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is the common resin sometimes called rosin, which is applied to a variety of uses. There are several kinds of turpentine, viz., Venice turpentine, procured from the Abies larix; Strasburg, from Abies pecti. nata ; Bordeaux turpentine, from the Pinus pinaster ; and Chio turps, from the Pistacia terebinthis.
Gum thus or frankincense, an odoriferous product of the Boswellia serrata. It is of slight use except for its odour, which the Roman Catholics turn to account in their churches. Employed also by the ancient priests of Egypt, its odour destroying the foul emanations from the sacrifices. It is imported from India and sometimes the Levant.
Asafætida (Narthex asafætida). This flows from incisions made in the root of the tree. In colour it is milky white, but after it has been dried it takes on a pinkish tint and is curiously mottled. It has a most unpleasant odour. Afghanistan and Persia is the home of the tree. It is used medicinally as an anti-spasmodic in cases of asthma.
probe timber for wood-boring larvæ, in which to lay its
eggs. Can any of our correspondents say to what extent these saw flies are injurious to fir timber? Will they attack healthy standing trees, or only the sickly ones, fallen timber, and fir-fencing? Some years ago I had an old fir post brought me completely honey-combed by larvæ of S. gigas; and towards the outside of post were specimens of the saw fly ready to emerge. To all appearance the saw fly had laid its eggs in the post. I am quite aware that it is the opinion of some, that the fly does not attack the healthy trees, but only the dead ones. If those of our correspondents who live close to fir plantations would make a few observations, and make them known through the medium of SCIENCEGossip, we should get a good bit of valuable information.
NOTE ON SIREX JUVENCUS.
LEFT BEHIND. By the Rev. HILDERIC FRIEND, F.L.S., Author of
“ Flowers and Flower Lore.” HE joints and
çales, or other, I am not connoisseur enough to determine-but at any rate, a handsome, speckled green and white piece of cheese was brought on, whereupon our garrulous friend at the head of the table broke forth. “I saw such a thing the other day as I never saw before in my life. What funny stuff cheese is under the microscope !'
Now I pride myself upon being rather clever at the
Hants, of two fine specimens of the saw fly, (Sirex juvencus), male and female. The female was taken September 1888 in Mr. Monk's chemist's shop, and the male on the ground in the High Street last summer. Both specimens were kindly given to me by the captors, and were alive at the time. This species of saw fly does not appear to be very abundant, and certainly is not so numerous as Sirex gigas. This is the first, and only two specimens of S. juvencus I have had the pleasure of seeing, although I have been on the look-out for them some time.
At the same time, my opinion is that S. juvencus is British, and probably in some localities is more plentiful than in others. Sirex gigas, the largest of these saw flies, is frequently taken in this neighbourhood, and many specimens (all females) I have had brought and sent to me by friends, for the hornet. I found one pinned on my front door ; and on another occasion one was sent me securely fastened up with string in a paper box labled “Mind the sting." “Well,” thought I, “what now ?-hornet ?”
I carefully opened the box, peeped in, and-oh, my!—not a hornet, but a fine female S. gigas, with her long needle-like ovipositor, which had been taken for the sting of a hornet. The male of this species I have never seen alive. At the same time S. juvencus was taken in the chemist's shop, Rhyssa persuasoria, one of the Ichneumonidæ, was captured in the grocer's shop of Mr. Butler, in this town; and this came into my possession.
It is very fine specimen measuring from head to extreme point of ovipositor 2 inches. The ovipositor alone is 13 inches long, a fine instrument to
H.R.H. The Duke of Edin Earl Granville, K.G.
Sir A. Armstrong, K.C.B..M.D.
Sir Andrew Clark, Bart.,M.D.
Sir Oscar Clayton, C.B., M.D.
The Earl of Westmorland. Sir Dyce Duckworth, M.B.
The Lord Chief Justice. SirAlfred Garrod,M.D.,F.R.S.
Sir P. G. Hewett, Bart., F.R.L.
Sir Joseph Lister, Bart.,
The Rt. Hon. W. E. Glad LL.D., F.R.S.
Sir Morell Mackenzie, M.D.
Lord Randolph Churchill, Sir James Paget, Bart., M.D.,
The Archbishop of Canter Dr. B. W. Richardson, M.D.,
The Archbishop of York. Sir W. Scovell Savory, Eart.,
Sir Henry Thompson, M.D.
W. Ackland, Sir T. Spencer Wells, Bart.,
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"For Hay Fever, a new rem vented by an American physician, present time given far more satisi of treatment. It acts to a certain duces an attack of sneezing, seer Symptoms In a few minutes the sufferer feels a decided improveme
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“ Hitherto Hay Fever has be remedy has been invented which c vents its annual return; the name Smoke Ball.”—The Court journal.
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"A valuable remedy, supplie Company and prescribed now byr small ball which contains that va destroying gerins dangerous to hu bination with other ingredients tha in the not disagreeable form of fin and lungs. The value of carbolic asthma has long been known, but in a form so convenient as in the o London News.
Lady MOSTYN says:-"I ha Carbolic Smoke Ball, and wish you
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LOSS OF VOICE
Miss ADA S. BALLIN, Lecturer to the National Health Society, writes :-" The Carbolic Smoke Ball gives rapid relief in asthma, and that other despair of the doctors, Hay Fever, for which no cure has hitherto been discovered."
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The DEAN OF TUAM writes: -"I have derived decided benefit from the Carbolic Smoke Ball, and have recommended it to many friends."
JAMES DORRELL, Esq., of Worcester, writes :-" I have suf. fered (from Hay Fever, for ihree or four years. Three weeks since I took two inhalations of your Carbolic Smoke Ball. The effect was marvellous. I have scarcely sneezed since."
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Col. W. C. WESTERN, 33, Palace Gardens Terrace, W., writes: " After using the Carbolic Smoke Ball three times a-day for about two weeks, my daughter was cured of Hay Fever. She thinks it an excellent remedy for Hay Fever and colds."
Col. C. E. MACDONALD, 65, Warwick Road, Earl's Court, S.W., writes:-"My daughter received much benefit from the Carbolic Smoke Ball, when suffering from a severe attack of Hay Fever and asthma, other remedies having failed."
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ARTHUR C. COCKBURN, Esq., of Brondesbury, wiites :"Having suffered from Hay Fever during six weeks each summer for the last 18 years, all ordinary remedies proving useless, I have great pleasure in writing to say what complete relief I obtained tbis year by using your Carbolic Smoke Ball."
FREDERICK MEAD, Esq., Lyric Club, writes :—“I had suffered severely with Hay Fever for several years during the summer months, and was disturbed almost nightly with Hay Asthma, but found immediate relief from the first trial of the Carbolic Smoke Ball last year, and from that time have never had a single night's rest interfered with by the Hay Asthma."
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M. J. BELL, Esq., Junior United Service Club, writes :-“I have suffered from Hay Fever for the last ten years until last year, wben I used the Carboiic Smoke Ball with very beneficial results."
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As all the Diseases mentioned in this circular proceed from one cause, they can be Cured by
For Inhalation only.