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deprecates or slights as useless when they are insolence. It is idle to ask a Constitution formally addressed to a foreign Government. from a Government which would unhesitatPerhaps he underrates the force of national ingly despatch any formidable opponent to protests, which, notwithstanding pacific pro- the depths of Siberia. fessions, necessarily involve a certain amount The chief objection to the diplomatic reof menace, although the threatened danger monstrances of foreign powers is founded on may be contingent or remote.

the difference between the area of the insurThe reticence of diplomatic language is rection and the Poland of diplomacy. If more significant than the conventional phra- similar negotiations were pending between seology wbich accompanies and conceals it. the European Governments and the United The notes which will probably be addressed States, it would be absurd to stipulate for the by England, France, and Austria to their rep- separate rights of Virginia and North Caroresentatives at St. Petersburg, suggest a 80- lina, while Georgia and Alabama were equally lution of the Polish problem which is imprac- in arms. The Poles have risen against their ticable because it is incomplete. When the oppressors almost from the Black Sea to the three Governments propose the establishment Baltic, and yet Lord Russell can only recogof a representative system in the kingdom of nize the petty kingdom which was created at Poland, they ask an ostensible concession Vienna from the former Duchy of Warsaw. which neither expresses their own opinion Volhynia and Podolia are in revolt, though nor realizes the objects of the insurrection. they were seized by Russia in 1793. The Lord Rassell may be supposed to cherish a provinces to the cast of the Dwina and the pervading faith in Parliamentary institutions; Dnieper still resent the spoliation of 1772; but M. Drouyn de Lhuys is the colleague of and even the earlier annexations of Russia M. de Persigny, who denounces a constitu- are now seriously menaced. The Poles who tional Opposition as an organized conspiracy, happen to belong to the Congress kingdom are and Count Rechberg speaks in the name of a not at liberty to separate their fortunes from court which has but recently abandoned on the cause of their countrymen within the compulsion the rudest and most undisguised Russian frontier. In this respect, if in no form of administrative despotism. The Em-other, their interest enforces the dictates of peror Alexander will not be deeply impressed honor and duty, for their hope of persisting by the desire to propagate liberal doctrines in the struggle until they can receive assiswhich animates his advisers in Paris or Vi- tance from abroad mainly depends on the enna, and Prince Gortschakoff has already wide area which the insurrection covers. The informed Lord Russell that English institu- Russians could almost certainly collect a force tions are inapplicable to the state of society sufficient to crush the Poles of the kingdom ; which prevails in Russia and in Poland. It but at present they are compelled to scatter is still more material to remember that the their troops over several degrees of latitude heroic struggle of the Poles themselves is di- and longitude. In some of the widely soparrected to the attainment of wider and higher ated districts which take part in the war, the objects. Parliaments will probably follow peasants, for various reasons, are disposed to the victory which almost begins to seem poso aid the national cause, which is elsewhere sible ; but the gallant scythemen and their supported only by the upper and middle lcaders are fighting, not for representation, classes. It is not even certain that the conbut for independence. When the revolt be- tagion of resistance may not extend to some gan, they broke with the Russian dynasty as purely Russian provinces. On the whole, the American Confederates finally repudiated religion and language form a surer bond of the Government of Wasbington. They well union than the provisions of the Treaty of know that imperial promises, even if they Vienna. It is intelligible that Austria should were as liberal as their own former demands, be unwilling to recur to the original partition, want the guarantee wbich would be necessary but the reasons which confine the attention to secure their observance. No outrage could of England to the rights of the kingdom are be more inconsistent with theexisting law than little more than techpical scruples, and France the conscription which provoked the rebellion. professes a sympathy with the Polish nation A Parliament may be a sovereign Assembly, wberever it is struggling for its independence. in England, or a Prussian butt for ministerial The diplomatic communications which have

been addressed to Russia are chiefly impor- Bourbons was on the eve of its fall, Charles tant as indicating the possible policy of the X. was engaged in negotiation with Nicholas Western Powers if they at any future time for an alliance directed to the overthrow of proceed from words to acts. No party in the Turkish empire. Ever since the Crimean England proposes immediate interference, and war, the courts of France and Russia have the blunder of the Mexican expedition renders more than once affected the ostentatious disit difficult for France to engage in any Euro- play of a menacing friendship. Two great pean war.


may be true, as Lord Stratford military empires, separated by wide distances, de Redclyffe declared, that the world is at may easily select separate objects for their present in a confused and disjointed state, but cupidity and ambition, and experience shows every Government is pressed by the strongest that an arrangement between France and motives to avoid or postpone any actual col- Russia may at any time endanger the general lision.

peace. It is not the business of English statesThere is something to be said in favor of men to plot against the greatness of any exLord Ellenborough's opinion that the great-isting power, but if the Polish insurrection ness of Russia is essential to the balance of should unexpectedly cripple the strength of power, or, in other words, to the object of Russia, some consolation might be found for checking the aggrandizement of France. In the inevitable misfortune. There is, at least, the last days of Napoleon, Russia, for the first no sufficient reason for checking the natural and last time, rendered valuable services to sympathy which attends the gallant struggle Europe. On all earlier and later occasions, the of an oppressed community. A peculiar moral aggressive propensities of the great Northern interest attaches to a resistance organized and Monarchy have been dangerous to civiliza- conducted by the national leaders and repretion and to national independence. Russia sentatives of the nation, in defance of the was allied with Austria and France against apathy or treason of a degraded population. Prussia and England in the Seven Years' The appeals of Russian officials to the avarice War; and when England was engaged in or jealousy of the peasantry remove any doubt war with the revolted American Colonies, which might have been entertained as to the with France, with Spain, and with Holland, justice of the Polish cause; and when the Catharine II. took the opportunity of aiming agents of a despotic monarchy practise the a blow at English maratime greatness by doctrines of revolutionary Jacobins, the lovforming, with the other Baltic States, the ers of law and order ought to unite with the arıned neutrality of the north. The Em- friends of liberty in denouncing their crime. peror Paul joined the French Republic against The satisfaction of being certainly on the England, and some years afterwards his son right side is unfortunately somewhat alloyed agreed with Napoleon at Tilsit on a partition by the impossibility of giving practical efof Europe. When the elder branch of the fect to benevolent sympathies.

The "

THE GREAT STONE BOOK OF NATURE.-By D. troduction of the young idea to the leading facts T. Ansted, M.A., F.R.S., etc. (Macmillan and of geology.-Spectator. Co.) Under this somewhat fanciful title, Mr. Ansted has given us an excellent elementary introduction to the results of geological research.

Stone Book” is, of course, the crust of A NOVEL mode of lighting has been introduced the earth, the agencies by which it has been at a Baptist church, just built at Philadelphia. formed constitute the language in which it is There is not a gas-burner in the audience room. written, and the fossils which it contains are the In the panels of the ceiling are circles of ground pictures by which it is illustrated. All these glass, two feet in diameter. Above each of these, and other incidental branches of the subject are in the loft, is an argand burner, and a powerful treated by Mr. Ansted in a manner which ren- reflector. The effect is just about the same as if ders them at once interesting and intelligible to thirty full moons shone on the ceiling. The light the most ordinary capacity, and it would not be is not sharp and intense, but abundant and meleasy to find a more suitable medium for the in- | low, and not painful to the eyes.

the sun,


The Cabinet-unluckily a holiday's forbidden Now hurrah for Lincoln green, when the sum

'em, mer its pavilions,

Though it really would appear that they Full of leafage, Alush with blossom, spreads Should have gone to join the joyous toxophilites

haven't much to doafar from sea to sea, When the blue bell and the lily bell and asphodel

at Sydenham : by millions

'Twould have kept them out of mischief, which Flood the riverside and woodland, fill the for

were something rather new. est-paths with glee.

Earl Russell, whose despatches have so pleasant Now hurrah for Lincoln green ! 'tis the pleas

an aroma, antest apparel

Would strive to hit the centre-how exquisite Ever worn by English maidens in the merry While there'd be a day's escape from the ret

a sight! days of spring ; When the lark and merle and mavis fill the at

eran diplomamosphere with carol,

Tist, whose letters to his equals aren't in EngWhen the hawthorn's full of odor-when the

lish or polite. arrow's on the wing.

And while this bowman valorous compelled to Cricket does not do for ladies—they could hardly

pen and ink shun play it gracefully :

For a single day at least, would be shooting in Chess is better—but a little too perplexing to the brain :

Mild Gladstone, who is famous for drawing a disBut in open-air amusement if they wish to go

tinction,* the pace fully,

Would be aiming at three targets all at once, There is nothing like the pastime of the joy

and hitting none. ous Archer train,

As to Palmerston the jovial, he would miss the And whoe’er of the Crystal Palace the manage

target merrily, ment possesses,

And make pleasant jokes thereon, with his old

accustomed nous: When the feathered shaft flies swiftly in the dewy morns of Spring,

For the various minor ministers, 'twere vain to Instead of taking money from the pretty Arch

name them, verilyeresses,

What should they do at the Palace, who do Should reward them for the grace and the

nought in either House ?


-Press. beauty which they bring.

* It is sometimes said I am too apt to draw disNot a windy breath to ripple summer leagues of tinctions.—MR. Gladstone, on Tuesday.

heavy greenery, Which the Angel of the sunlight in a golden ocean bathes

THE STAGNANT POOL. Not a sailing cloud to shadow any inch of all the

BEHOLD yon stagnant pool, from whence scenery :

But fetid odors rise ; Hot though dark the coppice-cloisters ; hotter

Whose waters, choked with slimy weeds, still the meadow-swathes.

The wholesome draught denies. Is it cooler where Diana at her toilet-table lingers

Loathsome as is the hateful spot, 'Mid the perfumes, soaps, and essences which

Yet, 'neath the sun-god's power, only Bond street knowsDons her tunic, braids her tresses, gloves her

The vapors which to heaven arise,

Will yield the grateful shower, delicate white fingers, Then descends, a perfect Huntress, with the From whence the grass and fragrant flowers daintiest of bows?

Begem the neighboring plain,

Where Flora decks her children gay, O Catullus! Chiabrera ! Matthew Arnold ! Alfred Tennyson !

And Nature smiles again. Bards of Italy and England, it would task you Such often is the heart of man, to portray

A worthless, watery waste, Each sweet perilous pearl of girlhood_each de Whose waves, pestiferous with sin, licious garden-denizen

Have poison in their taste. Who is panting for a portion of the honor of the day.

Yet, on this base, corrupted mass,

That man as hopeless deems, Be thou steadfast, fickle June! Be thy aisles of

God from above in mercy sheds, woodland mellow,

· His purifying beams ; And thy lawns as Turkey carpet dry and downy underfoot !

Till, from the heart once steeped in crime, Who can hit the gold at 60 in the shade of an Pure, holy thoughts ascend, umbrella?

Wafting the contrite soul to God, Who can tread on meadow-moisture in a deli His Father and his Friend! cate kid boot ?

-Chambers's Journal.


But would an angel seem divine.

If bolstered out with Crinoline?
You ask me, gentle cousin mine,
To praise the beauty of your eyes ;

How can I stoop? How can I kneel? And, trust me, they are fair and fine

How can I worship at thy feet ? As are the stars of Paradise :

When thou art fenced about with steel, Bright scintillations of the soul

An Amazon in mail complete ! That stirs my inmost being, sweet.

I fear not Cupid's fieriest dartFain would I lay, without control,

Am willing for thy sake to die; My heart and homage at thy feet.

But if a splinter chanced to start, One thing alone retards the sign

Why, dearest, I might lose an eye ! Forgive me,-'tis thy Crinoline !

Ah, cruel! wherefore hear that mine

Of danger in thy Crinoline?
No devotee of art am I;
Nor would I wish my love to wear

To whisper to thee were a joy
That scantiest of all drapery,

More coveted than wealth of kings ; That Venus rising, fresh and fair,

But ah ! what means can I employ From out the warm Ægean wave,

To baffle those confounded springs? Cast loosely round her rosy limbs,

I long to clasp thee to my heart,
When all the Graces welcome gave,

But all my longings are in vain ;
And Nereids sang their sportive hymns. I sit and sigh two yards apart,
But there's some difference, I opine,

And curse the barriers of thy train. 'Twixt diaphane and Crinoline.

My fondest hopes I must resign,

I can't get past that Crinoline ! Another Venus once I saw,

DUNSHUNNER. A young Caffrarian from the Cape ;

-Blackwood's Magazine. And Bond Street swells surveyed with awe

The vast proportions of her shape. Jet-black and woolly was her hair,

And damson-hued her bounteous lips ;
But more admired, beyond compare,
Were two enormous -pillow-slips.

Yet slenderer was her girth than thine,
If measured round that Crinoline !

SPRING, who laves her feet in showers,

Ere she forms her couch of flowers, Ere yet from Leyden's schools I came, So gently comes, that her light tread At Cupid's shrine I breathed my vow ;

Is as the down from thistles shed, Vanbruggen's daughter was my flame, For she by love is nourished.

A tender, plump, and fondling frow. Her solid beauties to enhance,

Spring, whose form so far surpasses, Twelve petticoats above she drew;

Clad in youthful leaves and grasses,
Yet sylph-like moved she in the dance,

The beauties of the full-grown year,
Compared, my full-blown coz, with you !
There flaunts not, on the Nether Rhine,

To every sense is kind and dear,

So sweetly she makes love appear. So strange a hunch as Crinoline.

Spring, who fills the warm air with wings,
And pleasure's joyous mutterings,
Many pure thoughts and fancies brings,
For with the birds the heart then sings,
Love playing on its sweetest strings.

I know that thou art fair and sweet,

I do believe thee shapely too ;
For, gazing on those fairy feet,

I think of Cinderella's shoe.
Yet learn we from those ancient tales

That art may cover nature's flaws,
For Melusina's serpent-scales

Were hid beneath a bower of gauze.
There's no depending on the spine
So thickly swathed in Crinoline !

Spring, who into blossoms breathes
Her scented breath, and fondly leaves
The perfume to delight our sense,
Yields them her blush in hast’ning thence,
To give their love dear recompense.

Ah, cousin ! I have seen thee.gaze

And half-adored thee for thy look-
On pictured glories, where the blaze

Of angel-pinions, as they took
Their upward flight, was deftly drawn

By Raphael's or Coreggio's hand ;
Soft as the mists that rise at dawn

The robes of that celestial band.

Spring, whose glad welcome Nature says
In her ten thousand charming ways,
Has over winter's darkness spread
A bridal dress, for she is led
By love, and kindly nourished.

-Chambers's Journal.

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POETRY.-Evening Hexameters, 146. Andrew Hall Foote, 181. Anniversary Hymn, 192. The Dial's Motto, 192.

Short ARTICLES.-Eton, 165. Papyrus, 165. Postage Stamps, 1653, 165. Literary Intelligence, 171. What did James Watt know of Photography? 179. The Secret of England's Greatness, 179. Social Science, 191.



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