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is the common resin sometimes called rosin, which is applied to a variety of uses. There are several kinds of turpentine, viz., Venice turpentine, procured from the Abies larix; Strasburg, from Abies pecti. nata ; Bordeaux turpentine, from the Pinus pinaster ; and Chio turps, from the Pistacia terebinthis.

Gum thus or frankincense, an odoriferous product of the Boswellia serrata. It is of slight use except for its odour, which the Roman Catholics turn to account in their churches. Employed also by the ancient priests of Egypt, its odour destroying the foul emanations from the sacrifices. It is imported from India and sometimes the Levant.

Asafætida (Narthex asafætida). This flows from incisions made in the root of the tree. In colour it is milky white, but after it has been dried it takes on a pinkish tint and is curiously mottled. It has a most unpleasant odour. Afghanistan and Persia is the home of the tree. It is used medicinally as an anti-spasmodic in cases of asthma.

probe timber for wood-boring larvæ, in which to lay its

eggs. Can any of our correspondents say to what extent these saw flies are injurious to fir timber? Will they attack healthy standing trees, or only the sickly ones, fallen timber, and fir-fencing? Some years ago I had an old fir post brought me completely honey-combed by larvæ of S. gigas; and towards the outside of post were specimens of the saw fly ready to emerge. To all appearance the saw fly had laid its eggs in the post. I am quite aware that it is the opinion of some, that the fly does not attack the healthy trees, but only the dead ones. If those of our correspondents who live close to fir plantations would make a few observations, and make them known through the medium of SCIENCEGossip, we should get a good bit of valuable information.

J. BOGGUST.

NOTE ON SIREX JUVENCUS.

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Hants, of two fine specimens of the saw fly, (Sirex juvencus), male and female. The female was taken September 1888 in Mr. Monk's chemist's shop, and the male on the ground in the High Street last summer. Both specimens were kindly given to me by the captors, and were alive at the time. This species of saw fly does not appear to be very abundant, and certainly is not so numerous as Sirex gigas. This is the first, and only two specimens of S. juvencus I have had the pleasure of seeing, although I have been on the look-out for them some time.

At the same time, my opinion is that S. juvencus is British, and probably in some localities is more plentiful than in others. Sirex gigas, the largest of these saw flies, is frequently taken in this neighbourhood, and many specimens (all females) I have had brought and sent to me by friends, for the hornet. I found one pinned on my front door ; and on another occasion one was sent me securely fastened up with string in a paper box labled “Mind the sting." “Well,” thought I, “what now ?-hornet ?”

I carefully opened the box, peeped in, and-oh, my!—not a hornet, but a fine female S. gigas, with her long needle-like ovipositor, which had been taken for the sting of a hornet. The male of this species I have never seen alive. At the same time S. juvencus was taken in the chemist's shop, Rhyssa persuasoria, one of the Ichneumonidæ, was captured in the grocer's shop of Mr. Butler, in this town; and this came into my possession.

It is very fine specimen measuring from head to extreme point of ovipositor 2 inches. The ovipositor alone is 13 inches long, a fine instrument to

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H.R.H. The Duke of Edin- Earl Granville, K.G.

Sir A. Armstrong, K.C.B..M.D.
burgh, K.G.
Earl Spencer, K.G.

Sir Andrew Clark, Bart.,M.D.
H.R.H. The Duke of Con- Earl Cadogan,

Sir Oscar Clayton, C.B., M.D.
naught, K.G.

The Earl of Westmorland. Sir Dyce Duckworth, M.B.
The Duke of Argyll, K.T. The Earl of Wharncliffe. Sir Joseph Fayrer, K.C. S.I.,
The Duke of Devonshire, K.G. The Lord Chancellor.

M.D., F.R.S.
The Duke of Fife, K.T.

The Lord Chief Justice. SirAlfred Garrod,M.D.,F.R.S.
The Duke of Manchester. Lord Wolseley.

Sir P. G. Hewett, Bart., F.R.L.
The Duke of Newcastle. Lord Tennyson.

Sir Joseph Lister, Bart.,
The Duke of Norfolk.

The Rt. Hon. W. E. Glad- LL.D., F.R.S.
The Duke of Portland.
stone, M.P.

Sir Morell Mackenzie, M.D.
The Duke of Rutland.

Lord Randolph Churchill, Sir James Paget, Bart., M.D.,
The Duke of Richmond and M.P.

LL.D., F.R.S.
Gordon, K.G.

The Archbishop of Canter- Dr. B. W. Richardson, M.D.,
The Duke of Westminster, bury.

F.R.S.
K.G.

The Archbishop of York. Sir W. Scovell Savory, Eart.,
The Duke of Wellington.
The Bishop of London.

F.R.S.
The Marquis of Salisbury, The Bishop of Durham. Sir E. H. Sieveking, M.D.
The Bishop of Ripon.

Sir Henry Thompson, M.D.
The Marquis of Ripon, K.G.

Sir
Henry

W. Ackland, Sir T. Spencer Wells, Bart.,
The Earl of Derby, K.G.
K.C.B., M.D.

M.D.
His Eminence Cardinal Manding, Archbishop of Westminster.

K.G.

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HAY FEVER

CURED.

HAY FEVER

CURED.

HAY FEVER

CURED.

"For Hay Fever, a new rem vented by an American physician, present time given far more satisi of treatment. It acts to a certain duces an attack of sneezing, seer Symptoms In a few minutes the sufferer feels a decided improveme

The Rev. Dr. BULLOCK, E "Those who are troubled with H Carbolic Smoke Ball. From prac it gives great relief."

"By the use of the Carbolic So are undoubtedly relieved. A med scriber to the Nursing Record, has his practice.”The Nursing Recor

Hay Fever.---All sufferers fror should write to the manager of th and get particulars of what has when everything else has failed The Fishing Gazette.

“ Hitherto Hay Fever has be remedy has been invented which c vents its annual return; the name Smoke Ball.”The Court journal.

"It is a wonderful preventive cold in the head, which, if used in an hour, and is very effective in cough, catarrh, asthma, bronchi Hay Fever, and other complaints

"The time of year so much Fever is at hand, and a remedy h certainly afford relief in the major Sinoke Ball. It is sanitary, innoc used with advantage for children a

"A valuable remedy, supplie Company and prescribed now byr small ball which contains that va destroying gerins dangerous to hu bination with other ingredients tha in the not disagreeable form of fin and lungs. The value of carbolic asthma has long been known, but in a form so convenient as in the o London News.

Lady MOSTYN says:-"I ha Carbolic Smoke Ball, and wish you

Lady FEILDEN says:-"lar Carbolic Smoke Ball, as it is most

Lady ERSKINE writes:- T great sauisfaction,

I consider it an Lady CLAVERING writes :-* Smoke Ball, The one I had from able. This one is for a friend."

HAY FEVER

CURED.

New American R At our Consulting Rooms.

TESTIMONIALS.

HAY FEVER
Cuied in every cz.se.

COLD
IN THE HEAD
Cured in 12 hours.

COLD
ON THE CHEST

Cured in 12 hours.

CATARRH
Cured in 3 months.

ASTHMA
Relieved in 10 minutes.

BRONCHITIS
Cured in every case.

HOARSENESS
Cured in 12 hours.

LOSS OF VOICE

Fully restored.

Miss ADA S. BALLIN, Lecturer to the National Health Society, writes :-" The Carbolic Smoke Ball gives rapid relief in asthma, and that other despair of the doctors, Hay Fever, for which no cure has hitherto been discovered."

Mrs. SEELY, of Nottingham, writes : -"Please send me two Carbolic Smoke Balls. This remedy for Hay Fever was recommended to me by a London physician,"

Miss L. LEE, of Alston, writes :- "The Smoke Ball received from you a few weeks ago has greatly relieved the Hay Fever, from which I have suffered for many years."

Miss EMILY FAITHFULL writes :-"My little Nephew benefited by it (the Carbolic Smoke Ball) greatly."

The DEAN OF TUAM writes: -"I have derived decided benefit from the Carbolic Smoke Ball, and have recommended it to many friends."

JAMES DORRELL, Esq., of Worcester, writes :-" I have suf. fered (from Hay Fever, for ihree or four years. Three weeks since I took two inhalations of your Carbolic Smoke Ball. The effect was marvellous. I have scarcely sneezed since."

Gen. GEORGE Y. WATSON, Junior United Service Club, writes: _“The Carbolic Smoke Ball has been of great benefit to me. I cannot speak too highly of its merits."

Col. W. C. WESTERN, 33, Palace Gardens Terrace, W., writes: " After using the Carbolic Smoke Ball three times a-day for about two weeks, my daughter was cured of Hay Fever. She thinks it an excellent remedy for Hay Fever and colds."

Col. C. E. MACDONALD, 65, Warwick Road, Earl's Court, S.W., writes:-"My daughter received much benefit from the Carbolic Smoke Ball, when suffering from a severe attack of Hay Fever and asthma, other remedies having failed."

Major ROWLAND WEBSTER, Sutherland Avenue, W., writes: “ The i arbolic Smoke Ball gave me entire satisfaction iast summer. I unintentionally got into a field where Hay-making was going on, and I was not inconvenienced by it. I have not been able to do such a thing for the last twenty years without suffering frightiully."

Capt. R. DOUGLAS LANE, Army and Navy Club, writes :"I assure you the Carbolic Smoke Fall has given great satisfaction ; inelieved my son at once of Hay Fever.”

Rev. L. J. LEE, Shrewsbury, writes :—"I have found the Carpolic Smoke Ball bas given more relief than any other remedy which I have previously tried.”

ARTHUR C. COCKBURN, Esq., of Brondesbury, wiites :"Having suffered from Hay Fever during six weeks each summer for the last 18 years, all ordinary remedies proving useless, I have great pleasure in writing to say what complete relief I obtained tbis year by using your Carbolic Smoke Ball."

FREDERICK MEAD, Esq., Lyric Club, writes :—“I had suffered severely with Hay Fever for several years during the summer months, and was disturbed almost nightly with Hay Asthma, but found immediate relief from the first trial of the Carbolic Smoke Ball last year, and from that time have never had a single night's rest interfered with by the Hay Asthma."

G. 8. GILL, Esq., Commercial Road, Pimlico, writes :-“I suffer regularly every June from Hay Fever, and I never found any remedy to give me the slightest reliet until I tried the Carbolic Sinoke Ball."

M. J. BELL, Esq., Junior United Service Club, writes :-“I have suffered from Hay Fever for the last ten years until last year, wben I used the Carboiic Smoke Ball with very beneficial results."

Asthma -CHARLES MOORE, Esq., of Westgate-on-Sea, writes: _" It has afforded iminense relief to my wife, who has suffered severely from Bronchial Asthma. When I bought the Ball she was unusually bad. It acted like magic."

Bronchitis.-Gen. E. T. FASKEN writes:- " It has proved most beneficial to two meinbers of my family."

Catarrh.- Dr. J. RUSSELL HARRIS, M.D., writes :-" I have prescribed and recommended the Carbolic Smoke Ball Many obstinate cases of dry post.nasal catarıh, which have resisted other treatment, have yielded to your remedy."

Throat Deafness.-J. HARGREAYES, Esq., of Manchester, writes:-"I can hear my watch tick 3 or 4 inches away, which I have not done for months."

As all the Diseases mentioned in this circular proceed from one cause, they can be Cured by

THROAT
DEAFNESS
Cured in i to 4 months,

SORE THROAT
Cured in 12 hours.

INFLUENZA
Cured in 24 hours.

CROUP
Relieved in 5 minutes.

WHOOPING

COUGH
Relieved ist application.

NEURALGIA
Cured in 10 minutes.

HEADACHE
Cured in 10 minutes.

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