cubic space, difficulty of securing adequate, on account of expense, 87 ; cubic

space in cowsheds, 170
Cyclops, fecundity of, 489

DAIRIES, inspection of, 180
“Dairies, cowsheds and milk shops order," the, 164, 193
Dairy farms, requirements as to desirable, 170

Damp course” indispensable, 43, 72
Dead, disposal of the, different methods of, 262; nature's methods, 262;

simple exposure, 263; by Parsees, 263 ; by Chatham Islanders, 264 ;
sickening abuses of earth burial, 265; burial of still-born children,' 268 ;
rational process of earth-burial, a, 270; diseases spread by burial, 290,

291, 305. (See also Cremation.)
Desmids in water, great numbers of, 491
Diarrhæa from Thames water, 517
Diatoms in water, great numbers of, 491
Dilke, Sir C., his opinion on notification of disease, 246
Diphtheria, causes of, 14, 17, 48, 147, 152, 158, 174, 182
“Disconnecting the drains,” 28, 47, 48, 75
Disinfection, importance of, 186; compulsory at Newcastle on-Tyne, 239
Distillation of water, 484 ; on ocean steamers, 485
Domestic servants, diseases of, 128, 129
Drainage, “combined,” evils of, 33 ; decision of Court of Chancery as to, 33 I
Draining, how enforced, 11
Drains, brick, ought to be re-constructed, 19; “ disconnecting” drains, 28.

47, 48, 75; defects of drains in rural districts, 59
Dress, a fever proof, 186
Dumb wells,” use of, 381-383, 392 ; care needed in construction of, 384 ;

dumb-wells in India, 395 ; useless in Hull district, 448
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Dundee, notification of infectious disease at, 224
Dust, removal of, best arrangements for, 20; importance and difficulty of, 32,

33, 36, 38, 47, 48; amount of “dust " ought to be diminished, 36, 43
Dust-bins, best form of, 20; should be abolished, 48, 74
Earth closets, neglect to use properly, 65
Economy in sanitary work needed, 79, 80, 81, 82, 93
Edinburgh, notification of infectious disease in, 235-6
Education, (sanitary), need of, 76, 79, 80, 85, 94
Egeling, Dr., his communication as to law of notification of disease in Holland,

256–259
Embalmment, how performed, 278; value of, for identification of remains in

case of doubt, 278, 305
Enteric fever, cause of, 34 ; difficulty of tracing cause, 152 ; in Cornwall, 157 ;

at Southsea Barracks, 176, 177; communicated by milk, 174, 189, 254
Entomostraca, characteristics of, 489; excreta of, 490
Examination of Local Sanitary Officers, 90
FARQUHARSON, Dr., M.P., his speech on cremation, 286
Fever. See Enteric, Scarlet, Typhus.
File makers, disease of, 126
Filter beds for village water supply: 413 ; forms of, 437, 8
Filtration at Wakefield and at Antwerp, 415; speed of filtration, 438; through

iron, 509-511, 517 ; worthlessness of filters, 519, 520, 524 ; perfect filter,

how obtainable, 520
FIRE EXTINCTION, WATER SUPPLY FOR: extent of losses by fire, 548; requisites

of supply, 549 ; hydrants and fire plugs, 550 ; pressure per inch required
for hydrants, 550 ; hydrants superior to fire-engines, 551 ; the Liverpool
fire brigade, 551 ; its cost, 552; statistics of the Glasgow, Manchester,
Dublin, and Birmingham brigades, 552, 553; the New York brigaile,
553, 554 ; the London brigade, 554, 555; Select Committee on fires in
the metropolis, 556 ; plan of the Metropolitan Board of Works, 557;
great increase in distance travelled by metropolitan fire-engines, 558;
increase in cost of the brigade, 558 ; this cost is lower than in Paris and
New York, 559; statistićs of the Paris brigade, 559 ; comparison of cost
of fire service in hydranted and unhydranted cities, 560-562 ; evils of the

London system, 577, 578
Fires, danger of, 25, 39
Flannel screens, use of, 134
Flats, dangers of, 70; need not be unhealthy, 98
Flax dressers, disease of, 116
Floors, need of well laying, 72, 73
Frankland, Dr., his Sixth Report of Rivers Pollution Commission, 423

effects of his theory of oxidation of river water, 429
Funerals, objections to pomp of, 279; should be early in the morning, 279
Gaillet and Ifuet process for softening water, 484
Gas, value of, for cooking, 36
Germs of disease, question of their removal by infusoria, 491
Glacial drift, the, 366, 367
Glasgow, water supply of, 431–3 ; dyspepsia from, 446, 516
Glovers, disease of, 117

Greenock, notification of infectious disease at, 227
Greensand as source of water supply, 395
Grinders, disease of, 116
Guardians, Boards of, owners of bad cottage property, 57
HARD water, effects of, 426; geologic formations yielding, 426
Hardness of water, definition of, 468; temporary and permanent, 469; health

statistics in favour of, 470; soap test of, 476
Hastings, zymotic disease at, stamped out by employment of a woman teacher

for the sick poor, 251
Hastings, Mr., his Bill for notification of infectious disease, 211; his silence

on the question at Huddersfield, 212
Havre, notification of infectious disease at, 254
Head of water, how measured, 378
Hertfordshire, water systems of, 386 ; villages without water supply in, 387
Holland, law as to notification of disease in, 256–259
Hospital accommodation, supplied where infectious disease is duly notified, 229;

useless without notification, 229; provision of, more important than

notification of disease, 249
Hotels, sanitary examination of, 229; proposed sanatorium for hotel servants,

253
Huddersfield, notification of infectious disease at, 208
Hydrogeology, importance of, 386, 389, 394 ; value of hydrogeological survey,

459
Hygiene, Royal Italian Society of, 294
“ IMPURITY” (organic), a misleading term in connection with water supply,

506, 507
Incubation of infectious disease, 144
INDUSTRIAL DISEASES, 101-141
INFECTIOUS DISEASE, notice of, how enforced, 11 ; spread of, by milk, 154-

i

199; compulsory notification of, discussed, 200-259
Infusoria in the Medway, 491 ; their action on disease germs, 491
Insanitary House, the model, in the Exhibition, 27
Inspection (sanitary), importance of, 35; defects of the present, 77
Interments, Report of Board of Health (1850-51) on, 296
Ironstone, marking sites of villages, 375
Irritants to the skin, 113-14; to the lungs, 115
Itch, the grocers', bakers', etc., 113

JAIL-FEVER, 187
KAY, Mr. Justice, decision as to cremation, 283
Kennet, pollution of the, 454
Kensington Vestry, agree to principle of notification of infectious disease, 246
Koch, Dr., his method of cultivating spores, 513
Kolapore, Rajah of, cremation of his remains, 292
LACE-MAKERS, diseases of, 117
Lake water, organic matter in, 499
Lancaster, water supply of, 429-431
Landlords, difficulties of, 11 ; bad, 49

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