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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
8 30 31 33 33 53
1. Flasks for determination of carbonic acid
guinea worm 32. Various appearances of the posterior end of the guinea worm 33. The young of the guinea worm 34. Wheat starch (after Atcherley)
35. Professor Kerr's aspect compass 36, 37. Diagrams of Pettenkofer's experiment on the porosity of building materials 38, 39. Plan and elevation of the Herbert Hospital
40. Plan of a ward
41. Plan of a ward in the Herbert Hospital 42, 43, Different methods of arranging hospital wards on the separate block system . 45, 46. Plan and section of American ambulance tent (after Gordon)
47. Plan of small hospital for infectious diseases 48. Plan of temporary hospital .
98 98 98 111 111 112 127 127 149 151 171 172 191 198
233 238 269 270 270 270 270
268 288 289
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
PAGB 301 302 310
333 333 334 334 335 335 353 357 384 409 413 463
49. Edmond's ventilating cowl .
68. The Peranospora infestans, or potato disease fungus (after W. G. Smith) 69, 70,
Plan, elevation, section, &c., of a privy · 71, 72. S
73. Microscopical appearances of rice (after Atcherley)
76. Diagram showing the effect of position on the spinal column
81. Diagram showing the proper method of joining sewers
85. Section of a grating supplied with a charcoal pan 86, 87, Baldwin Latham's spiral charcoal ventilators
94. Plan of a model abattoir 95, 96,
Plan and section of a model abattoir 97. 98, 99, 100, 103.)
Diagrams of Westphal's balance 104. Tous-les-mois, polarised (after Atcherley) . 105. St. Vincent arrowroot (after Atcherley) 106. Potato starch polarised (after Atcherley) 107. Different stages of development of the Tænia solium 108. The head (magnified) of the Tænia solium . 109. The circle of hooklets of the Tænia solium 110. The mature proglottis of the Tenia solium 111. The cysticercus of the Tania mediocanellata, natural size 112, The Tania mediocanellata. 113. The Cysticercus cellulosa from measly pork 114. The Tænia mediocanellata from ration beef 115. A filter-tank 116. Microscopical appearances of tapioca (after Atcherley) 117. Diagram of the tea plant (after Atcherley)
494 499 509 511 512 527 532 533 534 531 531
535 535 535 536 536 543
559 560 560 577 578 578 578 578 579 579 579 581 583 585
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS.
118 Tea leaves after having been used (after Atcherley)
121. A common sink trap
124. Sections of Banner's patent trap
130. Banner's patent ventilating cowl
135. Mr. George's calorigen
PAGE 580 586 586 611 611 612 613 614 614 617 622 623
624 625 625 630 636 640
MAP OF THE GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEALTH AND DISEASE (by permission, from Keith Johnston's Physical Atlas)
To face page 186 DIAGRAM OF THE INTERMITTENT DOWNWARD FILTRATION SEWAGE SYSTEM, as in opera
tion at Merthyr Tydfil (by permission of Mr Bailey Denton) To face page 524 ERRATA.
Page 4, col. 1, line 2, for “ receives” read “receive."
4, col. 2, the formula for caffeic acid should be C1,H1607.
76, col. 1, 3d line from the bottom of the page, for "at figure 6" read “at figure 9.” , 120, col. 1, the formula for caramel should be C12H1309.
210, in the table, 1st column, 3d line, for “100” read “120.” 218, col. 3, near the bottom, for “offa” read “offal."
256, article “Glucose,” for “effluvia" read “effluvium." , 293, article “Hygiène,” after the word “ labourer " insert" and.”
323, article “Lactin,” for “or C1,H.,0,H.20" read “or C1,H..OH,0.” 334, article “Lice,” for “especially the pubis ” read “especially the pubes." 397, the formula of sinapine in article “Mustard” should be C16H.NOs, and that of
"myronate of potash ” K,C20H3N28_019. -400, last line in article “Mutual Aid Societies,” for “and 1860” reail "1860 and 1875." 425, in article “Paraffine,” for “a mat or garment” read “sand, earth, ashes, or a mat
or garment.” , 475, col. 2, line 28, for “1844” read "1814."
DICTIONARY OF HYGIÈNE.
Abattoir --Abattoirs are public slaughter- thine is the bitter principle. It is omitted now houses established in Continental and other from the British Pharmacopoeia, and its place towns. The subject is fully considered under occupied by the active principle santonine. SLAUGHTER-HOUSES.
Absinthe is the name given to an intoxiAblution - Personal cleanliness is one
cating drink used largely by all classes of of the most important habits to inculcate society on the Continent. An analysis recently on a people. It cannot be, however, lost made at the Conservatoire des Arts shows sight of, that in order to introduce among of antimony, a poison which cannot fail to add
that absinthe now contains a large quantity the poorer classes habits of cleanliness, a plentiful water-supply and cheap baths are
largely to the irritant effects necessarily prorequisite. The amount as well as the nature duced on the alimentary canal and liver by of the water-supply should be inquired into constant doses of a concentrated alcoholic by every medical officer of health. The
liquid. And we have recently received the rebody should be washed all over every morn.
sults of some experiments made by M. Magnau ing with either cold or lukewarm water he has been able to isolate various products
of Paris. By means of successive distillations and soap. This custom is more necessary for workmen employed in laborious and (1) a blue oil; (2) a yellowish oil; (3) an oxygendirty occupations than for men of sedentary residue left in the glass. These various sub
ated product. There was besides a yellowish lives; but all people perspire, and from every stances were tried on animals ; ten grammes of drop of perspiration the water evaporates the yellow sediment given to a small dog proaway, and leaves a trace of solid matter on and around the sweat-pores. If this solid
duced no effect; thirty centigrammes (about matter is not washed off , it accumulates, and five grains) of the blue oil produced from eight
to ten epileptiform attacks. The oxygenated may derange the health. It is then well to remember that dirt on the skin does not product proved, however, the most poweralways come directly from without, but also ful toxic agent. Fifteen centigrammes of it, from within. Cold ablution, that has been so
injected into the veins of a large dog, caused
the most violent epileptic attacks, which fol. indiscriminately recommended, is not half so etficacious or so safe as lukewarm. The Ger- lowed in rapid succession, and ended in death. man aurists, struck with the prevalence of There was an extraordinary rise of temperadeafness in England, ascribe it to our habit ture, from 39° Centigrade to 42°, and the post of washing the head and ears each morning Dr. Decaisne regards the terrible evil of this
mortem showed various apoplectic centres. with cold water.
almost universal absinthe-drinking as the Absinthium-Wormwood-The flower- greatest national calamity that has ever being herb of Artemisia Absinthium ; nat. fallen France, and has made an eloquent order Compositæ; indigenous, growing in appeal to the Government to strike at once thickets and mountainous places. It occurs a decisive blow at the trade in this liqueur. in bundles of the dried herbs, having a silky Originally the only important ingredient in touch, disagreeable lour, and intensely its composition besides alcohol was the essenbitter taste. The plant yields its bitterness tial oil of absinthium, or wormwood; and to water and spirit, and contains a volatile though this without doubt added something oil, green in colour, with the odour of the to the mischievous effects of the liquor, it plant; also a bitter extract yielding absin. would be impossible to trace to it, or to the thine (C H20.) and absinic acid. The absin- | other comparatively trivial ingredients, the