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Written in M DCC XXXVIII.


Fr. 'Tis all a libel---Paxton (Sir) will say,

P. Not yet, my friend! to-morrow


faith it may;

And for that very caufe I print to-day.
How should I fret to mangle ev'ry line,
In rev'rence to the fins of Thirty-nine!

Vice with such giant-strides comes on amain,
Invention strives to be before in vain;
Feign what I will, and paint it e'er so strong,
Some rising genius fins up to my song.

F. Yet none but you by name the guilty lash; Ev'n Guthry faves half Newgate by a dalh. Spare then the Person, and expose the Vice.

P. How, Sir! not damn the sharper, but the dice?

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Ver. 1. Parto:1) Late solicitor to the treasury.

Ver. 11. Ez'n Guthry] The ordinary of Newgate, who publiibes the memoirs of the malefactors, and is often prevailed upon to be so tender of their reputation, as to set down no more than the initials of their name.



Come on then, Satire! gen'ral, unconfin'd,
Spread thy broad wing, and fouce on all the kind.
Ye statemen, priests, of one religion all !

16 Ye tradesmen, vile, in army, court, or hall! Yerev'rend athiests. F. Scandal! name them, who.

P. Why, that's the thing, you bid me not to do. Who stary'd a filter, who forswore a debt, I never nam’d; the towns inquiring yet. The pois’ning dame----F. You mean---

-P. I dont. F. You do. P. See, now I keep the secret, and not you! The bribing statesman---F. Hold, too high you go. P. The brib'd elector---F. There you stoop too. low.

25 P. I fain would please you, if I knew with what; Tell me, which knave is lawful game,

which not? Must great offenders, once escap'd the crown, Like royal harts be never more run down? Admit your law to spare the knight requires, 30 As bearts of nature may we hunt the Squires? Suppose I censure---you know what I mean--To save a Bishop, may I name a Dean?

F. A Dean, Sir? no: his fortune is not made, You hurt a man that's rising in the trade. 35

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Notes. Ver. 31. As beasts of nature may we hunt the Squires ?] The expression is rough, like the subject, but no reflection: For if beasts of nature, then not beasts of their own making; a fault too frequently objected to country-squires. However, the Latin is nobler, fere natura, things uneivilized, and free. Feræ, as the critics say, being from the Hebrew, Pere, Asinus silvestris.

Ver. 35. You hurt a man that's rising in the trade.] For, as the reasonable De la Bruyere observes, " Qui ne fait etre un ERASME, doit penser a etre Eveque.



P. If not the tradesmen who set up to-day,
Much less the 'prentice who to-morrow may.
Down, down, proud Satire! tho’a realm be spoild,
Arraign no mightier thief than wretched Wild;
Or, if a court or country's made a job,
Go drench a pick-pocket, and join the mob.

But, Sir, I beg you (for the love of vice!)
The matter's weighty, pray consider twice;
Have you lefs pity for the needy cheat,
The poor and friendless villain, than the great? 45
Alas! the small discredit of a bribe
Scarce hurts the lawyer, but undoes the fcribe.
Then better fure it charity becomes
To tax directors, who (thank God) have plums;
Still better, minifters; or, if the thing
May pinch ev'n there---why lay it on a King.
F. Stop! stop!

P. Must Satire, then, nor rise nor fall ?
Speak out, and bid me blame no rogues at all.

F. Yes, strike that Wild, I'll justify the blow.

P. Strike? why, the man was hang'd ten years who now that obfolete example fears; [ago : Ev'n Peter trembles only for his ears.

F. What always Peter? Peter thinks you mad, You make men desp’rate, if they once are bad:

Norcs. Ver. 39. wretched Wild,] Jonathan Wild, a famous thief, and thief impeacher, who was at last caught in his own train and hanged.

Ver. 42. for the love of vice'] We mult consider the poet as here directing his discourle to a follower of the new syitem of politics, That private vices are public benefits.

Ver. 57. Ev'n Peter trembles only for his ears.] Peter had, the year before this, narrowly escaped the pillory for forgery; and got off with a fevere rebuke only from the bench.


Else might he take to Virtue some


hence---P. As S---k, if he lives, will love the Prince. F. Strange spleen to S---k!

P. Do I wrong

the man? God knows, I praise a courtier where I can. When I confess, there is who feels for fame, 64 And melts to goodness, need I SCARB’Row name? Pleas'd let me own, in Esher's peaceful grove, (Where Kent and Nature vie for Pelham's love) The scene, the master, opening to my view, I sit and dream I see my Craggs anew! Ev'n in a bifhop I can ipy defert ;

70 Secker is decent, Rundel has a heart, Manners with candour are to Benson giv'n, To Berkley, ev'ry virtue under Heav'n.

But does the Court a worthy man remove ? That instant, I declare, he has my love : 75

Notes. Ver. 65. Scarb'row] Earl of, and knight of the garter, whose personal attachments to the king appeared from his steady adherence to the royal interest, after his resignation of his great employment of matter of the horse; and whole known honour and virtue made him be esteemed by all parties.

Ver. 66. Eser's peaceful grove,] The house and gardens of Ether in Surry, belonging to the honourable Mr Pelham, brother of the Duke of Newcastle. The author could not have given him a more amiable idea of his character than in comparing him to Mr Craggs.

Ver. 74. But does the Court a worthy man remove.?] The poet means, remove him for his worth: not that he esteemed the being in < out a proof either of corruption, or virtue. "I had a glimpse of a letter of yours lately, (says he to Dr Swift), by which I find you are, like the vulgar, apter to think well of people out of power, than of people in power. Perhaps it is a mistake; but, 'however, there is something in it generous.” Lett. 17. Sept. 3, 1726. vol. vi.

I fhun his zenith, court his mild decline;
Thus Sommers once, and HALLIFAX, were mine.
Oft, in the clear, still mirror of retreat,
I ftudy'd SHREWSBURY, the wise and great :
CARLETON's calm sense, and STANHOPE's noble flame,
Compar'd, and knew their gen'rous end the fame:
How pleasing ATTERBURY's softer hour!
How shind the soul, unconquer'd in the Tow'r!
While Roman spirit charms, and Attic wit: 85
Argyll, the state's whole thunder born to wield,
And shake alike the Senate and the Field :

Notes. Ver. 77. Soinmers] John Lord Sommers died in 1716. He had been Lord Keeper in the reign of William III. who took from him the seals in 1700. The author had the honour of knowing him in 1706. A faithful, able, and incorrupt minifter; who, to the qualities of a consummate statesman, added those of a man of learning and politeness.

Ibid. Hallifax,] A peer, no lels distinguished by his love of letters than his abilities in parliament. He was disgraced in 1710, on the change of Q. Anne's ministry.

Ver. 79. Shrewsbury,] Charles Talbot, Duke of Shrewsbury, had been secretary of state, anibassador in France, Iord-lieutenant of Ireland, lord chamberlain, and lord treafurer. He several times quitted his employments, and was often recalled. He died in 1718.

Ver. 80. Carleton) Hen. Boyle, Lord Carleton, (nephew of the famous Robert Boyle), who was secretary of state under King William III. and president of the council under l. Anne.

Ibid. Stanhope] James Earl Stanhope. A nobleman of equal courage, spirit, and learning. General in Spain, and fecretary of state.

Ver. 84. Chesterfield] Philip Earl of Chesterfield, commonly given by writers of all parties for an example to the age he lives in, of superior talents, and public virtue.


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