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neglect of Sur
(Secs. 74. 75) and inspect the same or any Part thereof; and if it shall appear Alteration of to the said Surveyor that there is any Work or Materials in the if necessary. external or party Walls or main Timbers or Roofs thereof, used in the building, rebuilding, or Alteration thereof, contrary to the Meaning of this Provision, the Owner of such House or other Penalty for Building who shall not take down such Work or Materials within veyor's Notice. One Week after Notice given to him for that Purpose by the Commissioners Surveyor shall be liable to a Penalty not exceeding One Pound for every Day that such Work or Materials shall remain contrary to the Provisions herein contained. And with respect to Cellar Dwellings, be it enacted,
CellarDwellings. LXXV. That the Section numbered 67 of "The Public Health Section 67 of 11 Act, 1848,” shall be incorporated with this Act; but the Com- 63. incorporated missioners shall give Notice of that Provision, instead of the Notice of this Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor.
ard 12 Vict. c.
to be let except
LXVII. And be it enacted, That it shall not be lawful to let or oc
cupy or suffer to be occupied separately as a Dwelling any Vault, Cellar, or underground Room built or rebuilt after the passing of Ce!lars, &c. this Act, or which shall not have been so let or occupied before to be let as
newly built not the passing of this Act; and it shall not be lawful to let or con
Dwelling Rooms. tinue to let, or to occupy or suffer to be occupied, separately as a Dwelling, any Vault, Cellar, or underground Room whatsoever, No Cellars, &c. unless the same be in every Part thereof at least Seven Feet in under certain Height, measured from the Floor to the Ceiling thereof, nor unless Ceinditions as to
height, light, the same be at least Three Feet of its Height above the Surface five-place, ventiof the Street or Ground adjoining or nearest to the same, nor steps, drains,
privies, ash-pits, unless there be outside of and adjoining the same Vault, Cellar, or Room, and extending along the entire Frontage thereof, and upwards from Six Inches below the Level of the Floor thereof up to the Surface of the said Street or Ground, an open Area of at least Two Feet and Six Inches wide in every Part, nor unless the same be well and effectually drained by means of a Drain the uppermost Part of which is One Foot at least below the Level of the Floor of such Vault, Cellar, or Room, nor unless there be appurtenant to such Vault, Cellar, or Room the Use of a Watercloset or Privy and an Ashpit, furnished with proper Doors and Coverings kept and provided according to the Provisions of this Act, nor unless the same have a Fireplace with a proper Chimney or Flue, nor unless the same have an external Window of at least Nine Superficial Feet in Area clear of the Sash Frame, and made to open in such Manner as shall be approved by the Surveyor, except in the Case of an inner or back Vault, Cellar, or Room let or occupied along with a front Vault, Cellar, or Room as Part of the same Letting or Occupation, in which Case the external Window may
(Secs. 75 76.)
be of any Dimensions, not being less than Four Superficial Feet Penalty for
in Area clear of the Sash Frame; and whosoever lets, occupies, or wegleci, &c.
continues to let, or knowingly suffers to be occupied, for Hire or
tinues to be so let or occupied after Notice in Writing from the Area steps, &c. Local Board of Health in this Behalf : Provided always, that in
any Area adjoining a Vault, Cellar, or underground Room there
Area adjoins, if the same be so placed as not to be over, across, or
Vault, Cellar, or underground Room in which any Person passes
the Night shall be deemed to be occupied as a Dwelling within Act not to come the Meaning of this Act: Provided also, that the Provisions of into operation until the Lapi
this Act with respect to the Letting and Occupation of Vaults, certain Time, in Cellars, and underground Rooms shall not, so far as the same recase of Cellars, &c. already occu
late to Vaults, Cellars, and underground Rooms which shall have
been let or occupied as Dwellings before the passing of this Act,
Expiration of Six Months from the Time when this Act shall have Church wardens, been applied thereto ; and all Church wardens and Overseers of the &c. to give No
Poor shall from Time to Time after the passing of this Act cause
calculated to make the same generally known.
LXXVI. That the following Sections of “The Town Police
The Section numbered 30 of the said Act:
ration of a
tice of Enactment.
Fires and Smoke.
Sections 30 to 33
10 11 .
Penalty for setting Chimneys wilfully on fire.
XXX. Every Person who wilfully sets or causes to be set on fire any
Chimney within the Limits of the special Act shall be liable to a
XXXI. If any Chimney accidentally catch or be on fire within the Penalty for ac
cidentally allowsaid Limits the Person occupying or using the Premises in which ing Chimneys to such Chimney is situated shall be liable to a Penalty not exceeding Ten Shillings: Provided always, that such Forfeiture shall not be incurred if such Person prove to the Satisfaction of the Justice before whom the Case is heard that such Fire was in nowise owing to Omission, Neglect, or Carelessness of himself or Servant.
Also the Section numbered 32 of the said Act:
by ihe Commis
XXXII. The Commissioners may purchase or provide such Engines Fire Engines
for extinguishing Fire, and such Water Buckets, Pipes, and other may be provided
Also the Section numbered 33 of the said Act.
to go be
XXXIII. The Commissioners may send such Engines, with their Fire Police per
Appurtenances, and the said Firemen, beyond the Limits of the yond the Limits
(a) See note to Section 129 of the Public Health Act, section 127, as to the recovery of these Damages, and see the mode of proceeding before Justices, section 131 of the Public Health Act, incorporated by section 127 post.
(Secs. 77. 78) Sect. 108. of 10 &
LXXVII. That the Section numbered 108 of “ The Towns 11 Vict. c. 34, incorporated Improvement Clauses Act, 1847,” shall be incorporated with this with this Act;
Fireplaces of Factories, &c. to consume their own Smoke,
CVIII. Every Fireplace (a.) or Furnace constructed after the passing
of the special Act, in order to be used within the Limits of such Act in the working of Engines by Steam, or in any Mill, Factory, Dyehouse, Brewery, Bakehouse, Gaswork, or in any Manufactory whatsoever, (although a Steam Engine be not used or employed therein,) shall be so constructed as to consume the Smoke arising from the Combustibles used in such Fireplace or Furnace; and every such Fireplace or Furnace existing within the said Limits at the Date of the passing of the special Act, used for the Purposes aforesaid, not so constructed as to consume the Smoke arising from such Fireplace or Furnace, shall within the prescribed Period, or if no Period be prescribed, then within Two Years after the passing of the special Act, be so altered in its Construction as to
consume such Smoke ; and if after such Period any Person use for Penalty.
any of the Purposes aforesaid any Fireplace or Furnace not so constructed as aforesaid, or if at any Time
Person use any such Fireplace or Furnace constructed after the passing of the special Act, and not so constructed as aforesaid, or so negligently use any such Fireplace or Furnace as not to consume the Smoke arising from the Combustibles used therein, every Person so offending shall be liable to a Penalty of Forty Shillings for every Day during any Part of which such Furnace or Fireplace shall be so used and continued after One Month's Notice in Writing shall have been given to the Owner or Occupier of such Furnace or Fireplace by the Commissioners to remedy or discontinue the Use
of the same. And with respect to supplying Buildings with fresh Air, be it
enacted, Also Sections LXXVIII. That the following Sections of “The Towns Im110, 111, 112, and
provement Clauses Act, 1817,” shall be incorporated with this Act:
The Section numbered 110 of the said Act:
86 of the same Act.
[a.] It has been suggested that this clause ought to have extended to every private Dwelling, as from the multitude of these more smoke arises in every town befouling the atınosphere, than there does from a few manufactories, and as the principle of smokc consumption or prevention is quite as applicable to small as to large fires. If such a Law could be carried out, its effects would be most beneficial ; all the purity and benefits arising from the use of domestic fires could be obtained without the disagreeable and no doubt unwholesome effects of the smoke. Mr Smith in his work on sanatory legislation, writes that he has applied the smoke consumption principle in his house for more than ten years, and can safely say that the cleanliness and comfort arising from a total freedom from smoke and dust, and the saving of annoyance as well as expense, in never needing to have a chimney swept, are far more than suflicient to counterbalance any additional outlay in the apparatus necessary. “During those ten ars" the author writes "the chimney sweeper has not once been in the house."
tended as Places
(Section 78.) CX. Before beginning to build any Building intended to be used as Regulating Con
a Church, Chapel, or School, or a Place of public Amusement or Buildings inEntertainment, or for holding large Numbers of People for any for Public MeetPurpose whatsoever, within the Limits of the special Act, the ings. Person intending to build the same shall give Fourteen Days Notice in Writing to the Commissioners, and shall accompany such Notice with a Plan and Description of the Manner proposed for its Construction, with respect to the Means of supplying fresh Air to such Building; and no Person shall begin to build such Building until the Manner proposed for its Construction, with respect begin to build to the Means for supplying fresh Air, have been approved of by been approved the Commissioners; and in default of sending such Notice, or any such Building be erected without such Approval, the Commissioners may cause such Building, or such Part of it as they consider necessary, to be pulled down or altered, at the Expence of the Owner, and any Expence incurred by the Commissioners in so doing may be recovered as herein-before provided with respect to ruinous or dangerous Buildings taken down or repaired by the Commissioners. (a.)
No Person to
until Plan has
Also the Section numbered 111 of the said Act:
sioners fail to
Party may pro
CXI. Provided always, That if the Commissioners fail to signify in if Commis
Writing their Approval or Disapproval of the Manner of Construc- signify their tion of such Building, with respect to the Means of supplying Plan within
Pourteen Days, fresh Air shown on such Plan and Description as aforesaid, within Fourteen Days after receiving such Notice, accompanied by such ceed to build. Plan and Description, the Person giving such Notice may, notwithstanding any thing herein contained, proceed to build the Building therein referred to in the Manner shown on such Plan and Description; provided that such Building be otherwise in accordance with the Provisions of this and the special Act. Also the Section numbered 112 of the said Act:
CXII. Provided also, That if the Person so intending to build be Persons
dissatisfied with the Determination of the Commissioners as to the appeal against said proposed Manner of Construction, he shall have the same Right of Appeal against the Determination of the Commissioners, and such Appeal shall be followed by the same Incidents, as hereinbefore provided in the Case of Appeals against any Order of the Commissioners with respect to Works to be constructed by or subject to the Approval of the Commissioners. (6.)
of Con missioners.
[a] The 4 Sections of the Towns Improvement Clauses Act,containg these Provisions, are incorporated by Sect. 66 ante p. 85-6.
(6.) This refers to the 86th Sec. of the Towns Improvement Clauses Act, next incorporated. The word “herein-before” in this section must be read “herein” or “hereinafter” to give any meaning to this Section, as the Section giving the Appeal is incorporated after. The Learned Coun