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them not boast of their strength and resolution, for, v. 26. She hath cast down many wounded ; yea, many strong men have been slain by her. Therefore watch and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.
3. When sinners take so much pains to allure and seduce others, what pity is it that wise and good men will take so little to preserve or recover them. What pains is the harlot here represented as taking to corrupt ! to procure every thing alluring, to make the temptation plausible, to answer every objection which the person tempted might be apt to make ; and all to make another more and more a child of hell. Where do we see such zeal as this in good men! Where do we see such a concern to direct unexperienced souls ! to seek out, take notice of, and encourage, those who appear to be serious ; to warn them of the snares of sin ; to represent to them the pleasures of religion ; and exhort them to taste and sec that the Lord is good? The artifices and zeal of sinners ought to shame and humble us, that we do no more for one another's souls, and take so little pains to warn, admonish, and encourage one another ; especially since so much is to be said in favour of religion, and we may hope for the concurrence of divine grace in our pious attempts to promote it. He that turneth a sinner from the error of tia ways, saveth a soul from death. Therefore exhort one another daily, while it is called today, lest any be hardened through the deceilo fulness of sin.
In this chapter there is an evident contrast or opposition to the allure.
ments of the harlot mentioned in the former chapter.
voice ; earnestly invite men to receive her. She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths, 3 She crieth at the gates, at the entry of the city, at the coming
in at the doors ; in the most public places, in open day ; noi like
the harloi, ashamed to be seen ; her instructions are plain to all, 4 Unto you, O men, I call ; and my voice [is] to the sons of man. 5 ( ye simple, understand wisdom : and, ye fools, be ye of an 6 understanding heart. Hear ; for I will speak of excellent, or
princely, things, worthy the attention of all ; and the opening of 7 my lips (shall be] right things. For my mouth shall speak
truth; and wickedness [is] an abomination to my lips, it is the 8 design of all my addresses to prevent it. All the words of my
mouth Care] in righteousness ; (there is) nothing froward or perverse in them ; nothing to hamper or perplex you, to abridge
you of your just liberty, much less to mislead or pervert you. 9 They (are) all plain to him that understandeth, and right to
them that find knowledge; who are well disposed, and endeav. 10 our to distinguish between right and wrong. Receive my instruc
tion, and not silver, that is, rather than silver; and knowledge rathIl er than choice gold. For wisdom [is] better than rubies, or
the most firecious gems ; and all the things that may be desired 12 are not to be compared to it. I wisdom dwell with prudence,
do not content myself with speculation, but extend to practice, and find out knowledge of witty inventions, that is, ingenious inven. tions, which are of great use in human life, and subservient to the
most important purposes. I instruct men in the first place, that 13 The fear of the LORD [is] to hate evil, pride, and arrogancy, and
the evil way, and the froward mouth, do I hate, all sinful prac14 tices, slandet, and detraction. Coupsel [is] mine, and sound
wisdom ; I (am) understanding I have strength ; I show
men what is til lo be done, and inspire them with courage to do it. 15 16 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice. By me
princes rule, and nobles, [even) all the judges of the earth; that is, by wisdom they make just and merciful laws for the government
of their people, and conduct the weighty affairs of kingdoms and na17 tions. I love them that love me ; and those that seek me early 18 shall find me. Riches and honour [are) with me ; [yea,] durable
riches and righteousness, wealth which wears well, and brings 19 with it a title to a better, inheritance. My fruit [is] better than
gold, yea, than fine gold ; and my revenue than choice silver. 20 I lead, or direct, in the way of private righteousness, in the 21 midst of the paths of public judgment, That I may cause
those that love me to inherit substance, make them truly and com22 pletely hanny ; and I will fill their treasures.* The Lord pos
sessed me as his freasure in the beginning of his way, before his works of old ; it is an argument that wisdom is the most ex, cellent thing, because it dweli in God before the creation of the world, and directed his actions in al he made. As if he had said, Since it is an altribute displayed in all his works of creation and
Providence, therefore, the more wisdom any creature has, the more 23 he resembles the great Creator. I was set up from everlasting, 24 from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When [there
were] no depths, I was brought forth ; [when there were) 25 no fountains abounding with water. Before the mountains 26 were settled, before the hills was I brought forth : While as
yet he had not made the earth, 'nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world, the ground on which we cread,
or ralher, the beginning or mass of dust, before is, was distin27 guished into moun'ains ard plains. When he prepared the heav-.
ens, I [was) there : when he set a compass upon the face of the
depth ; marked how far it should extend, and where the hills 28 should be placed : When he established the clouds above : when, 29 he strengthened the fountains of the deep : When he gave to
the sea his decree, that the waters should not pass his command
Many writers apply all that follows to Christ. What the New Testament reaches con. cerning hiin, shows the it may be accommodated to him, but I find no sufficient proof mit Solonion intended it of himn; nor is any clause of this description applied to film in the New Tescannt,
30 ment : when he appointed the foundations of the earth : There
I was by him (as) one brought up (with him :) and I was daily
(his) delight, rejoicing always before him ; producing daily some 31 new work, which he approved and pronounced to be good ; Rejoicing
in the habitable part of his earth; and my delights (were) with the sons of men ; I rejoiced to see how the world was formed into
a fit habitation for man, and the sons of men enjoying the effects of 32 the divine power and goodness. Now therefore hearken onto
me, Oye children : for blessed (are they that] keep my ways. 33, 34 Hear instruction, and be wise, and refuse it not. Blessed
[is] the man that heareth me, watching daily at my gates, wait
ing at the posts of my doors ; earnestly desiring io become my 35 disciple, and improving all opportunities to get knowledge. For
'whoso findeth me findeth life, that which will make life pleasant 36 20 him, and he shall obtain favour of the LORD. But he that
sinneth against me wrongeth his own soul : all they that hate me love death ; they who hearken to sinners, and reject my counsels, do in effect choose death ; and their perverseness will end in their ruin.
TROM hence we are led to observe and adore the wisdom of
of their beauty, order, and exactness; and consider that it is he who hath prepared and adorned the heavens, laid the foundations of the earth, set a bound to the sea, and provided sustenance for man and beast. The more attentively we survey the works of God, the more evident and striking marks of wisdom and goodness shall we perceive ; and often take up the psalmist's admiration, O Lord, how manifold are thy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all.
2. The noble description here given of the effects of wisdom, should increase our esteem of, and value for it. Wisdom, will lead us to choose the best ends, and to pursue them by the best means, and therefore comprehends the knowledge of our duty, the fear of God and a hatred of evil. This wisdom is the greatest excellency of a rational being. It is to be preferred to gold and rubies, and every thing the heart of man can desire. It brings us substance; what is solid and durable, and will afford us the highest and noblest delight. It directs in the government of kingdoms, churches, and families ; discovers the useful arts of life, and eso pecially ennobles, enriches, and sanctifies the soul. It is absolutely necessary for all the sons of men ; all their learning and wealtii, without this, will only make them so much the more contemptible and miserable. Let us all then, especially those who are in early life, pursue it; for wisdom loves those that love her, and those that seek her early shall find her.
3. How inexcusable and miserable will they be who hare wixdon! Inexcusable, because it is offered them, and the way to possess it is
plainly marked out. Conscience, Providence, ministers, good books, and above all, the scriptures, propose it to our choice, and direct us in the way to attain it. It is easily found by unprejudiced minds ; but it must be sought daily and diligently, if we whould come to a thorough knowledge of it, and be well skilled in those excellent arts which it teaches. But if this wisdom be neglected, the soul is tvronged, whatever else it enjoys ; and death, everlasting death, must be its portion. Hearken then to wisdom, for blessed are they that keep her ways.
ÎThis chapter contains a description of wisdom and folly, as persons
sending their invitations to mankind; and the different reception of their respective guests. These seem to be detached pieces, which Solomon might write and give to young people about his court, to inalruct them in the same thing, by a variety of language and images, according to the manner of the easterns. He here describes wisdom as a princess, making a splendid entertainment for her guests. i
ISDOM hath builded her house, she hath hewn out
her seven pillars ; in allusion to the custom of the eastern princes, who entertained their guests in gardens, where pavil. % ions or tents were spread upon a number of pillars : She hath
killed her beasts ; she hath mingled her wine of various kinds ; 8 she hath also furnished her table. She hath sent forth her
maidens :* she crieth upon the highest places of the city, 4 Whoso [is] simple, let him turn in hither ; I am willing to re
ceive the weakest and the vilest : [as for] him that wanteth unŚ derstanding, she saith to him, Come, eat of my bread, and
drink of the wine (which] I have mingled, that is, hear my in
structions, and receive my consolations : and in order to this, 6 Forsake the foolish, and live ;
of understand ing.
And my first lesson is, that to despise reproof is a most hateÝ fui character : He that reproveth a scorner getteth to himself
shame, by being disappoinied : and he that rebuketh a wicked
[man, getteth) himself a blot, by being censured and reproached. $ Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee : rebuke a wise man, 9 and he will love thee. Give [instruction) to a wise (man,) and
he will be yet wiser : teach a just [man,) and he will increase to in learning. The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of wis.
dom ; and the knowledge of the holy, that is, of holy things, the 11 doctrines and services of religion, [is] understanding. For by
me thy days shall be multiplied, and the years of thy life shall 12 be increased. If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for thyself :
but [if] thou scornest, thou alone shalt bear [it ;]. I shall receive
• A circumstanee of decorum, as it would have been reckoned an infamous thing in those songtries for a lady to be attended by men bervasts.
neither benefit by the one, nor prejudice by the other ; it is thinc
own interest which is solely concerned. 13 A foolish woman, that is, folly, the contrast of true wisdom, [is]
clamorous : (she is] simple, and knoweth nothing ; she speaks in
a loud, impudent manner, but is perfectly ignorant of God and re14 ligion. For she sitteth at the door of her house, on a seat in the 15 high places of the city, To call passengers who go right on
their ways ; who pursue their business, or are going to the place 16 where they might receive instruction : Whoso (is) simple, let him
turn in hither; using the same language as wisdom, and urging the
great pleasure arising from prohibited gratifications : and (as for] 17 him that wanteth understanding, she saith to him, Stolen
waters, or pleasures, are sweet, and bread [eaten) in secret is 13 pleasant. But to comply with her invitation would be destructive, for he knoweth not that the dead (are) there ; [and that) her guests (are] in the depths of hell ; not only the bodies of those who had been murdered in their criminal pursuits, or died marfyrs to their lusts, but the spirits of the damned come to the enteriainment, assembling as it were to seize their prey, and conduct the kinner down to the depths of hell.
ner in which we receive reproof. If we hate those who reprove us, blame them, despise them, call them uncharitable, or impertinent, it shows that we are fools and scorners; but if we love a faithful reprover, take his rebuke well, ápply our minds to grow wiser by it, and correct the error which he reproves, it is a sure mark of wisdom, and the way to grow better. Let us try ourselves then by this mark, for, v. 12, if ihou be ovise, thou shalt be wise for thyself; but if thou scornes!, thou alone shalt bear it.
2. How desirable is it that young people should make a wise choice! Wisdom and folli, holiness and sin, each address them, and solicit their compliance. Othat they would examine the proposals of each, but always remember to take into the account future consequences. Wisdom's address is mild and rational, sie proposes your benefit, and only requires you to forsake what will be your destruction. But carnal and criminal pleasures are noisy ani pressing; they promise you much delight in forbidden enjoyments; but the dead are there ; and if you are the guests of folly, the entertainment will end in the depths of hell. Thus does Solomon set before them, thus do faithful monitors and friends, set before thrr.2 life and death, the blessing and the curse ; forsake then the
foolish and live. VOL. V.