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then, without a Divine warrant? are been committed! In presenting his we not contradicting the inherent child for baptism, a Christian parent nature and design of this ordinance undertakes a weighty responsibility; when infants are baptized by us?” that responsibility would rest on him The only reply to this is found the same whether his infant was bapin the old reference to circumcision, tized or not; but a burden, too heavy and the records of baptized house for his unaided spirit to bear, does it holds in the New Testament: for not largely help him to bear, when he answers to which we would refer Dr. is permitted from the very first, and Hanna to any child in our Sunday in this sacred rite, to commit his offSchools. That Dr. Hanna himself feels spring to the covenanted mercy of the weakness of his argument is evi. God in Christ? It is as a privilege dent from the following remarks with rather than a duty that we would have which he concludes:-" Still, with all you bring your infants to the baptisthese considerations to urge in behalf mal font, grateful to Him who suffers of infant baptism, we would plead for His hol; name to be named so early it as a practice which the spirit of the over them, and casting this your greatDivine command, and the genius of est care on Him who careth for you the Christian Institute, ALLOW US TO and yours." There are multitudes, we OBSERVE, rather than a custom which believe, who fully concur in the sentithe letter of the command obliges us ments of this paragraph; to whom to follow. There are those who, as infant baptism is purely a matter of you well know, cannot go with us feeling. The loving another invests even thus far, and who do not feel at the rite with come fancied benefitliberty, without more express sanction superstition and piety are closely than, as it seems, the Word of God allied in feeble human nature. We do contains, to do what seems to them to not go so far as to think with John contravene the very nature and de- Foster that, if our piety were divested sign of the ordinance. Of our differ- of all its superstition very little piety ence with such we shall only say that would be left, but we do think our it never should have been magnified piety, if not deformed, is very much into one of such weight and import weakened by its companion superstiance, that the Church of Christ should tion. At any rate, we are quite willing have divided thereupon into separate to leave to our Pædobaptist brother communions; for, if the Church of the all the soothing influence of superstiApostles, acting under immediate tion, and the mystic occult, spiritual guidance from heaven, was taught to power imparted to him at the baptis. tolerate within its bosom diversity mal font of his infant, by which he is both of opinion and practice as to the so largely helped to bear his parental rite of circumcision, we might well responsibility, a burden, “too heavy for have learned to tolerate diversity of his unaided spirit to bear." For our opinion and practice as to the rite of part we prefer the manly piety which baptism. We cling with fondness, how- repels superstition, and seeks directly ever, to the baptism of infants. It from God without the intervention of secms to us a beautiful and impressive any human rite, the strength we need, spectacle that Christianity should be and which is promised in answer to seen thus bending over the cradle, and prayer, for the nurture and training claiming the new-born babe for Him for heaven of our children. The kindly who died for sinners, and for that tone of remark, and the charitable blessed and g'orious immortality which feelings of the Author towards those he hath opened up for us beyond the who differ from him on the subject of grave. Her presence there, her voice baptism, we both admire and reciproof love and hope, how comforting to cate, and shall welcome the time when those into whose weak hands the care the separation wall between us shall froin birth of a young immortal has be for ever demolished. Hoping this

VOL. LVI.

volume will be followed by many more of like ability and spirit we heartily commend it to our readers.

Although Dr. Hunt is pleased to profess great horror of the slave trade, he nevertheless distinctly enough assures us that the best of all conditions for the black man is that of slavery. The writings of American slave hol. ders are quoted as of the highest anthority on this point. The advocates of the Southern Confederacy are quoted approvingly as adepts in the scientific knowledge of the negro's nature; and the microscopical investigations, of a scientific lady prove his blood to be “ vastly dissimilar" to ours. Therefore, negro emancipation is a“ gigantic imposture.” It is both “ absurd and chimerical” to attempt to place this human “ass" in any other condition than that which Lousianian planters have, in accord with nature, devised for him. Our answer shall be given in the beautiful lines of Montgomery" From Nubian hills, that hail the dawning day, To Guinea's coast, where evening fades away; Here dwells the negro, nature's outcast child, Scorned by his brethien. Is he not man, though knowledge never shed Her quickening beams on his neglected head? Is he not man, by sin and suffering tried ? Is he not man, for whom the Saviour died?

On the Negro's Place in Nature. By

JAMES HUNT, Ph. D. London: Trubner and Co. 1863. Sixty pp. 8vo.

The theories of the author met with a hostile reception at the meetings of the British Association for the Ad. vancement of Science in Newcastle. He has, therefore, published them ander the form of a paper read to the London Anthropological Society, of which he is the President. He examines the physical, mental, and moral qualities of the negro, and concludes that the native of Africa is a distinct species from the European, just as distinct as the ass is from the zebra. This is our author's own illustration. No wonder that, with Mr. Craft present in the section in which the paper was read, Dr. Hunt's views should have been received with derision. Nothing in this published pamphlet can exclude the negro from a participation in our common humanity. All Mr. Hunt's facts only go to prove that the dwellers on the Congo and Niger are not Europeans; that is all. There is not a physical or mental, or moral quality adduced by Dr. Hunt, as a peculiarity of the negro, which is not also found in some one or other of the numerous races of men. He tells us that “the negro race, in some of its characters, is the lowest of existing races, while, in others, it approaches the highest type v. European; and this is the case with other savage races.” (p. 3.) Many of the anatomical peculiarities of the negro find corresponding parts in other sections of the human family. (p. 11). In the size of the brain the negro comes after the European, and five other well-defined races ; but six other races come after the negro, including the ancient civilized Egyptian and Hindu. (p. 13.) And Dr. Hunt actually talks of civilizing and humanizing the negro, which he certainly could not do if he were not human, and pos. sessed of human capabilities. (p. 56.)

de

Modern Civilization in Relation to

Christianity. A series of Essays.
By William McCOMBIE. Edinburgh,
Blackwood and Son. 1864. pp.
128, 8vo.

Whatever Mr. McCombie may write is sure to be worthy of attention. If there is any cause for regret with respect to the work before us, it is its fragmentary character. The essays have appeared from time to time in the Aberdeen paper, which he so ably conducts, and necessarily, therefore, partake of the brevity and abruptness which such a form of publication entails. There is a general connection running throughout; but as each essay is almost always independent of the preceding one, the effect is one of incompleteness. We should have greatly preferred that Mr. McCombie had digested the many admirable remarks and reasonings the essays contain, into a continuous and logical whole.

The earlier essays are devoted to a critical examination of the materialist

theories of the late Mr. Buckle and Science is possible, because observathe utilitarian philosophy of Mr. John tion proves that the phenomena of naStuart Mill. In contradiction to both, ture proceed on system, according to he affirms the true law of civilization definite and determinate laws. The to be this:-" That a civilization that Positivist assumes that this connection sball embrace the whole body of a between cause and effect is invariable people, must rest on the due develop and immutable. But science cannot ment and exercise of all the faculties apply her scales or measuring rod to and susceptibilities of our nature.” He all knowledge, and hence cannot affirm thence shows that the two philosophers that the law of sequence is invariable. above-named, entirely overlook or set Our emotions are beyond the range of aside the higher and moral qualities of science. They are not measurable. our nature, and that practically their No limits can be assigned to their insystems must result in atheism, both tensity and duration. Yet our emobeing confessedly devoted to the evo- tions and passions are the grand molution of laws for man's well-being tive forces of individual and social life, from natural sources alone. Both the and though conditioned by the forces rebgious and moral elements of man's of nature, they are not subject to them, nature are ignored by these writers, or but overrule, suspend, direct them. thev labour to show that both may ad. The will, which implies free choice, is vantageously be dispensed with. A an element which has no place in nacivilization, founded on such a basis, ture, is not measurable by science, and can neither be a true civilization, nor its movements can never be certainly can it have in it any elements of sta- foreseen. A large portion of the data bility. An outlook on the present con- or elements for forming a scientific dition of the nations where such prin- knowledge, are utterly beyond our ciples prevail, must convince any one reach. Hence no experience of the that liberty will surely become the past can assure what the will may, in prey of despots, or that anarchy will the future, determine to do. From its sap the very life-springs of national action unexpected events may, and do well-being.

arise, which baffle the wisest calculaMr. McCombie further traces the in- tor. The Divine Will is a force of the fluence which a pure Christianity onght same kind, though infinitely transcendto have on the condition of the female ing man's in measure, and no experisex, on education, on the criminal po- ence of the past can justify our assertpulation, on popular literature, and on ing that God cannot do otherwise than other features of our national life. His he has already done, or otherwise than longest essay is on the Natural and the laws of nature may have led us to Supernatural, in which he investigates expect. the modern and ever-growing hostility For the full development of this arto the supernatural element in Divine gument, we must refer our reader to Revelation. He finds the root and Mr. McCombie's able discussion. Fragthe germ of this scepticism in Hume's mentary, as we have already said the argument against miracles, “that they essays are, they will afford to the are contrary to experience.” In reply thoughtful mind, interested in the to this he shows, and we think, with sceptical movement of the day, many success, that we can recognize in our most useful and instructive aspects of experience a power strictly analogous, the truths by which this modern spirit “not differing in kind, but in measure," may be exorcised. to the power of working miracles.

Brief Notices.

The Imperial Bible Dictionary: His. torical, Biographical, Geographical, and Doctrinal ; including the Natural History, Antiquities, Manners, Customs, and Reli. gious Rites and Ceremonies mentioned in the Scriptures, and an Account of the Several Books of the Old and New Testa. ments. Edited by the Rev. PATRICK FAIRBAIRN, D.D. With seven thousand engravings. To be completed in about twenty parts: price 2s. 6d. each. Blackie and Son, Glasgow and London. Part I. to VII.-The great demand for books of this kind is a pleasing feature of the age. It is one of the results of Sunday schools. Teachers have been compelled to study in order to meet the demards of the children, and a higher order of reading has become necessary for the instructors of the teachers. This has been called a superficial age, and, per haps, to some extent, justly. People, for the most part, may be satisfied with periodical, review, dictionary, and other popular literature; but it must be remembered that the surface of reading has widened, and the number of readers multiplied immensely during the last twenty years; and if the readers of standard books and students of the primary sources of information be few in comparison with readers generally, they are not few in comparison with their number half a century since. It is to us a source of sincere rejoicing that so many books illustrative of the Bible, adapted both to young and old, are continually issuing from the press. This fact is an evidence that such literature is extensively prized: and from this fact we argue the security of the people generally against the attacks that may from time to time be made on the Word of God. We hail, therefore, with great satisfaction, “The Imperial Bible Dic. tionary." It takes up all the subjects that elucidate the contents of the Bible, and carefully considers the books of which it is composed. In its articles, a devout and catholic spirit prevails; and the Scriptures are everywhere treated as the Word of God. The names of the writers inspire us with confidence, and the engravings and illustrations are well finished. We hope it will meet with the sale it so justly merits.

The Life and Lessons of Our Lord Unfolded and Illustrated. By the Rev. JOHN CUMMING, D.D.,F.R.S.E. With a coloured illustration of the Good Shepherd, and four wood engravings. London: John Shaw and Co. Part I., price 6d.-The author promises that this work shall consist of a clear, devout, and practical biography of Christ, who is the core and life of Christianity. For such a work, Dr. Cumming is admirably fitted. Let him only keep his promise, and abstain from speculation, and this work will be thoroughly interesting. The first number is excellent. It is well printed, on toned paper, and beautifully illustrated. It deserves an extensive circulation.

Baptism, Scripturally, Critically, and Historically considered in its Nature and Subjects. By John Bowes. Dundee: Bowes Brothers. This tract is a compilation of evidence on the subject of Baptism, from lexicographers, divines, and others, from the first ages of Christianity, and ought to convince its readers that the Baptists are right.

The Juvenile Missionary Herald. London: H. J. Tresidder. Price One Halfpenny. It is highly creditable, both to the Baptist Missionary Society, and to the publisher, and we hope will be extensively circulated among the young in our families and schools.

M issionary Scenes. London: published by Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.C.—These scenes are illustrative of the operations of the Baptist Missionary Society, and are accompanied by brief accounts of its formation and several fields of labour. They are beautifully executed, and will be welcomed by the young, for whom they are intended.

The Mother's Friend. Edited by Ann JANE, Volume IV, New Series. Lon.. don: Jackson, Walford, and Hodder. 27, Paternoster Row, E.C., 1863.—This magazine has been in existence sixteer years, and now twenty thousand copies are printed monthly. This fact speaks for itself, and renders any recommendation of ours superfluous. We will, however, add that we think it quite merits the popularity it has acquired. It is full of sketches from life, which will interest both mother and child.

Prelacy Tried by the Word of God.

By the Rev. JAMES N. MILLER. Edin: burgh: Johnstone, Hunter, & Co. 1864. Pp. 78. 24mo. A brief, but clear and well-executed examination of all the passages of scripture, on which its advocates are wont to hang their arguments. The appendix contains a short reply to the argument from church history.

The Original Baptist Almanack and Congregational Hand Book for the Year 1864. "London: Robert Banks, 9, Crane Court. Price Twopence.--In addition to the usual information contained in almanacks, most may here find all they wish to know respecting Baptist societies, publications, and London and suburban ministers and chapels.

A Motto for Life. The Midnight Bells. John Stabb, Red Lion Square, London, -These publications are issued by the Monthly Tract Society, which is doing a good work. The former commends the motto. AMEN, ALLELUIA: or complete acquiescence and rejoicing in our heavenly Father's will. The latter is a midnight chime for the close of the year, but simple and impressive.

The Weather Almanack and Meteorological Hand Book for the British Isles. 1864. By ORLANDO THISTLECRAFT. London, J. M. Burton and Co., Crane Court, Fleet Street. Sixpence.-Judging from the first ten days in January, the prediotions respecting the weather are not of much worth ; but the general notes on the weather, and tables of past storms, and mild and severe winters contained in this almanack, are valuable.

The Cottager in Town and Country. 1863. London: The Religious Tract Society, 56 Paternoster Row.-Worthy of a place in every cottage in the land.

Christian Union. Six addresses delivered at the first meeting of the Bays. water Ministerial Union. By the Rev. W. CHALMERS, M.A., Rev. HENRY FRY, D.D., Rev. W. G. Lewis, Rev. A. McMILLAN, Rev. A. C. PRICE, B.A., and Rev. G. G. Scott. London: James B. Sumner, 101, Edgware Road: W. Macintosh, 24, Paternoster Row, 1863.

The publication of such a book as this is an interesting fact. It contains six addresses, delivered, two by Presby. terian, one by Congregational, one by Baptist, and two by Church of England ministers, at a public meeting held at Westbourne Hall, Bayswater, to inaugurate a union of all the evar.gelical ministers of the district, which union still continues. Who can estimate its effect upon themselves, their respective congregations, and the neighbourhood ?

The Christian Treasury. A Family Miscellany Rev. H. BONAR, D.D., Editor. London: Groombridge and Sons, Paternoster Row. January 1, 1864. Price Sixpence.-There is no periodical we welcome more heartily than the Christian Treasury. It always contains something instructive and calculated to excite one's better feelings. Our young folk also eagerly seize it for the sake of the portion it uniformly contains for them. This year's issue promises to be not a whit behind any of its predecessors,

Intelligence.

MINISTERIAL CHANGES. The Rev. J. H. Hinton, M.A., having resigned the pastorate of the church at Devonshire-square Chapel, has com. menced his labours at Barnsbury Hall, Upper-street, Islington, in connection with the proposed new chapel at High bury Hill. - The Rev. E. Jones, formerly of Broseley, Salop, bas accepted the invitation of the church at Bethesda Chapel, Trowbridge, Wilts.--The Rev. J. B. Lockwood has accepted an invitation to the pastorate of the church at Nantwich, Cheshire.--The Rev.John Douglas, late of the Independent College, Man chester, and not long since baptized by

Mr. Carson, of Tubbermore, has undertaken the pastorate of the church at Portadown.—Mr. C. B. Sawday, of the Metropolitan Tabernacle College, has aċcepted the pastorate of the church mect. ing in Vernon Chapel, Pentonville, London.-M. J. H. Gordon, formerly lecturer for the Leeds Secularist Society. has, after a course of study in Cavendish College, Manchester, accepted the unanimous call of the Baptist church at Astley Bridge, near Bolton.-Mr. J. W. Nicholas, from Pontypool College, bas ac. cepted the unanimous invitation of the church at Newbridge.-The Rev. R. Thomson, for seventeen years pastor of

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