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of the gap.
6. Major L. S. Sullivant joined us to-day. All were glad to see him. He has been absent for some time on furlough. No leaves of absence are being granted now; men are needed in their places in the ranks or elsewhere. We do not move till to-morrow.
7. The whole column move toward Tunnel| Hill. Our advance and the enemy keep up a lively contest in which musketry and artillery rattle and roar by turns. The enemy gave way and fell back in order. Our brigade took a position within a mile of the town, our line running east and west. Later in the day we passed to the right of town and camped one and a half miles to the east, where we spent a quiet night.
8. Sunday. Remained camped during the forenoon, during which time Chaplain Morris preached a short discourse. We are watching the contest between the two lines of skirmishers at the entrance to the gap, which is called Buzzard's Roost. At 2 P. M. the Brigade formed and took a position at the entrance
Our line is parallel with the railroad and facing east. Our purpose is to drive a force of the enemy from the ridge in our front. A line of skirmishers, Companies I and H (commanded by Captain Durant and Captain Watson), of the 113th, was deployed in our front. The skirmish line commanded by Colonel H. B. Banning, 12 ist O. V. I., moved promptly, and the Brigade, commanded by Colonel John G. Mitchell, followed in line of battle at a proper distance. For several hundred yards our way lay through a tangled mass of underbrush, through which we moved with great difficulty. Crossing a creek near the base of the ridge we began the ascent. Up, up, up we go, each moment expecting to receive the fire of the foe. But the crest of the ridge is reached without a shot, for the enemy had fed at our approach and taken a position on a ridge running parallel with this one, and from which they began firing at us, the shots whistling about our heads in a manner not to be relished. As we moved along the top of the ridge, one of our men, William McMannus, Company I, was shot and fell down dead within a few feet of me. This is our first loss in the campaign. Our chaplain took charge of the body, and the column descended to the valley and halted an hour in an open field. We then countermarched, crossed the point of the ridge before mentioned, and, ascending a ridge to the east, stacked arms and halted for the night. Half the men of each company returned to the camp from which we moved early in the afternoon, to bring forward the knapsacks and baggage which had been left behind. I went on this duty, bringing baggage belonging to Green and myself. We were all very tired, and the rebels were kind enough to let us rest well during the night.
9. Two guns of Battery C, ist Illinois Artillery, were dragged up and placed in position on the ridge. These kept up a heavy fire on the enemy's position south of the railroad, on the side of a huge hill. At dusk the skirmish firing in our front became very earnest, and an additional company (E) was sent forward to strengthen our line. The men took their position and for an hour lay on their faces, while the bullets spattered on the gravel and among the rocks of the ridge. Later in the night rations were issued to us, and by the time this was attended to it was past midnight.
10. Three additional guns were put in position during last night on this ridge, and to-day they have been pounding away at the rebels in front, right and left. The infantry withdrew from the crest of the hill and sheltered themselves behind it. Here they dug little excavations in the hillside so that they might rest secure, without the risk of rolling down the hill. Company G are on the skirmish line.
II. The incidents of to-day have been much the same as yesterday. A battery of the enemy got the range of our guns late in the afternoon, and for a time their fire grazed the hill, passed over our heads and exploded in the valley below. In the evening our brigade withdrew into the valley, where we spent the night comfortably.
12. Marched in the direction of Tunnel Hill at sunrise. After going two and a half miles in this direction, we took a road leading in a more southerly course, and through a country very little improved. At dark we halted and took supper in a cornfield,
then resuming the march, we continued till after midnight. Our way during the night lay through a narrow pass or gap, with high and precipitous rocks and cliffs on either hand. I am told that this defile is called Snake Creek Gap. This is a flank movement on the enemy. I like it better than fighting their front. John Ganson was sick to-day, and has been in an ambulance part of the time. Have marched twenty-two miles.
13. Marched soon after daylight, going nearly east. Halted at 8 A. M., stacked arms in a valley. Knapsacks were unslung, piled, and left in charge of a guard. Tents and blankets were packed and slung, and then the command rested. We are now on the enemy's right flank. He holds a strong position at Resaca, near this, and on the Western & Atlantic railway, fifty-two miles from Chattanooga, in Gordon county, Georgia. Every preparation being made indicates a battle.
At 3 P. M. we marched toward Resaca. We can hear the contest as we approach. Our brigade shifted from one position to another during the evening, but our regiment did not become engaged. Parts of the brigade sustained some loss. We spent the night in a woods on the right of a road that appears to run north and south.
14. Our position was changed frequently during the forenoon. A brisk engagement took place east of us at 1 P. M., and we moved in that direction, formed a line in the edge of a cornfield, moved across the field in line of battle, and rested in a ravine at the east edge of the field. Then moving by the left flank, we formed a new line three hundred yards to the north, in a thick wood, immediately west (?) of the enemy's fortifications. We again shifted position nearly a quarter of a mile, and again lay down. Chaplain Morris passed along the line exhorting the men to trust in God, do their duty, and all would be well. The Chaplain has the grit. Then, moving by the left flank, we lay down at the base of a ridge, which protected us from a terrific fire of the enemy. The 108th Ohio, and 34th Illinois, were more exposed, and suffered some loss. The 45th 0. V. I. took a position near us. They had, lost heavily during the day. Night coming on, we retired to the edge of the cornfield, where we had formed in line first in the afternoon.
15. Sunday. Before breakfast our regiment took a new position, one and a half miles to the southeast, on a ridge, overlooking a valley, and in sight of the enemy's position at Resaca. We occupied works which had been constructed last night. The main body of the regiment sheltered itself behind the crest of the hill, occupying the pits by companies, in relief, three hours at a time. After dark, when all was quiet, a spirited colloquy took place between the blue and
The rebel shouted: “Say, Yank, where is Hooker? ” and the reply was: “ You will hear from Joe soon enough."
Say, Johnnie, have you any corn bread ? Want to trade for coffee? The rebels boasted how they intended to whip us to-morrow. Their many taunts met as many cutting replies. Then both sides would loose temper, and exchange shots.
At midnight a very heavy firing, opened to our left, and the regiment crowded into the rifle-pits, ready for an attack.
10. The promised whipping is indefinitely postponed. Johnnie is gone from our front this morning, and we are glad. Early in the forenoon we returned to the valley where we left our knapsacks on Friday last. Taking these again, we were soon moving rapidly southward. Passed fine farms, good houses and other evidences of
improvement. The ladies on our way are tastily dressed and appear to be cultivated. Our march lasted till after dark, and we have moved rapidly nearly all day.
Some are inquiring to know if General Davis' horse has given out, and if we are halted on that account. Have marched about twenty miles. We are eighteen miles from Rome, which is our destination.
17. Marched early, and at noon halted for dinner, four miles from Rome. Rested an hour, and moved ahead. Within two miles of the town our advance began to exchange shots with the enemy's outposts, and the musketry grew fierce and fiercer as we neared the town. Our forces took position in line on either side of the Somerville road. The 34th Illinois Volunteers (Veterans) was sent forward with instructions to bring on an engagement, and then retire so as to bring the rebels within reach of our line. The order was executed, but the wily foe did not follow when the 34th fell back. The 22d Indiana Infantry shared in the attack, and both regiments suffered losses. The enemy fell back, crossed the river into Rome, and burned the bridge behind them. Our troops remained in line and threw up a line of rifle pits the entire length of the line, before morning
18. It is thought that the enemy has left Rome, and that we will soon cross and occupy the town. The brigade went into camp near a number of fine residences near where the fight occurred yesterday. A fatigue party buried some of the rebel dead left on the field, and citizens report that they carried off a great many as they fell back.
Roses are in bloom ; I sent one in a letter to my wife to-day.
A line of rifle pits run through the door yard of one of these fine mansions, and the fence has disappeared. We are teaching these people to take a joke. Rome had a population of about three thousand, but at present many of the able-bodied men are absent in the Confederate army.
19. Part of the division crossed the river and occupied the town, the enemy having left the town for good. A great quantity of tobacco, captured in Rome, was distributed among the men to-day. Thank you, I don't use the weed. Companies K, C, G and E went on picket at dark
23. Our stay here has lengthened out beyond our expectations, and we have had a very pleasant visit among the Romans. Sorry we have to move before their garden stuff gets fit for use. This evening the second brigade crossed the Oostalauna into Rome, filed right, crossed the Etowah on a pontoon below the site of the bridge destroyed by the retreating rebels, and went into camp a mile further on. The Oostalauna and Etowah rivers unite here, forming the Coosa. Rome is the county seat of Floyd county, and has been a good business place.
Isaac L. Gray, Jacob Fudge and Daniel R. Baker, Company E, deserted to-day. They will be able to steal their way to Ohio.
24. Our division moved in the direction of Van Wert, and after a brisk march of eighteen miles, formed a junction with the troops of the fifteenth and sixteenth corps. Our route shows little of the ravages of war. Camped in a peach orchard.
25. Moved ahead, leaving Van Wert to our right. Took dinner in a cornfield and again moved in a southerly course. At
P. M. a heavy firing was heard several miles ahead of our column, and in consequence we quickened our pace, some times going at double quick. A heavy rain set in at dark, but we pressed forward in the darkness. Went into camp late in the night, wet, hungry and tired. We now learn that Hooker had an engagement with the enemy, causing the firing mentioned.
26. Dried clothes and tents. Marched three miles to the east, and rested two hours. We then left-faced, and with left in front, went back two miles, took a road bearing left and passed through Dallas, the county seat of Paulding county, Ga. We received a large mail and drew three day's rations, late at night.
27. We seem to be near the main line of the enemy. At 8 A.M. our brigade marched a mile northeast, halted and stacked arms. Ate an early dinner and then shifted position to a hill half a mile to the southeast. We are hid by the trees and thick underbrush. Heavy firing goes on at all points of the line. Company C went on the skirmish line during the night.
28. We held our position till evening; then moving northwardly one and a half miles, we formed a line in the edge of the woods, with an open field in our front Our line runs north and south. During the night we made our position secure by constructing works of rails and dirt. Heavy cannonading goes on, day and night, but we are becoming accustomed to it, and sleep well.
29. Sunday. The 113th picketed on the left of the 14th A. C., two and a half miles from our works. Company E rested in the shade, in reserve during the day, but went on the front line at night. We divided to four posts, with a corporal and six men to each. Anthony Shimel, John W. Taylor, John Wilson. John Wank, Daniel