## Elements of Geometry: Containing the First Six Books of Euclid: With a Supplement ... to which are Added, Elements of Plane and Sphericale Trigonometry ... From the Last London Ed., Enl |

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Elements of Geometry, Containing the First Six Books of Euclid Euclid,Phillips No preview available - 2018 |

### Common terms and phrases

ABCD altitude angle ABC angle BAC base bisected Book called centre chord circle circle ABC circumference coincide common consequently construction contained cosine definition demonstrated described diameter difference divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equilateral Euclid exterior angle extremity fall fore four given given straight line greater half Hence inscribed interior join less Let ABC magnitudes manner mean meet multiple opposite parallel parallelogram pass perpendicular plane polygon prism PROB produced PROP proportional proposition proved radius ratio reason rectangle contained rectilineal figure right angles segment shewn sides sine solid square straight line taken tangent THEOR third touch triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 5 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle ; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.

Page 124 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 76 - The angle in a semicircle is a right angle: the angle in a segment greater than a semicircle is less than a right angle ; and the angle in a segment less than a semicircle is greater than a right angle.

Page 46 - If a straight line be divided into any two parts, the square of the whole line is equal to the squares of the two parts, together with twice the rectangle contained by the parts.

Page 7 - Let it be granted that a straight line may be drawn from any one point to any other point. 2. That a terminated straight line may be produced to any length in a straight line. 3. And that a circle may be described from any centre, at any distance from that centre.

Page 292 - All the interior angles of any rectilineal figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.

Page 279 - If a straight line meets two straight lines, so as to make the two interior angles on the same side of it taken together less than two right angles...

Page 145 - ... cuts the base, the rectangle contained by the sides of the triangle is equal to the rectangle contained by the segments of the base, together with the square on the straight line which bisects the angle.

Page 9 - If two triangles have two sides of the one equal to two sides of the...

Page 28 - THE straight lines which join the extremities of two equal and parallel straight lines, towards the same parts, are also themselves equal and parallel. Let AB, CD be equal and parallel straight lines, and joined towards the same parts by the straight lines AC, BD ; AC, BD are also equal and parallel.