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Activity is the law of all intellectual and animal life. The more you live in conformity with that law, the happier you will be. An active life, like the purling rivulet, is an unfailing source of gladness, health and contentment, while an indolent life, like the stagnant pool, breeds discontent, disease and death. No man enjoys with a keener relish the night's repose and the Sunday and holiday rest than the son of toil.

A life of patient industry is sure to be blessed with a competence, if it is not crowned with an abundant remuneration. The great majority of our leading men of wealth are indebted for their fortunes to their own untiring industry. Take an active, personal, conscientious interest in the business of your employer; be as much concerned about its prosperity as if it were your own. And are not your employer's affairs in a measure yours? For, your wages come from the profits of the concern, and the more you contribute to its success, the better he can afford to compensate you for your services. He will be impelled by an enlightened self-interest, as well as by a sense of justice, to requite you for your services with a generous hand.

2. Foster habits of economy and self-denial. No matter how modest your income may be, always live under it. You will thus protect your liberty and business integrity, and guard yourself against the slavery and humiliation of debt, which is too often the precursor and the incentive to commercial dishonor. Most of the alleged wants of mankind are

purely artificial, and contribute little or nothing to the sum of human happiness. Rather do they add to the sum of human misery; for, what are our earthly desires but so many links in our chain of bondage?

3o. While honestly striving to better your condition, be content with your station in life, and do not yield to an inordinate desire of abandoning your present occupation for what is popularly regarded as a more attractive avocation. Remember that while the learned professions are over-crowded, there is always a demand for skilled and unskilled labor, and that it is far better to succeed in mechanical or manual work, than to fail in professional life. Be not over eager to amass wealth, for, they who are anxious "to become rich, fall into temptations and into the snares of the Devil, and into many unprofitable and hurtful desires which drown men in destruction and perdition." A feverish ambition to accumulate a fortune, which may be called our national distemper, is incompatible with peace of mind. Moderate means with a contented spirit are preferable to millions without it. If poverty has its inconveniences and miseries, wealth has often greater ones. A small income is suggestive of abstemious habits, and abstemious habits are conducive to health, while wealth is a powerful incentive to excessive indulgence which is the fruitful source of complicated diseases.

1I. Tim. VI.


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A poor peasant who was roaming one morning through his landlord's demesne in the hope of catching some game to appease his hunger, was suddenly confronted by its owner, and asked what induced him to be out so early. And pray, what brings you out so early ? interposed the peasant. I am trying to find an appetite for my breakfast, replied his lordship. And I, added the peasant, am hunting to find a breakfast for my appetite. Of these two men, the pampered landlord was perhaps the greater sufferer ; a long and severe regimen would be necessary to restore his health, while a hearty meal would suffice to relieve the pain of the peasant.

4o. Sobriety will be an angel of tranquillity and comfort to yourself and family. While this virtue should be cultivated by all men, it ought to be especially cherished by the laboring class who are so much exposed to the opposite vice. Intemperance has brought more desolation to homes than famine or the sword, and is a more unrelenting tyrant than the grasping monopolist.

5o. Above all, let religion be the queen of your household. It will be a sacred bond uniting all the

а. members in the ties of domestic love. It will be the guardian of peace and contentment: it will season the bread of labor : “Not by bread alone doth man live but by every word that proceedeth from the mouth of God.” It will be to you an unfailing

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source of wealth; for, "godliness with sufficiency is great gain." "It is profitable to all things, having the promise of the life that now is, and of that which is to come."2 When the evening of life has come, and your earthly labors are drawing to a close, it will cheer you with the bright prospect of an eternal Sabbath.

1 I. Tim. VI. 2 Ibid. IV.



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Religion is the bond that unites man with his Creator. It is a virtue by which due honor and worship are paid to God. It embraces all those fundamental truths that involve God's sovereignty over us and our entire dependence on Him. I employ the term religion here in its broadest and most comprehensive sense, as embodying the existence of God; His infinite power and knowledge; His providence over us; the recognition of a divine law; the moral freedom and responsibility of man; the distinction between good and evil; the duty of rendering our homage to God, and justice and charity to our neighbor ; and finally, the existence of a future state of rewards and punishments.

I hold that religion is the only solid basis of society. If the social edifice rests not on this eternal and immutable foundation, it will soon crumble to pieces. It would be as vain to attempt to establish society without religion as to erect a palace in the air, or on shifting sands, or to hope to reap a crop from seed scattered on the ocean's surface. Religion


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