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tamely to adopt the leading measures ther

ther as two of the greatest villains upto their subjection to the court of Ver- on earth.

Their conversation is made failles, is killing the rod that is prepar- up of compliments, which they repeat ing to scourge them.

without thinking about what they lay: But setting alide the honour of na- this may be politeness, but if it be, it tions, it is certainly very impolitic for is a very useless commodity in the trafus to follow their fashions, and wear fic of the world, and like base coin their manufactures. The French al- ferves only to impose upon the ignoways consult their policy and conveni- rant and credulous. Their flattery cerence in the fashions they establish. tainly tickles the ears of women, who When they were in possession of the Ca- expect a general adulation from all nadian fur trade, they judiciously pro- mankind: but it is impossible for a man moted the wearing of beaver hats; of sense to be pleased; for it is in gebut since that trade has devolved to us, neral so gross and barefaced, that it they wear very small hats, and these must nauseate a person of any discernare chiefly made of filk. Were they ment. They consider English travel. in poffesfion of Jamaica, they would, lers as their property by prescription, doubtless, from the same motive drink and fancy that their cringing and flatrum in preference to brandy; but as it tery is an adequate barter for our guiis, our policy is glaringly defective in neas. Amongst the traders, it is a setencouraging the vent of French bran- tled point never to sell an Englishman dy in this kingdom. They import our any commodity at the price it is sold fincft horses to improve the breed of to natives; even when a pretended their own, and run our sheep and wool friend recommends you, he winks at to supplant us in the woollen manu

the deceit, and thinks you a proper factures; but they purchase no como subject for imposition. As they conmodities that they can do without, in

sider themselves as standards in all mat. preference to their own of the same ters of taste, their decision's


these kind. A Frenchman has invariably occasions are always arbitrary, and ethe interest of his king and country at ven their false politeness cannot give heart; and though he may not always way to their fuperiority of judgment; approve

of the measures of the mini- and an Englishman would be considerfter, he never hints at any impropriety ed as a presumptuous Jack roast beef, of conduct in the grand monarque, who if he were to pretend to dissent from is considered by every Frenchman, as their determinations upon these occathe greatest and most perfect being up- fons. on earth. I do not recommend to Eng. I am in hopes, that these few relishmen the example of the subjects of flections may open the eyes of some of a despotic prince; but surely fome re

our countrymen, and prevent them spect is due to royalty, and the person- from dinging away their money amongst al virtues of Louis XV. are certainly those who only laugh at them for their eclipsed by those of George III. folly. If fawning, cringing, insincerity,

ANTIGALLICUS. and hypocrisy constitute politeness, the French are certainly the most polite The History of the Norwegian Prin. people in the world. Their professions cipality of the Isles, commonly called are mere words, their civilities mere

the Kingdom of Man. air, which are never thought of after

( Continued from Page 390. VOL.III.) they are vented. I have seen two Frenchmeo meeting upon the Pontneuf, ACITUS, who seems to have pay each the highest compliments, and made the manners and customs to the next they met represent each Q


I am,



dy, in

d him ll the ere the monial fon to

y ne on in from e into

it a glorious occupation. The wild nation, tribes who lived near the gulph of Bothof the nia, Finland, and Livonia, followed the fame practice. The maritime nations inhabiting the Southern coaft of the Baltic were led by the example and fuccefs of thofe rovers to try their fortune in the more wealthy divifions of the , Cim- South of Europe. If to these numerons of ous nations of plunderers we add those ngs of of Denmark, Holftein, Saxony, and ended, Friesland, all the way to the mouth of the time; Rhine, we do not make the country of od au- thofe Northern rovers, who have done hion fo much mifchief in former ages, more e nati- extensive than history affirms. It is alfo extremely probable that those who ducti- dwelt in the more inland districts of the kingdoms of the North joined the freebooting inhabitants of the fea coafts in their expeditions. In a divifion of Europe fo extenfive, it could have been no difficult matter to muster up swarms of wives adventurers, fome thirsting after glory as the others rendered defperate by poverty, ys en- and all of them animated by the fncdrea- cefs of their neighbours or predeceffors from in emigrations of the fame kind. I rude It may also be fufpected that the opor- piratical Eafterlings and Normans, who of any committed fuch devastations in the loway be Germany, France, Britain, Ireland,and f woother places, were not fo very numerwhen ous as they have been reprefented. Inof the ftead of making war in a regular manbands ner, they generally invaded one particular divifion of a country near the ect to coaft, in flying parties, gathered all the . In fpoils they could carry away, and deto ac- ftroyed every thing elfe. They were could compofed of feveral bodies indepenwith dent of one another, and no fooner was one band gone than another came. By es,be- this means, the countries expofed to anity, their ravages had fcarce any refpite emed from their incurfions: this circumftance muft

s, we


ullam morum partem magis laudaveris: nam ribus contenti funt, exceptis admodum paucis.

must have greatly swelled the idea of The Chronicle of Man calls Somertheir numbers in the minds of those led Prince of Heregaidel, and informis who were so cruelly harassed by them; us further, that he had married a paand as they made a conquest of some tural daughter of King Olave, and concountries, the writers in the interest of fequently Godred's lifter. By that the old natives, to fave their credit in lady he had four fons: Dougal, of fome measure, would perhaps have a- whom came the MacDougals of Lorn; scribed those conquests to the numbers Reignald, the progenitor of all the of the enemy, rather than to their su. MacDonalds of Scotland and Ireland; perior bravery.

Angus, an ambitious lord, whole great To leave this digreffion, from the hif- power and numerous offspring became tory of the dynasty of Man. Olavé, extinct in a short time; and Olate, of king of the ifles, after a long and peace- whose actions or iffue neither history able reign, was treacherously Nain by gor tradition have recorded any thing his own nephews: he was succeeded by memorable. his son, 'Godred, whom he had by the "The King of Man, upon receiving daughter of Fergus, Earl of Galloway, intelligence that Thorfin and Somerled the most powerful subject in Scotland had seized on a part of his dominions, at that time.

equipped a considerable fleet, and put. Godred had failed to Norway before ting to sea went in quest of his enehis father's death, and did homage to miest. Somerled met him with a feet king Hinge. In his absence the three consisting of eighty fail: after an ob. fons of his uncle Harold feized on his ftipate fight, attended with great slaughdominions, and divided them among ter on both sides, they patched up a themselves. But the usurping assassins peace, having agreed to divide the kingfoon met with the fate their crimes de- dom of the isles among them. From served. Godred returning from Nor- that day, faith the chronicle, may be way, asserted his title to the kingdom dated the downfal and ruin of the kingof Man, caused one of the sons of Ha- dom of Man. rold to be executed, and agreeably to

Either Somerled's ambition was vec 'the inhuman custom of those barbarous ry high, or Godred's perfidy provoked times, put out the eyes of the other him soon to recommence hostilities; two.

for he invaded Man with a new fleet Soon after Godred had recovered the about two years after the partition inheritance of his ancestors, the Easter- treaty had been concluded. Godred, lings of Dublin invited him over into unable to maintain his ground, aban. Ireland, and made him their king. E- doned the island, fled to Norway, and lated beyond measure by this great ac- laid his grievances before the fovereign cession of power, he began to rule ty- of whom he held his dominions by a rapnically in his own dominions, and feudal right. He remained in Norway regardless of justice and the laws, de- for fix years before his representations prived the nobles of their estates. The had any effect. At length he obtained most powerful among them, Thorfin,the a considerable supply of forces, and re- i son of Oler, to gratify his revenge, en- turning to Man, defeated his brother tered into a league with Somerled, the Reginald, who had taken possession of famous thane of Argyle, and after the island in his absence, and re-estawresting many of the isles out of God- blished himself in his kingdom [. red's hands, by the assistance of that Somerled was killed before this repowerful chief, erected them into a se- volution happened. Intoxicated by reparate kingdom for Dugal, the son of peated victories, and his vast acquisitihis new patron.

+ Ad. ann. 1156. * Chron. Man. ad ann. 1143,

Chron. Man. ad ann. 1164.




e be- vour their defign. But to have fomecon- thing of a plaufible pretence for com onfe- mencing hoftilities, it was agreed in &t, e- council, that a perfon invefted with a fix- public character fhould be fent immearmy diately to propofe to the Thane, that Here, in order to procure a remission of his ough crimes from the King, he should refhed nounce his right to the lands held of F, to him on the continent, and fatisfy himtude felf with his poffeffions in the ifles. Somerled was too confcious of his very own ftrength, and too tender of his eath undoubted right, to acquiefce in a pronem, pofal no lefs injurious to his character any than prejudicial to his intereft. Incami- pable of difguifing his fentiments, and ince fired with a juft indignation, he drew un- his fword, and told the meffenger that The "He would fooner terminate the dif pute with that weapon, than tamely qui-"furrender any part of his property." iled After returning fuch an answer to a lou- meffage fent by his fovereign, he had the reafon to believe that a violent ftorm - fo would immediately gather, and burst his upon him: he therefore armed his nupel- merous vaffals in Argyle-fhire and the ous ifles, procured a confiderable body of de- auxiliaries from Ireland, and determined to carry the war into the counAn- try of his unprovoked enemies. He e in landed with an army of fifteen thousand ili men in the Bey of St. Laurence, now en- Greenock, and marched directly to ght Paifley, where the King's troops were ar encamped. But before he could bring us. them to an action, he was moit bafely of affaffinated by Maurice Mac Neil, one of his nephews,, whom the King's geins nerals found means to bribe. This is his in fubftance the account given by the ed Highland fennachies of Somerled's efs difpute with his fovereign, and of the ry unhappy end of his life, which was of the confequence of it. His followers, to fay the fennachies, betook themselves of to their gallies, upon receiving the ng news of their leader's fate, and returner, ed home without fuffering any confi. derable lofs.



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The account given by the Scottish multitude, it is easy to figure to one's historians of this matter, agrees neither self

the various mischiefs that might be with the Chronicle of Man, nor with occfioned in families, and neighbourthe relation now given. According to hoods,by a wanton,malicious,or unprinthem, Somerled's ambition knew no cipled ventriloquist; who can not only bounds, and his luft of power was in- imitate the voice of any of his neighsatiable. Led by the dictates of those bours, but can likewise make it seem palons, he formed an audacious design to come out of any quarter he thinks of extending the limits of the princi. proper to emit it from. We shall pality he had by very indifferent means therefore terminate this article by addacquired, at the expence of his fove. ing only a few obfervations, tending reign. Malcolm IV. a minor, had to explain the nature of this deception, mounted the throne of Scotland upon in general. As we cannot afford room the death of his grandfather, David for the nore diffuse and desultory exthe Sainu, and Someiled taking ad- plications of the author, we shall envantage of the minority, rebelled in deavour briefly to illustrate this matthe very beginning of this reign. He ter in our own manner. put

himself at the head of a numerous It appears clearly from the Baron army, consisting partly of his own vaso de Mengen's account of himself, and fals, and partly of lawless persons, from the observations made by the auwhom the love of plunder or a consci- thor, in his frequent examinations of ousness of guilt had driven from all M. St. Gille, that the factitious voice quarters, to his standard, and laid waste produced by a ventriloquist does not those divisions of the kingdom which (as the etymology of the word imports) lay next his own principalities. But proceed from the belly, but is formed the celebrated Gilchris*, Earl of An: in the inner parts of the mouth and gus, being sent with an army to oppose throat. As to its fingular effect in dehim, gave him a total defeat, and o- ceiving even the mott intelligent and bliged him to fly for refuge into Ire- accurate observers, the following conland. (To be continued.) fiderations may perhaps throw a degree

of light on the subject, sufficient to Le Ventriloque, &c. The Ventriloquist. make what seems marvellous in this

By M. De La Chapelle, Cenfor Rayai phenomenon in a great measure disapat Paris, Member of the Academies pear: independent, however, of that at Lyons and Rouen, and F. R. S. truly wonderful flexibility and com

mand of the various and complicated In two Parts, 12mo. London, DelEtanville. Paris, Duchesne. 1772. duced. This art, nevertheless, accord

organs of speech by which it is pro(Concluded from page 399. Vol. III.) ing to the author, does not depend on

a particular structure or organization E rather wonder that this reWE

of these parts; peculiar only to a few flection should not occur to the individuals; but may be acquired by well-intenticned author of this perform- almost any one possessed of a very arance. Independent of the bad purposes dent desire to attain it, joined to a very to which a talent of this kind might be large stock of perseverance. applied, when directed so as to operate It is evident, we think, that the judgon the superstition and credulity of the ments we form concerning the situation



* There was no Earl of Angus called Gilchrift in that age. ple's Collect. p. 392.

See Dalryma

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