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Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

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Shaw,

1855. Glasgow ... Sir R. I. Murchison, F.R.S. ...... James Bryce, Prof. Harkness, Prof.

Nicol. 1856. Cheltenham Prof. A. C. Ramsay, F.R.S. ...... Rev. P. B. Brodie, Rev. R. Hepworth,

| Edward Hull, J. Scougall, T. Wright. 1857. Dublin ...... The Lord Talbot de Malahide ... Prof. Harkness, Gilbert Sanders, Ro

bert H. Scott. 1858. Leeds ...... William Hopkins, M.A., LL.D., Prof. Nicol, H. C. Sorby, E. W.

F.R.S. 1859. Aberdeen ... Sir Charles Lyell, LL.D., D.C.L., Prof. Harkness, Rev. J. Longmuir, H. F.R.S.

C. Sorby. 1860. Oxford ...... Rev. Prof. Sedgwick, LL.D., Prof. Harkness, Edward Hull, Capt. F.R.S., F.G.S.

| Woodall. 1861. Manchester Sir R. 1. Murchison, D.C.L., Prof. Harkness, Edward Hull, T. Ru. | LL.D., F.R.S., &c.

| pert Jones, G. W. Ormerod. 1862. Cambridge J. Beete Jukes, M.A., F.R.S....... Lucas Barrett, Prof. T. Rupert Jones,

H. C. Sorby. 1863. Newcastle ... Prof. Warington W. Smyth, E. F. Boyd, John Daglish, H. C. SorF.R.S., F.G.S.

| by, Thomas Sopwith. 1864. Bath ......... Prof. J. Phillips, LL.D., F.R.S., W. B. Dawkins, J. Johnston, H. C. F.G.S.

Sorby, W. Pengelly. 1865, Birmingham Sir R. I. Murchison, Bart., K.C.B. Rev. P. B. Brodie, J. Jones, Rev. E.

Myers, H. C. Sorby, W. Pengelly. 1866, Nottingham Prof.A.C. Ramsay, LL.D., F.R.S. R. Etheridge, W. Pengelly, T. Wil

| son, G. H. Wright. 1867. Dundee...... Archibald Geikie, F.R.S., F.G.S. Edward Hull, W. Pengelly, Henry

| Woodward. 1868. Norwich ... R. A. C. Godwin-Austen, F.R.S., Rev. 0. Fisher, Rev. J. Gunn, W. | F.G.S.

| Pengelly, Rev. H. H. Winwood. 1869. Exeter ...... Prof. R. Harkness, F.R.S., F.G.S. W. Pengelly, W. Boyd Dawkins, Rev.

| H. H. Winwood. 1870. Liverpool... Sir Philip de M. Grey Egerton, W. Pengelly, Rev. H. H. Winwood, Bart., M.P., F.R.S.

1 W. Boyd Dawkins, G. H. Morton. 1871. Edinburgh .. Prof. A. Geikie, F.R.S., F.G.S... R. Etheridge, J. Geikie, J. McKenny

Hughes, L. C. Miall. 1872. Brighton ... R. A. C. Godwin-Austen, F.R.S. L. C. Miall, George Scott, William

| Topley, Henry Woodward. 1873. Bradford ... Prof. J. Phillips, D.C.L., F.R.S., L. C. Miall, R. H. Tiddeman, W. F.G.S.

1 Topley. 1874. Belfast ...... Prof. Hull, M.A., F.R.S., F.G.S. F. Drew, L. C. Miall, R. G. Symes,

| R. H. Tiddeman. 1875. Bristol ...... Dr. Thomas Wright, F.R.S.E., L. C. Miall, E. B. Tawney, W. Topley,

F.G.S. 1876. Glasgow ... Prof. John Young, M.D. ......... J. Armstrong, F. W. Rudler, W.

Topley.

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES.

COMMITTEE OF SCIENCES, IV.--ZOOLOGY, BOTANY, PHYSIOLOGY, ANATOMY. 1832. Oxford ......(Rev. P. B. Duncan, F.G.S. ...... Rev. Prof. J. S. Henslow. 1833. Cambridge * Rev. W. L. P. Garnons, F.L.S.... C. C. Babington, D. Don. 1834. Edinburgh Prof. Graham.......................... W. Yarrell, Prof. Burnett.

* At this Meeting Physiology and Anatomy were made a separate Committee, for Presidents and Secretaries of which see p. xxxvi.

Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

SECTION D.-ZOOLOGY AND BOTANY. 1835. Dublin ...... Dr. Allman............................. J. Curtis, Dr. Litton. 1836. Bristol ...... Rev. Prof. Henslow ........... J. Curtis, Prof. Don, Dr. Riley, S.

Rootsey. 1837. Liverpool ... W. S. MacLeay ............... 0. C. Babington, Rev. L. Jenyns, W.

Swainson. 1838. Newcastle ... Sir W. Jardine, Bart............ J. E. Gray, Prof. Jones, R. Owen, Dr.

Richardson. 1839. Primingham Prof. Owen, F.R.S. ...... E. Forbes, W. Ick, R. Patterson. 1840. Glasgow ... Sir W. J. Hooker, LL.D ........... Prof. W. Couper, E. Forbes, R. Pat

terson. 1841. Plymouth... John Richardson, M.D., F.R.S... J. Couch, Dr. Lankester, R. Patterson. 1842. Manchester Hon. and Very Rev. W. Herbert, Dr. Lankester, R. Patterson, J. A. LL.D., F.L.S.

Turner. 1843. Cork ........... William Thompson, F.L.S. ...... G. J. Allman, Dr. Lankester, R. Pat

terson, 1844. York......... Very Rev. The Dean of Manches- Prof. Allman, H. Goodsir, Dr. King, ter.

| Dr. Lankester. 1845. Cambridge Rev. Prof. Henslow, F.L.S. ...... Dr. Lankester, T. V. Wollaston. 1846. Southampton Sir J. Richardson, M.D., F.R.S. Dr. Lankester, T. V. Wollaston, I.

| Wooldridge. 1847. Oxford....... H. E. Strickland, M.A., F.R.S.... Dr. Lankester, Dr. Melville, T. V.

| Wollaston.

SECTION D (continued).--ZOOLOGY AND BOTANY, INCLUDING PHYSIOLOGY. (For the Presidents and Secretaries of the Anatomical and Physiological Subsections and the temporary Section E of Anatomy and Medicine, see p. xxxvii.] 1848. Swansea ....L. W. Dillwyn, F.R.S. ........... Dr. R. Wilbraham Falconer, A. Hen

frey, Dr. Lankester. 1849. Birmingham William Spence, F.R.S............. Dr. Lankester, Dr. Russell. 1850. Edinburgh.. Prof. Goodsir, F.R.S. L. & E. ... Prof. J. H. Bennett, M.D., Dr. Lan

|kester, Dr. Douglas Maclagan. 1851. Ipswich...... Rev. Prof. Henslow, M.A., F.R.S. Prof. Allman, F. W. Johnston, Dr. E.

Lankester. 1852. Belfast ...... W. Ogilby .......................... Dr. Dickie, George C. Hyndman, Dr.

Edwin Lankester. 1853. Hull ..........C. C. Babington, M.A., F.R.S.... Robert Harrison, Dr. E. Lankester. 1854. Liverpool ... Prof. Balfour, M.D., F.R.S. ...... Isaac Byerley, Dr. E. Lankester, 1855. Glasgow ... Rev. Dr. Fleeming, F.R.S.E. ... William Keddie, Dr. Lankester. 1856. Cheltenham. Thomas Bell, F.R.S., Pres.L.S.... Dr. J. Abercrombie, Prof. Buckman,

| Dr. Lankester. 1857. Dublin ...... Prof. W.H. Harvey, M.D., F.R.S. Prof. J. R. Kinahan, Dr. E. Lankester,

Robert Patterson, Dr. W. E. Steele." 1858. Leeds......... C. C. Babington, M.A., F.R.S.... Henry Denny, Dr. Heaton, Dr. E.

Lankester, Dr. E. Perceval Wright. 1859. Aberdeen ... Sir W. Jardine, Bart., F.R.S.E.. Prof. Dickie, M.D., Dr. E. Lankester,

| Dr. Ogilvy. 1860. Oxford .. ... Rev. Prof. Henslow, F.L.S. ...... W. S. Church, Dr. E. Lankester, P.

L. Sclater, Dr. E. Perceval Wright. 1861. Manchester.. Prof. C. C. Babington, F.R.S. ... Dr. T. Alcock, Dr. E. Lankester, Dr.

P. L. Sclater, Dr. E. P. Wright. 1862. Cambridge... Prof. Huxley, F.R.S. ............ Alfred Newton, Dr. E. P. Wright. 1863. Newcastle ... Prof. Balfour, M.D., F.R.S. ...... Dr. E. Charlton, A. Newton, Rev. H.

| B. Tristram, Dr. E. P. Wright. 1864, Bath ......... Dr. John E. Gray, F.R.S. ...... H. B. Brady, c. E. Broom, H. T.

| Stainton, Dr. E. P. Wright 1865. Birmingham T. Thomson, M.D., F.R.S. ...... Dr. J. Anthony, Rev. C. Clarke, Rev.

{ H. B. Tristram, Dr. E. P. Wright.

Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

SECTION D (continued).—BIOLOGY*.

869. Exeter

1866. Nottinghanı. Prof. Huxley, LL.D., F.R.S.- Dr. J. Beddard, W. Felkin, Rev. H.

Physiological Dep. Prof. Hum B. Tristram, W. Turner, E. B.
phry,M.D., F.R.S.--Anthropo- Tylor, Dr. E. P. Wright.
logical Dep. Alfred R. Wallace,

F.R.G.S." 1867. Dundee ...... Prof. Sharpey, M.D., Sec. R.S.-C. Spence Bate, Dr. S. Cobbold, Dr.

Dep. of Zool. and Bot. George M. Foster, H. T. Stainton, Rev. H.
Busk, M.D., F.R.S.

B. Tristram, Prof. W. Turner. 1868. Norwich ... Rev. M. J. Berkeley, F.L.S.- Dr. T. S. Cobbold, G. W. Firth, Dr.

Dep. of Physiology. W. H. M. Foster, Prof. Lawson, H. T.
Flower, F.R.S.

Stainton, Rev. Dr. H. B. Tristram,

| Dr. E. P. Wright.
George Busk, F.R.S., F.L.S.-'Dr. T. 8. Cobbold, Prof. M. Foster,

Dep. of Bot. and Zool. C. Spence M.D., E. Ray Lankester, Professor
Bate, F.R.S.—Dep. of Ethno. Lawson, H. T. Stainton, Rev. H. B.
E. B. Tylor,

Tristram. 1870. Liverpool... Prof. G. Rolleston, M.A., M.D., Dr. T. S. Cobbold, Sebastian Evans,

F.R.S., F.L.S.-Dep. Anat, and Prof. Lawson, Thos. J. Moore, H,
Physiol. Prof. M. Foster, M.D., T. Stainton, Rev. H. B. Tristram,
F.L.S.--Dep. of Ethno. J. C. Staniland Wake, E. Ray Lan-
Evans, F.R.S.

kester. 1871. Edinburgh Prof. Allen Thomson, M.D.,F.R.S. Dr. T. R. Fraser, Dr. Arthur Gamgee,

- Dep. of Bot. and Zool. Prof. E. Ray Lankester, Prof. Lawson,
Wyville Thomson, F.R.S.- H. T. Štainton, C. Staniland Wake,
Dep. of Anthropol. Prof. W. Dr. W. Rutherford, Dr. Kelburne
Turner, M.D.

King. 1872. Brighton ... Sir John Lubbock, Bart., F.R.S. Prof. Thiselton-Dyer, H. T. Stainton,

-Dep. of Anat, and Physiol. Prof. Lawson, É. W. Rudler, J. H. Dr. Burdon Sanderson, F.R.S. Lamprey, Dr. Gamgee, E. Ray Lan--Dep of Anthropol. Col. A. kester, Dr. Pye-Smith.

Lane Fox, F.G.S. 1873. Bradford ... Prof. Allman, F.R.S.-- Dep. of Prof. Thiselton-Dyer, Prof. Lawson,

Anat, and l'hysiol. Prof. Ru- R. MʻLachlan, Dr. Pye-Smith, E. therford, M.D.- Dep. of An- Ray Lankester, F. W. Rudler, J.

thropol. Dr. Beddoe, F.R.S. H. Lamprey. 1874. Belfast ...... Prof. Redfern, M.D.--Dep. of W.T. Thiselton-Dyer, R. O. Cunning

Zool, and Bot. Dr. Hooker, ham, Dr. J. J. Charles, Dr. P. H.
C.B., Pres. R.S..-Dep. of An- Pye-Smith, J. J. Murphy, F. W.

thropol. Sir W. R. Wilde, M.D. Rudler, 1875. Bristol ...... P.L.Sclater, F.R.S.-Dep.of Anat. E. R. Alston, Dr. McKendrick. Prof.

and Physiol. Prof.Cleland, M.D., W. R. M.Nab, Dr. Martyn, F. W. F.R.S.-Dep.of Anthropol. Prof. Rudler, Dr. P. H. Pye-Smith, Dr.

Rolieston, M.D., F.R.S. W. Spencer. 1876. Glasgow A. Russel Wallace, F.R.G.S., E. R. Alston, Hyde Clarke. Dr. Knox,

F.L.S.-- Dep. of Zool. and Bot Prof. W. R. M‘Nab, Dr. Muirhead,
Prof. A. Newton, M.A., F.R.S. Prof. Morrison Watson.
--Dep. of Anat, and Physiol.
Dr.J.G. McKendrick,F.R.S.E.

ANATOMICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL SCIENCES.

COMMITTEE OF SCIENCES, V.-ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY, 1833. Cambridge... Dr. Haviland ........................ Dr. Bond, Mr. Paget. 1834. Edinburgh... Dr. Abercrombie .................. Dr. Roget, Dr. William Thomson.

* At a Meeting of the General Committee in 1865, it was resolved :-" That the title of Section D be changed to Biology;" and “That for the word “Subsection,' in the rules for conducting the business of the Sections, the word · Department' be substituted.

Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

SECTION E. (UNTIL 1847.)-ANATOMY AND MEDICINE. 1835. Dublin ...... Dr. Pritchard

..... Dr. Harrison, Dr. Hart. 1836. Bristol ...... Dr. Roget, F.R.S. ........ . Dr. Symonds. 1837. Liverpool ... Prof. W. Clark, M.D. .......... ... Dr. J. Carson, jun., James Long, Dr.

J. R. W. Vose. 1838. Newcastle ... T. E. Headlam, M.D.

T. M. Greenhow, Dr. J. R. W. Vose. 1839. Birmingham John Yelloly, M.D., F.R.S. ...... Dr. G. O. Rees, F. Ryland. 1840. Glasgow ... James Watson, M.D............... . Dr. J. Brown, Prof.Couper, Prof.Reid. 1841. Plymouth ... P. M. Roget, M.D., Sec.R.S. ... Dr. J. Butter, J. Fuge, Dr. R. S.

1 Sargent. 1842. Manchester . Edward Holme, M.D., F.L.S. ... Dr. Chaytor, Dr. R. S. Sargent. 1843. Cork ......... Sir James Pitcairn, M.D. ......... Dr. John Popham, Dr. R. Š. Sargent. 1844. York ......... J. C. Pritchard, M.D. ............. I. Erichsen, Dr. R. S. Sargent.

SECTION E.-PHYSIOLOGY. 1845. Cambridge Prof. J. Haviland, M.D. ......... Dr. R. S. Sargent, Dr. Webster. 1846. Southampton Prof. Owen, M.D., F.R.S.......... C. P. Keele, Dr. Laycock, Dr. Sargent. 1847. Oxford* ... Prof. Ogle, M.D., F.R.S. ......... Dr. Thomas K. Chambers, W. P.

| Ormerod.

PHYSIOLOGICAL SUBSECTIONS OF SECTION D. 1850. Edinburgh Prof. Bennett, M.D., F.R.S.E. I 1855. Glasgow ... Prof. Allen Thomson, F.R.S. ... Prof. J. H. Corbett, Dr. J. Struthers. 1857. Dublin ....... Prof. R. Harrison, M.D. ......... Dr. R. D. Lyons, Prof. Redfern. 1858. Leeds ...... Sir Benjamin Brodie, Bart.,F.R.S.C. G. Wheelhouse. 1859. Aberdeen ... Prof. Sharpey, M.D., Sec.R.S. ... Prof. Bennett, Prof. Redfern. 1860. Oxford ...... Prof. G. Rolleston, M.D., F.L.S. Dr. R. M.Donnell, Dr. Edward Smith, 1861. Manchester. Dr. John Davy, F.R.S.L. & E.... Dr. W. Roberts, Dr. Edward Smith. 1862. Cambridge . C. E. Paget, M.D. .................. G. F. Helm, Dr. Edward Smith. 1863. Newcastle... Prof. Rolleston, M.D., F.R.S. ... Dr. D. Embleton, Dr. W. Turner. 1864. Bath ........ Dr. Edward Smith, LL.D., F.R.S. J. S. Bartrum, Dr. W. Turner. 1865.Birminghmt. Prof. Acland, M.D., LL.D., F.R.S. Dr. A. Fleming, Dr. P. Heslop, Oliver

| Pembleton, Dr. W. Turner.

GEOGRAPHICAL AND ETHNOLOGICAL SCIENCES. [For Presidents and Secretaries for Geography previous to 1851, see Section C, p. xxxiii.]

ETHNOLOGICAL SUBSECTIONS OF SECTION D. 1846. Southampton Dr. Pritchard ........ ........... Dr. King. 1847. Oxford ....... Prof. H. H. Wilson, M.A. ...... Prof. Buckley. 1848. Swansea .................

.......... G. Grant Francis. 1849. Birmingham .........

................ Dr. R. G. Latham. 1850. Edinburgh.. Vice-Admiral Sir A. Malcolm ... Daniel Wilson.

SECTION E.-GEOGRAPHY AND ETHNOLOGY. 1851. Ipswich ... Sir R. I. Murchison, F.R.S., Pres. R. Cull, Rev. J. W. Donaldson, Dr. R.G.S.

Norton Shaw. 1832. Belfast ...... Col. Chesney, R.A., D.C.L., R. Cull, R. MacAdam, Dr. Norton | F.R.S.

. Shaw. * By direction of the General Committee at Oxford, Sections D and E were incorporated ::der the name of “Section D-Zoology and Botany, including Physiology” (see p. XXXV). The Section being then vacant was assigned in 1851 to Geography.

l'ide note on page xxxvi.

Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

1853. Hull......... R. G. Latham, M.D., F.R.S. ... R. Cull, Rev. H. W. Kemp, Dr. Nor.

iton Shaw. 1854. Liverpool... Sir R. I. Murchison, D.C.L., Richard Cull, Rev. H. Higgins, Dr. | F.R.S.

| Ihne, Dr. Norton Shaw. 1855. Glasgow ... Sir J. Richardson, M.D., F.R.S. Dr. W. G. Blackie, R. Cull, Dr. Nor.

ton Shaw. 1856. Cheltenham Col. Sir H. C. Rawlinson, K.C.B. R. Cull, F. D. Hartland, W. H. Rum.

I sey, Dr. Norton Shaw. 1857. Dublin ...... Rev. Dr.J. Henthawn Todd, Pres. R. Cull, s. Ferguson, Dr. R. R. Mad. R.I.A.

i den, Dr. Norton Shaw. 1858. Leeds ...... Sir R. I. Murchison, G.C.St.s., R.Culí, Francis Galton, P.O'Callaghan, F.R.S.

Dr. Norton Shaw, Thomas Wright. 1859. Aberdeen ... Rear-Admiral Sir James Clerk Richard Cull, Professor Geddes, Dr. | Ross, D.C.L., F.R.S.

| Norton Shaw 1860. Oxford ...... Sir R. 1. Murchison, D.C.L., Capt. Burrows, Dr. J. Hunt, Dr. C. F.R.S.

| Lempriere, Dr. Norton Shaw 1861. Manchester. John Crawfurd, F.R.S. ............. Dr. J. Hunt, J. Kingsley, Dr. Norton

í Shaw, W. Spottiswoode. 1862. Cambridge Francis Galton, F.R.S. ............ J. W. Clarke, Rev. J. Glover, Dr.

Hunt, Dr. Norton Shaw, T. Wright. 1863. Newcastle... Sir R. I. Murchison, K.C.B., C. Carter Blake, Hume Greenfield, F.R.S.

1 C. R. Markham, R. S. Watson. 1864. Bath ........ Sir R. I. Murchison, K.C.B., H, W. Bates, C. R. Markham, Capt. F.R.S.

| R. M. Murchison, T. Wright. 1865. Birmingham Major-General Sir H. Rawlinson, H. W. Bates, S. Evans, G. Jabet, C.

| M.P., K.C.B., F.R.S. 1 R. Markham, Thomas Wright. 1866. Nottingham Sir Charles Nicholson, Bart., H. W. Bates, Rev. E. T. Cusins, R. LL.D.

H. Major, Clements R. Markham,

D. W. Nash, T. Wright. 1867. Dundee....... Sir Samuel Baker, F.R.G.S. ...... H. W. Bates, Cyril Graham, C. R.

i Markham, S.J. Mackie, R. Sturrock. 1868. Norwich ... Capt. G. H. Richards, R.N., F.R.S.T. Baines, H. W. Bates, C. R. Mark

| ham, T. Wright.

SECTION E (continued).---GEOGRAPIY. 1869. Exeter ...... Sir Bartle Frere, K.C.B., LL.D., H. W. Bates, Clements R. Markham, F.R.G.S.

J. H. Thomas. 1870. Liverpool ... Sir R. I. Murchison, Bt., K.C.B., H. W. Bates, David Buxton, Albert

1 LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.G.S. J. Mott, Clements R. Markham. 1871. Edinburgh. Colonel Yule, C.B., F.R.G.S. ... Clements R. Markham, A. Buchan,

| J. H. Thomas, A. Keith Johnston. 1872. Brighton ... Francis Galton, F.R.S............. H. W. Bates, A. Keith Johnston, Rev.

| J. Newton, J. H. Thomas. 1873. Bradford ... Sir Rutherford Alcock, K.C.B.... H. W. Bates, A. Keith Johnston, Cle

ments R. Markham. 1874. Belfast ...... Major Wilson, R.E., F.R.S., E. G. Ravenstein, E. C. Rye, J. H. ! F.R.G.S.

Thomas. 1875. Bristol ... ... Lieut.-General Strachey, R.E., H. W. Bates, E. C. Rye, F. F. Tuckett."

C.S.I., F.R.S., F.R.G.S., F.L.S.,

| F.G.S. 1876. Glasgow ... Capt. Evans, C.B., F.R.S.......... H. W. Bates, E. C. Rye, R. Oliphant

| Wood,

STATISTICAL SCIENCE.

COMMITTEE OF SCIENCES, VI.-STATISTICS. 1833. Cambridge Prof. Babbage, F.R.S. .............J. E. Drinkwater. 1831. Edinburgh . Sir Charles Lemon, Bart. ......... Dr. Cleland, C. Hope Maclean.

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