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St. David's.-[£.4500.] 1800, Dec. 20, Lord George Murray, LL.D. 1803, June 25, Thomas Burgess, D.D. 1825, June 18, J. B. Jenkinson, D.D. 1840, July 23, Connop Thirlwall, D.D.

Salisbury.—[£.5000.] 1791,

John Douglas, D.D. 1807, May 30, John Fisher, D.D. 1825, May 21, Thomas Burgess, D.D. 1837, Mar. 13, Edward Denison, D.D. 1854, Mar. 27, Walter-Kerr Hamilton, D.D.

(From Carlisle.)

(From Exeter.) (From St. David's.)

Winchester.—[£.7000.] 1781,

Hon. Brownlow North, LL.D. (From Worcester.) 1820, July 18, Sir George-Pretyman Tomline, D.D. (From Lincoln.) 1827, Nov. 25, Charles-Richard Sumner, D.D. (From Llandaff.)

Worcester.-[£.5000.] 1781, Richard Hurd, D.D.

(From Lichfield.) 1808, June 14, Folliott-Herbert-WalkerCornwall,D.D.(From Hereford.) 1813, Sept. 10, Robert-James Carr, D.D.

(From Chichester.) 1841, April 29, Henry Pepys, D.D.

(From Sodor and Man.)

Note.—The Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester, rank next to the Archbishops, the rest according to priority of consecration. An order in council appeared in the London Gazette of October 1838, declaring that the Sees of St. Asaph and Bangor should be united on the next vacancy in either; and that, on that event occurring, the bishopric of Manchester should be immediately created within the archiepiscopal See of York, and that the county of Lancaster should form the See of the new bishop, being for that purpose detached from the diocese of Chester. The union of the Sees of St. Asaph and Bangor, however, was negatived by a resolution of the House of Lords in the session of 1846.

[By an order in council, Sept. 1, 1847, the See of Manchester has been created, and its limits defined.]

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Conformable to Act 6 & 7 Vict., cap. 18.

Issuing Writs under a General Election. Upon summoning a new Parliament, a warrant, signed by the Queen, is issued to the Lord Chancellor, commanding him to issue so many writs as have been usual for the purpose of calling a new Parliament. Such writs are accordingly made out by the Clerk of the Crown. These writs are in future to be framed according to the exigencies of the Reform Act.

Act 7th and 8th William III., cap. 25, s. 1. Upon calling of every new Parliament, there shall be forty days between the teste and returs of the writ.

Issuing Writs on a Vacancy during a Recess. Act 24th George III., cap. 26, s. 2. The Speaker is to issue bis warrant, during a recess, for making out writs for electing members to serve in the room of those who shall die, or become Peers of Great Britain, upon receiving notice, by certificate, under the hands of two members, of the death of such member, or that a writ of summons has been issued under the Great Seal. The Speaker, upon receiving such certificate, shall forthwith cause notice to be inserted in the Gazette, and shall not issue his warrant until fourteen days after such insertion. To guard against inconvenience occurring by the death or absence of the Speaker, it is provided, that every Speaker of the House of Commons shall, within a convenient time after having been in office, at the beginning of every Parliament, by a written instrument under his hand and seal, nominate and appoint a certain number of persons, not more than seven, nor less than three members of the House, authorising them, or any one of them, to execute the powers given to the Speaker for issuing such warrants. No person so appointed shall be authorised to act, unless there be no Speaker of the House, or such Speaker be absent, nor any longer than such persons shall be members of the House.

Freedom of Elections. Act 8th George II., cap. 30, s. 1. As often as there shall be an election of any Scotch peer, or members to serve in Parliament, the Secretary at War shall send proper orders in writing for the removing of soldiers to the distance of two or more miles from the place of election; who shall not make any nearer approach to such place, until one day, at the least, after the poll shall be ended, and the poll-books closed. Any Secretary at War, or person officiating as such, violating this clause, to be discharged from office, and rendered incapable of holding any office under Government.

By a resolution of the House, passed at the commencement of every session, " It is a high infringement of the liberties and privileges of the Commons, for any Lord of Parliament, or any Lord-Lieutenant of any county, to concern themselves in the election of members of Parliament. By another resolution (17th), Journal 507, “ It is highly criminal in any minister or servant under the Crown, directly or indirectly, to use the powers of office in the election of representatives to serve in Parliament.”

Officers of Excise and Customs are, by Act 5th William and Mary, cap. 20, s. 48, prohibited from interfering in elections.

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Executing Writs, issuing Precepts, fc. Act 23rd Henry VI., cap. 14. Every sheriff, after receipt of the writ, shall issue a precept to every mayor and bailiff of the cities and boroughs within his county, reciting the writ, and commanding them to choose by citizens or burgesses, as the case may be, for any city or borough, to come to Parliament.

Act 7th and 8th William III., cap. 25, s. 14. The writs shall be delivered to the proper officer only, and the returning officer is to endorse on the writ the day he receives it, and make out the precepts; and, within three days after the receipt of the writ of election, shall cause such precepts to be delivered to the officer to whom the execution of such precept shall appertain.

Act 16th and 17th Victoriæ, cap. 68, s. 3, enacts, " that the Act of the Third and fourth Victoria, Chapter Eighty-one, be and the same is hereby repealed, and in every city or town being a county of itself, and in every borough, town corporate, port, or place, returning or contributing to return a member or members to serve in Parliament in England and Wales, the officer to whom the duty of giving notice for the election of such member or members belongs shall proceed to election within six days after the receipt of the writ or precept, giving three clear days

notice at least of the day of election, exclusive of the day of proclama. tion and the day of election.

Act 16th and 17th Victoriæ, cap. 15. The time of taking the Poll at all County Elections, in England and Wales, is limited to One Day.

Act 16th and 17th Victoriæ, cap. 68, s. 4, enacts, " at any Election of a Member or Members to serve in Parliament for either of the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge the Polling shall not continue for more than Five Days at the most, Sunday, Christmas Day, Good Friday, and Ascension Day being excluded."

Act 16th and 17th Victoriæ, cap. 68, s. 5, enacts, "at every such Election the Vice Chancellor shall have power to appoint any Number of Polling Places not exceeding Three, in addition to the House of Convocation or Senate House, and to direct at which of such Polling Places the Members of Convocation and of the Senate according to their Colleges shall vote, and also to appoint any Number of Pro Vice Chancellors, any one of whom may receive the Votes and decide upon all Questions during the Absence of such Vice Chancellor; and such Vice Chancellor shail have Power to appoint any Number of Poll Clerks and other Officers, by One or more of whom the Votes shall be entered in such Number of Poll Books as shall be judged necessary by such Vice Chancellor."

Act 16th and 17th Victoriæ, cap. 68, s. 6, enacts, “no Poll at any Election for Members of Parliament in England and Wales shall be taken at any Inn, Hotel, Tavern, Public House, or other Premises licensed for the Sale of Beer, Wine, or Spirits, or in any Booth, Hall

, Room, or other Place directly communicating therewith, unless by Consent of all the Candidates expressed in Writing."

Act 16th and 17th Victoriæ, cap. 68, s. 7, enacts, " It shall be lawful for Her Majesty, by and with the Advice of Her Privy Council from Time to Time hereafter, on Petition from the Justices in Quarter Sessions assembled of any County, Riding, Parts, or Division of any County, other than any County of a City or of a Town, in England and Wales, representing that it would be expedient that any Polling Place or Places mentioned in the said Petition should cease to be such, and that any other Place or Places mentioned in the said Petition should be substituted in lieu thereof, and praying that such Alteration and Substitution might be made, to declare that the said Alteration and Substitution shall be made in respect of all or any of the Places mentioned in the said Petition ; and the said Declaration shall be certified under the Hand of One of the Clerks in Ordinary of Her Majesty's Privy Council, and when so certified shall be published in the London Gazette, and shall then be of the same force and Effect as if the same had been expressly made by the Authority of Parliament."

Proceedings at Elections. Act 23rd Henry VI., cap. 14. The Sheriff is directed, upon the day appointed for election, to proceed in his full county, betwixt the hours of eight in the morning and eleven before noon.

Election by the View. In the first case, the determination is either by voices or shew of hands, or collecting the friends of the respective candidates into separate bodies, or in such other mode as has been customary upon such occasions ; the most usual way, however, is by the voices of the electors calling out the names of their favourite candidates.

Election by Pollo Where such election is, however, not determined by the view, but a poll shall be required, the sheriff, under-sheriff, or such others as shall be by him deputed, shall forthwith there proceed, to take the poll in some public place appointed for that purpose.

Act 2nd William IV., cap. 45. The poll is now to be taken from names in the several registers made under the Reform Act; but persons not on the register may tender their votes to raise the question of their rights, if they have been refused by the Revising Barrister.

Commencement of the Poll, gc. Act 16th Victoriæ, cap. 15, s. 1. That so much of the Act passed in the second year of the reign of His late Majesty King William the Fourth, chapter forty-five, as authorises the continuance of the polling at every such contested election as aforesaid for two days, and the duties of the sheriff's deputy and poll clerks at such poll during those days, and fixes the commencement and limits the hours of polling on such days, and prevents the commencement of such polling on a Saturday, shall be and the same is hereby repealed.

Act 2nd William IV., cap. 45, s. 63. The respective counties in England and Wales to be divided into the districts for polling, and to have the places for taking the poll, as settled and appointed by the Boundary Act.

Act 2nd William IV., cap. 45, s. 64. At every contested election for any county, the sheriff, under-sheriff, or sheriff's deputy, if required by or on behalf of any candidate on the day fixed for the election, or if it shall appear to him expedient, to cause to be erected a reasonable number of booths for taking the poll at the principal place of election, and also at each of the polling places, and cause to be affixed, on the most conspicuous part of each of such booths, the names of the several parishes, townships, and places for which such booth is allotted ; and no person to be admitted to vote in respect of any property situate in any parish, &c., except at the booth so allotted ; and if no booth shall be so allotted, then at any of the bootls for the same district : but in case any parish, &c. shall not be included in any of the districts to be appointed by the Boundary Act, the votes in respect of property situate in any parish, &c. so omitted, to be taken at the principal place of election for the county. Note.—By Act 6 and 7 Victoriæ, cap. 18, this clause is altered, and

voters resident in one part of the county, and claiming to vote for property in another, may now vote near their place

of residence, by claiming according to the form No. 7 or 8, A. Act 16th and 17th Victoriæ, cap. 15, s. 2. At every contested Election of a knight or knights to serve in any Parliameut after the first day of October one thousand eight hundred and fifty-three for any county, or for any riding, parts, or division of a county, the polling shall continue for one day only, and the poll shall commence at eight o'clock in the morning, and be kept open until five in the afternoon of such day, and the poil clerks to be employed at the principal place of election and other places shall, at the final close of the day's poll, enclose and seal their

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