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DUST ON AQUARIA.- Would it not be better to delivery of public lectures on natural history. In prevent the dust getting into an aquarium than one of his popular discourses on jelly-fishes, deadopting any of the ingenious (?) plans which some livered in a small town in Scotland, he had been of your correspondents have suggested to get rid of demonstrating to the audience how very few grains it after it has got there? The way I do it is by of solid matter a cartload of medusæ would conkeeping one, two, or more pieces of glass (according tain, and how useless it would be to distribute these to the size of the vessel) on the top of the tank, , animals over the land as manure. At the close of which not only effectually keep out dust, but also the discourse, a canny farmer stepped up to the prevent any loss of water by evaporation, and the platform and tendered his thanks for the hint, for escape of any of the live-stock.- Geo. Abbott. at considerable expense he had been in the constant

habit of collecting and distributing myriads of these DOUBLE ORANGES.-Oranges such as are men creatures, under the impression that his crops would tioned by your correspondent H. H. (p. 118) are be improved by their presence. - Dr. Cobbold's not of unfrequent occurrence, and originate in all ! “ New Entozoic Malady." probability from the formation of a second row of 1 carnels within and above the first. In those EXCHANGE OF SLIDES.--The Quekett Microscoinstances where the latter do not completely close pical Club has just issued the following rules for over the supernumerary organs, but leave them the exchange of slides :more or less exposed, the nature of the case is

I. That all slides be deposited with the Exobvious. H. H. will find references to similar fruits in “Trans. Linn. Soc.,” vol. xxiii. p. 366, and

change Committee. specially in a paper of M. Clos in the fifth series of

II. That the slides he classified by the Committee the “ Annales des Sciences Naturelles," t. iii.,

into sections, numbered according to p. 312.-. T. M.

quality. The first section to be a special

class for rare specimens, the value of which Book WANTED.-I should be very glad if any

will be determined by the Exchange Comreader of SCIENCE-GOSSIP could inform me where

mittee. I could meet with a copy of Witham's “On the 111.

III. Members to select from the class in which Internal Structure of Fossil Vegetables of the Car- 1

their slides are placed, after the ordinary boniferous and Oolitic Periods." I believe the

meetings of the club. work is out of print, but some of the readers of the

IV. Members may leave the selection to the ExGOSSIP may know of a second-hand copy.-John

change Committee, if they prefer it. Butterworth.

V. Slides once exchanged cannot be exchanged

again. GNAT BITES.--As there is the probability of a 11. A register shall be kept in which the slides large supply of gnats this summer, can you or any |

deposited shall be entered and numbered, of your readers furnish a remedy for their very

with the date of receipt, and in which troublesome, and to me very painful bites ?-D. G.

exchanges shall also be noted.

VII. All expenses incurred in the transmission of FARO APOPHYLLITE.—Your correspondent A. S.

slides, or in correspondence respecting (in SCIENCE-Gossip of May, 1867,) will perhaps

them, to be borne by the member on whose find the following information sufficient. The

· account such charges may be incurred. mineral known as Apophyllite ichthyophthalmite Parcels to be addressed -albine belongs to the zoolitic series, but differs from other zoolites in its chemical constitution, the silicate of lime taking the place of the silicate of alumina.

Mr. W. M. BYWATER, It consists chemically of a double silicate of potash,

192, Piccadilly, with cight equivalents of silicate of lime, and sixteen equivalents of water. Its specific gravity is 2:3

London, w

[Exchange.] to 2:16; the degree of hardness, 4-5 to 5 (the diamond being 10). Acids easily decompose it, and it fuses readily with the blow pipe, colouring the flame a yel.

Note.-As much inconvenience frequently arises low-red, and gives off water. It crystallizes in right

from the breakage of slides in transmission through square prisms, generally with truncation of the

the post, the following method is recommended :angles, or quadrate pyramids, and more rarely in

Pack the slides in a small wooden box, which can quadrate tables with truncate angles or foliated

be obtained of any optician, tie it securely with masses. In colour it varies from a vitreous trans

string, and attach a slip of parchment to one end, parency to rose-red and brown. Apophyllite is

sufficiently large to receive the postage stamps, found at Andreasberg, in the lIarz Mountains, of

address, and local Post-office stamps during transa rose colour; in the Faroe Isles colourless. The mission. If paper be used as a wrapper to the box, tabular form, or ichthyophthalmite (fishes'-eyes the colour should be black. When twelve or more stone) is found in the Fassathal, South Tyrol. A slides are sent, they should be packed in a racked variety of Apophyllite called tesselite or tesselated box, and forwarded by railway carriage prepaid. Apophyllite, when cut in thin plates transversely to the axis, appears when polarized to consist of nine crystals, contained within a number of parallel veins or plates. The central crystal has only one axis, and no double refraction, the other two. (See “Pereira on Polarized Light.")-F. Kitton, Norvich.

THE VALUE OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE.-The BLACK SURFACE.- What is the nature of the late Edward Forbes was in the habit of relating an solution ordinarily in use by opticians to give a excellent anecdote illustrating the practical advan dead black surface ? Lamp-black mixed with shelltages which the public sometimes derive from the lac dissolved in alcohol would give a glossy black.

THE AMERICAN NATURALIST.-The Essex Insti. pests, as recounted by your correspondent, but if it tute (Salem, Mass., U.S.), the Microscopical section be a fact in natural history that the domestic mouse of which is one of the most vigorous and healthy in devours insects, I am quite unaware of it, although the United States, has just commenced the public of course every one knows that his congener of the cation of a monthly journal called The American harvest-field (Mus messorius) is insectivorous as well Naturalist, of fifty-six octavo pages, at a little less as graminivorous. In this case, however, I have than eighteen-pence per single number. Such a never heard that his ambition leads him to aspire to medium was wanted by our transatlantic friends, Jarger or higher game than the bluebottle fly and we wish it success.

(Musca carnirora). On one occasion, in order to

clear the place of the cockroaches, two hedgehogs SILKWORM GUT.-The silk in the reservoirs (of

(Erinaceus Europeus) were introduced, but the the silkworm) is sometimes used in commerce,

animals were the reverse of abstemious, and in the being sold under the name of "gut.” The process

height of their gluttony (in this respect apiciusof obtaining the gut is very simple; it consists in

like) gorged themselves so much that they absolutely preparing worms ready to spin by putting them in

died from indigestion, the effect of overloaded strong vinegar for eighteen hours; a transverse

stomachs; otherwise I believe they would have

effectually done the work allotted to them.- Henry opening is then carefully made on the under side

W. T. Ellis, Crowle. and about the middle of the body, taking care not to injure the silk reservoirs, which are very distinct. The glands, or reservoirs, are then taken out and Which BANGOR?-In L. Lane Clarke's “ Objects stretched parallel to each other on a board, and for the Microscope," p. 18, under the head of dried in the shade for several days. The American “ Diatoms of Guano," the infusorial earth of Bangor, Naturalist.

U.S., is mentioned as very fine. Now, Bangor is in

our State, but its diatoms are new to us here. I GREAT AQUARIUMS are numerically increasing

cannot imagine where it is, or what the deposit may in France. One was long since established by Mr.

be, unless it be intended to mean the fossil foramiW. A. Lloyd in the Jardin d'Acclimatation, Bois de

nifera which are to be obtained sparingly from the Boulogne, Paris. Another has been some time

marine clays which occur on the banks of our rivers. opened in the Boulevard Montmartre. A fresh

Also where is Wreatham, U.S., given in the same water aquarium is already opened in the Park of

list? There is a town named Wrentham in Massathe Exposition of 1867, and à marine aquarium of

chusetts, which has a good many ponds, &c., where equal size is in process of construction. There is,

diatoms might be deposited, but I do not know of moreover, one at Boulogne, and another at Ar

any celebrity obtained by, this locality.-E. C. B., cachon.

Portland, Maine, U.S.

[Can any one help our correspondent ?—ED.] MICE AND COCKROACHES.- Although I by no means desire to propound any theory on the subject, BAILLON'S CRAKE.-I have in my possession a I have twice observed a similar occurrence to that very beautiful specimen of Baillon's Crake, a female mentioned in a recent number of SCIENCE-GOSSIP. bird, weighing only three-quarters of an ounce, We had plenty of mice, but a cockroach was seldom

which was caught by a cat near St. Leonards-onto be seen. A cat was introduced into the esta Sea on the 12th of April. It does not appear to blishment to reduce the numbers of the mice, which have been seen in this neighbourhood before. -John she did effectually, but now that there are no mice Bissenden. cockroaches appear in legions. The same thing has been observed by me in two separate houses in

MEERSCHAUM.-It may appear surprising that so which I have resided during the past five years.

little is written on this extraordinary article, for its There is no reason for aflirming or denying that

use is daily becoming more apparent. Doubtless mice will eat cockroaches. We can only state facts

many of your valuable correspondents indulge in mine in corroboration of others, and look to future

al pipe-and a meerschaum. Lord Brougham, investigation and experience to develop the

Tennyson, Thomas Miller, and a host of learned and cause. - A.C.

distinguished men smoke; and it is stated that

Tennyson may be seen with his large meerschaum, MICE AND COCKROACHES.-In reply to the query in his walks, frequently during the summer months, of your correspondent, “Whether any antagonism culling over some of his brilliant ebullitions. Dr. exists between the domestic mouse (Mus musculus) E. D. Clarke may be accepted as a reliable authority, and the cockroach (Blatta molendinaria, or and he states that before the capture of the Crimea orientalis)," my experience leads me to answer in this substance was a considerable article of com. the negative; and as one fact is worth more than a merce with Constantinople. It was sold to German thousand theories, I will furnish him with what I merchants for the making of those beautiful pipes consider a conclusive instance. A kitchen in my i which after long smoking were sold for forty and house has been much infested with cockroaches for fifty pounds of our money. In Natolia, at the years, in common with the crickets (Acheta or present day, 1,000 bands are employed in its manuGryllus domesticus), who are also tenants, and live facturing process, and in Vienna, meerschaum pipes, in the utmost harmony with their more numerous from their artistic designs, realize 100 guineas. It neighbours. They are night insects, or lucifugæ. appears all authorities agree as to its being classified The floor at dark has been literally alive with them. as a mineral, but its exact nature is not precisely During the same period the mice, although not in un known; and as considerable ignorance prevails disturbed possession, or allowed to "reign supreme," amongst the English of its nature, formation, and have had the range of the premises, and have certainly properties, I again repeat my question for answers defied all attempts to extirpate them in kitchen and by your valuable contributors — “What is meer. elsewhere. I am entirely unable to account for the schaum, and how is it identified when manufactured alternate disappearance and reappearance of these ! into smoking pipes ?”-C. M.


B. (Manchester).-Any large bottle warehouse, or dealer in druggists' sundries, in London. Surely also in Mancbester or Liverpool such things can be obtained. If not, the dimensions must be sent to some friend in London, who may call upon us for advice.

J. B. S.-Davis on Mounting Microscopic Objects, page 80.

P.P., who inquired in March number for Bermuda Earth, will please to furnish name and address to the Editor.

QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF MICROSCOPICAL SCIENCK.-Vol. VII., for 1859, wanted. A good price will be given. Address, the Editor of SCIENCE-Gossre.

C.D. H.-Unfortunately your plant was too much shrivelled to determine with certainty.

B. T.-No. 1 is Scutophaga stercoraria (Order, Diptera). No. 2 is Chrysopa perla (Order, Neuroptera).-F. W.

DEODARA.-R. B. states that the age of the tree alluded to in our last is only thirty years.

T. S. K. It is not our province to name packets of objects; we really cannot afford the time to do for others what, with a little care, they could do for themselves. No. 1 is Daduleu quercina.

E. M. H.-No. 1. Yes! it will do so. 2. The only book for a beginner is Lindsay's “ British Lichens," Routledge & Co. 3. It is impossible to say.

G. G.--The fungus is Polyporus versicolor.

A. (Dartmonth) could name his Corallines with the aid of Johnstone's “Zoophytes," published by Van Voorst. His No. 2 is Corallina officinalis.

H. H. (Fairy Villa), - It is not very easy to discover what you require. If we understand you correctly, it is that you desire to know just those problems which are continually puzzling men of science, and for the discussion of which our columns are unsuited.

J. G. desires some certain method of ridding his house of cockroaches. We have heard of many remedies, but never had any occasion for making the experiment. See SCIENCEGossip, 1863, pp. 42, 66.

L. A. G.-Is it the thread-worm (Gordius aqualicus)! Sce SCIENCE-Go-SIP, 1865, pp. 107, 197.

R. T. A.-The slide contained no organic form whatever.

F. S. F. (Plymouth).--We regret that we can give no in. formation of the process beyond the extract quoted.

W. W.R. W.-We never attempt to name objects from description only.

THE NIGHTINGALE.-SCIENCE-Gossip, bottom of page 112, for “March," in both instances read “ April."-L. S.

J. L.-J. H. W.-Messrs. Hooper & Co., Covent Garden, or Mr. Sim, of Foot's Cray, Kent, or any other nursery. man growing ferng extensively, would furnish the prices of any of the ferns named in the article alluded to, upon applica. tion by letter enclosing stamp.

W.W. S.- Mix glycerine and spirit, says “ Davis on Mount. ing," p. 17. We use gum-tragacanth, mixed with gum. arabic or calcined starch, sometimes called British gum.

W. D. R.-No book containing descriptions of the species of British Coleoptera has been published since “Stephens' Manual," and that, of course, is now very imperfect.

R. W.-There is no cheap work on Diatoms. We have given in SCIENCE-Gossip instructions for mounting crystals.

G. L.You will find answers to all your queries in "Daris on Mounting," &c., price half-a-crown.

B. L. W.-We cannot inform you ; probably the result of a wound.

J.G. T.-Patience and plenty of water works wonders.
D. S.--It is sometimes called the “great saw.tly."

J. B.-Many larger specimens. It might possibly have occupied the matrix of a femoral bone, but this is speculation.

Lizzie should remember how much easier it is to ask ques. tions than to answer them.

W. F.-We have already given full instructions for cleaning Fossil Diatomaceæ.

E. F. M.---Very like a "canard."

S. C. surely must have made a mistake. Was it the Barn owl, and not the Snowy owl?

E. C. J.-White's “Popular History of the Crustacea." London: Routledge. Price 7s, 6d. The malformation of the daisy is not uncommon.

BRITISH INSECTS.-The printed lists of British Insects, entitled " A Catalogue of British Insects in all the Orders," by the Rev. F. O. Morris, B.A., is at length published.

MRS. K.-T. H.-A. Dartmouth.-D. W.-W.R.-It is im. possible for us to name all the specimens of mosses, lichens, zoophytes, &c., which are continually sent us, notwith-tanding our repeated protests, in parcels of from six to twelve species from a single correspondent. Henceforth, therefore, whatever number may be sent, we shall only name one out of each packet.

W. D.-F. W.-We only insert in our exchange list objects of Natural History for which other like objects are required. Other exchanges may be in-erted as advertisements, the charge for which may be learnt from the Publisher.

W.F. H.- Any water-mites are desired. The mollusc is a common species-Cyclostoma elegans.

W. R.-No. 1 is Climucium dendroides.
D. W. Skye.--No. 8, Mercurialis perennis.

H. M. (Birmingham).--It is Julus terrestris, not an in. habitant of the water, but having got into the spout of the pump came out with the water

W.M.- Please to refer to page 96 of SCIENCE-Gossip. It is carelessness to ask a question which has only just been answered in two consecutive numbers.

J. S. K.-No English work contains coloured figures of all the British Lepidoptera. The nearest approach is Wood's Index Entomologicus. Nor is there a work in which British Lichens are all figured. For British Mosses, see Wilson's Bryologia Britannica."

F. H.-We really know of no book “fuller” than that named. Its want can only be supplied by several books in different branches.

EXCHANGES. SCHIstosteca in fine fruit, and Trichostomum farovirens, for Seligerive or Spluchnre.-E. M. Holmes, 2, Arundelcrescent, Plymouth.

BRITISH BIRDS' SKINS and eggs for other British birds' eggs. Lists to John M. Hartley, 6. Cliff-terrace, Leeds.

C. ROLPHII, C. laminata, B. montanus, and ot er shells, for British or foreign species.-J. W. Taylor, 7, Freehold-street, Leeds.

PLANORBIS GLABER.-This rare fresh-water sbell, for good microscopical material.-T. Sharp, Ackwurth, near Pontefract.

PLEISTOCENE Fossils (20) from Maine, U S., in exchange for British fossils or British marine shells.-E. C. B., care of Editor of SCIENCE-Gossip.

MARINE SHRLLS (55) from Maine, U.S., in exchange for an equal collection of British marine shells or British tossils. -E. C. B., care of Editor of SCIENCR-GOSSIP.

DIATOMACEOUS EARTH (unm 'unted) from Monmonth, Maine, U.S., in exchange for good mounted diatoms or desmids.-E. C. B., care of Editor or SCIENCE GOSSIP.

BRITISH FERNS.-Dried fronds for those of other species. -For lists, address H. R. F. C., Foley Cottage, Redlard, Bristol.

MERIDION CIRCULARE (unmounted) for mounted objects. -W. Swinburn, 5, Rosemary-lane, Whitehaven.

TRIPHOSA CERVINATA for other rare species.-C. R. Doward, 41, Copenhagen-street, Worcester.

ENGI ISH AND FOREIGN SHELLs for British marine.-For lists, address, Beta, Post Omce, South Shields.

SANGUINARIA CANADENSIS, sections of root, for stamped and directed envelope.-B. Taylor, 57, Lowther-street, Whitehaven.

ORCHIDS, or other Botanical specimens, wanted for Ameri. can plants.-W. W. Denslow, Post Omice Station, N., New York City, U.S.

Mossks (unmounted), wanted for Toome-bridge Earth or mounted objects.-E. W., 49, Tollington-road, Holloway, N.

BOOKS RECEIVED. “ Contributions to Natural History," by a Rural D.D. Edinburgh and London : Blackwood & Sons, 1867.

"A Catalogue of British Insects in all the Orders," by the Rev. F. O. Morris, B.A., London, 1867.

"The Laboratory." No. I to 5. London: James Firth.

“ Instrucrions for the Promit Treatment of Accidents," in a sheet. Tlustrated. Lo don: W. H. Colliugiidge.

" Elementi per lo stu io delle Desmidiaceæ Italiche di Guiseppe de Notaris.” Genova, 1867.

“Cronaca della Briologia Italiana per G. de Notaris." Part II. Genova, 1867

“Neue Infusorien im Seeaquarium," von Dr. Ferdinand Cohn, in Breslau.

“At Home in the Wilderness," by The Wanderer. London : Robert Hardwicke, 186;.

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Crop the gay rose's vermeil bloom
And waft its spoils, a sweet perfume
In incense to the skies.


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F all the flowers

The rose is the honor and beautie of flowers,
B that have ever

The rose is the care and the love of the spring,

The rose is the pleasure of th' 'eavenly powres,
adorned the face

The boy of faire Venus, Cythera's darling,
of the earth none Doth wrap his head round with garlands of rose,
has furnished to When to the daunces of the Graces he goes.
the poet more

B delicate similes Whether the roses of Abraham were believed by

than the Rose. the Ghebers to be the first that had bloomed on
The poet in return

earth, or not, the romance deserves remembrance has supplied the romance of its in company with those we have already narrated. birth. Sir John Maundeville “The Ghebers believe," says Tavernier, “that gives one legend of Christian when Abraham, their great prophet, was thrown origin; the Mahometans have into the fire, by order of Nimrod, the flame turned another. Writing of Bethlehem,

instantly into a bed of roses, where the child sweetly Sir John records that a fair reposed.” This legend is alluded to in "Lalla maiden was blamed with wrong, Rookh” by the lines, and slandered, and was condemned

When pitying heaven to roses turned, to be burnt at that place, and as

The death flames that beneath him burned. the fire began to burn about her, she made her prayers, that as truly as she was not Old Gerarde, in his “Herbal,” apologizes for the guilty it might be made known to all men; and company in which he placed such an august flower that thereafter she entered into the fire, and imme as the Rose, in his own quaint style. “The plant diately the fire was extinguished, and the faggots of roses, though it be a shrub full of prickles, yet that were burning became red rose-bushes, and it had beene more fit and convenient to have placed those that were not kindled became white rose- it with the most glorious flowers of the worlde, than bushes, full of roses. And these were the first to insert the same among base and thorny shrubs ; rose-trees and roses, both white and red, that ever for the Rose doth deserve the chiefest and most any man saw. On the other hand, it is reported principal place among all flowers whatsoever, being that the Turk can by no means endure to see the not only esteemed for his beautie, vertues, and his leaves of roses fall to the ground, because that fragrant and odoriferous smell, but also because it some of them have dreamed that the first or most is the honor and ornament of our English scepter, ancient rose did spring of the blood of Venus; and as by the conjunction appeereth in the uniting others of the Mahometans say that it sprang of the l of those two most royal houses of Lancaster and sweat of Mahomet. If we are to believe the said | York.” poets, this flower is beloved of the gods as well as The Oriental poets especially gave the premen, for Cupid was by them adorned with a wreath ference to the Rose above all other flowers. of roses.

The two greatest of the Persian poets, Hafiz and No. 31.


Sadi, filled their writings with the odour of When Nero honoured the house of a Roman roses, -

noble with his presence at dinner, there was someHafiz loves, like Philomel,

thing more than flowers; the host was put to an With the darling rose to dwell.

enormous expense by having his fountains flinging Sadi was the author of “Gulistan,” which means up rose water. While the jets were pouring out " garden of roses;” for “gul” is, in more than one the fragrant liquid, wliile rose-leaves were on the of the Oriental languages, the name of the Rose. ground, in the cushions on which the guests lay, The following is the motive which the author assigns hanging in garlands on their brows, and in wreaths for having written this poem :-“On the first day of | around their necks, the couleur de rose pervaded the month of May I resolved with a friend to pass the dinner itself, and a rose pudding challenged the the night in my garden. The ground was enamelled appetites of the guests. To encourage digestion with flowers, the sky was lighted with brilliant there was rose wine, which Heliogabalus was not stars; the nightingale sang its swcetest melodies, only simple enough to drink, but extravagant enough perched on the highest branches; the dew-drops to bathe in. He went even further, by having the hung on the rose, like tears on the cheek of an public swimming-batlis filled with wine of roses angry beauty; the parterre was covered with

and absinth. After breathing, wearing, eating, hyacinths of a thousand hues, among which mean- drinking, lying on, walking over, and sleeping upon dered a limpid stream. When morning came, my roses, it is not wonderful that the unhappy ancient friend gathered roses, basilisks, and hyacinths, and

grew sick. His medical man gave him immediately placed them in the folds of his garments; but I said

a rose draught: whatever he ailed the rose was to him, “Throw these away, for I am going to com made in some fashion to enter into the remedy for pose a Gulistan' (Garden of Roses) which will

his recovery. If the patient died, as he naturally last for eternity, whilst your flowers will live would, then of him, more than of any other, it but a day.""

might be truly said he Roses were known to the ancient Greeks and Romans. Herodotus writes of roses in the garden

Died of a rose in aromatic pain. of Midas, the son of Gordius, in Phrygia, that had In almost all Oriental poetry and romance the sixty leaves, which grew of themselves, and had a | Bulbul, or nightingale, as it is erroneously called, is more agreeable fragrance than all the rest. The associated with the rose. “You may place a Romans employed them at their feasts. Lucullus hundred handfuls of fragrant herbs and flowers expended fabulous sums, in order to be able to have before the nightingale, yet he wishes not in his conthem at all seasons. In the time of the Republic stant heart for more than the sweet breath of his people used not to be satisfied unless their cups of beloved rose;" or, as Moore has expressed the Falernian wine were swimming with roses.

same sentiment“The Spartan soldiers, after the battle of Cirra,

—though rich the spot were so fastidious as to refuse to drink any wine

With erery flower this earth has got, that was not perfumed with roses. At the Regatta

What is it to the nightingale

If there his darling rose is not ? of Baiæ, the whole surface of the Lucrine Sea used to be strewn with this flower. In some of his ban- | Advantage is taken of the same belief by Lord quetings, Nero caused showers of the rose to Byron in his “Bride of Abydos,” wherein Zuleika be rained down upon his guests from an aperture in plucks a rose and offers it to Selim, seated at his the ceiling. Heliogabalus carried this to such an feet, pleading through the simile of the nightingale's insane length as to cause the suffocation of several love on behalf of her ownof his guests, who could not extricate themselves

This rose to calm my brother's cares, from the heaps of flowers. The Sybarites used to

A message from the Bulbul bears ; sleep upon beds that were stuffed with rose-leaves.

It says to-night he will prolong The tyrant Dionysius had couches stuffed with roses,

For Selim's car his sweetest song; on which he lounged at his revels. Verres would

And though his note is somewhat sad,

He'll try for once a strain more glad, travel in a litter, reclining on a mattress stuffed with

With some faint hope his altered lay roses. He wore, moreover, a garland of roses on

May sing these gloomy thoughts away. his head, and another round his neck. Over the litter a thin net was drawn, with rose-leaves inter And also in "The Giaour” the opening description twined, whose fragrance he thus leisurely inhaled. contains a no less happy allusion to the rose as the It was a favourite luxury of Antiochus to sleep, “sultana of the nightingale," and to the nightingale even in winter, in a tent of gold and silk, and upon | as "the Bulbul of a thousand tales,”a bed of roses. · Cleopatra, in the entertainment she

For there-the Rose o'er crag or vale, gave in honour of Antony, spent an immense sum

Sultana of the Nightingale, in roses," with which she covered the floor of her

The maid for whom his melody, banqueting-room to the depth of an ell.

His thousand songs are heard on high,

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