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length within sight of Ticonderoga, just as the red school, are arrested for a moment in their evening harbingers of morning striped the pale green of gambols by these sounds of melancholy import, the skies. Star after star disappeared, as Timothy and cover their heads when they go to rest. observed, like candles that had been burning all night and gone out of themselves, and as they struck the foot of the high bluff whence they had


FROM WESTWARD HO! departed, the rays of the sun just tipped the peaks of the high mountains rising toward the west.

“ You must know, colonel, not long after you Timothy then shook hands with our hero. “ You're a hearty kritter,” said he,“ and I'll tell

went away there came a man riding along here Sir William how you looked at that tarnal toma

that I calculate had just thrown off his moccasins, hawk as if it had bin an old pipe-stem.”

with another feller behind him in a laced hat,

and for all the world dressed like a militia officer. Without losing a moment, they proceeded to the quarters of Sir William, whom they found

Well, I hailed him in here, for you know I like to waiting for them with extreme anxiety. He ex

do as you would in your own house; and he came tended both hands toward our hero, and eagerly him to be, hung fire and stayed out with the horses.

to like a good feller. But the captain, as I took exclaimed

So I went and took hold of him like a snapping" What luck, my lads? I have been up all night, waiting your return."

turtle, and says I, . Captain, one would think you

had never been inside of a gentleman's house beThen you will be quite likely to sleep sound

fore. But he held back like all wrath, and to-night," quoth master Timothy, unbending the intense rigidity of his leathern countenance. “I

wouldn't take any thing. So says I, •Stranger, am of opinion if a man wants to have a real good

I'm a peaceable man anyhow, but maybe you night's rest, he's only to set up the night before, ing away from his hospitality here in Old Ken.

don't know what it is to insult a feller by sneakand he may calculate upon it with sartinty."

tuck.' I held on to him all the while, or he'd “ Holu your tongue, Timothy,” said Sir William, good-humouredly,“ or else speak to the pur

have gone off like one of these plaguy precussion

locks that have just come into fashion. Captain,' pose. Have you been at the enemy's camp ?" “ Right in their very bowels,” said Timothy.

says I, • here's your health, and may you live to Sir William proceeded to question, and Sybrandt

be a general.' • Captain !' says the other, « he's

no captain ; he's my servant. and Timothy to answer, until he drew from them

"What!' says I,

one white man be a servant to another! make a all the important information of which they had possessed themselves. He then dismissed T'imo- nigger of himself! come, that's too bad!' and I thy with cordial thanks and a purse of yellow boys, wasn't ashamed to make a slave of a feller-cretur,

began to feel a little savage. I asked one if he which he received with much satisfaction.

and the other if he wasn't ashamed to make a “ It's not of any great use to me, to be sure,” said he as he departed ; « but somehow or other’I nigger of himself; and they got rather obstropolove to look at the kritters.”

lous. I don't know exactly how it came about,

but we got into a fight, and I lick’d them both, “ As to you, Sybrandt Westbrook, you have fulfilled the expectations / formed of you on our

but not till they got outside the door, for I first acquaintance. You claim a higher reward;

wouldn't be uncivil anyhow. Well, what do for you have acted from higher motives and at

you think ? instead of settling the thing like a

gentleman, the feller that had a white man for his least equal courage and resolution. His majesty shall know of this; and in the mean time call nigger, instead of coming out fine, I'll be eternally

dern'd if he didn't send a constable after me. yourself Major Westbrook, for such you are from this moment. Now go with me to the commander

Well, I made short work of it, and lick’d him too, in-chief, who must know of what you heard and anyhow; But I can't stand it here any longer

. saw.”

Poor old Snowball* slipped her bridle the other day, and went out like a flash in the pan; so I'm

my own master again, with nobody to stand in DEATH IN THE COUNTRY.

my way at all. I must look out for some place where a man can live independent, where there's

no law but gentlemen's law, and no niggers but THERE is to my mind and to my early recollec

black ones.

I sha'n't see you again, colonel, it's tions something exquisitely touching in the tolling of a church-bell amid the silence of the country.

most likely, so good-by all. I expect you'll be It communicates for miles around the message of

after me soon, for I look upon it to be impossible

for a man in his senses to live here much longer, mortality. The ploughman stops his horses to

to be hoppled like a horse, and not go where he listen to the solemn tidings; the housewife remits her domestic occupations, and sits with the needle

pleases.” And away he marched, with a heart idle in her fingers, to ponder who it is that is going he might live according to his conscience.

as light as a feather, in search of a place where to the long home; and even the little thoughtless children, playing and laughing their way from




A servant who had died.


(Born 1780. Died 1840.]


Timothy Flint was born in Reading, | land adventurer, who acted a conspicuous part Massachusetts, and was educated at Harvard in the first Mexican revolution, and in the College, where he graduated when twenty overthrow of Iturbide. The events were too years of age. After devoting two years to recent and familiar. Three years had not the study of theology, he was ordained as elapsed since the close of the drama, and minister of the Congregational church in Lu- several of the characters were still before the nenburg, in the county of Worcester, where world. The novelist has not a right to transhe continued until the summer of 1814. In cend the possible. The condition of Mexico the following year, hoping that travel and the in 1822 presented no barriers to the invention milder airs of the south-west would improve of plots and counterplots as startling, and his health, which had been impaired by seden- deeds as chivalrous, as he has described, tary habits, he became a missionary for the had not the actors, by name or position, been Valley of the Mississippi. The first winter historical. It seems to be difficult for the was passed in Cincinnati, the following spring writers of romantic fiction to learn when their in making a tour through parts of Ohio, Indi- heroes are sufficiently heroical for necessary ana, and Kentucky, and the summer in St. purposes. They are generally made to perLouis. In September he arrived at St. form works of supererogation. The interest Charles, where, occupied in the wide range of Francis Berrian would not have been less of his missionary duties, he remained nearly if the hero had done nothing to startle the three years. He then descended the Missis- credulity of the reader. There is in the desippi to Arkansas, but met with disappoint- tails an occasional want of keeping; the letters ments, and after a gloomy summer returned of Doña Martha are commonplace, and there to the counties of Cape Girardeau and St. are some faults of a minor kind. The style Genevieve; and in 1821 to his former resi- | however is generally animated and picturdence at St. Charles, where, with nearly all esque, and the narrative, in spite of its imthe members of his family, he suffered severe probabilities, is interesting. and protracted illness. In 1822 he removed The Geography and History of the Missisto New Orleans; in the following spring to sippi Valley was published at Cincinnati, in the Florida side of Lake Ponchartrain, where 1827. It was an original work, composed he opened a school; in the autumn back to with great care and labour from original maNew Orleans; and in the summer of 1824 to terials, principally collected by the author Alexandria, on Red River, where he accepted during his travels. It was subsequently rethe charge of a seminary, and continued until, printed with a condensed survey of the whole at the end of the year, a broken constitution continent. It was at that time the most imcompelled him to suspend his labours and portant contribution which had been made to revisit the northern states.

American geography, and, with the RecolSoon after his removal to Alexandria, Mr. lections, it embraces the most graphic and Flint began to write his Recollections of faithful descriptions of the scenery and physiTen Years passed in the Valley of the Mis- cal aspect of the western states that has ever sissippi, which were published in Boston yet been written. early in 1826. This was his first work, and Arthur Clenning, a novel, in two volumes, its success was decided and immediate. Lite- appeared in 1828. The hero leaves the borrature now became his profession, Francis ders of Lake Champlain in his boyhood, and Berrian, or the Mexican Patriot, which was after various adventures is wrecked on an probably commenced before he left the south, island of the southern ocean. A beautiful appeared in the following summer. It pur- girl survives to share his solitude, and after a ports to be the autobiography of a New Eng-| few years, when they escape to New Holland, is inarried to him. They reach London, but guished for a manly simplicity of style, a the lady's father refuses to see her unless vivid freshness of description, and a genuine she will abandon her husband, which she of but unobtrusive religious sentiment. course refuses to do, and they come to Ame- In 1832 Mr. Flint published, in Boston, rica and settle on a farm in Illinois. Ulti- Lectures upon Natural History, Geology, mately the father dies and leaves them his Chemistry, The Application of Steam, and fortune. This, after Robinson Crusoe, was a Interesting Discoveries in the Arts. bold experiment, and it was a failure.

In 1833 he edited several numbers of the George Mason, the Young Backwoodsman, Knickerbocker Magazine, which had been followed. It is better than Arthur Clenning, established in the beginning of that year by but did not increase Mr. Flint's reputation. Mr. Charles F. Hoffinan, who retired from its The last of his novels was The Shoshonee

management on personal grounds. In the Valley, published at Cincinnati, in 1830. beginning of 1834 the proprietorship of the The principal scene is among the tributaries work was changed, and Mr. Flint's connecof the Columbia river. Baptiste Dettier, a tion with it ceased. He had already pubreckless and gay Canadian, encounters a Ken- lished a translation, with original essays on tucky preacher west of the Mississippi, and the same subject, from the work of Droz, sur they agree to cross the Rocky Mountains in l'art d’étre heureuse, and in the early part of company, one in quest of peltries and adven- 1834 he translated Celibacy Vanquished or tures, and the other influenced in a large de- the Old Bachelor Reclaimed, a novel which gree by the hope of making converts. Elder gained a considerable though transient popuWood is the most original, natural, and suc- larity. cessfully sustained character in Mr. Flint's Mr. Flint now removed to Cincinnati, and works. He is a man of strong but undisci- became editor of The Western Monthly Magaplined genius, who blends the enthusiasm of zine, which he conducted with much industry the missionary with that of the trapper. and ability for three years. Besides the vo“The psalmist,” he thought, " had the spirit lumes which have been mentioned, he wrote of a Kentuckian.” He had offended the Cana- several of less importance, and a great numdian, by some allusion to his idolatrous wor- ber of tales and essays for various periodicals ship, and when the articles of agreement were and other works. settled, Baptiste complimented him upon his During the last year of his life, enfeebled undoubted skill in the hunt, and said, “ In a by disease, he wrote but little for the public. leet time me learn you to trap too, comme un He left his Louisiana home early in May, diable! but sare, please take notice, I hab 1840, to visit the place of his nativity, and in noting to do wit your dem religion !” The the hope that he would derive a benefit from minister was as little pleased with this pro- the bracing air of New England. He was at fane allusion to his profession as the other Natchez, on his way, when that city was had been with his own description of the Ca- nearly destroyed by a tornado, and with his tholic faith, but he said to himself, “I shall son was buried many hours under the ruins. be able to bring him also out of the heathen- Soon after his arrival in Reading his malady ish darkness ;” and thus balancing their dis- assumed a more malignant character, and he agreements, they set out for the Pacific. They wrote to his wife at Alexandria, that when reached the happy Valley of the Shoshonee, she received his letter he would no longer be to be witnesses of the gradual decay of its pa- alive. The melancholy news hastened her triarchal government and people, from causes death. The prediction of his own decease connected with the invasion of the whites.

was premature, but he survived only until the The characters, except those which have been eighteenth of August. mentioned, are not drawn with much skill, Mr. Flint commenced his literary career and the Indians are hardly distinguishable when forty-five years of age. To its end he from the rest. The invention is feeble, and

was an invalid, but was compelled to write we are conducted to a second catastrophe, constantly and rapidly, and to print without apparently for no other reason than that the revision. author was ill satisfied with the first. The His mind was vigorous and imaginative, tale is nevertheless interesting; it is distin- | and enriched with reading and observation. He ad a discriminating judgment, warm af- phy. His chief merit is in his descriptions. fections, and a quick perception of the grand His landscapes have extraordinary freedom and beautiful. His works are marked by and distinctness, and appear to be copies from good sense and a genuine Christian philoso- nature.




on the passing extremities of the clouds. White pillars of mist arose from the earth. The birds welcomed the return of the sun, and the re

newed repose of nature, with a thousand mingled The thunder, which had been rolling at a dis- songs. tance in the mountains, approached nearer. The peals were more frequent, and the echoes more loud and awful. The brassy edges of the clouds COUNTRY OF THE SEWASSERNA. rolled together, and sweeping forward, like the smouldering pillars of smoke from soine mighty conflagration, were seen looming from the heights The traces of their footsteps and their tempo and beginning to cover the sun. ...

rary huts were frequently seen amidst the dark The thunder storms of the northern regions hemlock forests on the Pacific shore. These free seldom give an idea of the assemblage of terrific rangers of the deserts, as they saw the immense accompaniments belonging to a severe one in the fronts, range behind range, of the ocean surf rolltropics. A thick mist fills all the distance between ing onward to whiten and burst on the sand at the clouds and the earth. A dim and yellowish their feet, had their own wild conceptions of the twilight throws a frightful yellow upon the ver- illimitable grandeur, and the mysterious and resistdure of the trees.

less power of the ever-heaving element. ... The storm was tremendous. The commence- Their free domain comprised an extent of five ment was in the stillness of death, and the burst hundred leagues. The country of their compact of the winds was as instantaneous as the crash of and actual settlement is a vale, than which the the thunder. The rain did not descend in drops, earth can show none more beautiful or more seor in sheets, but the terrible phenomenon of the cluded, the vale of the Sewasserna. This stream, bursting of the clouds upon the mountains took in which the poets would have placed the crystal place. The roar of the new-formed torrents and caves of the Naiads of the ancient days, comes cascades pouring from the mountains, mingled winding down in a clear, full, strong, and yet with that of the rain, the thunder, and the winds. equable and gentle tide, from the mountains. Up The atinosphere was a continued and lurid glare its pure and ice-formed waters ascend, in their seaof lightning, which threw a portentous brilliance son, countless numbers of the finest salmon; and through the descending waters and the darkness. in its deep and circling eddies play trout, pike, Many an aged tree, that had remained unscathed carp, tench, and all the varicties of fish of cold for ages, was stript from its summits to its roots mountain rivers. The Indian, as he glides down by the descending fires. ...

the stream, sees the shining rocks at the bottom, The sick man, aroused from his sleep, rested covered with tresses of green waving moss, at the his head upon his hand, and his pains seemed to depth of twenty feet. This circumstance, along be suspended, while he contemplated the uproar with its transparency, furnishes the etymology of and apparent conflagration of the elements. A its name, which imports the sea green river. blaze of lightning filled the room, and the thunder- Streaked bass, shiners, gold fishes, and beautiful bolt fell upon a vast cypress, but a few feet from and undescribed finny tribes, dart from their coverts the house. The shock was so violent that each along the white sand, fit from the shadow of the one was thrown from his seat. As we recovered descending canoe, or turn their green and gold from the blow, we saw how naturally in such mo- to the light, as they fan as it were with their ments each one flies to the object in which he has purple wings, or repose in the sunbeams that find most confidence. The widowed mother sprang their way through the branches that overhang the to the arms of her son, and Martha at the same banks.... moment clung to me. ... We resumed our seats The glossy gray mallard, the beautiful bluein a kind of tranquil astonishment, as the storm winged teal, the green crested widgeon, the little gradually subsided. The thunder rolled sublimely active dipper, the brilliant white diver, the solistill, but at a greater distance. The blue of the at- tary loon raising his lugubrious and ill-omened mosphere began to show itself at the zenith. The note in unsocial seclusion, the stately swan clouds rolled away toward the east, and the sun sailing in his pride and milky lustre slowly came forth in his brightness just above the smok- along the stream, the tall sand-hill crane looking ing summits of the hills. The scene, that was at a distance like a miniature camel, the white terrific in the fury of the storm, was now an inde- pelican with his immense pouch in front, innumescribable mixture of beauty and grandeur. Fre- rable flocks of various species of geese-in short, quent gleams of the most vivid lightning played an unknown variety of water-fowls with their bril




liant, variegated, and oiled vestments, their singu

THE MARRIAGE OF BAPTISTE. lar languages and cries, were seen gliding among the trees, pattering their broad bills amidst the grasses and weeds on the shores. ...

Baptiste, always a standing lover and gallant It would be useless to think of enumerating the for all the undistinguished Indian girls of the nastrange and gay birds that sing, play, build, chide, tion, had been observed in earnest dialogue with and futter among the branches of the huge syca- T'selle'nee, or the Piony, the pretty daughter of mores and peccans. Among the more conspicu- Mon-son-sah, or the Spotted Panther, a proud ous is the splendid purple cardinal, with its glossy and fierce Shienne warrior, who doted on this his and changeable lustre of black crest, the gold-only child. What injury or insult was offered the coloured oriole, looking down into its long hanging belle of round and vermillion rouged cheek, does nest, the flamingo darting up the stream like an not appear; but next morning it was the current arrow of flame, the little peacock of trees, the wa- gossip among the fair of the nation that T'selle'nee kona, or bird of paradise, the parti-coloured jay had had a “medicine dream.” At any rate, she screaming its harsh notes, the red-winged wood- was reported to be in tears, shut up under the cuspecker “ tapping the hollow tree,” the ortolan, in tomary and severest interdiction of Indian usage.... countless flocks, in plumage of the most exquisite There was a great trouble in the wigwam. The softness, deep, shining black—the paroquets with fierce father forced his daughter to confession. their shrill screams and their splendour of green The smooth-tongued and voluble Canadian had and gold, numberless humming-birds plunging vague intimations that this affair was likely to their needle-shaped bills into the bignonia, grouse, bring no good to him. Truth was, as a general turkies, partridges, in a word an infinite variety of lover, he had the reputation of being particularly those beautiful and happy tenants of the forest and slippery and unworthy of confidence. Various the prairie, that are formed to sing through their girls had made caleulation upon him for a hus. transient but happy day.

band. But Baptiste had a manifest preference for The mountains on cither side of the valley being a general lover, and a specific aversion to tower into a countless variety of peaks, cones, and matrimony in particular. inaccessible elevations, from six to ten thousand Whoever among this people has had a dream feet high. More than half of them are covered of sufficient import to cause the dreamer to wear with the accumulated snows and ices of centuries, black paint and to proclaim an interdict, becomes which, glittering in mid air, show in the sunbeams for the time a subject of universal speculation and in awful contrast with the black and rugged pre- remark. The general whisper, especially among cipices that arrest the clouds. ... The rocks, cliffs, the women, was, What has Baptiste done ? and and boulders, partly of granite and partly of vol- What has caused the interdict of T'selle'nee? canic character, black and rugged in some places, Mon-son-sah, meanwhile, was not idle. The in others porphyritic, needle or spire-shaped, shoot deepest indignation of his burning spirit was called up into pinnacles, domes, and towers, and in other forth. The frequent amours and infidelities of places lie heaped in huge masses as though shook Baptiste were circulated, and generally not at all by earthquakes from the summits where they had to his advantage. An affair of his, touching a originally defied the storms. . . . Yet between these Shoshonee girl, was blazoned with many a misavage and terrific peaks, unvisited except by the nute circumstance of wanton cruelty. What screaming eagle, are seen the most secluded and right," they said, “had the proud and babbling sweet valleys in the world. Here and there ap- pale face to conduct after this fashion toward the pear circular clumps of hemlocks, mountain cedars, red skin girls? They would learn him to repent silver firs, and above all the glorious Norwegian such courses.” The cunning young T'selle’nee, pines. ... The breeze that is borne down from the though interdicted, and of course supposed to be mountains always sighs through these evergreen unable to see or converse with any one, was in thickets, playing as it were the deep and incessant fact at the bottom of all this. voluntary of nature to the Divinity. ... In nume- The result of the long-brooded mischief was at rous little lakes and ponds, where the trout spring length disclosed. Hatch was the envoy of Monup and dart upon the fly and grasshopper, the ver- son-sah to Baptiste Dettier, to make known to dure of the shores is charmingly repainted in con- him the purposes that were settled in respect to trast with the threatening and savage sublimity of his case. Hatch, Dutch though he was, enjoyed the mountains, whose summits shoot down as deep a comfortable broad joke.... Baptiste in passing in the abyss as they stand high in the air. As heard him call to him to stop, with a pale face you turn your eyes from the landscape so faith- and palpitating heart. He seemed disposed to fully pencilled on the sleeping waters, to see the

walk on. substance of these shadows, the eye, dazzled with “ Will you stop, Mynheer Baptiste ?" said the the radiance of the sunbeams playing on the per- Dutchman, with a visage of mysterious importpetual snows in the regions of mid air, reposes ance : “ Perhaps you will find it your interest to with solace and delight on the deep blue of the hear what I have to say to you." sky that is seen between, undimmed except by “ Vell, sare," said Baptiste, stopping and squarthe occasional passing of the bald eagle or fal- ing himself, « suppose you tell me vat for you stop con-hawks, sailing slowly from the summit of one me from mine promenade. Is it von mighty dem mountain to another.

big ting dat you hab to tell me?"

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