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These may fome gentle minifterial wing
All tears are wip'd for ever from all eyes;
P. Good Heav'n forbid, that I fhould blaft their
Who know how like Whig ministers to Tory,
Ver. 97. There, where no paffion, etc.] The excellent writer Del 'Efprit des Loix gives the following character of the Spirit of courts, and the principal of monarchies : Qu'on life ce que les hiftoriens de tous les tems ont dit fur la cour des monarques; qu'on fe rapelle les conversations des hommes des tous les pais fur le miferable charactere des COURTISANS; ce ne font point des chofes de speculation, mais du'ne trifte experience. L'ambition dans l'ofivete, la basfeffe dans l'ergueil, le defir de s'enricher fans travail, l'averfion pour la verite; la flaterie, la trahifon, la perfidie, l'abandon de tous fes engagemens, le mepris des devoirs du citoven, la crainte de la vertu du prince, l'efperance de fes foibleffes. et plus, que tout cela, LE RIDICULE PERPETUEL JETTE SUR LA VERTU, font, je crois le charactere de la plupart des Courtisans marque dons tous les lieux et dans tous les tems. Or il eft tres mal-aife que les principaux d'un etat foient malhonnetes-gens, et que les inferieurs soient gens-de-bien, que ceux-la foyent trompeurs, et ceux-ci confentent a n'etre que dupes. Que fi dans le peuple il fe trouve quelque malheureux honnete-homme, le Cardinal de Richelieu dans fon Teftament politique infinue, qu'un Monarque doit fe garder de s'en fervir. Tant-il eft vrai que la Vertu n'eft pars le reffort de ce gouvernement."
And when three fov'reigns dy'd, could fcarce be vext,
Confid'ring what a gracious prince was next.
Who starves a mother,
Shall Ward draw contracts with a statesman's kill?
Ver. 112. in fome editions,
Ver. 115. Cibber's fon---Rich] Two players: look for them in the Dunciad.
Ver. 123. If Blount] Author of an impious foolish book called The oracles of reafon, who, being in love with a near kinfwoman of his, and rejected, ga himself a flab in the arm, as pretending to kill himfelf, of the confequence of which he really died.
Ver. 124. Passeran!] Author of another figure of the fame ftamp, called A philofophical difcourfe on Death, being a defence of Suicide. He was a nobleman of Piedmont, banished from his country for his impieties, and lived in the utmost misery, yet feared to practise his own precepts; of
But fhall a Printer, weary of his life,
Let modeft FOSTER, if he will, excel Ten metropolitans in preaching well;
which there went a pleasant story about that time. mongft his pupils, it feems, to whom he read in moral philofophy, was a noted gamefter, who lodged under the fame roof with him. This ufeful citizen, after a run of ill luck, came one morning early into his masters bed-chamber with two loaded piftols. And, as Englishmen do not understand raillery in a cafe of this nature, told the philofopher, on prefenting him with one of his piftols, that now was come the time to put his doctrine in practice: that, as to himself, having loft his laft ftake, he was become an ufeless member in fociety, and fo was refolved to quit his fation; and that, as to him, his guide, philofopher, and friend, furrounded with miferies, the outcast of government, and the port even of that chance which he adored, he doubtlefs would rejoice for fuch an opportunity to bear him company. All this was faid and done with fo much refolution and folemnity, that the Italian found himself under a neceffity to cry out Murder! which brought in company to his relief.---This unhappy man at last died a penitent.
Ver. 115. But shall a Printer, etc.] A fact that happened in London a few years paft. The unhappy man left behind him a paper juflifying his action by the reafonings of fome
of thefe authors.
Ver. 130. Gin.] A fpirituous liquor, the exhorbitant ufe of which had almost destroyed the lowest rank of the people, till it was reitrained by an act of parliament in 1736.
Ver. 131. Let me deft FOSTER,] This confirms an obfervation which Mr Hobbes made long ago, That "there be very few bifhops that act a fermon fo well, as divers Prefbyterians and fanatic preachers can do." Hift. of cis. war, p. 62.
A fimple Quaker, or a Quaker's wife,
Ver. 134. Landaffe] A poor bishopric in Wales, as poorly fupplied.
See, all our nobles begging to be llaves!
Yet may this verfe (if fuch a verse remain)
Ver. 165, The wit of Cheats, the courage of a Whore,--Are what ten thousand envy and adore:] And no wonder, for the wit of cheats being the evafion of justice, and the courage of a whore the contempt for reputation; these emancipate men from the two tyrannical reftraints upon free Spirits, fear of punishment, and dread of shame.