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their conviction of its importanc:-, and their hope that the inatter will not be allowed to drop, but that further consideration will be given to it during the course of the ensuing Session.

In conclusion, the Council would remind the Members of the lustitute, that even should it hereafter be deemed expedient to seek for a change of name, it must still rest with the Members of the Institute themselves, by their active cooperation and diligent exertions, to stamp the Association with such an unmistakeable character of vitality and usefulness,—to render it so truly a representation of the science and intellect of the Proviuce, --as in a great measure to prevent the danger of its being confounded, (except by those who will not take the trouble to inform themselves,) with associations of less extended or inferior aims.

G. W. ALLAN, President.

Hon. G. W. Allax, J. L. C. President, in the Chair.

I. The following Genti emen were elected Members :
Hon. W. CAYLEY, M. P. P, Toronto.

Henry Cawthra, Esq., Toronto.
II. The following donations to the Library were announced, and the thanks of the

Institute voted to the donors :

From the Publishers, B. Dawson & Son. Archaia, or Sturlies of the Cosmogony and Natural History of the Hebrew Scriptures : by J. W. Dawson, LL.D., FG.S. One Vol.

From The Cher SUPERINTENDENT of Education for Upper Canada. Annual Report of the Normal, Molel, Grammar and Common Schools in Upper

Canada for the year 1858, with Appendix. By the Chief Superintendent of Education for Upper Canada, Two Vols. Unbound.

From Dr. HAYDEN OF ALBANY (through Prof. Chapman.) Two Maps of Nebraska Territory.

III. An address presented by the Council to Alex. M. Ross and James Hodges, Civil Engineers, congratulating them upon the opening of the Victoria Bridge, and the reply of those Gentlemen to that address, was read by the Secretary.

Toronto, 19th Dec, 1859. To Alexander Vackenzie Ross and James Hodges, Esqrs., the Engineer and the

Builder of the Victoria Bridge : Gentlemev,- At a special meeting of the Council of the Canadian Institute, convened this day, the following resolution, congratulating you on the completion of the magnificent work with which your names are so intimately connected, was adopted unanimously.

Resolved. - That the Vicioria Bridge at Montreil having this day been opened for public traffic, the Council of the Canadian Institute deem a fitting opportunity to congratulate Messrs Alexander Mackenzie Ross and James Hodges, Civil Engineers, on the completion of that great and poble work.

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The lostitute have watched with a double interest the progress of the Victoria Bridge, not only as a work of the highest national importance, but also as closely associated with the name of Robert Stephenson : that renowned and much lamented engineer, whom the Institute had the high honor to enroll amonget its members on the occasion of his visit to Canada, prior to the comniclicement of the great undertaking which has just been brought to so successful a completion

In the Victoria Bridge, Canadians must not only feel that they possess one of the noblest monuinents of engineering skill and science existing on this continent; but that also, by the completion of this magnificent structure, a great highway has been opened, over which the trade and commerce not ouly of Canada, but of the furthest west, may at all times flow: uninterrupted by the natural obstacles which have heretofore opposed themselves for a large period of the year, to a free communication with the sea-board.

To the gentlemen whose names are so closely connected with this great work, the Council of the Institute desire now to express their sincere congratulations on the successful termination of their labours ; and they desire also by this resolution, to record in the archives of this Society (expressly established for the promotion of Science and Industry) the completion of the noble monument of Science and Mechanical skill which has this day been opened to the traffic of the Province.

The Conncil further resolved that copies of the above resolution should be engrossed and transmitted to Messrs. Ross and Hodges.

(Signed,) G. W. ALLAN, President.

Reply. Copy

MONTREAL, 27th December, 1859. To the President and Council of the Canadian Institute, Toronto.

Gentlemen, -We have the bonor to acknowledge receipt of copies of Resolution passed at a special meeting of your Council, convened on the 191h instant, in which you congratulate us, as Engineer and Builder, on the completion of the Victoria Bridge, that day opened for public traffic.

In returning you our thanks for the notice you have taken of ourselves in connexion with the termination of our labors, a notice, which to us is more valuable, emanating from a Society established for the promotion of Science and Industry, and numbering so many respected names amongst its members, we rejoice to think that the work with which our names hive been connected, is one which is so highly calculated to assist in developing the interests of a country for the prosperity of which our best wishes can never cease to be formed

And it is not only our present hope, but our confident belief, that the sacrifices which this Province bas made with such enlightened foresight in order to establish a great and ever open highway of communication betwixt the rising territories of the farthest west and the Atlantic sea board, will in due time find a return corresponding to the spirit in which that great enterprise was conceived, and the perseverance with which the means have been found for bringing it to a successful completion.

Amidst so much that is calculated to afford satisfaction to all concerned, our pleasure is yet damped by the melancholy reflection, that the distinguished man to

whom rou allude, with whose name this undertaking is so closely associated, has breu preverted from witnessing its completion by a too early death. Again begying to tender you our grateful and respectful acknowledgements,

We have the houor to be,

Gentlemen, Your very faithful Servants, (Signed,


V. The following papers were read : 1. By the President, Prof. Daniel Wilson, LL.D. :

The Annual Address. 2 By Prof. H. Y. Hind, M.A. :

On the distribution of Clay Iron Stone in the Carbonaceous rocks of Rupert's Land, or the North Western Territory, and its value as a source of Iron in that Country.”

Prof. D. Wilson, LL.D., President, in the Chair.

I. The following Gentlemen were elected Members :
Alex. M. Ross, Esq., Civil Engineer, Montreal. Honorary Member.
James Hodges, Esq., Civil Engineer, Montreal, Corresponding Member.
John H. Hunt, Esq., M.D. Army Medical Staff, Toronto. I ordinary
Walter O'Hara, Esq., Toronto.

5 members. II. The following papers were read : 1. By F. Asyikinack, Esq. :

"On some peculiarities of the Odah wah language." 2. By Rev. Prof. W. Hincks, F.L.S.:

Specimens of a Canadian Flora.

Professor Wilson, LL.D., President, in the Chair.

I. The following papers were read: 1. By the Hon. G. W. Allan, M.L.C.:

On the Topography of the Roman Forum, Illustrated by a series of Photographic views.” 2. By the President, Professor Wilson, LL.D:

“ Observations on the skull of a Circassian Lady, brought from Kertch in the Crimea.”

SIXTH ORDINARY MEETING-28th January, 1860.
Prof. Daniel Wilsox, LL.D., President, in the Chair.

I. The following Gentlemen were elected Members :
ALFIO DE GRASSIE, Esq., Toronto, Ordinary Member,

GEORGE Tate, Esq., Toronto.
THOMAS GRUNDRY, Esq., Toronto.

Ordinary members.
Thomas Moss, M.A., Toronto.
JAMES POLLOCK, Esq., Toronto.
REGINALD REYNOLDS, Esq., Toronto, Junior member.

II. The following papers were read: 1. By Prof. H. Y. Hind, M.A:

“ Remarks on Indian Art, illustrated by a collection of Indian relics, obtained during the Assiniboine and Saskatchewan expedition. 2. Dr. Bovell made some observations on the skull of an infant Indian found with

many others in a pit near Weston.

Professor D. Wilson, LL.D., President, in the Chair.

1. The following Gentlemen were elected Members:
The Hon. Mr. Justice HAGARTY, Toronto.
Rev, E Cooper, M. A.

II. The following donation to the Institute vas announced, and thanks voted to the

donors : A copy in chromo-Lithography of the picture by Paul Kane, Esq., of the death of a Blackfoot Chief. By Messrs. Fuller & Bencke.

III. l'he following Paper was Read : 1. By Professor Bovell, M.D.

"Notes of a visit to Barbadoes in 1859."


The following errata occur in the first part of the paper “ On the Resolution of Equations," which appeared in the January Number of the Journal : Page 22, line 10, for said, read surd. Page 23, line 29, for 2, in the second term of the value of °(P), read z. Page 27, line 13, for U", read U Page 27, line 21, and page 28, line 13, for same, read some. Page 31, line 7, delete the comma before the word “having." Page 34, line 10, for same, read some; also, in the last line of the same page,

for AY, read A Y. Page 35, line 16, insert the sign + before Yo · Page 38, line 22, instead of Y, after the word “expressions,” read Y..

Vol. V.


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(Read before the Canadian Institute, February 11th, 1860.)

The mean temperature of the year 1859 was 44o.19, which differs only 09.08 in excess from the average of 20 years.

The mean temperatures of the several months were in six instances above and six below their respective averages. As shown by the table, the warmest month absolutely though relatively a cold one, was July, and the month that was absolutely coldest, though it was relatively warm, was February. The warmest month relatively, was March, being 60.27 above the average, and the relatively coldest month December, which was lower than the average by 89.08. December was the coldest December on record, being 30.2 colder than the coldest December previously recorded.

The warmest day was July 12th, with a mean temperature 799.88, and the coldest January 10th, with a mean temperature —89.65.

The highest temperature of the year was 8800 being 20.5 below the average. It occurred on July 12th, already mentioned as the warmest day. The lowest temperature of the year, occuring on January 10th, (also the coldest day in the year,) was - 260.5 being 14°.7 below the average, and the lowest ever recorded at the observatory. The absolute annual rauge thus amounted to 1149.5.

Humidity. The mean humidity of the year was .74, being nearly identical with that of 1858. The annual march, as exhibited in the monthly means, corresponded in its alternate increase and diminution, very accurately with that of the preceding year, and in most cases showed nearly exactly the same numbers.

Clouds,—The extent of sky clouded, on the average of the year, was nearly $ of the hemisphere, and for nine months the sky was on the average at least balf overcast. This accords with the experience of previous years, but in the distribu. tion of cloudiness among the different months, a want of parallelism is appareut.

Wind.—The resultant direction of the wind, was N 61o W. The mean velocity of the year was 8.17 miles per hour, which was 1.60 miles above the average, and shows an increase on the two preceding years. The most windy month was April, with a mean velocity 10.79 miles, and the least windy month May, with a mean velocity, 5.70 miles. The most windy day, was March 19th, when the mean velocity was 31.16 miles, the greatest recorded ; and the calmest day September 23rd.

The most windy hour on the average of the year, was from P.M. to 2 P.M. with a mean velocity 11.00 miles; and the calmest hour, from midnight to 1 A.M.

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