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Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

SECTION F.-STATISTICS. 1835. Dublin ....... Charles Babbage, F.R.S. ......... W. Greg, Prof. Longfield. 1836. Bristol ...... Sir Charles Lemon, Bart., F.R.S. Rev. J. E. Bromby, C. B. Fripp,

i James Heywood. 1837. Liverpool... Rt. Hon. Lord Sandon ............ W. R. Greg, W. Langton, Dr. W. C.

Tayler. 1838. Newcastle... Colonel Sykes, F.R.S. ............ 'W. Cargill, J. Heywood, W. R. Wood. 1839. Birmingham Henry Hallam, F.R.S. ............ F. Clarke, R. W. Rawson, Dr. W. C.

| Tayler. 1840. Glasgow ... Rt. Hon. Lord Sandon, M.P., C. R. Baird, Prof. Ramsay, R. W. F.R.S.

! Rawson. 1841. Plymouth... 'Lieut.-Col. Sykes, F.R.S. ......... Rev. Dr. Byrth, Rev. R. Luney, R.

| W. Rawson. 1812. Manchester. G. W. Wood, M.P., F.L.S. ...... Rev. R. Luney, G. W. Ormerod, Dr.

W. C. Tayler. 1843. Cork ......... Sir C. Lemon, Bart., M.P. ...... Dr. D. Bullen, Dr. W. Cooke Tayler. 1844. York ......... Lieut.-Col. Sykes, F.R.S., F.L.S. J. Fletcher; J. Heywood, Dr. Laycock. 1815. Cambridge. Rt. Hon. The Earl Fitzwilliam... J. Fletcher, W. Cooke Tayler, LL.D. 1846. Southampton G. R. Porter, F.R.S. ............... J. Fletcher, F. G. P. Neison, Dr. W.

1 c. Tayler, Rev. T. L. Shapcott. 1847. Oxford ..... Travers Twiss, D.C.L., F.R.S. ... Rev. W. H. Cox, J. J. Danson, F. G.

| P. Neison. 1848. Swansea ... J. H. Vivian, M.P., F.R.S. ...... J. Fletcher, Capt. R. Shortrode. 1819. Birmingham Rt. Hon. Lord Lyttelton ..... Dr. Finch, Prof. Hancock, F. G. P.

Neison. 1850. Edinburgh .. Very Rev. Dr. John Lee, Prof. Hancock, J. Fletcher, Dr. J. V.P.R.S.E.

Stark. 1831. Ipswich...... Sir John P. Boileau, Bart. ...... J. Fletcher, Prof. Hancock. 1832. Belfast ....... His Grace the Archbishop of Prof. Hancock, Prof. Ingram, James 1 Dublin.

i MacAdam, Jun. 1853. Hull ...... James Heywood, M.P., F.R.S.... Edward Cheshire, William Newmarch. 1854. Liverpool ... Thomas Tooke, F.R.S. ............ E. Cheshire, J. T. Danson, Dr. W. H.

Duncan, W. Newmarch. 1855. Glasgow ..... R. Monckton Milnes, M.P. ...... J. A. Campbell, E. Cheshire, W. New

march, Prof. R. II. Walsh,

1852. LiverpoolThese

SECTION F (continued).--ECONOMIC SCIENCE AND STATISTICS. 1836. Clieltenham Rt. Hon. Lord Stanley, M.P. ... Rev. C. H. Bromby, E. Cheshire, Dr. W.

| N. Hancock, W. Newmarch, W. M.

Tartt. 1857. Dublin ...... His Grace the Archbishop of Prof. Cairns, Dr. H. D. Hutton, W. 1 Dublin, M.R.I.A.

Newmarch. 1858. Leeds......... Edward Baines

T. B. Baines, Prof. Cairns, S. Brown,

| Capt. Fishbourne, Dr. J. Strang. 1839. Aberdeen ... Col. Sykes, M.P., F.R.S. ....... Prof. Cairns, Edmund Macrory, A. M.

| Smith, Dr. John Strang. 1860. Oxford ...... Nassau W. Senior, M.A. ....... . Edmund Macrory, W. Newmarch,

Rev. Prof. J. E. T. Rogers. 1861. Manchester William Newmarch, F.R.S. ....... David Chadwick, Prof. R. C. Christie,

| E. Macrory, Rev. Prof. J. E. T.

| Rogers. 1862. Cambridge.. Edwin Chadwick, C.B. ............. H. D. Macleod, Edmund Macrory. 1863. Newcastle ... William Tite, M.P., F.R.S. ...... T. Doubleday, Edmund Macrory,

Frederick Purdy, James Potte. 1864. Bath.......... William Farr, M.D., D.C.L., E. Macrory, E. T. Payne, F. Purdy.

F.R.S. 1865. Birmingham Rt. Hon. Lord Stanley, LL.D., G. J. D. Goodman, G. J. Johnston, 1. M.P.

? E. Macrory.

Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

1866. Nottingham Prof. J. E. T. Rogers............... R. Birkin, Jun., Prof. Leone Levi, E.

Macrory. 1867. Dundee ...... M. E. Grant Duff, M.P. ........ Prof. Leone Levi, E. Macrory, A. J.

| Warden. 1868. Norwich ... Samuel Brown, Pres. Instit. Ac- Rev. W. C. Davie, Prof. Leone Levi.

tuaries. 1869. Exeter ...... Rt. Hon. Sir Stafford H. North-Edmund Macrory, Frederick Purdy, cote, Bart., C.B., M.P.

Charles T. D. Acland. 1870. Liverpool... Prof. W. Stanley Jevons, M.A. .. Chas. R. Dudley Baxter, E. Macrory,

J. Miles Moss. 1871. Edinburgh Rt. Hon. Lord Neaves.......... J. G. Fitch, James Meikle. 1872. Brighton ... Prof. Henry Fawcett, M.P. ....... J. G. Fitch, Barclay Phillips. 1873. Bradford ... Rt. Hon. W. E. Forster, M.P.... J. G. Fitch, Swire Šmith. 1874. Belfast ...... Lord O'Hagan.

.... Prof. Donnell, Frank P. Fellows,

Hans MacMordie. 1875. Bristol ...... James Heywood, M.A., F.R.S., F. P. Fellows, T. G. P. Hallett, E. Pres.S.S.

Macrory. 1876. Glasgow ... Sir George Campbell, K.C.S.I., A. M'Neel Caird, T. G. P. Hallett,

Dr. W. Neilson Hancock, Dr. W.
Jack.

M.P.

MECHANICAL SCIENCE.

SECTION G.-MECHANICAL SCIENCE. 1836. Bristol ...... Davies Gilbert, D.C.L., F.R.S....T. G. Bunt, G. T. Clark, W. West. 1837. Liverpool ... Rev. Dr. Robinson .................. Charles Vignoles, Thomas Webster. 1838. Newcastle ... Charles Babbage, F.R.S. ......... R. Hawthorn, C. Vignoles, T. Webster. 1839. Birmingham Prof. Willis, F.R.S., and Robert W. Carpmael, William Hawkes, Tho1 Stephenson.

mas Webster. 1840. Glasgow ... Sir John Robinson...

J. Scott Russell, J. Thomson, J. Tod,

C. Vignoles. 1841. Plymouth ... John Taylor, F.R.S. .......... Henry Chatfield, Thomas Webster. 1842. Manchester . Rev. Prof. Willis, F.R.S. ......... J. F. Bateman, J. Scott Russell, J.

| Thomson, Charles Vignoles. 1843. Cork .... Prof. J. Macneill, M.R.I.A....... James Thomson, Robert Mallet. 1844. York

John Taylor, F.R.S. .......... .. Charles Vignoles, Thomas Webster. 1845. Cambridge .. George Rennie, F.R.S. . . Rev. W. T. Kingsley. 1846. Southampton Rev. Prof. Willis, M.A., F.R.S. . William Betts, jun., Charles Manby. 1847. Oxford ...... Rev. Prof. Walker, M.A., F.R.S.J. Glynn, R. A. Le Mesurier. 1848. Swansea ..... Rev. Prof. Walker, M.A., F.R.S. R. A. Le Mesurier, W. P. Struvé. 1849. Birmingham Robert Stephenson, M.P., F.R.S. Charles Manby, W. P. Marshall. 1850. Edinburgh.. Rev. Dr. Robinson ............... Dr. Lees, David Stephenson, 1851. Ipswich...... William Cubitt, F.R.S. ............ John Head, Charles Manby. 1852. Belfast ...... John Walker,C.E., LL.D., F.R.S. John F. Bateman, C. B. Hancock,

| Charles Manby, James Thomson. 1853. Hull ......... William Fairbairn, C.E., F.R.S.. James Oldham, J. Thomson, W. Sykes

| Ward. 1854. Liverpool ... John Scott Russell, F.R.S. ...... John Grantham, J. Oldham, J. Thom

son, 1855. Glasgow ... W. J. Macquorn Rankine, C.E., L. Hill, Jun., William Ramsay, J. F.R.S.

Thomson. 1856. Cheltenham George Rennie, F.R.S. ............ C. Atherton, B. Jones, jun., H. M.

Jeffery. 1857. Dublin ...... The Right Hon. The Earl of Prof. Downing, W.T. Doyne, A. Tate, | Rosso, F.R.S.

| James Thomson, Henry Wright. 1858. Leeds......... William Fairbairn, F.R.S. ...... J. C. Dennis, J. Dixon, H. Wright. 1859. Aberdeen ... Rev. Prof. Willis, M.A., F.R.S. . R. Abernethy, P. Le Neve Foster, H.

Wright. 1860. Oxford ....... Prof. W. J. Macquorn Rankine, P. Le Neve Foster, Rev. F. Harrison , 1 LL.D., F.R.S.

| Henry Wright.

Date and Place.

Presidents.

Secretaries.

1861. Manchester . J. F. Bateman, C.E., F.R.S....... P. Le Neve Foster, John Robinson, H.

Wright. 1862. Cambridge .. William Fairbairn, LL.D., F.R.S. W. M. Fawcett, P. Le Neve Foster. 1863. Newcastle ... Rev. Prof. Willis, M.A., F.R.S. . P. Le Neve Foster, P. Westmacott, J.

F. Spencer. 1864. Bath ......... J. Hawkshaw, F.R.S. ............ P. Le Neve Foster, Robert Pitt. 1865. Birmingham Sir W. G. Armstrong, LL.D., P. Le Neve Foster, Henry Lea, W. P. F.R.S.

Marshall, Walter May. 1866. Nottingham Thomas Hawksley, V.P.Inst. P. Le Neve Foster, J. F. Iselin, M. C.E., F.G.S.

A. Tarbottom. 1867. Dundee ...... Prof. W. J. Macquorn Rankine, P. Le Neve Foster, John P. Smith, LL.D., F.R.S.

| W, W. Urquhart. 1868. Norwich ... G. P. Bidder, C.E., F.R.G.S. ...P. Le Neve Foster, J. F. Iselin, C.

Manby, W. Smith. 1869. Exeter ...... C. W. Siemens, F.R.S. ............. P. Le Neve Foster, H. Bauerman. 1870. Liverpool ... Chas. B. Vignoles, C.E., F.R.S. . II. Bauerman, P. Le Neve Foster, T.

| King, J. N. Shoolbred. 1871. Edinburgh Prof. Fleeming Jenkin, F.R.S.... H. Bauerman, Alexander Leslie, J. P.

į Smith. 1872. Brighton ... F. J. Bramwell, C.E............. H. M. Brunel, P. Le Neve Foster,

J. G. Gamble, J. N. Shoolbred. 1873. Bradford ... W. H. Barlow, F.R.S. Crawford Barlow, H. Bauerman, E.

H. Carbutt, J. C. Hawkshaw, J. N.

Shoolbred. 1874. Belfast ...... Prof. James Thomson, LL.D., A. T. Atchison, J. N. Shoolbred, John C.E., F.R.S.E.

| Smyth, jun. 1875. Bristol ...... W. Froude, C.E., M.A., F.R.S.... W. R. Browne, H. M. Brunel, J. G.

Gamble, J. N. Shoolbred. 1876. Glasgow ... C. W. Merrifield, F.R.S. ......... W. Bottomley, jun., W. J. Millar, J.

| N. Shoolbred, J. P. Smith.

.........

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C.E., F.R.S.E.

List of Evening Lectures.

Date and Place. !

Lecturer.

Subject of Discourse.

1842. Manchester . Charles Vignoles, F.R.S.......... The Principles and Construction of

Atmospheric Railways.
Sir M. I. Brunel .....

The Thames Tunnel.
R. I. Murchison, .........

The Geology of Russia. 1843. Cork ....... Prof. Owen, M.D., F.R.S. .... The Dinornis of New Zealand. Prof. E. Forbes, F.R.S. The Distribution of Animal Life in

the Ægean Sea. Dr. Robinson

The Earl of Rosse's Telescope. 1844. York ...... Charles Lyell, F.R.S. ............ Geology of North America. Dr. Falconer, F.R.S. ....... The Gigantic Tortoise of the Siwalik

Hills in India. 1815. Cambridge.. G. B. Airy, F.R.S., Astron. Royal Progress of Terrestrial Magnetism.

| R. I. Murchison, F.R.S. ........ Geology of Russia. 1846. Southampton Prof. Owen, M.D., F.R.S. ...... Fossil Mammalia of the British Isles.

Charles Lyell, F.R.S. ............ Valley and Delta of the Mississippi. 1846. Southampton W. R. Grove, F.R.S. .......... Properties of the Explosive substance

discovered by Dr. Schönbein ; also some Researches of his own on the

Decomposition of Water by Heat. 1847. Oxford ......Rev. Prof. B. Powell, F.R.S. ... Shooting-stars. Prof. M. Faraday, F.R.S. ...... Magnetic and Diamagnetic Pheno

mena.
Hugh E. Strickland, F.G.S. ... The Dodo (Didus ineptus).

Date and Place.

Lecturer.

Subject of Discourse.

1848. Swansea ... John Percy, M.D., F.R.S. ...... Metallurgical operations of Swansea

" and its neighbourhood. W. Carpenter, M.D., F.R.S. ... Recent Microscopical Discoveries. 1849. Birmingham Dr. Faraday, F.R.S............... Mr. Gassiot's Battery. Rev. Prof. Willis, M.A., F.R.S. Transit of different Weights with

varying velocities on Railways. 1850. Edinburgh. Prof. J. H. Bennett, M.D., Passage of the Blood through the F.R.S.E.

1 minuto vessels of Animals in con

nexion with Nutrition. Dr. Mantell, F.R.S...

Extinct Birds of New Zealand. 1851. Ipswich ..... Prof. R. Owen, M.D., F.R.S. Distinction between Plants and Ani

mals, and their changes of Form. G. B. Airy, F.R.S., Astron. Royal Total Solar Eclipse of July 28, 1851. 1852. Belfast ...... Prof. G.G. Stokes, D.C.L., F.R.S. Recent discoveries in the propreties

of Light. Colonel Portlock, R.E., F.R.S. Recent discovery of Rock-salt at Car

rickfergus, and geological and prac

ticalconsiderations connected with it. 1853. Hull .......... Prof. J. Phillips, LL.D., F.R.S., Some peculiar phenomena in the GeoF.G.S.

logy and Physical Geography of

Yorkshire. Robert Hunt, F.R.S. ......... The present state of Photography. 1854. Liverpool ... Prof. R. Owen, M.D., F.R.S. ... Anthropomorphous Apes. Col. E. Sabine, V.P.R.S. Progress of researches in Terrestrial

Magnetism. 1855. Glasgow...... Dr. W. B. Carpenter, F.R.S. Characters of Species. Lieut.-Col. H. Rawlinson .... Assyrian and Babylonian Antiquities

and Ethnology. 1856. Cheltenham Col. Sir H. Rawlinson ......... Recent discoveries in Assyria and

Babylonia, with the results of Cuneiform research up to the present

time. W. R. Grove, F.R.S.

Correlation of Physical Forces. 1857. Dublin ..... Prof. W. Thomson, F.R.S. ...... The Atlantic Telegraph.

Rev. Dr. Livingstone, D.C.L. ...! Recent discoveries in Africa. 1858. Leeds....... Prof. J. Phillips, LL.D., F.R.S. The Ironstones of Yorkshire.

Prof. R. Owen, M.D., F.R.S. ... The Fossil Mammalia of Australia. 1859. Aberdeen ... Sir R.I.Murchison, D.C.L. ...... Geology of the Northern Highlands. Rev. Dr. Robinson, F.R.S. ......' Electrical Discharges in highly rare

fied Media. Rev. Prof. Walker, F.R.S. ...... Physical Constitution of the Sun.

Captain Sherard Osborn, R.N. . Arctic Discovery. 1861. Manchester. Prof. W. A. Miller, M.A., F.R.S. Spectrum Analysis.

G. B. Airy, F.R.S., Astron. Roy.. The late Eclipse of the Sun. 1862. Cambridge . Prof. Tyndall, LL.D., F.R.S. ... The Forms and Action of Water,

Prof. Odling, F.R.S................ Organic Chemistry. 1863. Newcastle Prof. Williamson, F.R.S. The Chemistry of the Galvanic Bat. on-Tyne.

tery considered in relation to Dy.

namics. 1863. Newcastle. James Glaisher, F.R.S. ........ The Balloon Ascents made for the on-Tyne.

British Association, 1864. Bath ........ Prof. Roscoe, F.R.S..

The Chemical Action of Light. Dr. Livingstone, F.R.S. ......... Recent Travels in Africa. 1865. Birmingham J. Beete Jukes, F.R.S.. Probabilities as to the position and

extent of the Coal-measures beneath the red rocks of the Midland Coun

ties. 1866. Nottingham. William Huggins, F.R.S....... The results of Spectrum Analysis

applied to Heavenly Bodies. Dr. J. D. Hooker, F.R.S.......... Insular Floras.

ford

Date and Place.

Lecturer.

Subject of Discourse.

1867. Dundee ...... Archibald Geikie, F.R.S.......... The Geological origin of the present

Scenery of Scotland.
Alexander Herschel, F.R.A.S. ... The present state of knowledge re-

garding Meteors and Meteorites. 1868. Norwich .... J. Fergusson, F.R.S. ............ Archæology of the early Buddhist

Monuments. Dr. W. Odling, F.R.S. .......... Reverse Chemical Actions. 1869. Exeter ...... Prof. J. Phillips, LL.D., F.R.S. Vesuvius. J. Norman Lockyer, F.R.S........ The Physical Constitution of the

Stars and Nebulæ. 1870. Liverpool ... Prof. J. Tyndall, LL.D., F.R.S. The Scientific Use of the Imagination.

Prof. W. J. Macquorn Rankine, Stream-lines and Waves, in connexion
LL.D., F.R.S.

with Naval Architecture. 1871. Edinburgh F. A. Abel, F.R.S. ............ Some recent investigations and appli

cations of Explosive Agents E. B. Tylor, F.R.S. .......... The Relation of Primitive to Modern

Civilization.
1872. Brighton ... Prof. P. Martin Duncan, M.D., Insect Metamorphosis.

F.R.S.
Prof. W. K. Clifford ............ The Aims and Instruments of Scien-

tific Thought.
1873. Bradford ... Prof. W. C. Williamson, F.R.S. Coal and Coal Plants.

Prof. Clerk Maxwell, F.R.S...... Molecules. 1874. Belfast ..... Sir John Lubbock, Bart., M.P., Common Wild Flowers considered in F.R.S.

relation to Insects. Prof. Huxley, F.R.S. ............ The Hypothesis that Animals are

Automata, and its History. 1875. Bristol ...... William Spottiswoode, LL.D., The Colours of Polarized Light.

F.R.S.

F. J. Bramwell, F.R.S. .......... Railway Safety Appliances. 1876. Glasgow ... Prof. Tait, F.R.S.E................ Force.

Sir Wyville Thomson, F.R.S. ... The Challenger' Expedition.

Lectures to the Operative Classes.

1867. Dundee ...... Prof. J. Tyndall, LL.D., F.R.

Prof. J. Tyndall, LL.D., F.R.S. Matter and Force. 1868. Norwich .... Prof. Huxley, LL.D., F.R.S. ... A piece of Chalk. 1869. Exeter ...... Prof. Miller, M.D., F.R.S. ...... Experimental illustrations of the

modes of detecting the Composition of the Sun and other Heavenly

Bodies by the Spectrum. 1870. Liverpool ... Sir John Lubbock, Bart., M.P., Savages.

F.R.S. 1872. Brighton ... William Spottiswoode, LL.D., Sunshine, Sea, and Sky.

F.R.S. 1873. Bradford ... O. W. Siemens, D.C.L., F.R.S... Fuel. 1874. Belfast ...... Professor Odling, F.R.S.......... The Discovery of Oxygen. 1875. Bristol ...... Dr. W. B. Carpenter, F.R.S. ... A piece of Limestone. 1876. Glasgow ... Commander Cameron, O.B.,R.N. A Journey through Africa.

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