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OCCULTATIONS OF PLANETS AND FIXED STARS BY THE MOON,

VISIBLE AT GREENWICH.

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OCCULTATIOŃS OF PLANETS AND FIXED STARS BY THE MOON,

VISIBLE AT GREENWICH.
Disappearance.

Reappearance.
Day

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Star's Name.

Magnitude.

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Star Setting.

A near approach.

* Star below the horizon.

+

Admiralty, Court of
467 | Law Department .....

466 Aldermen, Dublin 469 Linen Hall

479 Apothecaries' Hall.

478 Lord Lieutenant's Household 464 Archdeacons .. 472 | Lord Lieutenants

465 Arins, Office of. 463 Magistrates of Dublin

469 Banks... 479 Maynooth College

476 Baronets

462 Metropolitan Court of Armagh 471 Bishops

459 Newry and Mourne, exempt Board of Education 473 Jurisdiction of

472 Castle Chapel 464 Ordnance Office

465 Chamber of Commerce. 479 Peers

447 Civil Service, Paymaster of .. 469 Peeress.

459 Commissioners, Ecclesiastical. 473 Physicians, College of. 477 of Education. 473 Police Courts

469 Encumbered Post-Office

470 Estates 472 Prerogative Court

471 Poor Law 473 Privy Council

446 for Endowed Public Works, Board of 472 Schools..

472 Queen's Counsel and Sergeants 467 for Trade and

Uuiversity

474 Manufactures

472
Colleges

475 Consistorial Court 471 Record Office

469 Courts of Law.. 466 Register-Office

468 Crown Solicitors 468 Royal Irish Academy

478 Custodes Rotulorum

465 Royal Dublin Society. 478 Customs....

469 Royal Academy of Painting .. 479 Deans..

471 Royal Hibernian Mil. School 479 Engineer Depart. Royal 466 Sheriffs .

468 Excise 470 Staff Officers,

465 Free-Masons 480 Stamp-Office..

470 General Survey and Valuation State-Officers

464 of Ireland...... 472 Surgeons, College of

478 Inland Revenue Office 470 University of Dublin

473 Insolvent Debtors, Commiss.. 467

COLONIES AND ISLANDS. Antigua

488 Gold Coast .. 495 Newfoundland .. 484 Australia 492 Grenada

487 New South Wales. 490 Bahama Islands .. 486 Guernsey.

491 New Zealand 492 Barbadoes 486 Guiana..

489 Nova Scotia 484 Bengal.... 473 Heligoland 482 Pr.Edward's Island 487 Bermuda . 489 Houduras

486 Sierra Leone 495 Berbice

489 Hong Kong. 492 St. Christopher 488 Bombay 374 Ionian Islands 482 St. Helena

494 British Guiana 489 Jamaica

485 St. Lucia

487 Canada..... 483 Jersey

481 St. Vincent

486 Capeof Good Hope 493 Labuan

495 Tobago

487 Ceylon 490 Madras 374 Trinidad

487 Demerara and Es

Malta

482 Turks and Caicos sequibo 489 Man, Isle of 481 Islands........ 486 Dominica 489 Mauritius

494 Vancouver'sIsland 485 Falkland Islands. . 495 Montserrat 488 Van Diemen's Land 491 Gambia 495 Nevis

488 Victoria .... 491 Gibraltar

481 New Brunswick.. 464 Virgin Islands, ... 488

BRITISH ALMANAC

OF

THE SOCIETY FOR THE DIFFUSION OF USEFUL

KNOWLEDGE,

FOR THE YEAR OF OUR LORD

185 6,

BEING BISSEXTILE, OR LEAP YEAR.

Page

Foundation Schools

... 69 Scotch Universities

70 Dublin University

71 Queen's University and Colleges ..

71 Maynooth College

72 Bellast lontitution.....72 Inns of Court

.... 72 Scientific Institutions ... 72

Ofices ..

Page PRELIMINARY NOTES.

Esplanatory Notices. 2
Correspondence of Eras

sich 1856...
Table for finding Suth-

Ting and Sun-setning 3, 4
High Water at Oulporis. 5
Heights of High Water at

the London Docks for
1856 ...

.6,7
Occultations of Stars 8,9
Table of Duration of
Moonlight

10 Notes for the Year. Eclipses in 1856. .

11 The Four Quarters of the Year

11 Terms and Returns

11 Transfer Dass

12 Holidays at Public Offices 12 Quarter-Sessions .....

13 TIIE CALENDAR ... 14-37 llebrev and Molamine

dan Calendars ...14-36 MISCELLANEOUS REGIS

TER.
The Royal Family

38 Chief Othicers of the

Queen's Household .. 38 Prince Albert's Household 38 Prince of Wales's do.. 39 Duchess of Kent's do. 39 The Ministry ....

39 List of House of Peers . . . 40 Lut of House of Commons . 44 Alphabetical List of Members 49

MISCELLANEOUS INFOR.

MATION. Table of Kings and Queens 76 Circuits of the Judges .. 76 Central Criminal Court . 76 Law and other Public

77 Iron-Masters Quarterly Meetings...

.79 Hackney Carriage Pares . 79 Allowance to witnesses.. 80 Metropolitan WaterComps, 80

Gas

do... 80 Fire-Engine Stations 80 General and Twopenny Post Office

أن

Page
English Bishops and Deans 31
Courts of Law...
Lords Lieutenant

54 Foreign Ministers in Eng.

land, and Queen's Minis.

ters abroad ....... 54 Lord Mayor and Aldermen of London ...

35 SCOTLAND

56 IRELAND.

.... 57 COLONIES

60 COMMERCE. Bauk Directory

62 Branch Banks.

62 East Ludia Directors 62 Bankers in London 62 Army Agents

63 Navy Agents

63
EDUCATION.
University of Oxford .. 63

Cambridge . 65
London..

6.5
University College, London 66
King's College... 67
New College, London .. 68
College of Preceptors . . 68
Owen's Coll., Manchester, . 68
Manchester New College. . 68
Queen'. Coll., Birmingham 68
Durbain University .... 68
St. David's Collere.... 69
St. Augustine's College .. 69
Royal Mil. Coli., Sandhurst 69
Royal Mil. Aend. Woolwich 69
Royal Naval Coll., Ports-
mouth. .....

.... 69 East India Coll.,llaileybury 69 Royal Veterinary College 69

80--63 Mail Routes.

83-87 Principal Club Houses . . 47 Fire and Life Insurance Companies

B-90 Exhibitions, &c, open to

the Publie kratuitously. 90 Cost of Licenses

. 00 Stamps . Assersed Taxes

94 Ruleforcalculating interest 95 Table to calculate Wages. 95 Weights and Measures .. 95 Weight of English Coins. 96 Memoranda for 1637. ... 96

.... 92

LONDON:
KNIGHT AND CO., 90, FLEET STREET.

Price One Shilling, stitched in a wrapper; or, bound in cloth with the Companion 10

the Almanac, Four Shillings.

LONDON : PRINTED BY W. CLOWES AND SOXS, STAMFORD STREET AND CIARINO CROSS.

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EXPLANATORY NOTICES.

Explanation of the column headed Thermometrical Register." The Thermometrical Register commences with Nov. 1854, and closes with Oct. 1855, inclusive. These registers have been carefully copied from those made at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and which are also deposited with the Royal Society. They show the highest and lowest ranges within each twenty-four hours, from twelve different readings. Each month is placed with its corresponding month, as affording the most ready and advantageous means of comparison, although by this arrangement the register of the last two months of 1854 follows the ten months of 1855, which are all we can give up to the day of publication. Erplanation of the columns headed Length of day," Day's increase or decrease,"

"Day breaks," and Twilight ends." The column headed “Length of day" contains the number of hours and minutes between sunrise and sunset. The column headed “Day's increase expresses the number of hours and minutes which the day has increased since the shortest day; and, where the column is headed “Day's decrease," it expresses the number of hours and minutes which the day has decreased since the longest day; for example, the length of the longest day in 1856 is put down in the column “Length of day" at 16h. 3-1m.; and on the 6th of July following we find that the length of the day, or the number of hours and minutes between sunrise and sunset, is set down at 16h. 23m. ; hence the day has decreased 10m. since the longest day, and, accordingly, in the column “ Day's decrease," we find opposite July the 6th Oh. Ilm.

Equation of Time. In this Almanac the calculations are all made for mean time (given by the clock), instead of apparent time (given by the sun-dial), which latter had been used up to the year 1833. It must be obvious that, for all practical purposes, mean time is the most useful; and to obtain it from apparent time, the columns in the Almanac headed “Equation of Time" should be used. The column “Equation of Time" ought, for example, to be consulted when persons are desirous of setting their clock by a sun-dial. When clock after sun is written above the number of minutes and seconds opposite to the day, then the clock ought to be set so much slower than the sun-dial, and the contrary.

Moonlight. The Moon's age is set down in days and the nearest tenths of days from the time of change. Thus it is New Moon on the 7th of January at Ilh. 17m. afternoon, and therefore at noon on the 8th she is 12h. 43m. old, which is set down as five-tenths. The fraction of the day of course continues the same throughout the lunation.

LIST OF THE CORRESPONDENCE OF ERAS WITH THE YEAR 1856. [In those Eras which begin with the Christian year, the year alone is stated; in those

which begin at a different scason, the month in which the 1st of January, 1856, occurs is also giren.]

Correspondence Abbre.

with 1836, viations, Roman Year

2009 AU.C. Year of the World (Constantinopolitan account)

7304

A.M. Const. Ditto (Alexandrian account)

7349 A.M. Alex. Ditto (Jewish account).

23rd Thebet 5616 A.M. Era of Nabonassar

8th Pharmuti 2004 Ær. Yab. Egyptian

....... 25th Cohinc 2602 A. E. Julian Period

6369 Jul, l'er. Dioclesian, or of Martyrs

25th Cohiac 15.2 Er. Diocl. Seleucides, or Grecian ..

Audynaus 2167 Er. Seleuc. Death of Alexander

3d month of 2179 A. Mor. Alex. Era of Tyre

Audynæus 1980

Ær. Tyr.
Cæsarian of Antioch (Greek)

A dynnus 1904 Cæs. Ant.
Ditto (Syrian)

.. Canun II. 1903 Era of Abraham ..

4th month of 3871 Er. Abr. Spanish, or of the Cæsars

1494 A. Caes. Persian Era of Yezdegird III. (Parsee account)

1223 A. Pers. Armenian common year..

...5th Kaghots 1305 An Arm, Ditto occlesiastical

year

........... 12th Kaunots 1301 Hegira

22nd Rabiu II. 1272

А.Н. Kaliyug...

Poos or Viargaly 4957 Cal. Salivahana

Ditto

1778 Saca. Vikramaditya

Ditto 1912 Samvat.

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