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354

Railway Comp., Gt. Northern. 380 School, Freemasons, Females 418 Gt. Western. 380

Males .. 418 Raine's Charities

409

Greenwich Hospital 232 Rangers, &c....

165

Grey Coat, Westin... 342 Record-Office

287
Harrow

341 Records & Writs, Clerks of .. 286 Ladies' Charity

409 Rectors and Vicars ..

318
Manchester..

339 Recruiting Department 281

Mercers' Grammar ..

339 Refuge for the Destitute 420

Merchant Tailors 340 Regent's Canal Company 378

National Society

327 Register of Deeds, Middlesex 291

Orphan Working 409 Office in Chancery.... 286

Philological

410 Office of Births, &c.. 185

Queen Elizabeth's.... 341 & Record of Seamen 162

Reading

339 (Lloyd's) of Shipping 377 Repton

340 Religious Tract Society ..

326
Richmond

341 Retired Army Officers

253
Royal Naval

413 Report Office

286

Royal Naval Female .. 414 Royal Arsenal, Woolwich 277

Rugby ..

341 Naval Hospitals 231

St. Ann's

41) Naval Med. Supp. Fund. 233 St. Margaret's Hospital 342 Navy

200
St. Paul's..

339 Academy of Arts.....

St. Saviour's

341 Academy of Music.... 358 Shrewsbury.

339 Artillery..

267
Westminster

340 Engineers

270
Welsh

409 Forests

165

Yorkshire Society's .. 412 Hunt 153 Schools, Inspectors of

143 Marines.

272 Schoolmasters, Society for.... 418 Marine Office

229 Science and Art, Board of Military College. 282 Trade, Department of 161 Military Asylum

283 Scotch Mines Corporation Military Academy.. 276 Secretaries of State

158 Observatories 229 Serjeants at Law..

291 Society

352 Sewers, Metropol. Commis. of 381 Society of Literature 358 Sheriffs of Counties.... 299 Soc. for the Protection

of London.

363 of Life from Fire....... 421 Ship Owners' Society....

381 Rupture Society

406 Ships, Denomin. and Classes of 217 Russia Company

375 Small Debts, Society for ...... 419 St. Mich. and Si. Geo., Kints.of 120 Sons of Clergy, Corporation of 324 St. Patrick, Society of

413

Anniversary of 325 Knights of 111 Sovereigns of Europe

103 School Charities 409 South-Sea Company

375 School, Archbp. Tenison's 342 Southwark, Borough Court of 296

Aske's Hospital... 409 Stamp and Tax Offices 176
Beccles.
343 State-Paper Office

287
Birmingham
340 Stationery-Office .

184 Blind 410 Statistical Society

359 British and Foreign .. 412 Steam Vessels, List of Govmnt. 221 Blue Coat, Westm. 342 Storekeeper Gen's. Department 227 Bury....

340 Strangers' Friend Society..... 418 Charter-House 342 Sunday Schools, Society for .. 326 Christ's Hospital 339 Suppression of Vice, Soc. for.. 421 City of London 368 Surveyors' Department (Adm.) 226 Clergymen's Orphans 325 Taxing Masters, Chancery .. 285

376 Tenths Office......

324 Wales, Prince of ............ 156 Thistle, Knights of the 110 War Dep. Sec. of State's Office 274 Tithe Commissioners 186 War-Office...

274 Trade, Board of 160 -Store Department

275 Protection Society .... 377 - Contract Department

275 Transports and Prisoners of -Clothing Department. ... 275

War, Directors of ....... 228 Small Ärm Department 276 Travellers' Society

417 Water-Works, East London.. 380 Treasury

165

Grand Junction 381 Trinity-house

233

New River.... 380 Truss-Society, City of London 406

Sthwrk & Vxhll 380 National

West Middlesex 381 University, Cambridge 382

Lambeth...... 381 Durham

334 Westminster Court .... 295 College... 336 West Iudia Committee

377 London

335 West India Islands, Office for
Oxford
330 the relief of

... 167 Vaccine Establishmt., National 406 Widows, Distressed, Soc. for 419 Institution, London.. 407

- Medical Men's, S. for 415 Van Diemen's Land Company 376 Woods and Forests, Office of.. 164 Vicar-General's-Office 292 Yeomen of the Guard ........ 151 Vice-Chancellor's-Officers.... 287 Young Females, Soc.for protect. 422 Victualling-Offices 231 | Zoological Society ..

357

.... 405

SCOTLAND.
Academy of Paint., Roy. Scot. 441 | Lord-Lieutenants..

435 Advocates ... 434 Lyon-Court

434 Antiquaries, Society of 440 Magistrates of Edinburgh. 435 Arts, Society of

441 Manufactures, Trustees for Banks.....

444 Naval and Mil. Academy 441 Baronets 429 | Officers of State

432 Bishops 436 Peers

423 Chamber of Commerce 445 Peeresses

428 Chancery Office 434 Police Court

435 Chapel Royal 432 Post-Office..

442 College of Physicians 438 Privy Scal

432 Surgeons. 440 Queen's Household

432 King's.

437 Regalia, Commissioners for 432 Marischal

437 Register of Sasines....... 434 Courts of Law.. 433 Royal Archers.......

432 Customs

442 Royal Burghs, Convention of.. 444 Deans ... 436 Society...

440 Edinburgh Academy.

438
Institution

441 Excise....

443 Scots Episcopal Church 436 Fisheries,&c., Trustees for.... 444 Sheriffs

435 Freemasons, Grand Lodge of.. 445 Signet-Office.

434 General Assembly 436 Staff-Officers

433 Highland and Agricul. Soc. 445 Stamp and Tax-Office.

443 High School of Edinburgh.... 438 Teind Court

434 Horticultural Society 441 Universities

436 Inland Revenue 443 Wernerian Society

441 Keepers of Palaces

432

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Admiralty, Court of
467 | Law Department....

466 Aldermen, Dublin 469 Linen Hall

479 Apothecaries' Hall.

478 Lord Lieutenant's Household 464 Archdeacons. 472 Lord Lieutenants

465 Arms, Office of. 463 Magistrates of Dublin

469 Banks... 479 Maynooth College

476 Baronets

462 Metropolitan Court of Armagh 471 Bishops

459 Newry and Mourne, exempt Board of Education 473 Jurisdiction of

472 Castle Chapel 464 Ordnance Office

465 Chamber of Commerce. 479 Peers

447 Civil Service, Payınaster of 469 Peeress

459 Commissioners, Ecclesiastical. 473 Physicians, College of. 477 of Education. 473 Police Courts

469 Encumbered Post-Office

470 Estates 472 Prerogative Court

471 Poor Law .... 473 Privy Council

446 for Eudowed Public Works, Board of 472 Schools...

472 Queen's Counsel and Sergeants 467 for Trade and

University

474 Manufactures

472
Colleges

475 Consistorial Court 471 Record Office

469 Courts of Law... 466 Register-Office

468 Crown Solicitors 468 Royal Irish Academy

478 Custodes Rotulorum

465 Royal Dublin Society. 478 Customs.

469 Royal Academy of Painting 479 Deans.

471 Royal Hibernian Mil. School 479 Engineer Depart. Royal 466 Sheriffs

468 Excise 470 Staff Officers.

465 Free-Masons 480 Stamp-Office.

470 General Survey and Valuation State-Officers

464 of Ireland... 472 Surgeons, College of

478 Inland Revenue Office ..... 470 University of Dublin

473 Insolvent Debtors, Commiss.. 467

COLONIES AND ISLANDS. Antigua

488 Gold Coast ..... 495 Newfoundland 484 Australia 492 Grenada

487 New South Wales. 490 Bahama Islands.. 486 Guernsey. 481 New Zealand 492 Barbadoes 486 Guiana.

489 Nova Scotia 484 Bengal.

473 Heligoland 482 Pr.Edward's Island 484 Bermuda. 489 Honduras

486 Sierra Leone 495 Berbice

489 Hong Kong.. 492 St. Christopher 488 Bombay 374 Ionian Islands 482 St. Helena

494 British Guiana 489 Jamaica

485 St. Lucia

487 Canada..... 483 Jersey

481 St. Vincent

486 Capeof Good Hope 493 Labuan

495 Tobago

487 Ceylon .... 490 Madras

374 Trinidad

487 Demerara and Es- Malta

482 Turks and Caicos sequibo 489 Man, Isle of 481 Islands........ 486 Dominica 489 Mauritius

494 Vancouver's Island 485 Falkland Islands. . 495 Montserrat 488 Van Diemen's Land 491 Gambia 495 Nevis

488 Victoria .... 491 Gibraltar

481 New Brunswick.. 484 Virgin Islands,... 488

BRITISH ALMANAC

OP

THE SOCIETY FOR THE DIFFUSION OF USEFUL

KNOWLEDGE,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

185 6,

BEING BISSEXTILE, OR LEAP YEAR.

Page PRELIMINARY NOTES.

Esplanatory Notices..
Correspondence of Eras

with 1856
Table for finding Sun-

rising and Sun-setting 3, 4
High Water at Outporis.
Heights of High Water at
the London Docks for
1856..

...6, 7 Occulations of Stars ..8,9 Table of Duration of Moonlight

10
Notes for the Year..
Eclipses in 1956..
The Four Quarters of the

Year :
Terms and Returns

11 Transfer Dass

12 Holidays at Public Offices 12 Quarter-Sessions ... 13 THE CALENDAR... 14-37 llebrev and Mohamme

dan Calendars ...14-36

MISCELLANEOUS REGIS.

TER.
The Royal Family
Chief Officers of the

Queen's Household 38
Prince Albert's Household 38
Prince of Wales's do..

39 Duchess of Kent's do.. 39 The Ministry...

39 List of House of Peers . . . 40 List of House of Commons . 14 Alphabetical List of Members 49

Page English Bishops and Deans S1 Courts of Law..

31 Lords Lieutenant

34 Foreign Ministers in Eng.

land, and Queen's Ministers abroad.

54 Lord Mayor and Aldernen of London ..

35 SCOTLAND

36 IRELAND.

57 COLONIES

. 60 COMMERCE. Bauk Director,

62 Branch Banks.

62 East India Directors 62 Bankers in London

62 Army Agents

63 Navy Agents .

63 EDUCATION, University of Oxford 63

Cambridge . 65

London: UniversityCollege, London 66 King's College.... 67 New College, London. 68 College of Preceptors. 68 Owen's Coll., Manchester, . 68 Manchester New College. . 68 Queen's Coll., Birmingham 68 Darbai University .... 68 St. David's College.... 69 St. Augustine's College .. 69 Royal Mil. Coll.,

Sandhurst 69 Royal Mil. Acad. Woolwich 69 Royal Naval Coll., Portsmouth.

69 East India Coll., Ilaileybury 69 Royal Veterinary College 69

Page Foundation Schools .... 69 Scotch Universities 70 Dublin University .. 71 Queen's University and Colleges

71 Maynooth College

72 Belfast Institution. 72 Inns of Court

. 72 Scientific Institutions ... 72 MISCELLANEOUS INFOR

MATION,
Table of Kings and Queens 76
Circuits of the Judges .. 76
Central Criminal Court . 76
Law and other Public
Offices ..

77 Iron-Masters' Quarterly Meetings...

79 Hackney Carriage Fares 79 Allowance to witnesses.. SO Metropolitan WaterCompe, 80

Gas do... 80 Fire-Engine Stations 80 General" and Twopenny

Post Office ... 80--83 Mail Routes .. 83.-87 Principal Club Houses . .17 Fire and Life Insurance Companies

88-90 Exhibitions, &c., open to

the Publie gratuiiously. 90
Cost of Licenses
Stamps
Assessed Taxes

. 94
Ruleforcalculating interest 95
Table to calculate Wages. 95
Weights and Measures .. 95
Weight of English Coins. 06
Memoranda for 1837. ... 96

... 92

LONDON:
KNIGHT AND CO., 90, FLEET STREET.

Price One Shilling, stitched in a wrapper; or, bound in cloth with the Companion 10

the Almanac, Four Shillings.

LONDOX : PRINTED BY W. CLOWES AND SOXS, STAMFORD STREET AND CHARING CROSS.

EXPLANATORY NOTICES.

Explanation of the column headed Thermometrical Register." Tue Thermometrical Register commences with Nor. 1854, and closes with Oct. 1855, inclusive. These registers have been carefully copied from those made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and which are also deposited with the Royal Society. They show the highest and lowest ranges within each twenty-four hours, from twelve different readings. Each month is placed with its corresponding month, as affording the most ready and advantageous means of comparison, although by this arrangement the register of the last two months of 1854 follows the ten months of 1855, which are all we can give up to the day of publication. Erplanation of the columns headed Length of day," " Day's increase or decrease,"

"Day breaks," and Twilight ends." The column headed “Length of day" contains the number of hours and minutes between sunrise and sunset. The column headed “Day's increase expresses the number of hours and minutes which the day has increased since the shortest day; and, where the column is headed “Day's decrease," it expresses the number of hours and minutes which the day has decreased since the longest day; for example, the length of the longest day in 1856 is put down in the column "Length of day" at 16h. 31m.; and on the 6th of July following we find that the length of the day, or the number of hours and minutes between sunrise and sunset, is set down at 16h. 23m.; hence the day has decreased 10m. since the longest day, and, accordingly, in the column “Day's decrease," we find opposite July the 6th Oh. 1]m.

Equation of Time. In this Almanac the calculations are all made for mean time (given by the clock), instead of apparent time (given by the sun-dial), which latter had been used up to the year 1833. It must be obvious that, for all practical purposes, mean time is the most useful; and to obtain it from apparent time, the columns in the Almanac headed "Equation of Time" should be used. The column “ Equation of Time" ought, for example, to be consulted when persons are desirous of setting their clock by a sun-dial. When clock after sun is written above the number of minutes and seconds opposite to the day, then the clock ought to be set so much slower than the sun-dial, and the contrary.

Moonlight. Tue Moon's age is set down in days and the nearest tenths of days from the time of change. Thus it is New Moon on the 7th of January at 11h. 17m. afternoon, and therefore at noon on the oth she is 12h, 43m, old, which is set down as five-tenths. The fraction of the day of course continues the same throughout the lunation.

LIST OF THE CORRESPONDENCE OF ERAS WITH THE YEAR 1856. [In those Eras which

begin with the Christian year, the year alone is stated; in those which begin at a different season, the month in which the 1st of January, 1856, occurs is also given.]

Correspondence Abbre

with 1836. viations, Roman Year 'uni.

2609

A.U.C. Year of the World (Constantinopolitan account)

7364 A.M. Const. Ditto (Alexandrian account)

7348 A.M, Alex. Ditto (Jewish account)..

23rd Thebet 5616 A.M. Era of Nabonassar

8th Pharmuti 2604 Ær. Nab. Egyptian

......... 25th Cohiac 2602 A. Eg. Julian Period

6569 Jul. Per. Dioclesian, or of Martyrs

.... 25th Cohiac 1572 Er. Diocl. Seleucides, or Grecian

.... Audynæus 2167 Ær. Seleuc. Death of Alexander

3d month of 2179 A. Mor. Alex. Era of Tyre.

. Audynæus 1980 Ær. Tyr. Cæsarian of Antioch (Greek)

Audynæus 1904 Cæs. Ant.
Ditto (Syrian)

Canun II. 1903
Era of Abraham

4th month of 3871 Er. Abr. Spanish, or of the Cæsars

1894 A. Cæs. Persian Era of Yezdegird III. (Parsee account)

1225 A. Pers. Armenian common year..

........5th Kaghots 1305 An. Arm. Ditto ecclesiastical year

.. 12th Kaguots 1304 Hegira

...22nd Rabiu II. 1272 A.H. Kaliyug.....

..... Poos or Margaly 4957 Cal. Salivahana

Ditto

1778 Saca. Vikramaditya.

Ditto

1912 Samvat.

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